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135. Stenographers and reporters, other than the official reporters of the House, wishing to take down the debates, may be admitted by the Speaker to the reporters' gallery over the Speaker's chair, but not on the floor of the House ; but no person shall be allowed the privilege of said gallery under the character of a stenographer or reporter without a written permission of the Speaker, specifying the part of said gallery assigned to him; nor shall said stenographer or reporter be admitted to said gallery unless he shall state in writing for what paper or papers he is employed to report; nor shall he be so admitted, or, if admitted, be suffered to retain his seat if he shall be or become an agent to prosecute any claim pending before Congress; and the Speaker shall give his written permission with this condition.-December 23, 1857.
UNFINISHED BUSINESS OF THE SESSION.
136. After six days from the commencement of a second or subsequent session of any Congress, all bills, resolutions, and reports which originated in the House, and at the close of the next preceding session remained undetermined, shall be resumed and acted on in the same manner as if an adjournment had not taken place.—March 17, 1848. And all business before committees of the House at the end of one session shall be resumed at the commencement of the next session of the same Congress as if no adjournment had taken place.- March 16, 1860.
137. Whenever confidential communications are received from the President of the United States, the House shall be cleared of all persons except the members, Clerk, Sergeant-at-arms, and Doorkeeper, and so continue during the reading of such communications, and (unless otherwise directed by the House) during all debates and proceedings to be had thereon. And when the Speaker, or any other member, shall inform the House that he has communications to make which he conceives ought to be kept secret, the House shall in like manner be cleared till the communication be made; the House shall then determine whether the matter communicated requires secrecy or not, and take order accordingly.-February 17, 1792, and December 30, 1793.
138. The rule for paying witnesses summoned to appear before this house, or either of its committees, shall be as follows : For each day a witness shall attend, the sum of two dollars ; for each mile he shall travel in coming to or going from the place of examination, the sum of ten cents each way ; but nothing shall be paid for traveling home when the witness has been summoned at the place of trial.-June 5, 1832.
139. Maps accompanying documents shall not be printed, under the general order to print, without the special direction of the House.—March 2, 1837, September 11, 1837.
140. No extra compensation shall be allowed to any officer or messenger, page, laborer, or other person in the service of the House, or engaged in or about the public grounds or buildings; and no person shall be an officer of the House, or continue in its employment, who shall be an agent for the prosecution of any claim against the government, or be interested in such claim otherwise than an original claimant; and it shall be the duty of the Committee of Accounts to inquire into and report to the House any violation of this rule.—March 8, 1842. 141. When the reading of a paper is called for, and the same is objected to by any member, it shall be determined by a vote of the House.-November 13, 1794.
142. When a question is postponed indefinitely, the same shall not be acted upon again during the session. December 17, 1805.
143. Every order, resolution, or vote, to which the concurrence of the Senate shall be necessary, shall be read to the House, and laid on the table, on a day preceding that in which the same shall be moved, unless the House shall otherwise expressly allow.-April 7, 1789.
144. The rules of parliamentary practice comprised in Jefferson's Man. ual shall govern the House in all cases to which they are applicable, and in which they are not inconsistent with the standing rules and orders of the House, and joint rules of the Senate and House of Representatives.September 15, 1837.
115. No standing rule or order of the House shall be rescinded or changed without one day's notice being given of the motion thereforNovember 13, 1794 ; nor shall any rule be suspended, except by a vote of at least two-thirds of the members present-March 13, 1822; nor shall the order of business, as established by the rules, be postponed or changed, except by a vote of at least two-thirds of the members present; nor shall the Speaker entertain a motion to suspend the rules, except during the last ten days of the session, and on Monday of every week at the expiration of one hour after the journal is read—April 26, 1828—unless the call of States and Territories for bills on leave and resolutions has been earlier concluded, when the Speaker may entertain a motion to suspend the rules.—June 8, 1864.
146. All elections of officers of the House, including the Speaker, shall be conducted in accordance with these rules, so far as the same are applicable; and, pending the election of a Speaker, the Clerk shall preserve order and decorum, and shall decide all questions of order that may arise, subject to appeal to the House.—March 19, 1860.
147. These rules shall be the rules of the House of Representatives of the present and succeeding Congresses, unless otherwise ordered.March 19, 1860.
148. An additional standing committee shall be appointed at the commencement of each Congress, whose duties shall continue until the first session of the ensuing Congress, to consist of seven members, to be entitled a Committee on Coinage, Weights, and Measures ; and to this committee shall be referred all bills, resolutions, and communications to the House upon that subject.-January 21, 1864, and March 2, 1867.
149. The names of members not voting on any call of the ayes and noes shall be recorded in the journal immediately after those roting in the affirmative and negative, and the same record shall be made in the Congressional Globe.-June 8, 1864.
