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Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, as reorganized un- passed the Senate February 19, 1868, and the der the Presidential plan-13 in all.
House February 20, but was vetoed by the Nor ACTED—Iowa, California, Nebraska-3.
The resolution was repassed over the Gov. Subsequent Action of State Legislatnros.
ernor's veto, in the Senate, March 5-yeas 11, Since that date, Iowa and Nebraska ratified nays 9, as follow: the amendment and California rejected it, thus YEAS-Messrs, Anderson, Bowne, Dater, Edsall, Gaskills increasing the ratifying States to 23, and the Hopper, Little, (Prevident,) Rice, Robins, Wildrick, Wir rejecting to 4, excluding the insurrectionary NAYS-Messrs. Bettle, Blackman, Clark, Cobb, Hays, States, or 14 with them.
Horner, Plummer, Richey, Warwick-9. The Legislatures of Ohio and New Jersey of The vote on passing in the House, Maroh 25, 1868 passed resolutions for the withdrawal of was yeas 45, näys 13, as follow: their previous ratification.
YEAS-Messrs. Albertson, Allen, J. L. Baldwin, Bergen, In Ohio the vote on withdrawing, January Brown, Christie, H. C. Clark, H. F. Clark, Coghlan, con 13, 1868, was as follow:
lins, Corlies, Corson, Cox, Duryer, Evans, (Speaker,) Ful.
mer, Givens. Hedden, Hendrickson, Henry, Hering, Hood, In Senate-yeas 19, nays 17, as follow :
Hough, Huff, Hunt, Jones, Lanning, Lippincott, MagonaYRAS-Messrs. Berry, Campbell, Carter, Dickey, Dowd-gle, Maxwell, Molony, Pearce, Pickel, Price, Probasno, ney, Emmitt, Evans, Godfrey, Golden, Hutcheson, Jami- Rosenbaum, Sharp, Smith, Strong, Taylor, Van Vorst, son, Kenney, Lawrence, Linn, May, Rex, Scribner, Stam- Vliet, Westcott, Whelan, Wills—45. (One Democrat ab baugh, Winner-19.
sent.) Nays-Messrs. Biggs, Brooks, Burrows, Conant, co
NAY8_Messrs. Atwater, J. R. Baldwin, Cowperthwaite, zey, Ev ett, wold, Hall, Jones, Keifer, Kessler, Gage, Keim, Kennedy, Lord, Mackin, Nixon, Peck, Kraner, Potts, Simmons, Torrence, Woodworth, Yeo' Reeves, Speer, Van Voorhies—13. (One Republican
absent.) In House-yeas 56, nays 46, as follow:
of the Insurrectionary Statos, YEAs-Messrs. Acker, Baker, Ball, Belville, Boehmer, Branch, Buell, Callen, Cockerill, Cusac, Denman, Dilworth,
Arkansas ratified the amendment, April 6, Dungan, Fielding, Finley, Fitch, Gaston, Gerhart, Gordon, Senate, yeas 23, nays 0; and, April 3, House, Headley, Henricks, Hil of Defiance, Hord, Hughes of yeas 56, nays 0. Butler, Hughes of Highland, Jewett, Jones, Kemp, Kennon, Larwiit, Lawson, Leete, Mann, McMarrell, Moffett,
Florida ratified the amendment, June 9, in Neal, Newman, Nichol, Parks, Parr, Pennisten, Read, Senate, yeas 10, nays 3; and in House of RepRichardson, Robinson, Ross, Rutter, Shaw, Stickney, resentatives, yeas 25, nays 14. Swaim, Swetland, Thompson of Stark, Thornhill, Walling, Wilson, Worth, Mr. Speaker Follett-56.
