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more than three feet in width. Hav- his skin feverely lacerated. After he ing groped his passage to the hori- had adjusted his clothes, and loaded zontal part of the den, the most terri- his gun with nine buck-shot, holding a fying darkness appeared in front of torch in one hand, and the musquet in the dim circle of light afforded by his the other, he descended a second time. torch. It was filent as the house of When he drew nearer than before, death. None but monsters of the de- the wolf, assuming a ftill more fierce fert had ever before explored this fo- and terrible appearance, howling** litary manfion of horror. He, cau- rolling her eyes, Inapping ber teeth, tiously proceeding onward, came to and dropping her head between her the ascent, which he slowly mounted legs, was evidently in the attitude, on his hands and knees, until he dif- and on the point, of springing at hima covered the glaring eye-balls of the At the critical instant he levelled and wolf, who was fitting at the extremity fired at her head. Stunned with the of the cavern. Startled at the fight fhock, and fuffocated with the smoke, of fire, the gnashed her teeth, and he immediately found himself drawn gave á fullen growl. As soon as he out of the cave. But having refreshed had made the neceffary discovery, Mr. himfelf, and permitted the smoke to Putnam kicked the rope, as a signal diffipate, he went down the third time. for pulling him out.

Once more he came within fight of the • The people at the mouth of the wolf, who appearing very paffive, he den, who had listened with painful applied the torch to her nose; and anxiety, hearing the growling of the perceiving her dead, he took hold of wolf, and fupposing their friend to be her ears, and then kicking the rope in the most imminent danger, drew (still tied round his legs) the people him forth with such celerity, that his above, with no small exultation, fhirt was itripped over his head, and dragged them both out together.' An Account of the City of ToLENTINO, in Italy: With a Perspective

View of that ancient City and its Romantic Environs.
HE city of Tolentino is situated duced feveral great men remarkable

Among the marquilate in the territories of the number, we should not omit mentionRoman pontiff. It is a very ancient ing Francis Philelphus, a celebrated city, and shares the cathedral fee with writer of the fifteenth century, who. Macerata. „The Tolentinati are fre- translated many of the Greek classics quently mentioned by Pliny. Before into Italian. The inhabitants are we enter the gate of the city, which very proud of having had him among is a Gothic structure, the Strada Ro- the number of their fellow citizens ; mana, or road from Rome, takes a and beside his effigy in marble, with turn passing by l'Arancia, formerly a pompous infcription, erected in the a castle of some strength, and at pre- town-house, they shew ftrangers the sent in the poffeffion of the family of sword and other memorials of this Varani, : lords of Camerino. Sans

great

man. His brother and son were vicino, a lofty and pointed mountain, both equally learned with himself. is seen herce at a distance. Tolentiro In these times, however, Philelphus is thirty miles distant from Loretto, would not have acquired fuch celebrity. twelve from Macerata, and eighty- All his works prove that he was a peeight from Rome. It is populous, dantic grammarian, more folicitous well supplied, and surrounded by va- about words than things, and who rious landscapes, and little towns. It understood perfectiy weil the history was formerly defended by a fortress, of philosophy without being a phionow almost demolished, and has pro- fopher himieli. His pride was ex

ceffive;

cessive; and he wished to reign in the but is fill more celebrated for the republic of letters with despotic fway. body of St. Nicolas, (of the order of He valued himself so much upon the St. Augustine, and surnamed Toexaćtnefs and minutene's with which lentini, from his native city) which he understood all the laws of grain- is deposited in a rich and noble church mar, that, difputing one day about belonging to his order. This faint, a syllable, with Timotheus, a Greck who obtained great reputation, among philofopher, he offered to pay one the votaries of the Romilh religion, hundred crowns in case he was wrong, for his extreme austerities, was born provided he might dispose of his ad- in the year 1239, died in 1310, and versary's beard, if the point were ad- was canonized in 1646, by pope Eujudged in his own favour. Philelphus genius IV; and, it is said, that never having gained his wager, most un- was a canonization performed with mercifully caused the beard to be greater folemnity; the pope walking shaved, notwithstanding all the offers in procession with the utmost pomp which the unfortunate philosopher and magnificence from the monastery made to avoid the dire disgrace. A of St. Augustine, to the basilic, or pretty instance this of the humanizing church, in the Vatican. Lello Peinfluence of letters on the manners of tronio, in his manuscript memoirs their votaries ! But Philelphus, like preserved in the Vatican, thus defome more modern authors, joined to fcribes the procession. The streets unbounded presumption an incon- were covered in honour of St. NicoAtancy, irritability, and extravagance, las, with cloth of gold, velvet and that strewed his life with thorns. He tapestry, and all beautified from St. died in the year 1484, aged eighty- Augustine's to the holy church. It three; and the furniture of his room, was supposed, that the money which and his kitchen utensils, were sold to the Auguftine friars expended upon defray the expences of his funeral. that occasion amounted to more than

