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repeated; so that the sentence which be done to rescue an involuntary vicItruck him with silent astonishment, tim from the cruel immolation of awakened, at the fame time, the most public infamy, he began, as soon as tender feelings of humanity and come he could sufficiently collect himself, to paffion.

enquire into the circumstances of her Suppressing, therefore, his personal story. interest in what he had heard, and anxious to know if any thing might [To be concluded in our next.]

Ar Account of E ss Ex: With a neat and accurate MAP of

that County.

ESS 'SSE X is bounded, on the north, almost the whole county. It appears

by Suffolk and part of Cam- afterward to have extended only from bridgeshire; on the west, by Hert- the Thames to Hatfield Broad Oak, ford thire and Middlesex ; on the south, and from the river Lea to Brentwood by Kent; and, on the east, by the and Ongar. At present it includes German Ocean. It is separated from only the half hundred of Waltham, Suffolk by the river Stour, from Mid- and some parts of the hundreds of dlesex by the Lea, and from Kent by Becontree and Ongar. The river the Thames : from part of Hertford- Roding, running parallel to the Lea, fhire it is divided by the Stort and fertilizes this part of the county, which the Lea. Its greatest length, from is famous for its butter, fold for a high east to west, is fixty-one miles, price in London under the name of and its greatest breadth, from north Epping butter. to south, fifty miles. It contains 20 Northward the country becomes hundreds, 24 market towns, and 415 more open and uneven. Saffron Walparishes. It sends eight members to den, in this part, by its name, shows parliament; two for the county, and the product for which it is famous. fix for Colchester, Harwich, and Mal- Saffron, which was formerly cultiden.

vated in various parts of the kingEssex is the most southern of the dom, is now grown almost solely bethree counties on the eastern coast, tween this place and Cambridge, in which together form a tame continued a circuit of about ten miles. A rich tract of vast extent, undistinguished light foil and dry country are peculiarly by any considerable eminence or ridge, adapted to this plant. The English bat in general sufficiently elevated to faffron has always been in high eftibe dry and arable, and rich in the mation. various products of agriculture. The The middle of Effex is in general road from London to Norwich by a fine corn country, varied with gen. Newmarket, which passes along the tle inequalities of surface, and sprinkled western sides of Effex and Suffolk to with woods. Toward the sea-coaft the middle of Norfolk, a distance of it gradually declines into marshy one hundred and eight miles, is more grounds, broken by arms of the sea level and unvaried in its surface than into islands, and frequently inundated. any tract of ground of equal length in What are called The Hundreds,' the kingdom.

which include only the hundreds of Effex pofseffes, however, a variety Rochford and Dengy, were formerly of soil and face of country. Its south- deemed extremely unwholesome ; buc western part is chiefly occupied by the great improvements in agriculEpping Forest. This was formerly ture, in these parts, have, in a concalled the Forest of Eflex, by way of fiderable degree, obviated this obeminence; for it once comprehended jection; and many parts of these



MAGAZINE hundreds are not only rich in arable Dunmow and Chelmsford, terminates and pastore land, but beautiful in pro- at Malden in the fame mouth with the spect and scenery. The farms in these former. parts are very large, and the farmers The Crouch, after a short course rich, and industrious to improve their on the south-eastern fide, mixes with grounds by manuring with chalk, the fea among the marihes of Burnbrought by sea from Kent. Numbers ham and Foulness ifle. The Walleet of calves are brought from all these and Burnham oysters are the product parts of Essex to the London markets. of its creeks and pits. The other parts of the county are The Roding, which enters the esteemed as healthy as any of the Thames near Barking, has been alneighbouring ones.

ready mentioned. The principal rivers properly be The principal harbour on the Essex longing to this county are, the Coln, coaft is that of Harwich, situated on a rising near Clare in Suffolk, and, after tongue of land opposite to the united pafling Colchester, emptying itself mouths of the Stour and Orwell. It into a creek of the sea between Mer- affords an occasional shelter to the fey island and the main. In the salt- coasting fleets continually passing awater inlets and pools at the mouth of long these shores, but has not much this river are bred the famous Col- trade of its own. chester oysters, so well known as an

South of Harwich is the Naze, a article of commerce and luxury. hooked promontory, enclosing a few

The Blackwater takes its rise near low islands. From hence the land deSaffron Walden, and, Aowing by clines westward, forming the funnel, Bocking, Coggeshall, and Kelvedon, which terminates in the mouth of the discharges itself at Malden into an Thames. Beside the creeks already arm of the sea.

noticed, there is one within the mouth The Chelmer, springing near the of the Thames, running up by the fame place, winds through the mid- town and small port of Leigh, and dle of the county, and, passing by forming Canvey ifle.

Curious PARTICULARS of the Life of THOMAS PARR, the

celebrated Centenary.