North Carolina ratified it, July 1, in the Sen. Nays-Messrs. Anderson, Betts, Borden, Bronson, ate 36 to 2, in the House 72 to 23. Brooke, Canfield, Cannon, Carpenter, Coleman, Dennis, With the ratification by the Legislatures of the Dickson, Dunn, Éames, Gallup, Hare, Hill of Erie, Hill of Fulton, Howard, Johnson, Kain, Kennett, Kerr of remaining States whose restoration to represenFayette, Kerr of Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Lewton, tation is dependent upon that condition, as set Rukenbrod, Saylor, Scott of Hamilton, Scott of War: three-fourths of the thirty-seven States will be McMorran, Moore, Parker, Pond, Ritezeli, Rough forth in the act of June 25, 1868, the requisite ren, Sherwin, Sinclair, Sisler, Skaats, Thompson of Columbiana, Ullery, Warnking, Warren, Welsh, Wolf secured, even conceding the right of Ohio and 46.
New Jersey to withdraw. In New Jersey, the resolution of withdrawal port from Washington says it is probable an Votos on Constitutional Amendments in the enabling act will pass. We do not know what
States. to believe. I find nothing here.
LEWIS E. PARSONS.
Exchange Hotel. The vote in April 1868, on the new constituHis Excellency ANDREW JOHNSON, President. tion, as officially declared by the State board of
canvassers, was as follow :
Vote for the Constitution...............................
Majority against the Constitution.....
72,462 What possible good can be obtained by recon
86,143 sidering the constitutional amendment? 'I know Majority against prohibition............... 13,681 of none in the present posture of affairs; and I For annual sessions........
24,482 do not believe the people of the whole country For biennial sessions............................. 100,314 will sustain any set of individuals in attempts
Majority for biennial sessions........................ 75,832 to change the whole character of our Government by enabling acts or otherwise. I believe, on
The vote on the constitution is larger by about the contrary, that they will eventually uphold 18,000 than the vote on Governor in 1866. all who have the patriotism and courage to Total vote on constitution............................ 182,315
prohibition ................................ 158,605 stand by the Constitution, and who place their
sessions......................................... 124,796 confidence in the people. There should be no faltering on the part of those who are honest in their determination to sustain the several co-or
IN OHIO. dinate departments of the Government, in ac In October, 1867, the vote was taken on the cordance with its original design.
proposed constitutional amendment respecting
ANDREW JOHNSON suffrage, for which see Political Manual for Hon. LEWIS E. PARSONS,
1867, page 131, or the combined Manual, page Montgomery, Alabama.
257. The result was :
Against the amendment.......................... 255,349 | and payable twenty years from date, and bear. For the amendment.................................. 216,987 ing interest at the rate of 6 per cent. per an.
Total vote.................................................. 472,327 num, payable semi-annually. And the bonds Majority against on vote cast........................
38,353 herein authorized shall be of such denominations, Not voting on amendment............................ 12,276 not less than $50, as may be determined upon Constitutional majority against.......
by the Secretary of the Treasury. And the 50,629
Secretary of the Treasury may dispose of such bonds at any time, at the
market value thereof,
for the coin of the United States, or for any of In November, 1867, the vote was taken on the treasury notes that have been or may herethree proposed amendments respecting voters : after be issued under any former act of ConFirst. To strike out the word "white.' Second. gress, or for United States notes that may be Tc strike out the word "male.” Third. To dis-issued under the provisions of this act; and all franchise rebels. The votes were as follows: stocks, bonds, and other securities of the United
On striking out " white," the yeas were 10,483, States held by individuals, corporations, or assonays 19,421. Majority against, 8,938. ciations, within the United States, shall be ex
On striking out “male," the yeas were 9,070, empt from taxation by or under State authority. nays 19,857. Majority against, 10,787.
On disfranchising rebels, the yeas were 15,672, Act Croating a Sinking Fund, &c. nays 12,990. Majority for, 2,682.
SEC. 5. That all duties on imported goods :
shall be paid in coin, or in notes payable on
demand heretofore authorized to be issued and In November, 1867, on a vote to amend the by law receivable in payment of public dues, constitution so as to extend suffrage without and the coin so paid shall be set apart as a regard to color, the yeas were 27,461, the nays special fund, and shall be applied as follows : 28,759.
First. To the payment in coin of the interest on the bonds and notes of the United States.
