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travagance have exceeded anything known in cordially with the workingmen of the United history, and, by its frauds and monopolies, it States in their efforts to protect the rights and has nearly doubled the burden of the debt interests of the laboring classes of the country. created by the war. It has stripped the Presi [Offered by Mr. Vallandigham, and adopted dent of his constitutional power of appoint- the last day of the convention.] ment, even of his own cabinet. Under its re Resolved, That the thanks of the convention peated assaults the pillars of the Government are tendered to Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase, are rocking on their base, and should it succeed for the justice, dignity, and impartiality with in November next and inaugurate its President, which he presided over the court of impeachwe will meet as a subjected and conquered peo- ment on the trial of President Andrew Johnson. ple, amid the ruins of liberty and the scattered (This last was offered by Mr. Kernan, of New fragments of the Constitution.
York, after the nominations and immediately And we do declare and resolve that ever since before the final adjournment, and was carried the people of the United States threw off all by acclamation.] subjection to the British Crown the privilege and trust of suffrage have belonged to the several
Soldiers and Sailors, at New York, July. States, and have been granted, regulated, and Whereas a mutual interchange of views becontrolled exclusively by the political power of tween members of this Convention and delegates each State respectively, and that any attempt by to the Democratic National Convention, has Congress, on any pretext whatever, to deprive fully confirmed us in our previously entertained any State of this right, or interfere with its ex- opinion of the purity and patriotism of that ercise, is a flagrant usurpation of power which body, and fully justifies the belief that in the can find no warrant in the Constitntion, and, if selection of candidates and in the construction sanctioned by the people, will subvert our form of a platform the Convention will be governed of government, and can only end in a single by the spirit of the address adopted by this centralized and consolidated government, in body on the 6th inst.; therefore, relying upon which the separate existence of the States will this belief, be entirely absorbed, and an unqualified despo Resolved, That we will support its nominees tism be established in place of a Federal union for President and Vice President of the United of co-equal States.
States, and that on our return home we wil And that we regard the reconstruction acts induce our late comrades in arms to unite with (so called) of Congress, as such, as usurpations us in yielding to them a united support. and unconstitutional, revolutionary, and void. (Reported from the Committee on Resolutions That our soldiers and sailors, who carried the and adopted-yeas 287, nays 7.] flag of our country to victory against a most Resolved, That the declaration of principles gallant and determined foe, must ever be grate- adopted by the Democratic National Convention fully remembered, and all the guarantees given be and the same is hereby ratified and approved, in their favor must be faithfully carried into and that the secretary communicate to that execution.
Convention a copy of this resolution forthwith. That the public lands should be distributed as Resolved, That the President of the Convenwidely as possible among the people, and should tion appoint a committee of five to wait upon be disposed of either under the pre-emption of General George B. McClellan, and assure him homestead lands, or sold in reasonable quanti- that although we are called upon by duty to ties, and to none but actual occupants, at the support the nominee for the Presidency of the minimum price established by the Government. National Democratic party now in Convention, When grants of the public lands may be allowed, our confidence in him is unimpaired, and that necessary for the encouragement of important our love for him is as ardent as ever, and that public improvements, the proceeds of the sale of the highest honor that this Convention could such lands, and not the lands themselves, should confer upon him would but poorly express our be so applied.
esteem for him. Also, that the said committee That the President of the United States, be requested to ask him to come and assist us Andrew Johnson, in exercising the power of his with all his ability during the coming campaign. high office in resisting the aggressions of Con Resolved, That the thanks of this Convention, gress upon the constitutional rights of the States and of all patriotic and right-minded citizens, and the people, is entitled to the gratitude of are due to the President of the United States for the whole American people, and in behalf of the the removal of E. M. Stanton from the War DeDemocratic party we tender him our thanks for partment of the Government, a position which his patriotic efforts in that regard.
the said Stanton has disgraced and dishonored Upon this platform the Democratic party ap- ever since his appointment to that office, by his peal' to every patriot, including all the con- many acts of cruelty — both to the Union and servative element and all who desire to support Confederate soldiers-and by his official acts of the Constitution and restore the Union, forget tyranny; and that the soldiers and sailors should, ting all past differences of opinion, to unite with on all occasions, meet him with the same feelings us in the present great struggle for the liberties of outraged dignity and patriotism that he was of the people; and that to all such, to what-received with, on an ever-memorable occasion, ever party they may have heretofore belonged, in the city of Washington, from that great and we extend the right hand of fellowship, and glorious soldier — General William Tecumseh hail all such co-operating with us as friends and Sherman. brethren.
