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That make ambition virtue ! O, farewell ! of Othello's behaviour to her, affords Farewell the neighing steed, and the shrill a very proper admonition to all wotrump,

men in her situation and circumThe spirit-ftirring drum, the ear-piercing stances. fife,

In a preceding scene, the submifThe royal banner; and all quality,

five tenderness of her deportment had Pride, pomp, and circumstance of glorious

extorted from her husband the raptuwar ! And O you mortal engines, whose rude rous exclamation already quoted, when throats

he wished her to retire: Th’immortal Jove's dread clamours counterfeit,

Othello. I will deny thee nothing; Farewell ! Othello's occupation's gone !

Whereon, I do beseech thee, grant me

this, This pathetic farewell, which im- To leave me but a little to myself. mediately follows Othello's declara Desdemona. Shall I deny you? No, tion, that he had been happy, had he

farewell, my lord. never known his supposed dishonour,

Be it as your fancies teach contains a fine picturesque description Whate'er you be, I am obedient.

you; of military magnificence. In mentioning the fife, joined with the drum, What can more beautifully exhibit Shakipeare, as usual, paints from the the true delicacy of unsullied chastity, life; those instruments, accompanying than her being unable to name the each other, being used, in his age, gross appellation she had just received by the English Toldiery. The fife, from her husband ? however, as a martial instrument,

Iago. What is the matter, lady? was entirely discontinued among our

Emilia. Alas, Iago, my lord hath so troops, for many years, but at length

bewhor'd her, revived in the last war but one. Thrown such despight and heavy terms Desdemona's Excellence as u Wife. As true hearts cannot bear.

Desdemona. Am I that name, Iago? Des. Something, fure, of state

Iago. What name, fair lady ? Hath puddled his clear spirit: and, in such Desdemona. Such as, the fays, my lord cases,

did say I was. Men's natures wrangle with inferior things,

What goodness of heart, and strict Though great ones are their object. 'Tis ideas of her conjugal duty, in the ev’n so;

following protestations of her innoFor let our finger ach, and it indues

cence! Our other healthful members ev'n to that sense

O good Iago, Of pain. Nay, we must think, men are What shall I do to win


lord again? not gods ;

Good friend, go to him ; for by this light Nor of them look for such observances

of heaven, As fit the bridal.

I know not how I lost him. Here I kneel : The character of Desdemona has Either in discourse of thought, or actual

If e'er my will did trespass 'gainst his love, been much miltaken and slighted. It is simple, indeed; but that is one of Or that mine eyes, mine ears, or any sense, its merits: for its fimplicity is the Delighted thein in any other form ; simplicity of innocence, not of folly. Or that I do not yet, and ever did, She seems, indeed, to be as perfect a And ever will, -though he do shake me off model for a wife as any author could To Liggarly divorcement,- love him

dearly, have formed.

She speaks little ; but Comfort fortwear me ! Unkindness may whatever she says is sensible, pure, do niuch; and chaste. The remark, which the And his unkindness may defeat


life, makes in this place, on the alteration But never taint my love.

upon her,


Again :

Moor's conviction, and the circum

stances which he employs to inflame Emilia. I would you had never seen him, are so artfully natural, that,

him ! Desdemona. So would not I; my love though it will perhaps not be said of doth fo approve him,

him as he says of himself, that he is That even his stubbonness, his checks, a man not easily jealous, yet we cannot and frowns,

but pity him, when at last we find Have grace and favour in them.

him perplexed in the extreme.

• There is always danger, left What beautiful fimplicity and innocence in the following question:

wickedness conjoined with abilities,

should steal upon esteem, though it Doft thou in conscience think-tell me, misses of approbation; but the chaEmilia

racter of lago is fo conducted, that That there be women do abuse their hus. he is, from the first scene to the latt, bands

hated and despised. In such gross kind ?