Second. To the purchase or payment of one In November, 1868, a vote is to be taken for per centum of the entire debt of the United or against calling a convention to form a new States, to be made within each fiscal year after constitution,
the 1st day of July, 1862, which is to be set
apart as a sinking-fund, and the interest of which FINANCIAL LEGISLATION.
shall in like manner be applied to the purchase
or payment of the public debt as the Secretary Act Authoribing the B's of 1881.
of the Treasury shall from time to time direct. July 17, 1861–An act to authorize a national Third. The residue thereof to be paid into the loan, and for other purposes.
Treasury of the United States. SEC. 1. Be it enacted, &c., That the Secretary or the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized
Act Authorizing the 10.40's. to borrow on the credit of the United States, March 3, 1864-An act supplementary to an act within twelve months from the passage of this entitled "An act to provide ways and means act, a sum not exceeding $250,000,000, or so for the support of the Government," approved much thereof as he may deem necessary for the March 3, 1863. public service, for which he is authorized to issue
SEC 1. Be it enacted, &c. That in lieu of so coupon bonds, or registered bonds, or treasury much of the loan authorized by the act of March notes, in such proportions of each as he may 3, 1863, to which this is supplementary, the Secdeem advisable; the bonds to bear interest not retary of the Treasury is authorized to borrow, exceeding ? per cent. per annum, payable semi- from time to time, on the credit of the United annually, irredeemable for twenty years, and States, not exceeding $200,000,000 during the after that period redeemable at the pleasure of current fiscal year, and to prepare and issue the United States ; and the treasury notes to be therefor coupon or registered bonds of the United of any denomination fixed by the Secretary of States, bearing date March 1, 1864, or any subthe Treasury, not less than $50, and to be paya- sequent period, redeemable at the pleasure of the ble three years after date, with interest at the government after any period not less than five rate of seven and three-tenths per cent. per an- 1 years, and payable at any period not more than num, payable semi-annually.
forty years from date, in coin, and of such denom
inations as may be found expedient, not less than Act Authorizing tho 5.90's.
$50, bearing interest not exceeding six per centum February 25, 1862—An act to authorize the a year, payable on bonds not over $100 annually,
issue of United States notes, and for the re- and on all other bonds semi-annually, in coin; and demption or funding thereof, and for funding he may dispose of such bonds at any time, on such the floating debt of the United States. terms as he may deem most advisable, for lawful
money of the United States, or, at his discreSEC. 2. That to enable the Secretary of the tion, for treasury notes, certificates of indebtedTreasury to fund the treasury notes and floating ness, or certificates of deposit, issued under any debt of the United States, he is hereby author- act of Congress; and all bonds issued under this ized to issue, on the credit of the United States, act shall be exempt from taxation by or under coupon bonds, or registered bonds, to an amount State or municipal authority. And the Secrenot exceeding $500,000,000, redeemable at the tary of the Treasury shall pay the necessary pleasure of the United States after five years, expenses of the preparation, issue, and disposal
of such bonds out of any money in the treasury SEC. 1. Be it enacted, &c., That the Secretary not otherwise appropriated, but the amount so of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized paid shall not exceed one-half of one per cent to borrow, from time to time, on the credit of um of the amount of the bonds so issued and the United States, $400,000,000, and to issue disposed of.
therefor coupon or registered bonds of the United Act Authorizing the Consolidated Loan of 1865. States, redeemable at the pleasure of the GovernMarch 3, 1865—An act to provide ways and ment, after any period not less than five, nor means to support the government.
