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Th' Oppressor's Wrongs, the proud Man's Cona
tumely, The Pangs of despis'd Love, the Law's Delay, The Infolence of Office, and the Spurns That patient Merit of th' anworthy takes, When he bimself might bis Quietus make ; With a bare Bodkin? Who wou'd Fardles bear, To groan and sweat under a weary Life? But that the Dread of something after Death, The undiscover'd Country, from whose Bourn No Traveller returns, puzzles the Will, And makes us rather chuse those Ills we have, Than fly to others that we know not of.
AS all these Varieties of Voice are to be directed by the Sense, so the A&tion is to be directed by the Voice, and with a beautiful Propriety, as it were to inforce it. The Arm, which by a strong Figure Tully calls The Orator's Weapon, is to be sometimes raised and extended ; and the Hand, by its Motion, sometimes to lead, and sometimes to follow the Words as they are uttered. The Stamping of the Foot too has its proper Expreffion in Contention, Anger, or absolute Command. But the Face is the Epitome of the whole Man, and the Eyes are asit were the Epitome of the Face;
for which Reason, he says, the best Judges among the Romans were not extremely pleased, even with Rofcius. himself in his Mask. No part of the Body, besides the Face, is capable of as many Changes as there are different Emotions in the Mind, and of expresfing them all by those Changes. Nor is this to be done without the Freedom of the Eyes; therefore Theophrastus called one, who barely rehearsed his Speech with his Eyes fixed, an absent Astor.
AS the Countenance admits of so great Variety, it requires also great Judgment to governo it. Not that the form of the Face is to be shifted on every Occasion, left it turn to Farce and Buffoonery; but it is certain, that the Eyes have a wonderful Power of marking the Emotions of the Mind, sometimes by a steadfast Look, sometimes by a carelefs one; now by a fudden Regard, then by a joyful Sparkling, as the Sense of the Words is diversifyed : for Action is, as it were, the Speech of the Features and Limbs, and must therefore conform it self always to the Sentiments of the Soul. And it
may be observed, that in all which relates to the Gesture, there is a wonderful Force implanted by Nature, since the Vulgar, the Unskilful, and even the most barbarous are chief ly affected by this. None are moved by the Sound of Words, but those who understand the Language; and the Senfe of many things is lost upon Men of a dull Apprehension: but Action is a kind of Universal Tongue; all Men are subject to the fame Paffions, and consequently know the fame Marks of them in others, by which they themselves express them.
PERHAPS some of my Renders may be of Opinion, that the Hints I have here made use of, out of Cicero, are somewhat too refined for the Players on our Theatre: In answer to which, I venture to lay it down as a Maxim, that without good Sense no one can be a good Player, and that he is very unfit to personate the Dignity of a Roman Hero, who cannot enter into the Rules for Pronunciation and Gesture delivered by a Roman Orator.
THERE is another thing which my Author does not think too minute to insist on, though it is purely mechanical; and that is the right pitching of the Voice. On this occasion he tells the Story of Gracchus, who employed a Servant with a little Ivory Pipe to stand behind him, and give him the right Pitch, as often as he wandred too far from the proper Modulation. Every Voice, says Tully, has its particular Medium and Compass, and the Sweetness of Speech consists in leading it through all the Variety of Tones naturally, and without touching any Extreme. Therefore, says he, Leave the Pipe at bome, but carry the Sense of this Cufton
Friday, November 21.
Et fibi præferri fe gaudet -
HEN I have been present
in Assemblies where my PaW
per has been talked of, I have been very well pleased
to hear those who would detract from the Author of it observe, that the Letters which are sent to the Spectator are as good, if not better than any of his Works. Upon this occasion many Letters of Mirth are usually mentioned, which some think the Spectator writ to himself, and which others commend because they fancy he received them from his Correspondents : Such are those from the Valetudinarian; the Inspector of the Sign-Pofts; the Master of the Fan-Excise; with that of the Hopped Petticoat ; that of Nicholas Hart the annual Sleeper; that from Sir John Envill; that upon the London Cries; with multitudes of the same nature. As I love nothing more than to mortify