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Kidd v. Board of Excise.

78 N.J.L.

indicates that the remaining four years” in which payments were to be made were calendar years, otherwise there would not be remaining four years, because if the installments for the first of the remaining four years were to commence after the expiration of one year from the letting, the first payment would not be due until July 10th, 1909, and the last not until May 10th, 1913, or more than a month after the expiration of the term.

The lease expressly states that after the payment in August, 1908, the payments of the rent for the remaining four years shall be made "$700 on the first day of January of each year," and the other installments on definite days following, concluding on the 5th day of August of each year, and to hold that the first payment of the remaining four years was not due until the 10th day of July, 1909, would, in our opinion, violate the express contract made by the parties.

We think that the intention of the parties was that after the year 1908, payments of the installments of rent were to begin on the 1st day of January, and end on the 5th day of August of each year, and that that intention is clearly expressed by their agreement. It therefore follows that the court below correctly construed the agreement, and the judgment should be affirmed.



Argued February Term, 1909-Decided May 20, 1909.

The right to a renewal of a license to sell intoxicating liquors in

cities of the second class upon the petition of an applicant, without the recommendation of freeholders, is confined to the person to whom the license was originally granted, and a transferee of such license for an unexpired term is not entitled to such renewal. In his case it is an application for a new license and he must furnish the certificate of the required number of freebolders.

49 Vroom.

Kidd v. Board of Excise.

On certiorari.

For the prosecutors, Charles Wagner and Sidney W. Eldridge.

For the board of excise, defendant, James C. Connolly.

For Joseph Brazaikas, defendant, John J. Stamler.

The opinion of the court was delivered by

BERGEN, J. The writ of certiorari was allowed in this case for the purpose of reviewing the proceedings of the board of excise of the city of Elizabeth in transferring a saloon license, and was heard before a single judge by consent of counsel. The case presented is this: On May 20, 1907, Joseph Peatokas applied to the board of excise of the city of Elizabeth for a license to sell malt liquors and wines at No. 208 First street. The application purports to be signed by the requisite number of freeholders and the license applied for was granted to expire in one year, from June 5th, 1907. The prosecutor claims to have shown that some of the persons who signed the recommendation were not qualified, but I am not disposed to consider these objections at this late date, and for the purposes of this case will assume that the license was regularly issued according to legal requirements. This license was, on October 31st, 1907, transferred by the licensee to one August Grablin, and although his application appears to bear the signatures of freeholders as recommending the applicant, it is admitted that the list of names attached to the application is only a copy of the names of those who had signed the original application, which every applicant for a transfer is required, by the rules of the board, to file with the city clerk, and was merely an application for a transfer of an old, and not the granting of a new, license. Nor was it a renewal of a license about to expire, because the minutes of the excise board show that the only action taken by it was the transfer of the license which would expire on June 5th, 1908. Some time previous to the latter date Grablin presented his application for a re


-19 l'room.

Kidd v. Board of Excise.

mendation is a jurisdictional requirement in the first instance, and the legislature, while intending to extend the benefit of that recommendation as a basis for one renewal, cannot be supposed to have intended to waive it in the case of another person, without clearly displaying such intention in the law. Nothing of that kind appears in the act; on the contrary, it says that after a license has once been granted to any person or persons it may be renewed without the recommendation of freeholders upon a petition signed by the applicant, upon condition that a new bond be given of the same tenor as that which accompanied the first application. ' In order to confer jurisdiction upon any such body to grant a license to sell liquors it is necessary that an application be presented by the person desiring the license with a certificate, signed by a required number of freeholders, that the applicant has the qualifications which the law requires, and to hold that a transferee may, without any such certificate, renew in his name the original license, is not warranted either by the letter or spirit of the law which has regard to the character for sobriety and honesty of the applicant. Nor have I overlooked the fact that the legislature has permitted a transfer of the unexpired term of a license without in terms requiring any such certificate from the transferee. The right of the legislature to regulate the sale of intoxicating liquors is absolute, and it may have intended, but this is not free from doubt, that a transferee might use a license for an unexpired term without any recommendation, in cities of the second class, but the transfer of an existing license is not the granting of a ney one.

It merely confere upon the licensee the power to exercise the right under the license granted to another until its expiration. When that period expires all that has been transferred is at an end, and the rights of the transferee thereunder are terminated. He is not the person to whom a license has once been granted as contemplated and intended ly the law, and he has nothing to renew.

Under the views which I have expressed Grablin was not entitled to a renewal of his license in June, 1904, and the board of excise exceeded their power in undertaking to renew

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