Lexical Template Morphology: Change of State and the Verbal Prefixes in German

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John Benjamins Publishing, 1. 1. 2002 - Počet stran: 270
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While there have been many attempts in the literature to account for the semantics and syntax of individual German(ic)prefixes, this is the first time that the prefixes have been analysed in a unified way and a framework established that is capable of relating the prefixes to each other and to other areas of the grammar.
The templates provide the means whereby a State/Change of State feature interacts with Figure and Ground arguments to generate prefixed verbs, noun- and adjective-incorporating verbs, and oblique case marking on the complements of simplex verbs and adjectives.
This book presents a new and potentially powerful theory of lexical morphology that will be of interest not only to morphologists and those working on the grammar of German, but also syntacticians working on the Locative and Dative Alternations, and linguists whose prime concern is the organization of the lexicon, and the realization of the semantics of change of state predicates.

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Obsah

Introduction
1
The socalled inseparable and separable prefixes in German
3
The framework
6
The view so far
9
The prefixes in Generative Linguistics
15
Beyond traditional taxonomy
18
Theoretical treatments in Generative Linguistics
20
Conclusions
37
CHAPTER 4
121
0roles or verbal decomposition?
122
The nonlocational prefixes in the FigureGround schema
126
The OL templates
128
Secondary features
138
The ge prefix
146
The Secondary Prefixes
161
Summary
170

The beverbs in the FigureGround schema
39
Prepositions and beverbs
40
The APPLICATIVE morpheme
41
Bakers Incorporation Hypothesis
42
The Head Adjacency Principle
45
Syntax or morphology?
47
Figure and Ground
49
State and Change of State
52
Arguments and verbs
54
Argument templates
58
Apparent exceptions
68
Affectedness or effectedness?
73
The verbal complex smell
75
The beprefix in English
77
Differences between the APPLICATIVE morphemes and the German prefixes
78
Summary and conclusions
80
2
81
CHAPTER 3
83
The FigureGround schema and the IndoEuropean case system
85
The five abstract features in the FigureGround schema
86
The ProtoIndoEuropean case system
91
Russian oblique case complements
104
Summary
107
Productivity and the UL entverbs
110
Summary
113
Deadjectival prefixed verbs
173
Realization of change of state P as a prefix
177
Deadjectival ver and erverbs
181
The structure of deadjectival and denominal prefixed verbs
193
Conversion versus incorporation
195
The relationship between EL and OL
200
Conclusion
208
The Dative and the Locative Alternations 1 Introduction
211
The Locative Alternation
213
Conclusion
220
CHAPTER 7
223
The rise of particle verbs in English
226
From OE to NE
227
Parametric change
228
Case and case morphology
235
Monosyllabic heads in English
242
The status of +L +++
243
Conclusion
244
References
247
Index of names of writers cited
259
193
261
Index of German verbs
263
General index
267
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