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also store rooms, meat room, refrigerators, and a general serving room from which food is dispensed for the whole hospital.
THE DISPENSARY. — This building, at the corner of Harrison avenue and Stoughton street, is one hundred and twenty by fifty-two feet, with an L in the rear forty by twenty-eight, and a boiler house sixteen by twenty-eight. The main entrance from Harrison avenue opens into a central hall twenty feet wide, and extending the whole length of the building. From this open sixteen rooms devoted to the different departments; medical, surgical, women's, children's, eye and ear, chest, throat, skin, rectal, and dental ; also dressing room and trustees' room. These are all furnished for their several uses.
In the L leading from this story is a clinical lecture room twenty-four by twenty-eight feet, and a dressing room. Stairways descend to the basement story, in which are the janitor's quarters, resident and maternity physician's, toilet, and store rooms.
At a cost of $35,000 the building can be completed as designed, with additional stories providing more desirable rooms for the dispensary, and a complete maternity hospital with separate entrance from Stoughton street.
BOSTON UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE. — The original buildings, erected in 1868 and 1874, are one hundred and four by forty feet, with four floors, of which one is a basement and one is mansard roof. The new structure is sixty-two by fifty-six feet, with four full stories and a fine basement or cellar. It is built almost entirely of stone, iron, brick and cement, with the least practicable amount of wood work. The style is solid and substantial, rather than ornate. A tower sixty-five feet high forms the south
In this is the main entrance, with Hippocrates and Hygeia in bas-relief on either side. In the entrance hall is a fine bronze bust of Hahnemann of heroic size, made by the sculptor David, of Paris, when Hahnemann was eighty years old.
In the first story is the physiological laboratory fifty-six by twenty-eight feet, a private laboratory eighteen by twenty-six, and a study and lecture room twenty-six by twenty-six. In the second story is the histological or microscopical laboratory with private laboratory and lecture room of similar size of those on first story, and a toilet room for women. In the third story is a library sixty by twenty-eight feet, with a capacity of 30,000 volumes, a reading room and librarian's laboratory. In the fourth story is a special dissecting and demonstration room twenty by twenty-eight, a museum forty by twenty-eight, with a gallery on
the four sides and capacity of 100,000 specimens, a pathological laboratory and lecture room.
In the tower are two stories devoted to the osteological department. In the basement is a fine depository, in which fortyeight subjects can be preserved indefinitely at a temperature of twenty-six degrees, a room twenty by twenty-six for preparing anatomical material, store room, electrical room, and toilet room for men. It is arranged for an elevator at some future time. The rooms are finished in ash, and the furnishings are of the same material ; the fire-places are of Tennessee marble, as are the various trimmings of sinks and radiators. The building is heated by indirect steam radiation supplemented by direct.
So important are these buildings to the community, and so many persons are interested in them that invitations to visit the buildings on Wednesday, March 16, 1892, between 10 A. M. and 10 P. M., were widely sent. The day proved a remarkable one for March, and upwards of five thousand people were in attendance. An orchestra was provided and special exercises were arranged at the Hospital at 11 A. M., the Dispensary at 3 P. M., and at the School of Medicine at 8 P. M.
THE HOSPITAL. — The Executive Committee, Mr. J. A. Higginson, Dr. D. G. Woodvine, Mrs. A. S. Foster, Miss F. E. Horton, and Mrs. Edward Whitney, with others, had special charge of decorations, and the various parts of the building were tastefully ornamented with evergreen and choice flowers. The hall in which the exercises were held was beautifully ornamented with Jacqueminot, Mermet, and Marechal Niel roses In the Trustees' reception room, furnished by the estate of the late Mrs. Anna L. Möring, and decorated with daffodils surrounded by green, the reception committee, consisting of Mr. S. T. Hooper, Miss M. J. Rogers, Mrs. A. D. Whitney, and Mrs. Conrad Wesselhoeft, received many of the specially invited guests. In the hall where the exercises were held, upon the platform were Col. Chas. R. Codman, the President of the Hospital ; Bishop Phillips Brooks, Gov. W. E. Russell ; Hon. James H. Eaton, Chairman of the Building Committee; Mrs. S. T. Hooper, President of the Ladies' Aid Association ; President W. F. Warren, of Boston University, and others. Among those present were many State officers, members of the Senate and House of Representatives, and distinguished citizens from various parts of the State.
The hall in which the exercises were held could comfortably
seat only 250, but its standing room was fully occupied, and it could thus accommodate a small part of the persons in attendance.
Col. Chas. R. Codman presided, and Bishop Phillips Brooks offered the invocation, which was replete with devotional thought and feeling. He asked that the Divine Blessing might rest upon this large gathering of the friends of this noble institution, upon the State which has contributed towards its prosperity and importance, upon its officers that they might with wisdom direct its affairs, upon its physicians that success might attend their labors, upon the nurses in their watchful care and efforts, upon the patients that they may here be restored to health and strength, and upon the community that it may be
nefited spiritually as well as physically through the example, influence, and results of this charity.
It would be a boon to this institution if the words of Bishop Brooks' prayer could have been placed in permanent form.
