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and interest; in occasional attempts at humor, but which must not be bold; and at satire, but which must not be pointed; in a timely notice of forthcoming novels, voyages, and travels, and of lions at all places where lions may be found; and, lastly, in miscellaneous read. ing, which we should call, in homely phrase, “ odds and ends.”
Our readers are aware, that with the exception of formal reviews, which are not admitted, the Elegant World appear to fall in with the taste of the readers of the Morgen Blatt; the difference that may exist between the two journals is rather occasional than the result of different principles. Both journals have, of course, no political principles; and whenever the relation of a court festival is given, their language is equally loyal, and always full of admiration for any government that chooses to support the “ Hof Theater," or a gallery of painting, or an academy of music.
But there is one department of this same Gazette, which affords endless amusement to the elegant world, and to every reader, whether he belong or not to that tribe, which however are said to have but little of an exclusive character abroad: we mean the said “ odds and "ends." A more amusing collection of literary curiosities, of extracts from scarce books, of anecdote, literary and fashionable, and of jeux d'esprit and epigrams from all languages, has probably never graced the columns of any journal : the principal merit of that collection is belonging to Mr. Haug, the first now living epigramınatist in Germany, who is inexhaustible in good things. His impromptus have acquired him a reputation for extending beyond the circle of his own acquaintance, and his epigrams are considered a treat from one end of Germany to the other. His resources in conversation are boundless; with a vast reading he unites a prodigious memory, an inex. haustible stock of anecdote, and an irresistible vein of parody and persiflage. Thus circumstanced, and having spoken and written epigrams all his life, it is indeed a phenomenon, that he is not known to have ever made any man his enemy; the very worst erimination that has ever been thrown upon his name-let Mr. Hood hear, and rejoice, socios habuisse malorum—is an unconquerable passion for the ruinous practice of punning.
We mention the Abend Zeitung," not so much to enter into a minute characteristic of that paper, for its plan is nearly coincident with the two former journals, but to avail ourselves of the opportunity to introduce to our readers another of the German literati of the day, to whose contributions much of the credit is owing, which that journal at present enjoys. Professor Bottiger, of Dresden, has for some time been engaged in conducting the literary part of the Abend Zeitung, and giving an analyse raisonnée of distinguished performances. It seems to have been his ambition to unite res dissociabiles -a vast erudition with popularity and elegance. There is not a man who is more completely at home in ancient literature, who has taken a more comprehensive view of ancient art, and who, at the same time, has been keeping pace with the productions of the day, both in fashion and literature. If our readers should ever chance to meet with a
series of the Taschenbuch Minerva, we would recommend them by all means to look over the illustrations of Schiller's plays, by Ramberg, which are done in very good taste, and some of them in superior style, and to read the comments on them by Bottiger. His personal acquaintance with Schiller has enabled bim to give a very satisfactory account of many points of interest, and besides a very able discussion of the merits of the plays, be has thrown much light upon the characters, when they are borrowed from history and on the manners of the age. He has not always escaped the imputation of pedantry, and bis numerous and learned quotations have frequently been ridiculed, even on the stage. But then quoting is'a natural weakness of the Germans: it is the point in which they indulge themselves : it is the first and the last of their natural predilections. It has lately been asserted, somewhere in our own pages, that “there is no luxury comparable with a warm bath;” now a German would probably listen to that eloquent panegyric “ with ditfi
dence and respect, but without either conviction or assent." He would conscientiously declare, that, all things well considered, his prime luxury lies in quotation, and that the older the books, the longer the titles, the more intense will be the delight.
The“ Gazette of Literary Conversation” is by far the most comprehensive, and at the same time the most expeditious, review of German and foreign literature: it excludes poetry, tales, and theatricals; but it contains, besides the reviews and extracts, a great mass of original information on subjects of general interest from all quarters. The principles of this journal have undergone great changes : it was first established under a different title, by that most contemptible of literary jobbers, Kotzebue. At present, its principles are decidedly liberal, that is to say, as far as the Censure, monstrum horrendum, will allow it.
We must not forget to mention, among the daily papers, the “ Hesperus.”
“ O Hesperus ! thou bringes! all good things !" says Sappho of old, and Byron after her. We would not venture to say quite as much with regard to the “ Hesperus, Encyclopadische “ Zeitschrift;" but we may say that it is one of the most instructive, or the most instructive, periodical in Germany. It contains a variety of miscellaneous information, statistical and geographical details from the most approved works, and frequently from original sources difficult of access, valuable reports of literature, science, and the arts, and popular essays on topics of general interest. The Editor, Mr. André, was formerly living in the city of Bruinn, in Austria, and has long distinguished himself by his uncommon literary activity. He had very much annoyed the Austrian government by his incessant efforts to promote general knowledge, and, among the rest, popular education. Now in that happy laud it is intended to be understood that the rearing of youth should be a process precisely similar to that of rearing turnips: this, and a variety of causos equally provoking,
had the effect, that the government in their turn were doing the best in their power to annoy Mr. André, when he was invited, in the most honorable manner, by the King of Wirtemberg to take his residence in Stutgard. Mr. André, we believe, in his sixtieth year, moved to Stutgard, and recommenced there his periodical, under better auspices. The next step of the Austrian government of course was to put it on the list of prohibited publications. He is besides the editor of a much approved of economical journal, and is astonishing his friends by the unparalleled activity with which he is still keeping up his numerous connexions, and pursuing bis literary career, which has from the beginning been marked with a spirit truly popular, disinterested, and liberal.
