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But I cannot leave you without one word of rejoicing over the present position of our republic among the nations of the earth. With our military power and almost illimitable resources, exemplified by the war that developed them; with our rapidly augmenting population and the welcome at our open gates to the oppressed of all other climes; with our vast and increasing agricultural, mechanical, manufacturing, and mineral capabilities; with our frontage on the two great oceans of the globe, and our almost completed Pacific railroad uniting these opposite shores and becoming the highway of nations, the United States of America commands that respect among the powers of the world which insures the maintenance of all its national rights and the security of all its citizens from oppression or injustice abroad.
Nor is this all. The triumphant progress of free institutions here has had its potential influence beyond the sea. The right of the people to govern, based on the sacred principle of our Revolution, that all governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed, is everywhere advancing, not with slow and measured steps, but with a rapidity that within a few years bas been so signally illustrated in Great Britain, Spain, Italy, Prussia, Hungary, and other lands. May we not all hope that by the moral but powerful force of our example fetters may everywhere be broken, and that some of us may live to see that happy era when slavery and tyranny shall no more be known throughout the world from the rivers to the ends of the earth.
I cannot claim that in the share I have had in the deliberations and the legislation of this house, as a member and an officer, I have always done that which was wisest and best in word and act, for none of us are infallible. But that I have striven to perform faithfully every duty, and that, devoted as all know to principles that I have deemed correct, the honor and glory of our country have always been to me paramount and above all party ties, I can conscientiously assert; and that I have sought to mitigate rather than to intensify the asperities which the collisions of opposing parties so often evoke must be left to my fellow. members to verify.
In the responsible duties of the past six years I have endeavored to administer the rules you have enacted for your guidance, both in letter and in spirit, with an impartiality unintluenced by political associations or antagonisms. And I may be pardoned for the expression of gratification that while no decision has been reversed there has been no appeal-sometimes taken as they are by a minority as a protest against the power under the rules of a majoritywhich has ever been decided by a strictly party vote. If the quickness with which a presiding officer here is often compelled to rule, hour after hour, on parliamentary points, and in the performance of his duty to protect all members in their rights, to advance the progress of public business, and to preserve order, any word has fallen from my lips that has justly wounded any one, I desire to withdraw it unreservedly.
I leave this hall with no feeling of unkindness to any member with whom I have been associated in all the years of the past, having earn. estly tried to practice that lesson of life which commands us to write our enmities on the sand but to engrave our friendships on the granite.
But the last word cannot longer be delayed. I bid farewell to the faithful and confiding constituency whose affectionate regard has sustained and encompassed me through all the years of my public lifefarewell to this hall, which, in its excitements and restless activities, so often seems to represent the throbbings and the intense feelings of the national heart; and finally, fellow-members and friends, with sincere
gratitude for the generous support you have always given me in the difficult and often complex duties of this chair, and with the warmest wishes for your health, happiness, and prosperity, one and all, I bid you farewell.
Mr. Woodward submitted the following resolution; which was read, considered, and unanimously agreed to, viz:
Resolved, That the retirement of Hon. Schuyler Colfax from the Speaker's chair, after a long and faithful discharge of its duties, is an event in our current history which would cause general regret were it not that the country is to have the benefit of his inatured talents and experience in the higher sphere of duty to which he has been called by a majority of his countrymen. In parting from our distinguished Speaker the House records with becoming sensibility its high apprecia. tion of his skill in parliamentary law, of his promptness in administering the rules and facilitating the business of the body, of his urbane manners, and of the dignity and impartiality with which he has presided over the deliberations of the House. He will carry with him into his new field of duty and throughout life the kind regards of every member of this Congress. And then,
On motion of Mr. Dawes, Theodore M. Pomeroy, of New York, was unanimously declared duly elected Speaker of the House of Representatives, in place of Schuyler Colfax, resigned, for the remaining term of the present Congress.
The Speaker elect having been conducted to the chair by Mr. Dawes and Mr. Woodward, after a brief address the oath of office was administered to him by Mr. Dawes, and thereupon he entered upon the duties of his office.
On motion of Mr. Woodward, by unanimous consent, Ordered, That a copy of the resolution adopted by the House upon the retirement of Speaker Colfax be signed by the officers of the House and communicated to the late Speaker.
Mr. Dawes submitted the following resolutions; which were severally read, considered, and agreed to, viz:
Resolved, That a message be sent to the Senate informing that body that the House has elected Hon. Theodore M. Pomeroy, one of the representatives from the State of New York, Speaker, in the place of Hon. Schuyler Colfax, resigned.
Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed on the part of the House to wait upon the President of the United States and inform him that the House has elected Hon. Theodore M. Pomeroy, one of the representatives from the State of New York, Speaker, in the place of Hon. Schuyler Colfax, resigned.
Ordered, That Mr. Hulburd, Mr. Cullom, and Mr. Woodward be the committee on the part of the House under the latter resolution, and that the Clerk acquaint the Senate therewith.
On motion of Mr. Phelps, Ordered, That a message be sent to the Senate requesting a copy to be furnished the House of the bill of the Senate (S. 588) for the relief of the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association.
Mr. Boutwell, from the Committee on Reconstruction, presented a reply of Governor Bullock, of Georgia, to the Hon. Nelson Tift; which was laid on the table and ordered to be printed. The Speaker having announced as the regular order of business the
joint resolution of the Senate (S. R. 217) for printing the Medical and Surgical History of the Rebellion—the pending question when the House adjourned yesterday being on its third reading,
The said resolution was amended, read three times, and passed.
( Yeas ................ It was decided in the affirmative, Nays ......
