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perusal of, or reference to, the following table will show what these are, and also the amounts of the different constituents they contain. At a glance the reader will see that the largest proportion of summer food should consist of green vegetables, cooked, or as salads; white or lean meats, such as chicken, game, rabbits, venison, fish, and fruits. — From Proper Diet for Hot Weather, by Dr. N. E. Yorke Davies, in The Popular Science Monthly for July.
A law has been passed at St. Petersburg that a doctor who takes charge of an accident which he may happen to attend on the street, shall be paid by the police in proportion to the importance of the case. ----Med. Times.
AGE OF Fetus. — It is frequently desirable to be able to state approximately the age of the fetus in miscarriage cases. The following table from Auvard (Medical Brief) will be useful in deciding this question :
About the middle of the fourth month the fetus is eight inches long. About the middle of the fifth month the fetus is ten inches long. About the middle of the sixth month the fetus is twelve inches long: About the middle of the seventh month the fetus is fourteen inches long. About the middle of the eighth month the fetus is sixteen inches long. About the middle of the ninth month the fetus is eighteen inches long. And at the end of nine months, twenty inches long. — Med. Times. How CRIMINALS MAY Be Detected. -- In his essay on "Criminology” in the New Englander and Yale Review, Mr. Arthur McDonald enumerates the following peculiarities in cranium structure which have been found to be characteristic of criminals: 1. A frequent persistence of the frontal median suture. 2. A partial effacement of the parietal or parieto-occipital sutures. 3. A frequency of the wormian bones in the regions of the median and lateral posterior fontanelles. 4. The development of the superciliary ridges, with the defacement, or even frequent depression, of the intermediary protuberance.
New METHOD OF TREATING ABSCESSES. -- Instead of the time-honored free incision of the most dependent part, Dr. Piéchaud, of Bordeaux, aspirates the abscess, after which he injects a solution of 1-1000 of corrosive sublimate. For the past ten months he has invariably adopted this method in his practice, with marked success. Even if the skin over the seat of the abscess be thin and undermined,
this is no bar to the procedure, for which he claims as advantages that it is less painful, leads to more rapid healing, and leaves no traces of scar.— The Loxdon Lancet.
PERSONAL AND NEWS ITEMS.
Dr. R. C. KAISER has removed to Onondaga Valley, New York.
DR. JOSEPH T. O'CONNOR has removed to No. 18 West Forty-third Street, New York City.
DR. C. E. Perkins has succeeded to the practice of Dr. G. F. Forbes at West Brookfield.
Sarah M. Hobson, M. D., '90, B. U. S. M., has moved to Chicago, III. Her address is 2124 Indiana Avenue.
DR. E. P. COLBY will remove to Woodbury Building, Berkeley Street, corner Boylston Street, about October 15th.
DR. GEORGE ROYAL of Des Moines, has been appointed to the chair of Materia Medica and Therapeutics in the State University of Iowa, vice Dr. Cowperthwaite, resigned.
Dr. Geo. B. Rice, of Wollaston, has opened an office in the Woodbury Building, where he will give exclusive attention to diseases of the throat and nose. Office hours from 1 to 2 P. M.
DR. JAMES KRAUSS of Malden, Mass., is spending two months in the hospitals of New York, pursuing a special course of surgical study. He will resume practice early in November.
DR. G. F. FORBES has removed from West Brookfield to 42 William Street, Worcester, Mass. He will occupy the office formerly used by the late Dr. W. B. Chamberlain, 19 Elm Street.
A. C. COWPERTHWAITE, M. D., has removed to 14 Warren Avenue, Chicago, and has accepted a Professorship of Materia Medica and Therapeutics in the Chicago Homeopathic Medical College.
DR. H. P. Bellows, Corner of Berkeley and Boylston Streets, has changed his office hours from afternoon to forenoon, 10 to 12 daily, except Sundays. On Tuesday afternoons he will keep hours from 4 to 6.
The Agents for the American Institute of Homeopathy, Messrs. Otis Clapp & Son, offer a rare opportunity to secure a set of the Cyclopædia of Drug Pathogenesy. See page 9 of advertising pages of this number.