more than thirty years, or, if deemed expedient, SEC. 1. Be it enacted, &c., That the Secretary made payable at any period not more than forty of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, author- years from date. And said bonds shall be of ized to borrow, from time to time, on the credit such denominations as the Secretary of the of the United States, in addition to the amounts Treasury shall direct, not less than fifty dollars, heretofore authorized, any sums not exceeding and bear an annual interest not exceeding, six in the aggregate $600,000,000, and to issue per centum, payable semi-annually in coin. And therefor bonds or treasury notes of the United the Secretary of the Treasury may dispose of States, in such form as he may prescribe ; and such bonds, or any part thereof, and of any bonds so much thereof as may be issued in bonds shall commonly known as five-twenties remaining be of denominations not less than $50, and may unsold, in the United States, or if he shall find be made payable at any period not more than it expedient, in Europe, at any time, on such forty years from date of issue, or may be made terms as he may deem most advisable, for lawful redeemable, at the pleasure of the government, money of the United States, or, at his discretion, at or after any period not less than five years
for treasury notes, certificates of indebtedness, por more than forty years from date, or may be or certificates of deposit issued under any act made redeemable and payable as aforesaid, as
of Congress. And all bonds, treasury notes, and may be expressed upon their face; and so much other obligations of the United States, shall be thereof as may be issued in treasury notes may exempt from taxation by or under State or mube made convertible into any bonds authorized nicipal authority. by this act, and may be of such denominations
SEC. 2. That the Secretary of the Treasury may -oot less than $50—and bear such dates and issue on the credit of the United States, and in be made redeemable or payable at such periods lieu of an equal amount of bonds authorized as in the opinion of the Secretary of the Treas- | by the preceding section, and as a part of said ury may be deemed expedient. And the inter- loan, not exceeding $200,000,000 in treasury est on such bonds shall be payable semi-annu. notes, of any denomination not less than ten ally ; and on treasury notes authorized by this dollars, payable at any time not exceeding act the interest may be made payable "semi- three years from date, or, if thought more expeanpually, or annually, or at maturity thereof; dient, redeemable at any time after three years and the principal or interest, or both, may be from date, and bearing interest not exceeding made payable in coin or in other lawful
the rate of seven and three tenths per centum,
money: Provided, That the rate of interest on any such payable in lawful money at maturity, or, at the bonds or treasury notes, when payable in coin; the said treasury notes may be disposed of by the
discretion of the Secretary, semi-annually. And shall not exceed six per cent. per annum; when not payable in coin shall not exceed seven Secretary of the Treasury on the best terms that and three-tenths per cent. per annum; and the
can be obtained, for lawful money; and such of rate and character of interest shall be expressed them as shall be made payable, principal and on all such bonds or treasury notes.
interest, at maturity, shall be a legal tender to
the same extent as United States notes for their Act Creating Legal Tenders.
face value, excluding interest, and may be paid February 25, 1862-An act to authorize the to any creditor of the United States at their face
issue of United States notes and for the re- value, excluding interest, or to any creditor demption or funding thereof, and for funding willing to receive them at par, including interest; the floating debt of the United States. and any treasury notes issued under the authority SEC. 1. * * And provided further, That of this act may be made convertible, at the disthe amount of the two kinds of notes together cretion of the Secretary of the Treasury, into shall at no time exceed the sum of $150,000,000, any bonds issued under the authority of this and such notes herein authorized shall be receiva- act. And the Secretary of the Treasury may ble in payment of all taxes, internal duties, ex- redeem and cause to be cancelled and destroyed cises, debts, and demands of every kind due to the l'any treasury notes or United States notes hereUnited States, except duties on imports, and of tofore issued under authority of previous acts of all claims and demands against the United Congress, and substitute, in lieu thereof, an States of every kind. whatsoever, except for in equal amount of treasury notes such as are terest upon bonds and notes, which shall be paid authorized by this act, or of other United States in coin, and shall also be lawful money and a
notes: Provided, That the total amount of bonds legal tender in payment of all debts, public and and treasury notes authorized by the first and private, within the United States, except duties second sections of this act shall not exceed on imports and interest as aforesaid.
$400,000,000, in addition to the amounts here
tofore issued; nor shall the total amount of Act Limiting the Amount of "Greenbacks." United States notes, issued or to be issued, June 30, 1864.-An act to provide ways and ever exceed $400,000,000, and such additional means for the support of the government, and sum, not exceeding $50,000,000, as may be
temporarily required for the redemption of tem
for other purposes.
porary loan; nor shall any treasury note bear. State. Information with regard to offenders is ing interest, issued under this act, be a legal requested from all citizens. Such information tender in payment or redemption of any notes may be sent direct to these headquarters, or to issued by any bank, banking association, or the most convenient military post. When civil banker, calculated or intended to circulate as officers fail to discharge their duty, evidence to money.