The city of Tolentino being built five thousand ducats.' Beside what upon high and craggy rocks, in order this contemporary author has said, to render it stronger, the view of it, Eugenius IV has preserved the meas represented in the annexed plate, mory of this solemnity by a medal, has at once a mixture of the awful which is not deemed one of the least and pleasing. This city is not only valuable among the medals of the famous, as already observed, for hav popes. ing given birth to Francis Philelphus,

A MEDICAL ANECDOT E. IT is very remarkable, that; at Alep: drank water till it had been boiled, re

po, in Syria, a discrder prevails, main free from this distemper. Others, called the Aleppo disease, which is com- who pursued a different conduct, mon to both sexes, and which attacks though they staid in the city only a natives as well as foreigners. It appears few days, were attacked by this disease in a kind of boil, which breaks out in even a year after. This malady is various parts of the body, and which, announced by a fever; and the meat the end of a year, fuppurates and thod of cure is very simple. Nothing then heals without any other incon- more is necessary than to lay an ivy venience than leaving a scar in the leaf, with a little cerate spread upon place where it was. For a long time it, over the tumour, and this brings this disease was attributed to the sub- it to a suppuration in the course of a tility of the air of Aleppo; but late year. No particular regimen is reobservations have induced some to be- quired ; and when a cure is effected, lieve that it is occafioned rather by the body generally enjoys good health the water. I have known people, for a long time after. Mariti's Travels. who during their residence here never

THE

THE CONTEMPLATIVE PHILOSOPHER,

NUMB. LXXVI.

Farther OBSERVATIONS on MOUNTAINS,

Again, where Alpine solitudes ascend,
I sit me down a pensive hour to spend;
And, placed on high above the storm's career,
Look downward where a hundred realms appear;
Lakes, forests, cities, plains extending wide,
The pomp of kings, the shepherd's humbler pride.

GOLDSMITH.

flies ;

skies ;

I Concluded my laet paper witbica

near the Poles; but the heights of slight sketch of the variety of pic- the mountains there are very inconturesque appearances which moun. fiderable. On the contrary, at the tains, in general, exhibit; and these Equator, where Nature seems to sport we seldom find forgotten, either in in the amazing fize of her productions, the delineations of the pencil, or in the plains are extensive, and the mounpoetical description.

tains remarkably lofty. Some of them

are known to rise three miles in height Sometimes the pencil, in cool airy halls, above the level of the ocean., Bade the gay bloom of vernal landscapes To enumerate the most remarkable rise,

of these, according to their fize, I Or Autumn's varied shades imbrown the shall begin with the Andes, a prodig;

walls : ow the black tempest strikes th' astonish'd ous chain of mountains, extending al

most the whole length of South-Ameeyes, Now down the steep the flashing torrent rica, parallel with the two oceans,

and terminating at the straits of The trembling sun now plays o'er ocean Magellan. Of these mountains we blue,

have an excellent description by don And now rude mountains frown amid the Juan de Ulloa, who, by command of Whate'er Lorraine light-touch'd with

the king of Spain, went to Peru, in foft'ning hue,

company with the French academiciOr savage Rosa daih'd, or learned Poussin ans, to measure a degree of the medrew.

ridian. His account of his journey THOMSON, up these mountains is so curious, that