[The last three resolutions were offered in the Resolvou, That this convention sympathize Convention, and adopted unanimously, under a
suspension of the rule requiring the reference of in defiance of the express language of the Conall resolutions to the committee on resolutions.] stitution, have erected a military despotism in
Pending the resolutions reported from the ten of the States of the Union, have taken from committee above, General Thomas Ewing, jr., the President the powers vested in him by the of Kansas, offered this resolution :
supreme law, and have deprived the Supreme Resolved, That the faith of the republic to its Court of its jurisdiction. The right of trial by creditors, as pledged in its laws, is inviolable, jury, and the .great writ of right, the habear and the public burdens should be lightened by corpus-shields of safety for every citizen, and vigilant economy in expenditures, and never by which have descended to us from the earliest repudiation; that all the bonds of the United traditions of our ancestors, and which our revoStates issued after the passage of the legal ten- lutionary fathers sought to secure to their posder act, and not by law expressly payable in terity forever in the fundamental charter of our coin, should be paid when redeemable in legal- liberties—have been ruthlessly trampled under tender notes, but without undue inflation of the foot by the fragment of a Congress. Whole currency, or at the option of the holders, con- States and communities of people of our own verted into bonds bearing a low rate of interest; race have been attainted, convicted, condemned, that the national bank currency should be re- and deprived of their rights as citizens, without tired and its place supplied by legal tenders, so presentment, or trial, or witnesses, but hy conas to save to the Government interest upon the gressional enactment of ex post facto laws, and amount of that circulation, and that the policy in defiance of the constitutional prohibition deof permitting banks to supply nearly half of the nying even to a full and legal Congress the aunational currency - allowing the five-twenty thority to pass any bill of attainder or ex post bonds, bearing, as they do, interest at the rate facto law. The same usurping authority has of nearly nine per cent. per annum, to run be- substituted as electors in place of the men of yond the date when they become redeemable, our own race, thus illegally attainted and disand of contracting the currency until it shall franchised, a host of ignorant negroes, who are rise to the value of gold, is a policy which favors supported in idleness with the public money, the few against the many, is oppressive to the and combined together to strip the white race of laboring and the debtor classes, and tends to their birthright, through the management of bring upon the country the dishonor of repu- freedmen's bureaus and the emissaries of condiation.
spirators in other States; and, to complete the (He moved for the suspension of the rule re- oppression, the military power of the nation has quiring reference to the committee, which was been placed at their disposal, in order to make Tost-yeas 78, nays 197; and the resolution was this barbarism supreme. accordingly referred, and not again considered.] The military leader under whose prestige this
usurping Congress has taken refuge since the General Blair's Letter.
condemnation of their schemes by the free peoOMAHA, NEBRASKA, July 13, 1868. ple of the North in the elections of the last General GEORGE W. MORGAN, Chairman Com- year, and whom they have selected as their can
mittee National Democratic Convention. didate to shield themselves from the result of
GENERAL: I take the earliest opportunity of their own wickedness and crime, has announced replying to your letter, notifying me of my his acceptance of the nomination, and his willnomination for Vice President of the United ingness to maintain their usurpations over eight States by the National Democratic Convention, millions of white people at the South, fixed to recently held in the city of New York. the earth with his bayonets. He exclaims : I accept without hesitation the nomination “Let us
ve peace. “Peace reigns in Warterdered in a manner so gratifying, and give saw” was the announcement which heralded you and the committee my thanks for the very the doom of the liberties of a nation. " The kind and complimentary language in which you empire is peace,” exclaimed Bonaparte, when have conveyed to me the decision of the con- freedom and its defenders expired under the vention.
sharp edge of his sword. The peace to which I have carefully read the resolutions adopted Grant invites us is the peace of despotism and by the convention, and most cordially concur in death. every principle and sentiment they announce. Those who seek to restore the Constitution by
My opinion upon all of the questions which executing the will of the people condemping the discriminate the great contending parties have reconstruction acts, already pronounced in the been freely expressed on all suitable occasions, elections of last year, and which will, I am and I do not deem it necessary at this time to convinced, be still more emphatically expressed reiterate them.
by the election of the Democratic candidate as The issues upon which the contest turns are the President of the United States, are declear, and cannot be obscured or distorted by the nounced as revolutionists by the partisans of sophistries of our adversaries. They all resolve this vindictive Congress. Negro suffrage, which themselves into the old and ever-renewing the popular vote of New York, New Jersey, struggle of a few men to absorb the political Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Connecticut, and power of the nation. This effort, under every other States have condemned as expressly conceivable name and disguise, has always char- against the letter of the Constitution, must acterized the opponents of the Democratic party, stand, because their Senators and Representabut at no time has the attempt assumed a shape tives have willed it. If the people shall again so open and daring as in this contest. The ad. condemn these atrocious measures by the elecversaries of free and constitutional government, tion of the Democratic candidate for President,
they must not be disturbed, although decided to the appeal to the peaceful ballot to attain this be unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, and end is not war, is not revolution. They make although the President is sworn to maintain and war and revolution who attempt to arrest this support the Constitution. The will of a frac- quiet mode of putting aside military despotism tion of a Congress, reinforced with its partisan and the usurpations of a fragment of a Conemissaries sent to the South and supported there gress, asserting absolute power over that benign by the soldiery, must stand against the will of system of regulated liberty left us by our fathers. the people and the decision of the Supreme This must be allowed to take its course. This Court, and the solemn oath of the President to is the only road to peace. It will come with maintain and support the Constitution.
the election of the Democratic candidate, and It is revolutionary to execute the will of the not with the election of that mailed warrior, people! It is revolutionary to execute the whose bayonets are now at the throats of eight judgment of the Supreme Court! It is revolu- millions of people in the South, to compel them tionary in the President to keep inviolate his to support him as a candidate for the Presi. oath to sustain the Constitution! This false dency, and to submit to the domination of an construction of the vital principle of our Gov. alien race of semi-barbarous men.
No perverernment is the last resort of those who would sion of truth or audacity of misrepresentation have their arbitrary reconstruction sway and can exceed that wbich hails this candidate in supersede our time-honored institutions. The arms as an angel of peace. nation will say the Constitution must be re I am, very respectfully, your most obedient stored, and the will of the people again prevail. servant,
FRANK P. BLAIB.
CHAP. XXXVI.-Election Returns from 1860.
* Fusion ticket. Third party, 13,167. Third party, 2,088. & Judicial. || Estimated. One elector having died, but two votes were polled from Nevada,
Not yet restored: Virginia 10, Mississippi 7, Texas 6—23. Total of college 317. Majority of full college 159. Majority of actual college 148.