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WEST INDIAN.

ABOLITIONIST.

try the irretrievable loss of her Colonies.--- Major Moody's Second

Report.---M'Donnell, chap. iv. By coercion, you mean, doubt. We ground our principle on the less, a system of slavery. You firm basis, that industry must be wish the lash always to hang in the precursor to civilization. "The terror over the black, to impel“ impending lash,” on which you him to work, not for his own, but love to expatiate, is merely a for your exclusive emolument. If figure of rhetoric; for, as in man be created a free agent, the many of our regiments, the utforcing him to act contrary to his most discipline may be preserved will can never be justified. -Mr. without severity, so on plantations Fowell Buxton, 15th May, 1823. healthful industry can be con---Anti-Slavery Reports, passim. ducted without rigour.

When you object so forcibly to the term coercion, we must tell you, that in every nation men are coerced to labor. In the West Indies, this is effected by the control of a master---in England, by the dread of starvation! Which is the hardest taskmaster ? --- M Donnell's Considerations, chap. iv. xi. xii.

Laboring men in this country If a laboring man do not work, may work or not work, as they he and his family must starve ; please, and, therefore, it is untrue and, therefore, it is perfectly to say that they are coerced.--- puerile to maintain that he has Wilberforce's Appeal.

an option. He is absolutely forced to action by the most powerful constraint in existence. Besides, a laboring man not working, is liable to be sent to the workhouse, and is legally punishable as a vagrant or vagabond.---MDon. nell's Considerations, chap. iv.

A man in this country elevates Nothing upholds our position his wants according to his earn so strongly as the examination of ings. He works sedulously, that facts relating to your argument he may attain enjoyment; but you just stated.---Men work to satisfy debar the negro from this powerful those wants which are habitual to incentive. În doling him out one them---nothing beyond. When definite supply of what you ludi- the remuneration given to our crously term comforts, you treat operatives was very high, they him as a machine insusceptible of worked only three days in the

A BOLITIONIST.

WEST INDIAN. improvement.-- Stephen's England week, because in that time they Enslaved, &c.--- Edinburgh Re- could earn sufficient to satisfy view, No. 82.

their habitual wants. The highlanders of Scotland not long since wandered about their bills in idle. ness---so soon as an altered system of farming commenced, and the dread of starving began to operate, they betook themselves to industry. In the South of France the same principle is exemplified. An entire year's labor would do more than satisfy the wants of the peasantry, and the superabundant time is, consequently, devoted to holidays.-M'Donnell's Considerations, chap. iv.

When you talk of habitual If black men acquire the means wants, why should they not be by their own industry, we wish to elevated, as refers to the general interpose no obstacle. But you scale of black society? What consider not the impracticability right have you to prevent a black of the consummation you covet. man from becoming a proprietor, You overlook the time required and riding in his own carriage, as for civilization. If century has well as a white?- Mr. Brougham's succeeded century, and neither Speech, Anti-Slavery Meeting, aboriginal Indian nor African Ap. 1825.

negro have made progress in industry, it is surely proof unanswerable that the love of ease predominates over the disposition to pursuits of irksome labor.--Major Moody's Second Report,

p. 42. et seq. 49. Had not violence and tyranny When America was discovered, oppressed the Tropical regions, rigorous slavery existed in both we should by this time have be- Mexico and Peru. If, in the two held them civilized, and supplying most advanced States, the instius with their produce, voluntarily tution existed, your argument reared.-Clarkson's History of the meets a signal defeat.---RobertSlave Trade.

son's America, iii., 166, 212.

When a people have to work Such ideas are superficial. Citheir own way to civilization, it vilization, such as you contemmay require ages to accomplish plate, can only spring from the it; but the negroes are under our amalgamation of the two races. protection; they witness our man- Now, who for a moment could

WEST INDIAN

A BOLITIONIST. ners, arts, knowledge. It is our conceive, that a white lady would bounden duty to assist them---and ever tolerate a black man as a all would be happily accomplish- husband. The least attention to ed, were it not for your shameful the influence of manners, proves obstinacy...-18th Report African the idea to be preposterous.--Institution.

Major Moody's Sccond Report, p. 25, et seq.

Your argument bears prinia You pervert our statements refacie evidence of its unsoundness. specting physical inequality. We It would establish, what our reli- affirm simply, that a black man gion denies, a physical inequality can work in the Tropics, while a between two races of men. It white cannot. We disclaim the would perpetuate slavery, a state wish to perpetuate slavery. To which the concurrent voice of effect a cure, we must correctly mankind pronounces unjust. know the disease. To extermiWilberforce's Appeal.

nate slavery, we must know the causes of its rise, and its natural decay. Reflecting upon these, we assert, that a man might as well stretch forth his arms to stop the current of a mighty river, as, by means of inoral duty, to check the propensity to idleness in men, where there is to them no adequate object to be purchased by exertion. If we seek for subsequent civilization, slavery can be terminated in no other mode than by that of assimilating the maintenance of the negro to the returns for his labor.---M'Donnel's Considerations, chap. iv.

