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call abominable) it insinuateth me of insanie;5 Ne intelligis domine? to make frantick, lunatick.

Nath. Laus deo, bone intelligo.

Hol. Bone?-bone, for benè: Priscian a little scratch'd; 'twill serve.


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nor, execror.

guage of the most redoubtable pedants of that time. On such sort of occasions, Joseph Scaliger used to break out: Abomi

Asinitas mera est, impietas," &c. and calls his ad. versary, Lutum stercore maceratum, dæmoniacum recrementum inscitiæ, sterquilinium, stercus diaboli, scarabæum, larvam, pecus postremum bestiarum, infame propudium, rabappea." Warburton.

Shakspeare knew nothing of this language; and the resemblance which Dr. Warburton finds, if it deserves that title, is quite accidental. It is far more probable, that he means to ridicule the foppish manner of speaking, and affected pronunciation, introduced at court by Lyly and his imitators.

abhominable,] Thus the word is constantly spelt in the old moralities and other antiquated books. So, in Lusty Juventus, 1561:

“ And then I will bryng in
Abhominable lyving." Steevens.

- it insinuateth me of insanie; &c.] In former editions, it insinuateth me of infamie: Ne intelligis, domine ? to make frantick, lunatick.

Nath. Laus Deo, bone intelligo.

Hol. Bome, boon for boon Priscian; a little scratch, 'twill serve.] Why should infamy be explained by making frantick lunatick? It is plain and obvious that the poet intended the pedant should coin an uncouth affected word here, insanie, from insania of the Latins. Then, what a piece of unintelligible jargon have these learned criticks given us for Latin? I think, I may venture to afirm, I have restored the passage to its true purity.

Nath. Laus Deo, bone, intelligo.

The curate addressing with complaisance his brother pedant, says, bone, to him, as we frequently in Terence find bone vir; but the pedant, thinking he had mistaken the adverb, thus descants


on it:

Bone?-bone for bene. Priscian a little scratched: 'twill serve. Alluding to the common phrase, Diminuis Prisciani caput, appli. ed to such as speak false Latin. Theobald.

There seems yet something wanting to the integrity of this passage, which Mr. Theobald has in the most corrupt and diffi. cult places very happily restored. For ne intelligis domine? to make frantick, lunatick, I read (nonne intelligis, domine?) to be mad, frantick, lunatick. Johnson.

Insanie appears to have been a word anciently used. In a book entitled, The Fall and evil Successe of Rebellion from Time to Time, &c. written in verse by Wilfride Holme, imprinted at London by Henry Bynneman; without date, (though from the conclud.

Enter ARMADO, Moth, and CostaRD.
Nath. Videsne quis venit?
Hol. Video, & gaudeo.
Arm. Chirra!

[To Moth.
Hol. Quare Chirra, not sirrah?
Arm. Men of peace, well encounter'd.
Hol. Most military sir, salutation.

Moth. They have been at a great feast of languages, and stolen the scraps.6

[To Cost. aside. Cost. O, they have lived long on the alms-basket of words !? I marvel, thy master hath not eaten thee for a word; for thou art not so long by the head as honorificabilitudinitatibus :8 thou art easier swallowed than a flapdragon.'



ing stanza, it appears to have been produced in the 8th year of the reign of Henry VIII,) I find the word used:

“ In the days of sixth Henry, Jack Cade made a brag, “ With a multitude of people; but in the consequence,

“ After a little insanie they fled tag and rag, “For Alexander Iden he did his diligence.Steevens. I should rather read it insinuateth men of insanie.”

Farmer. 6 They have been at a great feast of languages, and stolen the scraps.] So, in Christ's Tears over Jerusalem, by Thomas Nashe, 1594: “ The phrase of sermons, as it ought to agree with the scripture, so heed must be taken, that their whole sermon seem not a banquet of the broken fragments of scripture.” Malone.

the alms-basket of words ! ] i.e. the refuse of words. The refuse meat of great families was formerly sent to the prisons. So, in The Inner Temple Masque, 1619, by T. Middleton : "his perpetual lodging in the King's Bench, and his ordinary out of the basket.Again, in If this be not a good Play the Devil is in it, 1612: “He must feed on beggary's basket.Steevens.

The refuse meat of families was put into a basket in our author's time, and given to the poor. So, in Florio's Second Fruies, 1591: “Take away the table, fould up the cloth, and put all those pieces of broken meat into a basket for the poor.Malone.

- honorificabilitudinitatibus :) This word, whencesoever it comes, is often mentioned as the longest word known. Johnson.

It occurs likewise in Marston's Dutch Courtezan, 1604:

“ His discourse is like the long word honorificabilitudinitatibus ; a great deal of sound and no sense.” I meet with it likewise in Nash's Lenten Stuf, &c. 1599. Steevens.

9-a flap-dragon.) A flap-dragon is a small inflammable substance, which topers swallow in a glass of wine. See a note on King Henry IV, P. II, Act II, sc. ult. Steevens.

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Moth. Peace; the peal begins.
Arm. Monsieur, [to Hol.) are you not letter'd?

Moth. Yes, yes; he teaches boys the horn-book: What is a, b, spelt backward with a horn on his head?

Hol. Ba, pueritia, with a horn added.

Moth. Ba, most silly sheep, with a horn:-You hear his learning

Hol. Quis, quis, thou consonant?

Moth. The third of the five vowels, if you repeat them; or the fifth, if I.

Hol. I will repeat them, a, e, i.-
Moth. The sheep: the other two concludes it; o, u.

Arm. Now, by the salt wave of the Mediterraneum, a sweet touch, a quick venew of wit:2 snip, snap, quick and home; it rejoiceth my intellect: true wit.