that effect is requested, to the end that proper
steps may be taken in the premises. Where Important Military Order in Texas.
prisoners cannot be safely kept by the civil anAUSTIN, TEXAS, June 11, 1868. thorities, they may be taken to the most conve[General Orders, No. 13.)
nient military post, the commander whereof Trustworthy information received at these will receive the same, and hold them subject to headquarters shows that in many counties in orders from these headquarters. Full report Texas organized bands of lawless men are com- and list of witnesses will be promptly forwarded mitting murders, and otherwise violating the in each case, in accordance with Ġeneral Orders laws and disturbing the peace of the country: No. 41, from these headquarters, of November It is therefore ordered, that all civil officers use 22, 1867. increased diligence to arrest parties so offending: By command of Bvt. Maj. Gen. J.J. Reynolds. For this purpose, military aid will be rendered
C. E. MORSE, 1st Lieut. 26th Inf., on application to any post commander in this
A. D. C. and A. A. A. G.
NATIONAL PLATFORMS OF 1852, 1856, 1860 AND 1864.
NATIONAL PLATFORMS OF 1852. 12. That the Constitution does not confer upon
the General Government the power to commencs Democratic, at Baltimore, June.
and carry on a general system of internal im. Resolved, That the American Democracy place provements. their trust in the intelligence, the patriotism, 3. That the Constitution does not confer au. and the discriminating justice of the American thority upon the Federal Government, directly people.
or indirectly, to assume the debts of the several II. Resolved, That we regard this as a dis- States, contracted for local internal improvetinctive feature of our political creed, which we ments or other State purposes; nor would such are proud to maintain before the world as the assumption be just and expedient. great moral element in a form of government 4. That justice and sound policy forbid the springing from and upheld by the popular will; Federal Government to foster one branch of inand we contrast it with the creed and practice of dustry to the detriment of any other, or to cher. Federalism, under whatever name or form, which ish the interests of one portion to the injury of seeks to palsy the will of the constituent, and another portion of our common country; that which conceives no imposture too monstrous for every citizen, and every section of the country, the popular credulity.
has a right to demand and insist upon an III. Resolved, therefore, That, entertaining equality of rights and privileges, and to com. these views, the Democratic party of this Union, plete and ample protection of persons and prop through their delegates assembled in a general erty from domestic violence or foreign aggres convention of the States, coming together in a sion. spirit of concord, of devotion to the doctrines 5. That it is the duty of every branch of the and faith of a free representative government, Government to enforce and practice the most and appealing to their fellow-citizens for the rec- rigid economy in conducting our public affairs, titude of their intentions, renew and re-assert and that no more revenue ought to be raised before the American people the declarations of than is required to defray the necessary expenprinciples avowed by them when, on former oc ses of the Government, and for the gradual but casions, in general convention, they presented certain extinction of the public debt. their candidates for the popular suffrage : 6. That Congress has no power to charter
1. That the Federal Government is one of national bank; that we believe such an insti. limited powers, derived solely from the Constitu- tution one of deadly hostility to the best intertion, and the grants of power made therein ought ests of the country, dangerous to our republican to be strictly construed by all the departments institutions and the liberties of the people, and and agents of the Government; and that it is calculated to place the business of the country inexpedient and dangerous to exercise doubtful within the control of a concentrated money constitutional powers.
power, and above the laws and the will of the
people; and that the results of democratic leg. 1 tives, until the judgment of the people can be islation, in this and all other financial measures obtained thereon, and which has saved the upon which issues have been made between the American people from the corrupt and tyrannitwo political parties of the country, have de- cal domination of the Bank of the United States, monstrated, to candid and practical men of all and from a corrupting system of general interparties, their soundness, safety, and utility, in nal improvements. all business pursuits.
VIII. Resolved, That the Democratic party 7. That the separation of the moneys of the will faithfully abide by and uphold the prinGovernment from banking institutions is indis- ciples laid down in the Kentucky and Virginia pensable for the safety of the funds of the Gov- resolutions of 1798* and in the report of Mr. ernment and the rights of the people.
