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-H.S. Congress. Senate. .

HEARINGS

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY.

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTY-SECOND CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

S. J. Res. 130

PROPOSING AN AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION OF
THE UNITED STATES RELATIVE TO THE MAKING

OF TREATIES AND EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS

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As

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COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

PAT MCCARRAN, Nevada, Chairman HARLEY M. KILGORE, West Virginia

ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin JAMES O EASTLAND, Mississippi

WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota WARREN G. MAGNUSON, Washington HOMER FERGUSON, Michigan HERBERT R. O'CONOR, Maryland

WILLIAM E. JENNER, Indiana ESTES KEFAUVER, Tennessee

ARTHUR V. WATKINS, Utah WILLIS SMITH, North Carolina

ROBERT C. HENDRICKSON, New Jersey J. G. SOURWINE, Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE

PAT MCCARRAN, Nevada, Chairman HERBERT R. O'CONOR, Maryland

HOMER FERGUSON, Michigan WILLIS SMITH, North Carolina

ROBERT C. HENDRICKSON, New Jersey

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CONTENTS

Page

72

430

355
296

173
109

Statement of

Backus, Dana, Association of the Bar of the City of New York..

Boss, Charles F., Jr., Commission on World Peace of the Methodist

Church

Brannan, Hon. Charles F., Secretary of Agriculture, Department of

Agriculture

Brenckman, Fred, the Pennsylvania State Grange.

Bricker, Hon. John W., a United States Senator from the State of

Ohio..

Bruce, Hon. David K., Under Secretary of State, Department of

State..

Chafee, Zechariah, Jr., professor, Harvard University-

Colby, Ruth Gage, Women's International League for Peace and

Freedom..

Cook, Hon. Donald C., Chairman, Securities and Exchange Commis-

sion...

Coolidge, Hon. Charles A., Assistant Secretary of Defense, Depart-

ment of Defense..
Deutsch, Eberhard P., committee on peace and law through the

United Nations, American Bar Association.-

Donaldson, Hon. J. M., Postmaster General, Post Office Depart-

ment.

Eichelberger, Clark M., American Association for the United Nations-
Finch, George A., Sr., committee on peace and law through the

United Nations, American Bar Association ---
Fisher, Adrian S., legal adviser, Department of State -
Fitzpatrick, William H., editor, New Orleans States.
Foley, Hon. Edward H., Under Secretary of the Treasury, Depart-

ment of the Treasury -

Fowler, Hon. Henry ř., Administrator, Defense Production Admin-

istration..

Griswold, Enid H., National Economics Council..

Gunther, John J., Americans for Democratic Action.

Harriman, Hon W. A., Director of Mutual Security, Executive

Office of the President...

Hatch, Vermont, committee on peace and law through the United

Nations, American Bar Association.
Holman, Frank, past president, American Bar Association.
Jones, Esther Holmes, peace and world-understanding committee,

Friends' General Conference..

Kenney, Hon. W. John, Deputy Director, Mutual Security Agency.

Ketchum, Omar B., Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States.

MacFarland, W. Henry, Jr., American Flag Committee..

Maslow, Will, American Jewish Congress-

McDonald, Hon. Harry A., Administrator, Reconstruction Finance

Corporation --

McDougal, Myres S., professor of law, Yale University

McGrath, W. L., member, United States employer delegation to the

International Labor Conference--

Ober, Frank B., committee on peace and law through the United

Nations, American Bar Association --
Pannell, Anne G., American Association of University Women.
Patton, Mrs. James B., National Society of the Daughters of the

American Revolution
Pearson, Theodore, Association of the Bar of the City of New York..
Perlman, Hon. Philip B., Solicitor General, Department of Justice---

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369

TREATIES AND EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS

WEDNESDAY, MAY 21, 1952

UNITED STATES SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 10 a. m., in room P-36, the Capitol, Hon. Herbert R. O'Conor presiding.

Present: Senators O'Conor, Smith of North Carolina, Ferguson, Hendrickson, and Bricker.

Also present: J. C. Sourwine, committee counsel; Wayne H. Smithey, professional staff member; and Charles Webb, assistant to Senator Bricker.

Senator O'CONOR. The meeting will please be in order.

We are to take up Senate Joint Resolution 130, and it occurred to me that a brief announcement as to the procedure might be made. First of all, by direction of the chairman, Senator McCarran, who will be in attendance at these meetings, as well as at the request of other members of the committee, all of whom will be here as soon as they possibly can, I am presiding at the beginning of the hearing because of the request of a number of those present who have come from different parts of the country and whose convenience of course we wish to serve.

I will hear from all that can be heard at this morning's session, and of course continuing throughout the best part of the day. Because of the request of several, I might state that it is the desire of the committee to accommodate anyone who wishes to have his statement incorporated in full in the record. For that reason, we have already indicated our readiness to accept the statements in full so that they can be copied into the record even though they may not be read in full at the hearings. I merely mention that because of the time question involved.

We are very honored by the presence of the able Senator from Ohio, the sponsor of the joint resolution, Senator Bricker, and at this point I would like to ask Senator Bricker to proceed.

STATEMENT OF HON. JOHN W. BRICKER, A UNITED STATES

SENATOR FROM OHIO

Senator BRICKER. Mr. Chairman, I might say that I am happy that you have been assigned to hear this. I know you are interested. First of all, I would like to have made a part of the record at the very beginning the resolution itself. The copy that I have does not have Senator Kem or Senator McCarran's name on it. Senator Kem was overlooked when I introduced the original resolution, and Senator

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