MONG the valuable pamphlets description of his life, as he had reBritish Museum, is one entitled, “The From this poetical life it appears, Old, Old, very Old Man; or, the that Thomas Parr was the son of John

and Long Life of Thomas Parr, Parr, of Winnington, in the parish &c. This life is written in verse, and of Alberbury in Shropshire, and that is, dedicated to king Charles the first, he was born in the reign of king Edby John Taylor ; who, being one of ward IV, in the year 1483. He lived his majesty's watermen, is usually with his father, who was a husbandstyled the Water-Poet.' He informs man at Winnington, till he was seventhe king, that as he had had the teen years old, when he was sent to greatest, the leafi, and the oldest of service, under a master of the same his subjects, at his court, meaning calling, with whom he dwelt, till the William Evans, his gigantic porter; death of his father, about the year little Jeffrey, the queen's dwarf; and 1518; then, returning home, he rethis Thomas Parr; he chose the lat- fided upon the farm, or lands, of ter, for the subject of his muse; and which his father left him in possession, begs his majesty's acceptance of this till the lease expired in 1522. He



then renewed the lease, for twenty- of his, in those parts, was led by the one years, of Mr. Lewis Porter; fame of this great curiosity, this Thomas and, when this ended, in 1543, he de Temporibus, to visit him. He took renewed it, a second time, for the him into his protection, and having same term, of Mr. John Porter. In prevailed on him to see London, or1563, Old Parr, being then four- dered a litter with two horses for his score years of age, married Jane, a carriage; and being attended by his maiden, the daughter of John Taylor; daughter in-law, named Lucy, John by whom he had a son and daughter, the Fool

, and a servant of his lordwho both died very young. The ship’s, named Brian Kelley, who denext year, 1564, his second lease frayed their expences on the road, ending, he renewed, for the like they set out from Winnington : but, term, of Mr. Hugh Porter. In 1585, when they arrived at Coventry, the ended his third lease; and he took a multitude of people grew fo great and lease, for life, of John the son of pressing, to behold this breathing Hugh Porter. In 1588, being then monument, that Kelley was afraid he aged one hundred and five years, should be able to carry his charge no * and having,' says our poetical bio- further. At last, with flow marches, grapher, 'a colt's tooth in his head, they arrived safe at London, about he did penance in a white sheet, in the end of September, 1635. King Alderbury church, for lying with a Charles having had certificates from handsome woman, named Katherine the gentry of Shropshire of the leases Milton, and getting her with child.' aforesaid, and other particulars, provIn 1595, he buried his wife Jane, ing Thomas Parr, to be the eldest son after they had lived together thirty- of Time, alive; he was admitted to two years. Having continued a widow- court, admired with great veneration, er ten years, and being now one hundred and had the honour to kiss his matwenty-two years of age, he married jesty's hand. Care was taken to acin 1605, Jane the widow of Anthony commodate him with all conveniences, Adda, daughter of John Loyde, of in a lodging provided for him at the parish of Gillsels, in Montgomery- Westminiter. But the change agreed Shire; and they lived thirty years to- not; he had breathed in a freer air, gether. But now, thinking that time fed on simpler diet, nor had been used might diminish the strength of his te- to such throngs of visitors. All which, nement, as it had increased the value though now grown very decrepit, so of his tenure, he was, for his wife's as not to walk, without two persons to fake, desirous to renew his lease for support him, and having only one years; which was not complied with, tooth left in his head, not his colt's though he politically counterfeited the tooth beforementioned, might halten renewal of his age, by pretending to his natural decay; and he at last paid fee, who had been long blind *, a the debt of nature like other men, pin on the floor, which having di- though it was longer delayed, on the rected his wife to lay there, he bade 15th of November following ; after her take up, in presence of his land- he had been, little more than fix lord's son, Mr. Edward Porter, with weeks, removed to the city aforesaid. whom it passed as a pleasant conceit, He lived 152 years, nine months, and but it had no effect. Soon after, fome odd 'days, and was burįed in Thomas earl of Arundel, a great Westminster Abbey. lover of antiquities, visiting an estate

* It should seem from what follows afterward, that he was almost, but not quite blind,

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their own poets,

HE celestial beings who inhabit duce one more argument on this subconceive nothing more wonderful than the great uncertainty with which some that indifference and unconcern with of their philosophers, and the absolute which too many of the human race contempt with which others, regarded regard the doctrine of a fature state. the momentous doctrine of a future life. Could these thoughtless mortals con- Indeed, the imperfect state of morals ceive but a small part of the glorious in the heathen world, both in theory realities, which will be one day the and practice, is the less to be wonderinheritance of the Juft, with what un- ed at, when we reflect, that they were utterable joy and gratitude would they deftitute of those great fanctions of hail that divine religion, which has virtue, which result from the convicdispelled every doubt, and announced tion, that the moral government of the glad tidings of life and immorta- the Supreme Being extends to a life lity! And how often would they beyond the grave. exclaim in the language of one of

According to the most early Greek

poets (from whom only we can learn How great, in the wild whirl of Time's itate of the best men after death was

the real opinions of the vulgar) the pursuits, To stop, and pause, involv'd in high pre very melancholy and undesirable, notsage,

withstanding the charming descripThrough the long vista of a thousand - tions which they sometimes give of it. years !

