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8. All acts, addresses, and joint resolutions shall be signed by the Speaker; and all writs, warrants, and subpænas issued by order of the House shall be under his hand and seal, attested by the Clerk.- Nocember 13, 1794.

9. In case of any disturbance or disorderly conduct in the galleries or lobby, the Speaker (or chairman of the Committee of the Whole House) shall have power to order the same to be cleared.—March 14, 1794.

OF THE CLERK AND OTHER OFFICERS.

10. There shall be elected, at the commencement of each Congress, to continue in office until their successors are appointed, a Clerk, Sergeantat-arms, Doorkeeper, and Postmaster, each of whom shall take an oath for the true and faithful discharge of the duties of his office, to the best of his knowledge and abilities, and to keep the secrets of the House; and the appointees of the Doorkeeper and Postmaster shall be subject to the approval of the Speaker; and, in all cases of election by the House of its officers, the vote shall be taken vira roce.

::- March 16, 1860. 11. In all cases where other than members of the House may be eligible to an office by the election of the House, there shall be a previous nomination.-April 7, 1789.

12. In all other cases of ballot than for committees, a majority of the votes given shall be necessary to an election ; and where there shall not be such a majority on the first ballot, the ballots shall be repeated until a majority be obtained.- April 7, 1789. And in all ballotings blanks shall be rejected and not taken into the count in enumeration of votes or reported by the tellers.-September 15, 1837.

13. It shall be the duty of the Clerk tó make and cause to be printed, and delivered to each member, at the commencement of every session of Congress, a list of the reports which it is the duty of any officer or department of the government to make to Congress; referring to the act or resolution, and page of the volume of the laws or journal in which it may be contained ; and placing under the name of each officer the list of reports required of him to be made, and the time when the report may be expected.-- March 13, 1822.

14. It shall be the duty of the Clerk of the House, at the end of each session, to send a printed copy of the journals thereof to the executive and to each branch of the legislature of every State.-Norember 13, 1794.

15. All questions of order shall be noted by the Clerk, with the decision, and put together at the end of the journal of every session.—December 23, 1811.

16. The Clerk shall, within thirty days after the close of each session of Congress, cause to be completed the printing and primary distribution, to members and delegates, of the Journal of the House, together with an accurate index to the same.—June 18, 1832.

17. There shall be retained in the library of the Clerk's office, for the use of the members there, and not to be withdrawn therefrom, two copies of all the books and printed documents deposited in the library:December 22, 1826.

18. The Clerk shall have preserved for each member of the House an extra copy, in good binding, of all the documents printed by order of either house at each future session of Congress.February 9, 1831.

19. The Clerk shall make a weekly statement of the resolutions and bills (Senate bills inclusive) upon the Speaker's table, accompanied with a brief reference to the orders and proceedings of the House upon each,

and the date of such orders and proceedings; which statement shall be printed for the use of the members.-April 21, 1836.

20. The Clerk shall cause an index to be prepared to the acts passed at every session of Congress, and to be printed and bound with the acts.-July 4, 1832.

21. All contracts, bargains, or agreements, relative to the furnishing any matter or thing, or for the performance of any labor for the House of Representatives, shall be made with the Clerk, or approved by him, before any allowance shall be made therefor by the Committee on Accounts.—January 30, 1816.

22. It shall be the duty of the Sergeant-at-arms to attend the House during its sittings; to aid in the enforcement of order, under the direction of the Speaker; to execute the commands of the House, from time to time, together with all such process, issued by authority thereof, as shall be directed to him by the Speaker. - April 14, 1789.

23. The symbol of his office (the mace) shall be borne by the Sergeantat-arms when in the execution of his office.- April 14, 1789.

24. The fees of the Sergeant-at-arms shall be, for every arrest, the sum of two dollars; for each day's custody and releasement, one dollar; and for traveling expenses for himself or a special messenger, going and returning, one-tenth of a dollar for each mile- April 14, 1789—necessarily and actually traveled by such officer or other person in the execution of such precept or summons.—March 19, 1860.

25. It shall be the duty of the Sergeant-at-arms to keep the accounts for pay and mileage of members, to prepare checks, and, if required to do so, to draw the money on such checks for the members, (the same being previously signed by the Speaker and indorsed by the member) and pay over the same to the member entitled thereto.—April 4, 1838.

26. The Sergeant-at-arms shall give bond, with surety, to the United States, in a suin not less than five nor more than ten thousand dollars, at the discretion of the Speaker, and with such surety as the Speaker may approve, faithfully to account for the money coming into his hands for the pay of members.—April 4, 1838.