• Even the inferior characters of And her conjugal love is perfect to this play would be very conspicuous the last. When Emilia finds her ex- in any other piece, not only for their piring, but not dead, she exclaims : juftness, but their strength. Caffio is

brave, benevolent, and honest, ruined O, who hath done this deed !

only by his want of fubbornnefs [inDefd. Nobody; I myself; farewell. Commend me to my kind lord; o, fare- flexible fortitude] to resist an insidious Commend me to my kind lord; 0, fare invitation. Roderigo’s suspicious crewell.


dulity, and impatient fubmiffion to

the cheats which he fees practised • The beauties of this play,' says upon him, and which, by persuasion, Dr. Johnson, impress themselves so he suffers to be repeated, exhibit a ftrongly on the attention of the reader, strong picture of a weak mind, bethat they can draw no aid from criti- trayed by unlawful desires, to a false cal illustration. The fiery openness friend; and the virtue of Emilia is of Othello, magnanimous, artless, and such as we often find, worn loosely, credulous, boundless in his confidence, but not cast off, easy to commit small ardent in his affection, inflexible in crimes, but quickened and alarmed at : his resolution, and obdurate in his atrocious villanies. revenge; the cool malignity of Iago, • The scenes, from the beginning filent in his resentment, subtle in his to the end, are busy, varied by happy designs, and studious at once of his interchanges, and regularly promotinterest and his vengeance; the soft ing the progression of the story; and fimplicity of Desdemona, confident of the narrative in the end, though it merit, and conscious of innocence; tells but what is known already, yet her artlefs perseverance in her fuit, is necessary to produce the death of and her flowness to suspect that she Othello. can be suspected, are such proofs of · Had the scene opened in Cyprus, Shakspeare's skill in human nature, and the preceding incidents been ocas I suppose, it is vain to seek in casionally related, there had been litany modern writer. The gradual tle wanting to a drama of the molt progress which Iago makes in the exact and icrupulous regularity,'



See the EXPLANATION in February, 1791.

D., H. Baro. T.out T. in Hygil C. Wind.

Weather, &c.

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[ From Morse's American Geography. ] IN

N the town of Pomfret, in Connec- The smoke of blazing straw had no

ticut, is a cave, rendered remark- effect; nor did the fumes of burnt. able by an almost unparalleled adven- brimstone, with which the cavern was ture of the late general Putnam. This filled, compel her to quit the retirecave is described, and the story told, by ment. Wearied with such fruitless colonel Humphreys, in his life of that attempts, which had brought the time hero. The story and the description to ten o'clock at night, Mr. Putnam I shall insert in his own words. tried once more to make his dog en

• Soon after Mr. Putnam removed ter, but in vain : he proposed to his to Connecticut, the wolves, then very negro man to go down into the canumerous, broke into his feepfold, vern and shoot the wolf: the negro and killed seventy fine sheep and goats, declined the hazardous service. Then beside wounding many lambs and kids. it was that their master, angry at the This havock was committed by a fhe disappointment, and declaring that wolf, which, with her annual whelps, he was ashamed to have a coward in had, for several years, infefted the his family, resolved himself to destroy vicinity. The young were commonly the ferocious beast, left she should destroyed by the vigilance of the escape through some unknown fiffure hunters, but the old one was too fa- of the rock. His neighbours strongly gacious to come within reach of gun remonstrated against the perilous enthot: upon being closely pursued, terprize : but he, knowing that wild the would generally fly to the western animals were intimidated by fire, and woods, and return, the next winter, having provided several strips of birch with another litter of whelps. This bark, the only combustible material wolf, at length, became such an in- which he could obtain, that would tolerable nuisance, that Mr. Putnam afford light in this deep and darksome entered into a combination with five cave, prepared for his descent. Havof his neighbours, to hunt alternately, ing, accordingly, divested himself of until they could destroy her. Two, his coat and waistcoat, and having a by rotation, were to be constantly in long rope fastened round his legs, by pursuit. It was known, that having which he might be pulled back, at a loft the toes from one foot,' by a steel concerted signal, he entered headtrap, he made one track shorter than foremost, with the blazing torch in his the other. By this veftige, the pur- hand. fuers recognized, in a light snow, the The aperture of the den, on the route of this pernicious animal. Hav- east side of a very high ledge of rocks, ing followed her to Connecticut river, is about two feet square : thence it and found she had turned back, in a descends obliquely fifteen feet, then direct course, toward Pomfret, they running horizontally about ten more, immediately returned ; and, by ten it ascends gradually fixteen feet tothe next morning, the blood-hounds ward its termination. The fides of had driven her into a den, about three this subterraneous cavity are composed miles distant from the house of Mr. of smooth and solid rocks, which seem Putnam : the people foon collected to have been divided from each other with dogs, guns, itraw, fire, and sul- by fome earthquake: the top and phur, to attack the common enemy: bottom are also of stone, and the enwith this apparatus, several unsuccess- trance, in winter, being covered with ful efforts were made to force her from ice, is exceedingly slippery. It is in the den. The hounds came back no place high enough for a man to badly wounded, and refused to return. raise himself upright, nor in any part

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