In Homer, Achilles, in the Elysian To stand contemplating our distant felves, Fields, tells Ulysses, who is repreEnlarged, ennobled, elevate, divine !

sented as meeting him there, that he To prophecy our own futurities !

had rather be the save of some poor To gaze in thought on what all thought cottager on earth, than to have the

transcends ! To talk, with fellow-candidates, of joys · most extensive empire over the dead: As far beyond conception as defert !

• Talk not of ruling in this dolorous

gloom, To mingle interests, converse, amities,

Nor think vain words,' he cried, can With all the fons of Reason, scatter'd Rather I choose laboriously to bear

ease my doom, wide Through habitable space, wherever born, A weight of woes, and breathe the vital Howe'er endow'd! To live free citizens

air, Of universal nature ! To lay hold

A llave to some paor hind that toils for By more than feeble faith on the Supreme !

bread, To rise in science as in bliss,

Thạn reign the scepter'd monarch of the dead.

Pope. Initiate in the secrets of the skies'! In addition to the arguments I

When this fubject came to be dishave already urged, to demonstrate cuffed by the philofophers, who rethe necessity of a Divine Revelation, jected the traditions on which the vulfrom the confideration of the degrad- gar belief was founded, the doctrine ing ideas which the ancient Heathens of a future state began first to be entertained of the Deity, and their doubted, and, at lait, to be generally imperfect and erroneous conceptions disbelieved. All their philosophers

, of virtue and vice *, 1 shall now ad- Socrates not excepted, 'speak" with

No. VIII, in our Magazine for February.


How great


great uncertainty concerning a future tle or no remains of them at the time life. One of the last things which of the promulgation of Christianity. this excellent man said to his friends, We have the most fatisfactory evi. who attended him while near his dif- dence, that the belief of a future state solution, was, “I am going to die, was rejected, in that learned and inand you continue in life; but which of quisitive age, both by the philosophers us shall be in a better state is known and the vulgar. This was princito none but God.'- This renowned pally owing to the pretended science philosopher, moreover, speaks of a of those days; and the era of the defuture state as the privilege of those clension of the traditional opinions at only who devote themselves to philo- Rome, is well known to have been sophy; and he says, that the fouls of the introduction of the Greek philosothe wicked transmigrate into the bo- phy into that city. dies of ignoble animals. Tully, in Among the moderns who rejected his philosophical treatises, declares in the belief of a Divine Revelation, favour of the doctrine of a future life many have discarded, moreover, the as the most probable opinion ; but, in doctrine of a future state of retribuhis private letters, he talks in a very tion; such as lord Bolingbroke, Mr. different strain, or, at least, with the Collins, Mr. Chubb, and Mr. Hume. greatest uncertainty. The Stoics The latter, who likewise argues athought, that the fouls, both of men gainst the doctrine of a Providence, and brutes, having been originally observes, that those are vain reapart

of the common foul of the uni- foners, and invert the order of naverse, would, at last, be absorbed into ture, who, instead of regarding this it again, and, consequently, that all present life, and the present scene of separate consciousness would be loft. things, as the sole object of their

If the heathen philosophers had been contemplation, render it a passage to blessed with the same exalted views of something farther ;' and yet, he says, a future state which Christians pofsefs, that those who attempt to disabufe they must have made the same obvi- men of their prejudices in favour of a ous use of it, in strengthening the future ftate, may, for aught he knows, fanctions of virtue, and supporting be good reasoners, but he cannot al. them under the troubles of life and low them to be good citizens or polithe apprehensions of death. But the ticians ; since they free men from remotives by which they would enforce straint upon their paffions, and make the practice of virtue, are all inde- the infringement of the laws of equity pendent of the consideration of a fu- and society in one respect more ealy ture life ; being derived from the in- and secure.-Could Mr. Hume then, trinfic excellence of virtue, and its upon his own principles, lay claim to complete sufficiency for happiness the character of a good citizen or a here, notwithstanding all the calami- good man? ties we may endure. In their dif It is common with many persons, courses of consolation to their friends, when they first become unbelievers, and their own soliloquies in distress, to boalt of the fufficiency of the light we find nothing comparable to the of nature, with respect to the knowglorious considerations which the gof- ledge of God, the rule of human duty, pel of Jesus Christ inculcates, and to and the doctrine of a future fiate. But the divine hope and unutterable joy these unbelievers are not sufficiently with which these confiderations have aware, how much the serious belief of so often inspired the virtuous be- a future life depends upon the belief ļiever.

of revelation; and, confequently, how Uncertain and imperfect as were much that belief would be shaken, the notions of a future iiate among when the ground on which it had the Greeks and Romars, we find lit- been built was removed.

After re


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