27. The Doorkeeper shall execute strictly the 134th and 135th rules, relative to the privilege of the hall— March 1, 1838—and he shall be required, at the commencement and close of each session of Congress, to take an inventory of all the furniture, books, and other public property in the several committee and other rooms under his charge, and shall report the same to the House; which report shall be referred to the Committee on Accounts, who shall determine the amount for which he shall be held liable for missing articles.-March 2, 1865.

28. The Postmaster shall superintend the post office kept in the Capitol for the accommodation of the members. - April 4, 1838.

OF THE MEMBERS.

29. No member shall vote on any question in the event of which he is immediately and particularly interested, or in any case where he was not within the bar of the House when the question was put.-April 7, 1789. And when any member shall ask leave to vote, the Speaker shall propound to him the question, "Were you within the bar before the last name on the roll was called ?" and if he shall answer in the negative, the Speaker shall not further entertain the request of such member to vote: Provided, howerer, That any member who was absent by leave of the House may vote at any time before the result is announced.—March 2, 1865.

30. Upon a division and count of the House on any question, no member without the bar shall be counted.-Vorember 13, 1794.

31. Every member who shall be in the House when the question is put shall give his vote unless the House shall excuse him.- April 7, 1789. All motions to excuse a member from voting shall be made before the House divides, or before the call of the yeas and nays is commenced; and the question shall then be taken without debate.- September 14, 1837.

32. The name of the member who presents a petition or memorial, or who offers a resolution to the consideration of the House, shall be inserted on the journals.-- March 22, 1806.

33. No member shall absent himself from the service of the House unless he have leave, or be sick, or unable to attend.- April 13, 1789.

OF CALLS OF THE HOUSE,

31. Any fifteen members including the Speaker, if there be one) shall be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members.-April 17, 1789.

35. Upon calls of the House, or in taking the yeas or nays on any question, the names of the members shall be called alphabetically. April 7, 1789.

36. Upon the call of the House, the names of the members shall be called over by the Clerk, and the absentees noted; after which the names of the absentees shall again be called over; the doors shall then be shut, and those for whom no excuse or insufficient excuses are made may, by order of those present, if fifteen in number, be taken into custody as they appear, or may be sent for and taken into custody, wherever to be found, by special messengers to be appointed for that purpose.- Vocember 13, 1789, and December 14, 1795.

37. When a member shall be discharged from custody, and admitted to his seat, the House shall determine whether such discharge shall be with or without paying fees; and in like manner, whether a delinquent member, taken into custody by a special messenger, shall or shall not be liable to defray the expense of such special messenger.- Nocember 13, 1794.

OF MOTIONS, THEIR PRECEDENCE, ETC.

38. When a motion is made and seconded, it shall be stated by the Speaker; or being in writing, it shall be handed to the Chair and read aloud by the Clerk, before debated.-- April 7, 1789.

39. Every motion shall be reduced to writing if the Speaker or any member desire it--- April 7, 1789. Every written motion made to the House shall be inserted on the journals, with the name of the member making it, unless it be withdrawn on the same day on which it was submitted.- Jarch 20, 1806.

40. After a motion is stated by the Speaker, or read by the Clerk, it shall be deemed to be in the possession of the House, but may be with drawn at any time before a decision or amendment.- April 7, 1789.

41. When any motion or proposition is made, the question, “Will the House now consider it ?" shall not be put unless it is demanded by some member, or is deemed necessary by the Speaker.- December 12, 1817.

12. When a question is under debate, no motion shall be received but to adjourn, to lie on the table, for the previous question, to postpone to a day certain, to commit or amend, to postpone indefinitely; which seleral motions shall have precedence in the order in which they are arranged— March 13, 1822—and no motion to postpone to a day certain, to commit, or to postpone indefinitely, being decided, shall be again allowed on the same day, and at the same stage of the bill or proposition.

43. When a resolution shall be offered, or a motion made to refer any subject, and different committees shall be proposed, the question shall be taken in the following order:

The Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union; the Committee of the Whole House; a Standing Committee; a Select Committee.- March 13, 1822.

44. A motion to adjourn, and a motion to fix the day to which the House shall-adjourn, shall be always in order-April 7, 1789, and January 14, 1840; these motions, and the motions to lie on the table, shall be decided without debate.—November 13, 1795; March 13, 1822.