A COMMITTEE on “Medico-Climatology," T. C. Duncan, M.D., chairman, has been appointed by the World's Congress Auxiliary, and arrangements are being made for a grand Congress of Climatologists to be held at Chicago in May or June, '93
DR. IDA WRIGHT ROGERS, editor of the People's Health Journal, and Professor of Dietetics and Personal Hygiene, in the National Homeopathic Hospital of Chicago, arrived in Liverpool, Aug. 18, and will spend several months abroad in study and sight-seeing.
SPECIAL OPPORTUNITY. Keating's Diseases of Children,” four volumes, in sheep, in perfect condition, for $20.00 International Encyclopædia of Surgery," by Ashhurst, six volumes, sheep, in perfect condition, for $36.00. Apply to
Oris CLAPP & Son, Providence, R. I. FOR SALE.- A large size McIntosh storage battery- type B. — 75 ampere, 4 volt, with a lamp resistance suitable for charging the battery from a goc volt circuit wire. These are in perfect order, and have never been used. Will be sold low for cash. Apply to
Oris CLAPP & SON, 317 Westminster Street, Providence, R. I. CORRECTION. - In the article on “ Anästhesia With Etherated Air,” by Horace Packard, M.D., in the September GAZETTE, on page 425, the terms used in explanation of the cut of the apparatus through a typographical error, were incorrectly given as follows: 1. Air Valve. 2. Ether Reservoir. 3. Etherated-Air Reservoir. 4. Hood. 5. Hand Bulb. Corrected they are: 1. Air Valve. 2. EtheratedAir Reservoir. 3. Hood. 4. Ether Reservoir. 5. Hand Bulb.
FOR SALE.— The library, medicines, instruments, batteries, etc., of a physician lately deceased, who has been located in same place for twenty-eight years. The good will and an introduction to his former families will be included for the price at which the goods have been inventoried. A splendid opening for a physician desirous of locating in a city. Very little capital required. Apply to
OTIS CLAÞP & Son, 317 Westminster Street, Providence, R. I. S. R. F. LANTZIUS-BENINGA, M.D., has opened a pathological laboratory at 2 Rutland Street, Boston, office hours, 10 to 12 A. M., where he will give his whole
time to the examination of pathological specimens of all kinds, especially to analyses of urine and all Auids of the body, to microscopical examinations of all pathological tissues, to examinations for bacteria, etc. He will also receive phy. sicians and medical students for instruction in microscopy, normal and pathological histology and urinary analyses.
The Southern Journal of Homeopathy has been purchased by, and will hereafter be published in Baltimore under the management of, Drs. Eldridge C. Price, Frank C. Drane and Henry Chandlee. The Homeopathic Advocate, for the past year conducted
by the gentlemen above-named, will hereafter be in charge of the Faculty of the Southern Homeopathic Medical College, and will be issued as the organ of the Maryland Homeopathic Hospital. The GAZETTE extends cordial good wishes for the success of both these esteemed contemporaries under their new conditions of life.
PROFESSOR S. C. DERBY of the University of Ohio, has the sympathy of many friends in the loss of his wife, Mrs. Frances Janney Derby. Mrs. Derby was the youngest daughter of Mr. J. J. Janney, and was a woman of unusual gifts of mind and character. She was a graduate of the Columbus High School, and after a course of professional study, received the degree of M. D. from the medical department of Boston University, her specialty being diseases of the eye. After a year of hospital work in New York, she opened an office in Columbus, and soon gained a considerable practice, which she did not wholly relinquish after her marriage to Professor Derby nine years ago.
OFFICIAL RECOGNITION OF HOMEOPATHY IN Philadelphia. - The homæo. pathic physicians of Philadelphia never having received any official recognition by the city authorities, the members of the Homeopathic Medical Society of the County of Philadelphia, on April 14th, 1892, petitioned the City Councils to favorably consider an ordinance to appoint, in each of the medical districts of the city, a reputable homeopathic physician, whose duty it shall be to furnish gratuitous medical treatment to the worthy poor applying for the same. Dr. Charles E. Karsner introduced the ordinance; it received the favorable recommendation of the Joint Committee on Charities and Corrections, and passed both branches of Councils by large majorities. It was promptly signed by Mayor Stuart, and it is now the law of the city that there shall be twenty-five homeopathic physicians to the outdoor poor. An ordinance was also passed that two of the four medical inspectors city positions recently created — shall be held by homeopathic physicians. These latter positions carry with them large salaries, and the appointments are made by examination according to civil-service regulations. A large number of physicians should apply for examination, as it is open to all. - Hahnemannian Monthly.