Madison to the Virginia Legislature in 1799 ; 8. That the liberal principles embodied by that it adopts those principles as constituting one Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence, of the main foundations of its political creed, and and sanctioned in the Constitution, which makes is resolved to carry them out in their obvious ours the land of liberty and the asylum of the meaning and import. oppressed of every nation, have ever been car IX. Resolved, "That the war with Mexico, upon dinal principles in the democratic faith ; and all the principles of patriotism and the laws of every attempt to abridge the present privilege of nations, was à just and necessary war on our becoming citizens and the owners of soil arnong part, in which every American citizen should us, ought to be resisted with the same spirit which have shown himself on the side of his country, swept the alien and sedition laws from our and neither morally nor physically, by word statute-books.
or deed, have given “aid and comfort to the 9. That Congress has no power under the Con-enemy.” stitution to interfere with or control the domestic X. Resolved, That we rejoice at the restoration institutions of the several States, and that such of friendly relations with our sister Republic of States are the sole and proper judges of every- Mexico, and earnestly desire for her all the thing appertaining to their own affairs, not pro- blessings and prosperity which we enjoy under hibited by the Constitution; that all efforts of republican institutions; and we congratulate the abolitionists or others, made to induce Con- the American people upon the results of that gress to interfere with questions of slavery, war, which have so manifestly justified the pol. or to take incipient steps in relation thereto, are icy and conduct of the Democratic party, and calculated to lead to the most alarming and insured to the United States " indemnity for the dangerous consequences; and that all such efforts past, and security for the future.” have an inevitable tendency to diminish the XI. Resolved, That, in view of the condition happiness of the people, and endanger the sta- of popular institutions in the Old World, a high bility and permanency of the Union, and ought and sacred duty is devolved, with increased resnot to be countenanced by any friend of our ponsibility, upon the Democratic party of this political institutions.
country, as the party of the people, to uphold IV. Resolved, That the foregoing proposition and maintain the rights of every State, and covers, and was intended to embrace, the whole thereby the Union of the States, and to sustain subject of slavery agitation in Congress; and, and advance among us constitutional liberty, by therefore, the Democratic party of the Union, continuing to resist all monopolies and exclusivo standing upon this national platform, will abide legislation for the benefit of the few at the ex. by and adhere to a faithful execution of the acts pense of the many, and by a vigilant and conknown as the compromise measures settled by stant adherence to those principles and com. the last Congress, * the act for reclaiming fugi- promises of the Constitution, which are broad tives from service or labor” included; which act, enough and strong enough to embrace and up. being designed to carry out an express provision hold the Union as it was, the Union as it is, of the Constitution, cannot, with fidelity there- and the Union as it shall be, in the full expanto, be repealed or so changed as to destroy or sion of the energies and capacity of this great impair its efficiency.
and progressive people. V. Resolved, That the Democratic party will resist all attempts at renewing, in Congress or
Whig, at Baltimore, Juno. out of it, the agitation of the slavery question, under whatever shape or color the attempt may tion assembled, firmly adhering to the great con
The Whigs of the United States, in convenbe made.
VI. Resolved, That the proceeds of the public servative republican principles by which they lands ought to be sacredly applied to the national are controlled and governed, and now, as ever, objects specified in the Constitution ; nd that relying upon the intelligence of the American we are opposed to any law for the distribution people, with an abiding confidence in their of such proceeds among the States, as alike capacity for self-government and their continued inexpedient in policy and repugnant to the devotion to the Constitution and the Union, do Constitution.
proclaim the following as the political sentiments VII. Resolved, That we are decidedly opposed and determinations for the establishment and to taking from the President the qualified veto maintenance of which their national organizapower, by which he is enabled, under restrictions tion as a party is effected : and responsibilities amply sufficient to guard the
I. The Government of the United States is of public interest, to suspend the passage of a bill a limited character, and it is confined to the exwhose merits can not secure the approval of twothirds of the Senate and House of Representa- wal for 1867, or pages 254-257 of the Combined Manual.
* For these resolutions, see pages 128-131 of the Man G