............. 44 ( Not voting ...
.. 67 The yeas and nays being desired by one-fifth of the members present,
Those who voted in the affirmative areMr. Stevenson Archer Mr. Ignatius Donnelly Mr. Israel G. Lash Mr. Samuel J. Randall
Green B. Raum
Samuel B. Axtell
Samuel S. Marshall
James R. McCormick
George F. Miller
James K. Moorhead
Carinan A. Newcomb
J. P. Newsham Charles W. Buckley David Heaton
Benjamin W. Norris
Godlove S. Orth
Halbert E. Paine
Benjamin F. Hopkins Sidney Perham
John A. Peters
S. Newton Pettis
Charles E. Phelps
Alexander H. Jones Charles W. Pierce
Frederick A. Pike
Tobias A. Plants
Luke P. Poland
C. H. Prince
John V. L. Pruyn Those who voted in the negative are
William H. Robertson
Mr. George M. Adams Mr. John Fox
Mr. Thomas L. Jones Mr. Charles Sitgreaves Samuel M. Arnell J. Lawrence Getz William H. Kelsey
H. H. Starkweather
Lawrence S. Trimble
Daniel M, Van Auken James Brooks Isaac R. Hawkins
George V. Lawrence Philadelph Van Trump Samuel F. Cary William S. Holman William Lawrence
Charles H. Van Wyek Burton C. Cook Julius Hotchkiss
William Loughridge Hamilton Ward Benjamin Eggleston James M. Humphrey Dennis McCarthy
Cadwal'r C. Washburg Charles A. Eldridge Morton C. Hunter
Lewis W. Ross
George W. Woodward John F. Farnsworth Ebon C. Ingersoll
Glenni W. Scofield
P. M. B. Young.
Mr. Richard D. Hubbard Mr. William E. Robinson
Lewis Selye George W. Anderson John Covode
William S. Lincoln
John P. C. Shanks James M. Ashley Henry L. Dawes Benjamin F. Loan
Aaron F. Stevens Demas Barnes Columbus Delano John A. Logan
Thomas E. Stewart
J. H. Sypher
Caleb N. Taylor
Row'd E. Trowbridge
Burt Van Horu
ENihu B. Washburne Henry P. H. Bromwell Charles M. Hamilton John A. Nicholson
Thomas Williams Albert G. Burr Thomas Haughey David A. Nunn
Stephen F. Wilson John B. Callis Asahel W. Hubbard William A. Pile
William Windom. Sidney Clarke
Chester D. Hubbard Daniel Polsley
So the motion to reconsider was laid on the table.
Ordered, That the Clerk acquaint the Senate with the passage of the said resolution.
The Speaker appointed Mr. Ingersoll a member of the committee of conference in place of himself on the bill of the House No. 1881.
Ordered, That the Clerk acquaint the Senate therewith. Mr. Bingham moved that the rules be suspended so as to enable him to report from the Committee of Claims, and the House to consider, the joint resolution of the Senate (S. R. 100) for the relief of certain contractors for the construction of vessels of war and steam machinery, together with some other bills; which motion was disagreed to, twothirds not voting in favor thereof.
Mr. Laflin, from the Committee on Printing, reported the following resolution, viz:
Resolved, That there be printed 2,000 copies of the majority and minority reports, with the testimony, of the committee on the alleged frauds committed at the late presidential election in the State of New York, and ten thousand copies of the same reports without the tes. timony.
( Yeas ................. And it was decided in the affirmative, Nays .......
47 Not voting...
70 Two-thirds voting in favor thereof. The yeas and nays being desired by one-fifth of the members present, Those who voted in the affirmative are
Mr. Oakes Ames
Samuel M. Arnell
Mr. Shelby M. Cullom
John T. Deweese
Mr. Norman B. Judd
George W. Julian
Mr. Luke P. Poland
Green B. Raum
Mr. Oliver J. Dickey
W. P. Edwards
Mr. William D. Kelley
George V. Lawrence
Mr. William A. Pile
Mr. Lawrence S. Trimble
Henry Van Aernam
So the main question was ordered, and being put, viz: Will the House agree to the said resolution?
...... 112 It was decided in the affirmative, Nays.....
( Not voting................. The yeas and nays being desired by one-fifth of the members present, Those who voted in the affirmative are
Mr. Oakes Ames
Mr. Oliver J. Dickey Alexander H. Bailey Nathan F. Dixon Fernando C. Beaman Ignatius Donnelly John Beatty
John F. Driggs Jacob Benton
Ephraim R. Eckley John A, Bingham
W. P. Edwards W. Jasper Blackburn Jacob H. Ela Austin Blair
Thomas D. Eliot George S. Boutwell James T. Elliott Nathaniel Boyden
John F. Farnsworth Henry P. H. Bromwell Thomas W. Ferry Charles W. Buckley William C. Fields Benjamin F. Butler
John R. French Roderick R. Butler
James H. Goss Henry L. Cake
Samuel F. Gove John B. Callis
John A. Griswold John C. Churchill
Isaac R. Hawkins Reader W. Clarke
William Higby Sidney Clarke
John Hill J. W. Clift
Samuel Hooper Amasa Cobb
Benjamin F. Hopkins John Coburn
Thomas A. Jencker Burton C. Cook
Alexander H. Jones Simeon Corley
Norman B. Judd Thomas Cornell
George W. Julian John Covode
Francis W. Kellogg Henry L. Dawes
William H. Kelsey John T. Deweese
John H. Ketcham
Mr. William H. Koontz
Addison H. Laflin
Mr. William H. Robertson
Logan H. Roots