JOHN JAMES DRYSDALE, M.D. - On the 20th of August, after a long life of exceptional usefulness, Dr. Drysdale died at his residence. Beech Lawn, Waterloo, near Liverpool, England.
Since the example of an upright, generous and industrious life is inspiring to all who are cognizant of its virtues and successes, and as a small tribute of respect and admiration paid to one who stood foremost among British homeopathists for nearly half a century, the following biographical notes selected from the sketch contained in the September number of the Monthly Homæopathic Reiew, are offered our readers. Dr. Drysdale's name is intimately associated with the early history and development of homeopathy in Great Britain, and in his death homæopathy mourns the loss of one of its ablest champions.
John James Drysdale, a son of Sir William Drysdale, at one time Lord Provost of Edinburgh, and a member of an old Aberdeenshire family, was born at Edinburgh in 1817.
At the termination of his general education, the greater part of which was con ducted in France, Dr. Drysdale matriculated at the University of Edinburgh, and
there entered on the study of medicine. During his student career he was a pupil of Dr. Fletcher, one of the most successful lecturers on physiology of the day, an original thinker, a scholar of wide and varied learning, and, at the same time, a thorough and most fascinating teacher. In the course of his lectures he did not ignore the subject of homeopathy, but, treating it academically, he, from the theoretical standpoint, admitted its probability, and indeed saw in it a certain degree of corroborative evidence of some physiological speculations of his own. The early death of such a man was a great loss to science, and indirectly, we doubt not, to therapeutics.
Having completed the ordinary curriculum, and passed through the University with distinction, Drysdale graduated as M.D. in 1838, being admitted a Licentiate of the College of Surgeons during the same year. Shortly afterwards he set out with his friend, the late Dr. Rutherford Russell, to Germany and Austria. They first visited Leipsic, and attended the Homeopathic Dispensary there. Encouraged by what they saw, they passed on to Vienna. While there Drysdale became acquainted with some of the homeopathic physicians of the city, and, by them, was induced to give to homeopathy that further practical investigation to which the teaching of Fletcher and his observations in Leipsic had more than predisposed
For the purpose of this inquiry he was a regular, almost daily, attendant for nearly two years at Fleischmann's Hospital in the Leopoldstadt. Dr. Dudgeon was in Vienna at the same time, and met him constantly. He, however, took no interest in homeopathy while there, but devoted his whole attention to the study of pathology, general medicine, and ophthalmology, of which the celebrated jaeger was the professor of the day. Here, nevertheless, that long and cordial friendship was formed, which, in after years, was to unite the two young physicians in doing so much useful work for therapeutics.
After returning home Dr. Drysdale selected Liverpool as a sphere for practice. He went there thoroughly assured that in homæopathy lay the scientific basis of therapeutics, and he openly declared his so-called heretical views. He carried with him letters of introduction from Sir James (then Dr.) Simpson and other distin. guished men to Dr. Vose, one of the physicians of the Royal Infirmary, to Dr. Petrie, one of the surgeons to the Royal Southern Hospital, and to others. These letters " spoke of him in very flattering terms,” and described him as having "distinguished himself academically," but also as having "recently been in Germany and imbibed some of the new notions promulgated there.” He was proposed as a member of the Liverpool Medical Institution by Dr. Petrie, and shortly afterwards read a paper there on the subject of homeopathy, a paper which was warmly dis. cussed. Among those present at this meeting was the late Dr. Chapman, of London, then living in Liverpool, who had already commenced a study of homeopathy though not practising it. At this time, as Drysdale afterwards remarked in the course of a speech at a meeting of the Society, "the cause of common sense was in the ascendant, and he was admitted while openly expressing his convictions."