Colonel Codman introduced Hon. James H. Eaton, of Lawrence, who spoke as follows:
Mr. President,—It becomes my pleasant duty as chairman of the building committee to turn over to you, the representative of this corporation, the keys of the new hospital buildings which are now completed and ready for use. On the 3rd of June, 1890, our good Commonwealth in its generosity and spirit of fair dealing towards all schools of medical practice, appropriated $120,000 to be used in enlarging the then existing hospital or in the erection of new and distinct buildings. This money has been expended in strict accordance with the provisions of the legislative act, and as a result we have these two large additional buildings, - the surgical extension and the medical wing, -a mortuary, and a commodious kitchen with all modern appliances. There have been added to the apartments 23,755 square feet of floor space, and accommodations for 120 patients. As soon as the plans and specifications were fully agreed upon, and adopted, many contractors were solicited to furnish bids for labor and material, and in every case the contract was awarded to the lowest bidder. Your committee can speak in most approving terms of all parties who have had to do with the construction of these buildings. Every dollar of the appropriation has gone directly into the property. Your committee has received no remuneration for services rendered or expenses incurred. Having acted according to our best judgment, we cheerfully turn this large and valuable property into your hands, knowing that your board in accordance with its agreement with the Commonwealth will ever maintain at least twenty free beds, which will doubtless be among the softest
within these walls, and that all matters connected with this hospital in the future, as in the past, will be conducted in a strictly business-like way, ever tempered by the teachings of the great Master, who was so mindful of the feeble, the sick, and the distressed. In delivering the keys permit me to say: Let the spirit of kindly care abound towards the unfortunate. Let the generosity of this institution be clad in humility, ever remembering that all it possesses was first bestowed upon it through the charities of others. Let the very air of these halls be freighted with tender consideration, loving kindness, and the rich spirit of Him who sought not to please himself, but to bless all those with whom he came in contact.
Colonel Codman, on accepting the keys of the Hospital, spoke as follows:
We know the work of this committee, and wish to thank you, Mr. Chairman and your associates, for the faithful work you have performed in carefully planning and supervising the erection of these new structures. The work has been no less faithfully done because it has been a labor of love on your part. This Hospital began its active work less than twenty-two years ago in a small hired house in Burroughs Place, which could then only provide a dozen' beds. In 1876 a building was completed which is now the central or administrative building. It was erected, at a cost of $76,000, upon land purchased of the city; later the city gave an additional lot extending to Albany Street, and in 1884 a large additional surgical wing, together with other important buildings, were erected at a cost of about $100,000. All these buildings had been erected and sustained at a cost of $330,000, provided entirely from private sources. The only municipal or public aid that it ever received was the gift of the small portion of land. Two years ago we presented our claims for State aid in enlarging our work. The Legislative Committee to whom this was. referred visited the Hospital and thoroughly examined the work done here. The result was a unanimous recommendation that $120,000 should be appropriated for still further enlarging our buildings, and the new structures which are open to you this day are the result of this appropriation, expended with the greatest care in every detail. The capacity of the enlarged Hospital is 200 beds for patients. Of these twenty are always devoted to free patients, but no poor person has ever been refused admittance when there has been room in the building. The wants of the Hospital are today greater than ever before; the various rooms and wards remain to be furnished, and the many greatly enlarged expenses are to be met. We are sure, however, that the same generosity which has supplied our necessities in the past will provide for
our wants in the future. It is but fitting to speak of the bountiful gift of the late Mrs. Anna L. Möring, of Cambridge, who left a large portion of her estate to this Hospital. The reception room is furnished with furniture from her former mansion, and there will remain the beautiful marble busts of herself and son. We have now become, in a measure, an institution of the Commonwealth, and we are glad to have trustees upon our Board of Officers appointed by the State. The State thus recognizes the value and importance of homeopathic practice of medicine in the most significant manner. We are glad to have with us to-day, to participate in these exercises, members of the State Legislature, and also His Excellency the Governor of this Commonwealth, who has kindly consented to be present and to give us the congratulations and good wishes of the Commonwealth.
His Excellency Governor Russell then spoke as follows:
Ladies and Gentlemen, - I wish to bring you greeting from the old Commonwealth, and to tell you that she recognizes the great good which this institution has accomplished. With motherly regard she rejoices in your prosperity, and that your hospital is entering upon a still broader field of usefulness. Massachusetts, as a State, reaps the benefit of what is accomplished here, for whatever is done in the name of charity is done for her. We are all proud of the prosperity of our State, but there is something grander and nobler than mere material prosperity. Educational and charitable institutions reflect more credit upon the old Bay State than anything else. It is Massachusetts as a Christian, religious Commonwealth, which places the school-house beside the church, and which sympathizes most strongly with those institutions which bring health and strength to the sick and suffering, and throws the help of a protecting arm around the weak and helpless, that makes her what she is to-day. From such a Commonwealth I am glad to bring the warmest greetings and congratulations to you, assured that your work will go on in keeping with the spirit of the Commonwealth in its lines of benevolence, mercy and scientific advancement.
The exercises were closed by the singing of the doxology, “ Praise God, from whom all blessings flow,” in which the audience joined.
THE DISPENSARY. — At 3 o'clock P. M., dedicatory exercises were held in the Dispensary building. The large central hall was filled to its utmost capacity, and many were unable to obtain admission. The President of the Dispensary, Francis A. Dewson, Esq., presided. After an invocation by Rev. W. E. Griffis, D. D., the President gave the following address :