Moth. Offer'd by a child to an old man; which is wit-old.
Hol. What is the figure? what is the figure?
Moth. Horns.
Hol. Thou disputest like an infant: go, whip thy gig.

Moth. Lend me your horn to make one, and I will whip about your infamy circùm circà ;3 A gig of a cuckold's horn!


1 Moth. The third of the five vowels, &c.] In former editions: The last of the five vowels, if you repeat them; or the fifth If I.

Hol. I will repeat them, a, e, I.-
Moth. The sheep: the other two concludes it; 0, u.

Is not the last and the fifth the same vowel? Though my correction restores but a poor conundrum, yet if it restores the poet's meaning, it is the duty of an editor to trace him in his lowest conceits. By O, U, Moth would mean-Oh, you-i. e. You are the sheep still, either way; no matter which of us repeats them.

Theobald. - a quick venew of wit:] A venew is the technical term for a bout at the fencing-school. So, in The Four Prentices of London, 1615:

- in the fencing-school “ To play a venew.” Steevens. A e, as has already been observed, is not a bout at fencing, but a hit. A sweet touch of wit, (says Armado) a smart hit." So, in The Famous Historie of Captain Thomas Stukely, b. 1. 1605: “ — for forfeits, and vennyes given, upon a wager, at the niith button of your doublet, thirty crowns.”. Malone.

Notwithstanding the positiveness with which my sense of the word venue is denied, my quotation sufficiently establishes it; for who ever talked of playing a hit in a fencing-school ? Steevens.


Cost. An I had but one penny in the world, thou shouldst have it to buy gingerbread: hold, there is the very remuneration I had of thy master, thou half-penny purse of wit, thou pigeon-egg of discretion. O, an the heavens were so pleased, that thou wert but my bastard! what a joyful father wouldst thou make me! Go to; thou hast it ad dunghill, at the fingers' ends, as they say.

Hol. O, I smell false Latin; dunghill for unguem.

Arm. Arts-man, præambula; we will be singled from the barbarous. Do you not educate youth at the chargehouse on the top of the mountain?

Hol. Or, mons, the hill.
Arm. At your sweet pleasure, for the mountain.
Hol. I do, sans question.

Arm. Sir, it is the king's most sweet pleasure and affection, to congratulate the princess at her pavilion, in the posteriors of this day; which the rude multitude call, the afternoon.

Hol. The posterior of the day, most generous sir, is liable, congruent, and measurable for the afternoon: the word is well culld, chose; sweet and apt, I do assure you, sir, I do assure.

Ärm. Sir, the king is a noble gentleman; and my familiar, I do assure you, very good friend :--For what is inwards between us, let it pass:—I do beseech thee, remember thy courtesy ;-I beseech thee, apparel thy head;6_and

among other importunate and most serious

I will whip about your infamy circùm circà ;) So, as Dr. Farmer observes, in Greene's Quip for an upstart Courtier : “He walked not as other men in the common beaten waye, but compassing circum circa.” The old copies read-unum cita. Steevens.

Here again all the editions give us jargon instead of Latin. But Moth would certainly mean-circum circa; i. e. about and about: though it may be designed he should mistake the terms.

Theobald. the charge-house--] I suppose, is the free-school.

Steevens. - inward-) i. e. confidential. So, in K. Richard III:

“ Who is most inward with the noble duke?” Steevens. o I do beseech thee, remember thy courtesy ;-I beseech thee, apparel thy head;] I believe the word not was inadvertently omitted by the transcriber or compositor; and that we should read-1 do beseech thee, remember not thy courtesy - Armado is boasting of the familiarity with which the King treats him, and intimates



designs-and of great import indeed, too;—but let that pass:—for I must tell thee, it will please his grace (by the world) sometime to lean upon my poor shoulder; and with his royal finger, thus, dally with my excrement, with my mustachio: but sweet heart, let that pass. By the world, I recount no fable; some certain special honours it pleaseth his greatness to impart to Armado, a soldier, a man of travel that hath seen the world: but let that pass.—The very all of all is,—but, sweet heart I do implore secrecy,--that the king would have me present the princess, sweet chuck, with some delightful ostentation, or show, or pageant, or antick, or fire-work. Now, understanding that the curate and your sweet self, are good at such eruptions, and sudden breaking out of


(“but let that pass”) that when he and his Majesty converse, the King lays aside all state, and makes him wear his hat: “ I do beseech thee, (will he say to me) remember not thy courtesy: do not observe any ceremony with me; be covered." “ The putting off the hat at the table, says Florio in his Second Frutes, 1591, is a kind of courtesie or ceremonie rather to be avoided than otherwise." These words may,

however, be addressed by Armado to Holofernes, whom we may suppose to have stood uncovered from re. spect to the Spaniard.

If this was the poet's intention, they ought to be included in a parenthesis. To whomsoever the words are supposed to be ad. dressed, the emendation appears to me equally necessary. It is confirmed by a passage in A Midsummer Night's Dream : “ Give me your neif, mounsier Mustardseed. Pray you, leave your courtesie, mounsier.”

In Hamlet, the prince, when he desires Osrick to “put his bonnet to the right use,” begins his address with the same words which Armado uses: but unluckily is interrupted by the courtier, and prevented (as I believe) from using the very word which i suppose to have been accidentally omitted here:

“ Ham. I beseech you, remember
Osr. Nay, good my lord, for my ease, in good faith."
In the folio copy of this play we find in the next scene:

“O, that your face were so full of O's-" instead of were not so full, &c. Malone.

By “remember thy courtesy,” I suppose Armado means-remember that all this time thou art standing with thy hat off.

Steevens. - dally with my excrement, ] The author calls the beard valour's excrement in The Merchant of Venice. Fohnson.

chuck,] i. e. chicken; an ancient term of endearment. So, in Macbeth :

“ Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck —.Steevens.



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