No honest man can feel pa It is not for us, but the nation, tience at your miserable expe to answer the charge. It refers dients to colour your injustice to the removal of the negroes with plausible excuses. But, in from Africa, which all allow to point of fact, your own ground is have been a flagrant crime. But untenable. Who made you the the very mooting of the question judges of negro feelings? Grant- would establish all that we desire. ing the full scope of idleness to 1st. That emancipation would succeed in the Colonies, what expel industry from the Colonies. moral principle can authorize you 2nd. That the capitalist would be to disturb that idleness for your ruined, for which the nation, in own especial profit? If a black common regard for its good faith, man choose to hunt and fish, and must provide indemnification ; otherwise enjoy himself, what and, 3rdly, that the Colonies

3G

VOL. II

WEST INDIAN,

ABOLITIONISTS. right have you to say to that man, will be lost to Great Britain. friend, you must hunt no longer Whether a life of sloth or of in---you must come and work for dustry, however remote, may be me, and leave me to amuse myself its voluntary exercise---whether at your expense.--- Edinburgh Re- or not having committed the sin view, No. 82.

of transporting the slaves from Africa, it would be wise, or even just, to let them relapse into barbarism---whether or not it would be humane to further encourage the Slave Trade, or politic, in so doing, to feed the resources of foreign powers, it is for the nation to decide.--- M'Donnell's West India Legislatures Vindicated, fp.

72, 73. Nov. 9, 1826.

ARISTides.

THE FORSAKEN'S REMONSTRANCE.
Hadst thou but cold thro' absence grown,

From Love that had been warm,
Or chang'd thy fickle faith alone,

For fairer face or form:

If real passion fir'd thy breast,

However soon decay'd,
Then mightest thou at least hare guess'd

The ruin thou hast made.

But there is madness in the fear,

That when thy lips could breathe,
The words I lov'd so well to hear

Thy heart was cold beneath :
Careless to whom it sued and bow'd,

So wealth adorn'd the shrine,
And chose me only from the crowd,

Where most it saw it shine.
Say, 'twas Necessity's cold laws,

Or fate, that made us part;
Say, thou wert false from any cause

But selfishness of heart;

And I may half forgive the ill

That thou hast done to me,
And in my fancy see thee still,

What once I pictar'd thee.

ADELA.

HEBREW SAYINGS.

" I am

Meanness of disposition, and sternness of character, are the misbegotten offspring of Pride and Folly. Like the icy frost, they palsy and benumb every thing which comes near them, and, like the dark clouds of winter, overshadow and obscure the brightest deeds and the deepest wisdom. Gentleness and Affability are the lovely children of Benevolence and Sociability. They, like the summer rays of the sun, warm and expand every thing which comes within their influence. They gently draw the hearts of inen towards them, spread a light over intelligence, and are the loveliest ornaments of true greatness.

TILE PATIENT HILLEL. In the time of Herod, surnamed the Great, lived two men of extraordinary erudition, Schammai and Hillel. The former was morose and irritable, the latter gentle, modest, and cheerful. It happened that a Heathen came to the first, and said to him, “ much willing to become of your persuasion, on condition that you

expound to me the whole law within the time that I can stand

upon one leg.” The morose teacher, enraged at such an unseemly request, drove the impudent stranger away from him with his staff

. The Heathen made the same request to Hillel, who complied with it without hesitation, and fulfilled his condition, saying, “ Do not unto “ others, what thou wouldst not have done to thyself. This is the “ essence of the law,--all the remainder is only the interpretation ;

go now and learn." The Heathen thanked him, and became an honest and good man.

The same gentle and good-humored Hillel once occasioned a wager which was laid as to whether it was possible to disturb his equanimity of temper. The better to ascertain this, he who wished to enrage him, went to Hillel, who was possessed of the greatest power and authority next to the king, and asked in a rude imperative tone,“ Where is Hillel?” without making him the accustomed salutation Hillel, without noticing the stranger's rudeness, answered with his ordinary calmness, “ Here am I, wherefore dost thou call

me?" “ I wish to know why the Babylonians have round heads ?” “ An important question, truly,” said Hillel. “The reason is, that they have not experienced midwives.”

The man went, but speedily returned, and asked just as loudly and insolently, “Where is Hillel?"

" Where is Hillel?" The wise man answered as geutly as before, “ Here am I, what dost thou wish to know, my is son?" “I wish to know, wherefore the Parthians have weak

“ Because they live in a sandy soil, which occasions the small particles to get into their eyes, and thereby weakens them."

The stranger once more withdrew, astonished at Hillel's good temper, and almost immediately returned, bawling loudly for Hillel. “Why have,” said he, boldly, " the Africans broad feet ?"

“ Because “ they live in a marshy soil." “ I would ask thee yet a question, but “ I fear thou wilt be angry.” Fear nothing,” replied the amiable Hillel. Ask what thou will, I will answer thee if I can.” Astonished at Hillel's urbanity, and alarmel at the probable loss of the

eyes ?”

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