I cannot forbear to give an extract If we compare the heights of differ- from it. ent mountains, we shall find that the After many days failing up the greatest and highest are found under river Guayaquil, he arrived at Cathe line. It is thought by some, that racol, a town situated at the foot of the rapidity of the earth's motion, to- the Andes. Nothing can exceed the gether with the greatness of the tides, inconveniencies he had experienced in those parts, may have thrown up in this voyage, from the fiies and these stupendous masses of earth. But, moschitoes *. “We were the whole to whatever cause it may be attributed, day,' says he, in continual motion, it is a remarkable fact, that the in- to keep them off; but, at night, our equalities of the earth's surface are the torments were excessive. Qur gloves, greatest at the Equator. The earth, indeed, were some defence to our indeed, is very craggy and uneven hands ; but our faces were entirely

* A kind of gnat.
Z 2

exposed;

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exposed; nor were our clothes a suf • The ruggedness of the road from ficient defence for the rest of our bo- Taraguagua, leading up the moundies; for the ftings of these insects, tain, is not easily described. The penetrating through the cloth, caused declivity is so great, in some parts, a very painful itching. One night, that the mules can scarcely keep their in coming to anchor near a large and footing ; and, in others, the acclivity handsome house that was uninhabited, is equally difficult. The trouble of we were no sooner seated in it, than we sending people before to mend the were attacked, on all sides, by swarms road, the pain arising from the many of moschitoes, so that it was impoffi- falls and bruises, and the being conble to have one moment's quiet. They ítantly wet to the skin, might be supwho had covered themselves with ported, were not these inconveniencies clothes made for this purpose, found augmented by the fight of such frightnot the smallest defence ; wherefore, ful precipices, and deep abysses, as hoping to find some relief in the open excite incessant terror. The road, in fields, they ventured out, although in some places, is so steep, and yet so danger of suffering, in a more terri- narrow, that the mules are obliged to ble manner, from the serpents. But slide down, without making any use both places were equally obnoxious. whatever of their feet. On one side On quitting this inhospitable retreat, of the rider, in this situation, rises an we took up our quarters, the next eminence of several hundred yards ; night, in a house that was inhabited ; and, on the other, is an abyss of equal the master of which being informed depth; so that, if he should give the of the terrible manner we had passed least check to his mule, and thus dethe preceding night, told us gravely, stroy the equilibrium, they must both that the house we fo greatly con- inevitably perish. plained of, had been forsaken, on ac Having travelled nine days in this count of its being the purgatory of a mamer, slowly winding along the side foul. But we had more reason to be- of the mountain, we began to find the lieve that it was quitted on account of whole country covered with a hoar its being the purgatory of the body, frott; and a hut, in which we reAfter having journeyed, upward of posed, had ice in it. At length, three days, through boggy roads, in after a perilous journey of fifteen days, which the mules funk to their bellies we arrived upon the plain, at the exat every step, we began, at length, tremity of which stands the city of to perceive an alteration in the cli- Quito, the capital of one of the most mate; and, after having been long charming regions in the world. Here, accustomed to heat, we now felt it in the center of the torrid zone, the grown very sensibly colder.

heat is not only very tolerable, but, * It is remarkable, that at Tari- in some places, the cold is even painguagua we often fee instances of the ful. Here the inhabitants enjoy all effects of two opposite temperatures, the temperature and advantages of in two persons happening to meet ; perpetual spring; the fields being one of them leaving the plains below, constantly covered with verdure, and and the other descending from the enamelled with flowers of the most mountain. The former thinks the lively colours. However, although cold fo fevere, that he wraps himself this beautiful region be more elevated up in all the garments he can pro- than any other country in the world, cure ; while the latter finds the heat and it took

up
fo

many days of painso great, that he is scarcely able to ful journey in the ascent, it is overbear any clothes whatever. The one looked, nevertheless, by tremendous thinks the water so cold, that he avoids mountains; their sides covered with being sprinkled by it: the other is so snow, while their summits are flaming del ghted with its warmth, that he with volcanoes. These mountains uses it as a bath.

seem piled one upon the other, and

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