“* The fever of vain longing."
CHILDE HAROLD, 3rd Canto.
I shed no tear beside thy bier,
But those who round me wept,
The tearless calm I kept.
And made the weepers start;
As lifeless as thou art.
It did not tell me more,
Than I had known before.
If such had been my will,
My spirit saw thee still.
Warr'd with so fierce a strife,
And pot destroy the life.
Ev'n on that bed of death.--
Even thy latest breath-..
To hold thee there again,
that moment could return,
No mortal blow may give ;
We cannot feel, and live!
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS,
BETWEEN THE ABOLITIONIST AND WEST INDIAN.
LETTER II. TO THE EDITOR.
Sir,---I resume the statement of the arguments urged by both Abolitionist and West Indian on the Question of Free Labor.
A BOLITIONIST. Moral duty we insist is always We uphold, as strongly as yourthe precursor of civilization. Let selves, the manifold advantages it be established, and the stimulus of moral duty and religion. All you consider as necessary to pro
our recent acts are proofs in our mote industry will certainly follow. favor. We consider that morals If any present obstacle appear, it and religion are highly essential is because there is no sense of in subduing violent passions, cormoral duty yet impressed upon recting all the evil propensities of the negro's mind. Elevate his our nature, and thus removing condition, cease to regard him as great impediments in the progress an outcast spurned even of God, of a barbarous people towards and the same great principle which civilization. Morals and religion prompts mankind in general to prepare the soil, but they do not labor, will not be lost upon the themselves sow the seed. You African. Your sturdy denial of conceive that, alone, they will the effects springing from moral accomplish every thing desired. duty, proves at once your de- We deny it, and maintain that pravity and the weakness of your other physical circumstances, inficause. Wilberforce's Appeal. nitely more powerful in their ope
ration, enter into the question; and that until they are remedied, all hope of steady industry under free labor, in the West Indies, is visionary.---Maj. Moody's 2d Re
port, p. 7, et seq. How do you account for the You substitute cause for effect; most moral nations being always nations are not so much industhe most industrious ? Does this trious, because they are moral, as not prove the efficacy of morality, they are moral because they are and expose the sophistry of your industrious.--Speech of the Right reasoning ?-Cropper's Letter to Hon. W. Plunkett, 1816, on the Wilberforce.
State of Ireland.---M'Donnell's
Why should not industry flou Industry may flourish by free rish in the West Indies as well as labor, as soon as you remove the in Europe? Is there any work of grand physical difficulty. That our great Creator debarred from consists, as we have already stated, becoming an object of appro- in the facility of procuring sus
WEST INDIAN. bation in his eyes by its advance. tenance.---Comparative denseness ment and prosperity ?—Stephen's of population, or some counteracEngland Enslaved. Wilber
Wilber- tion of the spontaneous growth force's Appeal.
of a Tropical climate, appear to be the only remedies. To expect that men, after they have satisfied all their wants, will refrain from enjoyment from some moral consideration, is about as reasonable as it would be for a Preacher to erect his pulpit at Hyde Park Corner, and hope to exhort our populace into the practice of staying at home to pray, instead of coming thither for recreation.---M'Donnell's Considerations, chap. iv.
Your doctrine is monstrous, nay, The support of truth can never impious, You call the blessings deserve censure ; but the least of Providence a curse. Because reflection shows how superficial is nature pours forth her gifts with your charge. Morality is never a lavish hand in the Tropics, you better promoted than in those say it obstructs voluntary industry. difficulties, and by those stimuli, What minister of religion, what which call forth, as a matter of moralist, will pay attention to necessity, the full faculties of man, such views ?-Bishop of Bristol's To labor before we can enjoy, is Speech, March 7, 1826.
the very requisite to promote civilization, virtue, and happiness. It is you, in your ignorant clamour, who would arrest the progress of morality, by plunging the negro into the miseries of idleness.--
M'Donnell's Considerations, c. iv. You are justifying the institution There is no one among those of slavery. Every Member of whom you oppose, who has not the Legislature expressed himself declared that, abstractedly speakin opposition to it in the abstract, ing, freedom is far preferable to and this unanimity is decisive slavery. But, if the question proof that the system in the West turn on the causes of industry, Indies is, in principle, quite unjus- we assert broadly and unequivotifiable. - Second Report Anti-cally, that cultivation cannot be Slavery Society.
carried on in the West Indies without COERCION. Pursue your fallacious project of establishing a free peasantry, and you bring upon the white capitalist inevitable ruin, and upon the Mother Coun