150. It shall be the duty of the Committee on the Pacific Railroad to take into consideration all such petitions and matters or things relative to railroads or telegraph lines between the Mississippi valley and the Pacific coast as shall be presented or may come in question, and be referred to thein by the House, and to report their opinion thereon, together with such propositions relative thereto as to them shall seem expedient.-Jarch 2, 1865.
151. It shall be the duty of the Committee of Ways and Means to take into consideration all reports of the Treasury Department, and such other propositions relative to raising revenue and providing ways and means for the support of the government as shall be presented or shall come in question, and be referred to them by the House, and to report their opinion thereon by bill or otherwise, as to them shall seem expedient; and said committee shall have leave to report for commitment at any time.—March 2, 1865.
152. It shall be the duty of the Committee on Banking and Currency to take into consideration all propositions relative to banking and the currency that shall be presented or shall come in question, and be referred to them by the House, and to report thereon by bill or otherwise.March 2, 1865.
153. It shall be the duty of the Committee on Mines and Mining to consider all subjects relating to mines and mining that may be referred to them, and to report their opinion thereon, together with such propositions relative thereto as may seem to them expedient.-December 19, 1865.
154. The allowance of stationery to each member and delegate shall be of the value of seventy-five dollars for a long session, and forty-five dollars for a short session of Congress. - December 19, 1865. [By an act of the 2d session, 40th Congress, (Sess. Laws, p. 3,) the limitation of staltionery or commutation therefor, is fixed at $125 per session.
155. The hall of the House shall not be used for any other purpose than the legitimate business of the House, nor shall the Speaker entertain any proposition to use it for any other purpose, or for the suspen. sion of this rule: Provided, That this shall not interfere with the performance of divine service therein, under the direction of the Speaker, or with the use of the same for caucus meetings of the members, or upon occasions where the House may, by resolution, agree to take part in any ceremonies to be observed therein.-January 31, 1866.
156. There shall be appointed at the commencement of each Congress a standing Committee on Freedmen's Affairs, to consist of nine members, whose duty it shall be to take charge of all matters concerning freedmen, which shall be referred to them by the House-December 4, 1866.
157. When an act shall be approved by the President, the usual number of copies shall be printed for the use of the House. - March 15, 1867.
158. Messages from the Senate and the President of the United States, giving notice of bills passed and approved, shall be reported forth with from the Clerk's desk.–March 15, 1867.
159. Estimates of appropriations and all other communications from the executive departments, intended for the consideration of any of the committees of the House, shall be addressed to the Speaker and by him submitted to the House for reference.- March 15, 1867.
160. There shall be appointed at each Congress a Committee on Education and Labor, to consist of nine members, to whom shall be referred all petitions, bills, reports, and resolutions on those subjects, and who shall from time to time report thereon.—March 21, 1867.
161. Pending a motion to suspend the rules the Speaker may entertain one motion that the House do now adjourn, but after the result thereon is announced, he shall not entertain any other dilatory motion till the vote is taken on suspension.-February 25, 1868.
JOINT RULES AND ORDERS
THE TWO HOUSES.
1. In every case of an amendment of a bill agreed to in one house and dissented to in the other, if either house shall request a conference, and appoint a committee for that purpose, and the other house shall also appoint a committee to confer, such committees shall, at a convenient hour, to be agreed upon by their chairman, meet in the conference chamber, and state to each other, verbally or in writing, as either shall choose, the reasons of their respective houses for and against the amendment, and confer freely thereon.--November 13, 1794.
2. When a message shall be sent from the Senate to the House of Representatives, it shall be announced at the door of the House by the Doorkeeper, and shall be respectfully communicated to the Chair by the person by whom it may be sent.—November 13, 1794.
3. The same ceremony shall be observed when a messenger shall be sent from the House of Representatives to the Senate.—November 13, 1794.
4. Messages shall be sent by such persons as a sense of propriety in each house may determine to be proper.—November 13, 1794.
5. While bills are on their passage between the two houses they shall be on paper, and under the signature of the Secretary or Clerk of each house, respectively.—November 13, 1794.
6. After a bill shall have passed both houses, it shall be duly enrolled on parchment by the Clerk of the House of Representatives or the Secretary of the Senate, as the bill may have originated in the one or the other house, before it shall be presented to the President of the United States.-November 13, 1794.
7. When bills are enrolled, they shall be examined by a joint committee of two from the Senate and two from the House of Representatives, ap. pointed as a standing committee for that purpose, who shall carefully compare the enrolment with the engrossed bills as passed in the two houses, and, correcting any errors that may be discovered in the enrolled bills, make their report forthwith to their respective houses.—November 13, 1794, and February 1, 1827.
8. After examination and report, each bill shall be signed in the respective houses, first by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, then by the President of the Senate.- November 13, 1794.
9. After a bill shall have been thus signed in each house it shall be presented by the said committee to the President of the United States for his approbation, (it being first indorsed on the back of the roll, certifying in which house the same originated; which indorsement shall be signed by the Secretary or Clerk, as the case may be, of the house in