« PředchozíPokračovat »
Cortese. Act I. Scene I., A Public Place. For an open place, or a square in a city, this is not a home-bred expression. It may be accidental ; yet it is a literal translation of una piazza publica, exactly what was meant for the scene. The opening of the comedy, which speaks of Lombardy and the university of Padua, might have been written by, a native Italian :
“Tranio, since, for the great desire I had
Here let us breathe, and haply institute
A course of learning and ingenious studies.” The very next line I found myself involuntarily repeating, at the sight of the grave countenances within the walls of Pisa :
"Pisa, renowned for grave citizens." They are altogether a grave people, in their demeanour, their history, and their literature, such as it is. I never met with the anomaly of a merry Pisan. Curiously enough, this line is repeated, word for word, in the Fourth Act. Lucentio says, his father came “ of the Bentivolii ;" this is an old Italian plural ; & mere Englishman would write “ of the Bentivolios." Besides, there was and is a branch of the Bentivolii in Florence, where Lucentio says he was brought up. ... Of the betrothment of Katharina and Petruchio, there is not a vestige in the older play. The father gives her hand to him, both parties consenting before two witnesses, who declare themselves such to the act. Such a ceremony is as indissoluble as that of marriage, unless both parties should consent to annul it. The betrothment takes place in due form, exactly as in many of Goldoni's comedies :
“Baptista, Give me your hands;
Gremio and Tranio. Amen! say we; we will be witnesses." Instantly Petruchio addresses them [Baptista and his daughter Katharina] as father and wife,” because from that moment he
possesses the legal power of a husband over her, saving that of taking her to his own house. Padua lies between Verona and Venice, at a suitable distance from both, for the conduct of the comedy. Petruchio, after being securely betrothed, sets off for Venice, the very place for finery, to buy “rings and things, and fine array” for the wedding; and when married, he takes her to his country-house in the direction of Verona, of which city he is a native. All this is complete.'-C. ARMITAGE BROWN.
Mr Armitage Brown, in Shakespeare's Autobiographical Poems, &c., 1838, concludes from certain passages of his plays that Shakespeare must have visited Italy ; but those passages give nothing about Italian manners or places which he might not have obtained by means of books or hearsay. Mr Brown's first proof of his having been in Italy is singularly unfortunate : Taming of the Shrew, Act I. Scene I., A Public Place, a literal translation of una piazza publica, &c. “ A Public Place” is an insertion by the modern editors. Rambling in Italy would have rather interfered with what seems to have been the grand object of Shakespeare from his earliest days the acquisition of a fortune, which was to enable him eventually to settle himself as a gentleman at Stratford : besides, I cannot but think that, if he had ever been in Italy, an incidental mention of his peregrination must have reached us from some quarter or other.'—DYCE.
Persons in the
BAPTISTA, a rich gentleman of Padua.
} suitors to Bianca
servants to Lricentio. BIONDELLO, GRUMIO,
servants to Petruchio. CURTIS, PEDANT, an old fellow set up to personate Vincentio.
KATHARINA, the shrew,
} daughters to Baptista.
Tailor, Haberdasher, and Servants, attending on BAPTISTA
SCENE.-SOMETIMES IN PADUA; AND SOMETIMES IN
PETRUCHIO'S HOUSE IN THE COUNTRY.
Sly. Come, madam wife, sit by my side, and let the world slip; we shall ne'er be younger.
-Induction, Sc, 2.
SCENE I.—Before an Alehouse on a Heath.
Enter Hostess and Sly. SLY, I'll pheese you,in faith.
Host. A pair of stocks, you rogue ! Sly. Y'are a baggage; the Slies are no rogues : look in the Chronicles, we came in with Richard Conqueror. Therefore, paucas pallabris ; let the world slide : Sessa! 2
Host. You will not pay for the glasses you have burst ? 3
Sly. No, not a denier. Go, by Saint Jeronimy ;4_Go to thy cold bed, and warm thee. Host. I know my remedy, I must go fetch the thirdborough.5
Sly. Third, or fourth, or fifth borough, I'll answer him by law. I'll not budge an inch, boy ; let him come, and kindly.
[Lies down on the ground, and fulls asleep.
Horns Winded. Enter a Lord from hunting, with Huntsmen
1 Hun. Why, Belman is as good as he, my lord;
Lord. Thou art a fool; if Echo were as fleet,
sup them well, and look unto them all ; To-morrow I intend to hunt again.
i Hun. I will, my lord. Lord. What's here? one dead, or drunk? See, doth he breathe?
2 Hun. He breathes, my lord. Were he not warm'd with ale, This were a bed but cold to sleep so soundly.
Lord. O monstrous beast! how like a swine he lies !
i Hun. Believe me, lord, I think he cannot choose.
Lord. Even as a flattering dream, or worthless fancy,