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THE U. S. S. "CONSTITUTION" CAPTURING THE "GUERRIÈRE" The Constitution won because it had greater speed and more guns than any other ship of its class at the time. These qualities are possessed by battle

cruisers to-day, a type of vessel which does not exist in the present United States Navy

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THE VICTORY OF BUENA VISTA, FEBRUARY 23, 1847 Won by General Zachary Taylor with volunteer infantry and regular artillery. Before the battle, however, the volunteers had received eight months of hard

training, which is not usually possible in the face of the enemy

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THE FIRST BATTLE OF BULL RUN, JULY 21, 1861 Thirty thousand Federal troops completely routed by a like number of Confederate troops. The Federal commander wished to delay the decisive encounter until his troops should be better trained, but Congress and popular sentiment demanded that these troops should be led into battle

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From “ Battles and Leaders of the Civil War” THE SECOND BATTLE OF BULL RUN, AUGUST 29-30, 1862 A Confederate force of 49,000 defeated a Federal force of 70,000. The United States was so unprepared for war in 1861 that it had no military advantage over the newly formed Confederacy, which organized its forces with greater ability and early adopted universal service

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ANTIETAM, SEPTEMBER 16-17, 1862 "A nation which goes to war unprepared educates its statesmen at more expense than its soldiers"

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From “ Battles and Leaders of the Civil War ANTIETAM, SEPTEMBER 17, 1862 "The bloodiest single day of fighting of the war." The Civil War dragged over four years and cost the Union forces alone 500,000 men. Because of its well disciplined troops and efficient commanders Prussia in its campaign against France in 1870 in a year and with a loss of but 28,000 men

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From “ Battles and Leaders of the Civil War” PICKETT'S CHARGE AT GETTYSBURG The high tide of Confederate success in the Civil War in which both sides trained their armies in action, a practice which is certain to bring disaster against a prepared enemy. In this preparation the Confederate Government made better use of its West Point graduates, kept its men in more continuous service, and in general obtained a trained army more quickly

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