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work required is that PRINTING MA
of placing the tracing CHINE
and the blue print
paper on the continBLUE printing
uous traveling belt. machine, de
There is no need of signed for econ
working in a darkened omy, that will print
room, as the lightcontinuous rolls or
proof compartments separately cut sheets,
take its place. is a recent device that is finding favor among
DIGGING POTAdraughtsmen. The
TOES WITH paper, traveling with
POWER the feeding belt on an incline with the trac
MECHANIing, is carried to the AN AUTOMATIC MACHINE FOR MAKING
CAL potato feed roller and around BLUE PRINTS
digger has the printing cylinder,
been invented for use in which is mounted the lighting apparatus. in large potato fields where scientific harThe blue print paper is then delivered to vescing methods are required. It is drawn the light-tight storage compartment and by horses and operated by a light-weight, 4 the tracing returned to the operator. Any horse-power gasolene engine. This machine length of blue print can be made, from lifts out the roots and loose potatoes, sepatwo to forty-eight inches in width.
rates the clinging potatoes from the dried The machine is automatic. The only vines, and deposits the potatoes in crates.
A POTATO HARVESTER That grubs the potatoes, separates them from the vines, and deposits them in crates. The photograph has
been retouched to emphasize the salient parts of the machine
A NOVEL EXPERIMENT IN WIRE- FORESTALLING THE CARPENTER LESS TELEPHONY
N California, where the majority of T THE Omaha headquarters of one bungalows are built without baseof the great Western railroads ments, it is sometimes more con
experiments in wireless telephony venient for the plumber to lay the neceson trains have been conducted with a view sary pipes before the floor is laid. The to perfecting the system so that communi- illustration shows such a case in which the
cation may be plumbing work was done for a ten-fixture
tween cars is also AN UMBRELLA
shown. It is conTENNA
fidently expected Operator receiving a
PLUMBING BEFORE CARPENTRY wireless message through that the system will
Installing the plumbing system of a house before the ribs of an umbrella soon be perfected.
construction has been started on it
NEW FOLDING BUNKS FOR WORK CARS
sufficient to keep it firmly in position.
A NOVEL METHOD OF TESTING tithesis of the sanitary, collapsible
ARC LAMPS bed shown in the photograph above. A N order to test street arc lamps canvas sheet is stretched on a frame of metal tubing suspended by four springs
\ outdoor rack
under actual service conditions an from chains attached to the ceiling. There and a portable inis no place for dust, dirt, or vermin.
tegrating sphere The chain at each corner of the canvas have been assembed is fastened independently to the ceiling bled on the roof of and to the floor. By means of a small
an electrical laboraspring near the lower end and an eccentric
tory in New York.
The rack accom-
Replacing the offenment erected just
sive, germ-laden bunk of lamps on the roof of their plant
back of the rack.
HE pipes or tubing shown in the accompanying photograph were all
bent on a recently invented machine. They range from one to six inches in diameter, the radii of the bends being from three inches to three feet. The time for making these bends varied from one half to two and one-half minutes. Some of these bends, done by hand, would have required a gang of men, gas or fuel of some kind, and several hours of labor, so that in the saving of expense this machine pays for itself in a short time.
A 53-horse-power electric motor drives the machine, and it operates on any shape of pipe or tubing and makes any shape or style of bend.
THE TELEPHONE METER An inexpensive machine for ascertaining the length
of telephone calls
PIPES BENT INTO VARIOUS SHAPES
ARTHUR W. PAGE, EDITOR
CONTENTS FOR DECEMBER, 1915
Mr. Brand Whitlock
Frontispiece THE MARCH OF EVENTS-AN EDITORIAL INTERPRETATION
119 Mr. Aristide Briand
Mr. Eduardo Suarez-Mujica
Mr. Claude Kitchin
For a Federal Budget
Atrocities and Asininities Carranza
The Note to Great Britain
The Baltic Blockade
Simplifying National Defense
THE WISDOM OF INVESTING THROUGH BANKERS
134 THE NEW DEMOCRATIC LEADER IN CONGRESS
BURTON J. HENDRICK 136 ARE AMERICANS MORE GERMAN THAN ENGLISH?
JAMES MIDDLETON 141 ITALY AND THE GREAT WAR (Illustrated) W. MORTON FULLERTON 148
I. A SPIRITUAL EXERCISE IN "SACRED EGOISM” BEHIND THE GREEK AND BULGAR SCENES GEORGE MARVIN 170 SWEDEN'S RÔLE IN THE GREAT WAR - - D. THOMAS Curtin 177 AMERICAN COMMERCE AND BRITISH VICTORY OR DEFEAT
THEODORE H. PRICE 183 SHALL WE HAVE RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT? (Illustrated)
1. THE BUDGET SYSTEM VS. THE PORK BARREL BURTON J. HENDRICK 189 NEW YORK HARBOR AND THE NATION'S FOREIGN TRADE (Illustrated)
WILLARD C. BRINTON 203 THE DRAMA OF THE DYESTUFFS
FRENCH STROTHER 221 BALANCING DOMESTIC TRADE BY FOREIGN TRADE
WALTER F. WYMAN 227 MAN AND HIS MACHINES (Illustrated)
TERMS: $3.00 a year; single copies, 25 cents. For Foreign Postage add $1.00; Canada 60 cents.
Published monthly. Copyright, 1915, by Doubleday, Page & Company. An rights reserved. Entered at the Post Office at Garden City, N. Y., as second-class mail matter. Unsolicited manuscripts are welcomed by the editors and are carefully
read. They cannot, however, be returned unless they are accompanied by the proper amount of postage.
7. N. DOUBLEDAY, Pres. H. S. HOUSTON, Vice-Pres. S. A. EVERITT, Treas. RUSSELL DOUBLEDAY, Sec'y.
DOUBLEDAY, PAGE & COMPANY
COUNTRY LIFE IN AMERICA THE GARDEN MAGAZINE – FARMING CHICAGO: Peoples Gas Bldg.
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NEW YORK:11-13 W. 32d Street