45. The hour at which every motion to adjourn is made shall be entered on the journal.October 9, 1837.

46. Any member may call for the division of a question, before or after the main question is ordered, which shall be divided if it comprehend propositions in substance so distinct that, one being taken away, a substantive proposition shall remain for the decision of the House. - September 15, 1837.

A motion to strike out and insert shall be deemed indivisible.—December 23, 1811; but a motion to strike out being lost, shall preclude neither amendment nor a motion to strike out and insert.—March 13, 1822.

47. Motions and reports may be committed at the pleasure of the House.--- April 7, 1789.

48. No motion or proposition on a subject different from that under consideration shall be admitted under color of amendment.—March 13, 1822. No bill or resolution shall at any time be amended by annexing thereto, or incorporating therewith, any other bill or resolution pending before the House.-September 16, 1837.

49. When a motion has been once made, and carried in the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for any member of the majority to move for the reconsideration thereof-January 7, 1802—on the same or succeeding day—December 23, 1811; and such motion shall take precedence of all other questions, except a motion to adjourn— May 6, 1828—and shall not be withdrawn after the said succeeding day without the consent of the House; and thereafter any member may call it up for consideration.March 2, 1818.

50. In filling up blanks, the largest sum and longest time shall be first put.-April 7, 1789.

ORDER OF BUSINESS OF THE DAY.

51. As soon as the journal is read, and the unfinished business in which the House was engaged at the last preceding adjournment has been disposed of, reports from committees shall be called for and disposed of; in doing which the Speaker shall call upon each standing committee in regular order, and then upon select committees; and if the Speaker shall not get through the call upon the committees before the House passes to other business, he shall resume the next call where he left off-September 15, 1837-giving preference to the report last under consideration : Provided, That whenever any committee shall have occupied the morning hour on two days, it shall not be in order for such committee to report further until the other committees shall have been called in their turn.December 7, 1857.

52. Reports from committees having been presented and disposed of, the Speaker shall call for resolutions from the members of each State and delegate from each Territory, beginning with Maine and the Territory last organized alternately; and they shall not be debated on the very day of their being presented, nor on any day assigned by the House for the receipt of resolutions, unless where the House shall direct otherwise, but shall lie on the table, to be taken up in the order in which they were presented ; and if on any day the whole of the States and Territories shall not be called, the Speaker shall begin on the next day where he left off the previous day: Provided, That no member shall offer more than one resolution, or one series of resolutions, all relating to the same subject, until all the States and Territories shall have been called.January 14, 1829.

53. A proposition requesting information from the President of the United States, or directing it to be furnished by the head of either of the executive departments, or by the Postmaster General, shall lie on the table one day for consideration, unless otherwise ordered by the unanimous consent of the House-December 13, 1820; and all such propositions shall be taken up for consideration in the order they were presented, immediately after reports are called for from select committees; and when adopted, the Clerk shall cause the same to be delivered.January 22, 1822.

54. After one hour shall have been devoted to reports from committees and resolutions, it shall be in order, pending the consideration or discussion thereof, to entertain a motion that the House do now proceed to dispose of the business on the Speaker's table, and to the orders of the day-January 5, 1832; which being decided in the affirmative, the Speaker shall dispose of the business on his table in the following order, viz:

1st. Messages and other executive communications. 2d. Messages from the Senate, and amendments proposed by the Senate to bills of the House.

3d. Bills and resolutions from the Senate on their first and second reading, that they be referred to committees and put under way; but if, on being read a second time, no motion being made to commit, they are to be ordered to their third reading, unless objection be made; in which case, if not otherwise ordered by a majority of the House, they are to be laid on the table in the general file of bills on the Speaker's table, to be taken up in their turn.

4th. Engrossed bills and bills from the Senate on their third reading.

5th. Bills of the House and from the Senate, on the Speaker's table, on their engrossment, or on being ordered to a third reading, to be taken up and considered, in the order of time in which they passed to a second reading

The messages, communications, and bills on his table having been disposed of, the Speaker shall then proceed to call the orders of the day.-September 14, 1837.

55. The business specified in the 54th and 130th rules shall be done at no other part of the day, except by permission of the House.—December 23, 1811.

56. The consideration of the unfinished business in which the House may be engaged at an adjournment shall be resumed as soon as the journal of the next day is read, and at the same time each day there. after until disposed of; and if, from any cause, other business shall intervene, it shall be resumed as soon as such other business is disposed of. And the consideration of all other unfinished business shall be resumed

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