In November, 1841, Dr. Drysdale opened a Homeopathic Dispensary in South Frederick Street, from whence it was removed in June, 1842, to Benson Street, where he was joined in conducting it by Dr Chapman. This was the germ from which has grown the handsome Hahnemann Hospital presented to the city by that generous and munificent benefactor, Mr. Henry Tate. During the first year the patients numbered 932; in 1849 they had increased to 4,078. A few years afterwards the Corporation of Liverpool granted to the committee the free use of a house in Hartford Street for the purpose of the Dispensary. In no long time these premises were found to be much too small and inconvenient; and in 1860, a determined effort was made to raise sufficient funds to erect a suitable building in Hardman Street. A sum of £2,000 was obtained, and with this a dispensary-building was secured that enabled Dr. Drysdale and his friends to carry out their work more satisfactorily than had hitherto been possible. At the opening of this establishment Dr. Drysdale delivered an interesting and exhaustive account of the early work of homeopathy in Liverpool. One want only was felt, and that was the necessity for a dispensary in the north-end of the town, where the poorer classes especially resided, but soon this difficulty was overcome, and a branch was opened in Wilbra. ham Street. This was in 1866, and in 1872 a permanent building was secured at 16 Roscommon Street, which has been, and still is, largely attended by the numerous working-class population of Everton and Kirkdale.
During 1849 Liverpool was visited by a severe epidemic of cholera, the total number of deaths between the 20th of May and the 6th of October being 5,098; rather more than three per cent of the population of the town being affected
. Active measures were taken by the Committee of the Dispensary in compliance with the suggestions of Dr. Drysdale, Dr. Hilbers and Mr. Moore, and they, with the assistance of the late Dr. Stewart, of Dundee -- at that time an Edinburgh medical student - worked night and day throughout the epidemic among the poor terror stricken people around them. Of 175 cases of well-developed cholera, 130 recovered and 45 died, giving a mortality of 5.72 per cent. Besides these they attended a large number of cases of cholerine, all of which recovered. The mortality of all cases occurring in the town during the epidemic was reported by the medical officer of health as being 46 per cent. A most useful study of the pathology and therapeutics of cholera by Dr. Drysdale, based upon the observation of these 175 patients, appeared in the British Journal of Homæopathy at the time.
The result of this success was seen in the rapid increase in the work of the dispensary, and in the additional interest taken in the subject of homæopathy throughout the town.
Ever recognizing and insisting upon his right as a physician, and the right of all duly qualified medical men to hold office in an established hospital, without refer, ence to their therapeutic views, he had hitherto, and still for some years continued to rather discourage than otherwise the erection of a hospital for the special pur. pose of affording a field for the public practice of homeopathy. The medical staffs of the general hospitals having banded themselves together to prevent the introduction of homoeopathy into these institutions in a legitimate manner, Mr. Henry Tate's noble offer to build and furnish a Homeopathic Hospital for the benefit of the poor of the city became cordially and gratefully accepted. This Institution, under the name of the Hahnemann Hospital, was opened on the 2zd of September, 1887. At the luncheon on the opening day, Dr. Drysdale in speaking said: “It is not given to many of us to see a full measure of fruition of our aims and hopes when they had been delayed nearly a generation and a half. Yet it is now nearly fort-five years since the dispensary, which was the precursor of this Institution, was opened in Benson Street by Dr. Chapman and myself."
Dr. Drysdale was appointed, and has since continued to act, as consulting phy. sician of the new hospital, and has had the happiness to live sufficiently long to see not only the “full fruition of his aims and hopes,” but to witness the active, use ful and successful operations of the Institution which represents these aims and hopes under the direction of physicians and surgeons, each of whom has been more or less assisted by him in acquiring that knowledge of homeopathy to which they are so largely indebted for their clinical success.
The work with which Dr. Drysdale's name will be chiefly remembered in the history of medicine is unquestionably The British Journal of Homaopathy. One of its three founders, for thirty-five years its senior editor, and, during the whole of that period, the writer in it of numerous articles - signed, and, in its earlier volumes, unsigned — the value and usefulness of which have long since been fully recognized both here and in the United States, Drysdale, in the establishment, and by his contributions to this well-known Journal, accomplished a great work for homeopathy. At the dinner at which a testimonial was presented to himself and his colleagues, Dr. Dudgeon and Dr. Hughes, "in recognition of the services ren: dered to medical science in connection with The British Journal of Homæopathy," he summed up its chief contents in the following words: “All the arguments for and against our principles, and most of the difficulties of its application to clinical medicine, and the question of non-homeopathic auxiliaries, have been exhaustively considered, so that any one wishing to form an opinion upon these matters has all the data in the back numbers of our Journal. This was conclusively shown by the last important argument upon the question, viz. : Dr. Bristowe's Address to the British Medical Association about four years ago. This does not contain one single argument on the truth of our principles, nor one statement of the difficulties of its application which has not been fully met.”