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years, for the purposes of hostility to Tip- tility, and the letter from his fordilip ko
pro, and the partition of his territory. He the Nizam, to counteract such bottity, in.
attemped to prove, that the purchafe of Ja- stead of meriting the epithets of duplicity
cottah was with the view of establishing and juggle, was founded on the truelt po-
an offensive post against Tippoo ; that the licy. That his lord lip was inclined to
war had been procrastinated, and that the peace, and paid every due attention to the
consequent ruin of our finances was inevi- resolutions of thai house for its mainte-
table. The expences of the war he asserted narce, the letter was strong evidence; for
to have been in part defrayed by the fe'zure in one part of it his lordship expressed him.
of the property of one prince, to carry on felf, that · Unless just cause should be
war against another. We had commenced given for entering into new treaties, the
the attack of an enemy, by ftipping a laws of my country, the injunctions of the
friend; we had facrificed the nabob of king and commons of England, as well as
Arcot to our views against Tippoo; for the faith and honour of the English, pro-
such conduct he was defirous of bearing hibit me from entering into any negotia-
fome reason advanced; some necesity Thewn tions to make new treaties.' In every
for making the nabob a beggar in his own transaction of the noble lord's, which had
dominions. He considered this to be an been brought forward for censure, he saw
act of the blackett dye. His opinion of grounds fufficient for the most honourable
the progress of the war was the fame with exculpation.
what he had on a former debate stated to Lord Mornington said, that upon a for-
have been ; armies and ammunition we had mer day, when motions cemfuring, as the
in abundance, but we wanted provisions, present did, the commencement and pro-
and that difficulty would be increased in the gress of the war, the discussion was con-
fecond attempt to take Seringapatam, as lidered to tend to consequences extremely
there neither would be new cultivations, mischievous, to the formning unjust impref-
nor new hoards of grain, for lord Corn- fions on the minds of our allies, and to
wallis to avail himself of. He dwelt upon discourage our general to counteract those
the proverbial faithlessness of the Mahrat. effects, the house was not content with
tás, and deprecated as highly impolitic our merely negativing the proposed censure, but
alliance with them. The extirpation of voted a declaration of approbation of the
Tippoo would in no degree whatever bet- conduct of lord Cornwallis, as a means to
ter us ; it might add to the extent of our counteract the mischiefs which might other-
territory, and to the apparent increase of wise have been expected, from the infinua.
our revenue, but our expence and our dan- tions thrown out, of the injustice of the
ger would be increased. He concluded by 'war,and of the impolicy in proceeding with
moving several resolutions, condemning it. The declaration of the house in fup-
the war; the two first of which were, port of the war, he understood from India,

That it appears to the house that the let- had been attended with the best effects ; it ter from earl Cornwallis to the Nizam was was not then to be thought that the house meant to have, and has had, the full ef- would, when no substantial ground was fect of a treaty, executed in due form ;' taken, and no new fact advanced, counand That Tippoo Sultan had not, upto tenance any motion calculated to destroy the time of the signature of that letter, their former determination. His Lordship given any offence to the British government, then took a review of the commencement or conducted himself in any manner war- and progress of the war, the former of ranting the commencement of hoftilities a- which he contended to have been jutt, and

indispensably necessary; and the latter fucMr. Powys, after an exordium in fa- cessful and glorious to the British arms. vour of lord Cornwallis, as a perfon He concluded by saying, that if peace, as of such plainness and fincerity in all his was extremely probable, was by this time transactions that he was incapable of any effected, the motions were nugatory; and kind of crooked policy, faid, that instead if peace was not effected, they might be of seeing any thing deserving difapproba- pernicious. tion in the conduct of the noble lord, he General Smith contended, that there considered that conduct to be meriting the was nothing offensive in the noble lord's highest approbation. The war arosé, not letter ; that the conduct of Tippoo had from the inclination of his lordship, but been, from his accession to the Mysore gofrom cruel neceffity. The apparent deter- vernment, marked with a rooted hatred to wination of Tippoo had long been for hof: the British; and that for the last four years,

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his conduct had been evidently hostile : he respectable body of magistrates considered wished gentlemen to recollect the embassy it an addition to their dignity, and not as to France, where, as was generally known, a disparagement, to serve their country as

treaty had been agitated for the extirpa- justices of the peace, the blessings were not tion of the British from India. The hon. experienced. The causes were too notorigeneral faid, he considered the attack made ous to need mention. The two principal by Tippoo on the Travancore lines, to were those of a deficiency of offices in the have been a fortunate circumstance for this metropolis, and the abuse of the office, country, for in a very short time, by the Those who were robbed of trifles, or slightwoiks he was carrying on, but which he ly injured in their persons, if at a conside, had not finished, he would not only have rable distance from Bow-street, put up with been an over-match for us, but for the for- their injuries, rather than involve them. midable league by which he is now borne felves in the trouble of the prosecution of down. The conduct of lord Cornwallis the offenders; the consequence of whicha, in commencing the war on account of this was, that sinall offences passed unpunishattack, he confidered not only as just, but ed, and gave rise to greater, until those as a master-piece of policy; and so far from who committed them received a final pubeing ready to censure his lordship by a. nishment. The abuse of the office of a greeing to the motions before the house, he justice of peace was also as well kno was ready to declare that there did not ap- the deficiency of proper offices; it was pear in the whole of his lordíhip’s conduct grossly abused by men who made it a in India, a single act derogatory to the good trade : his object was to propose a remedy. faith, to the honour, or the dignity of his to cure both the deficiency and the abuse; country.

and the mode he should subnjit would be Mr. Anstruther spoke on the injustice of by a law, directing filt, that five offices being prevented from freely examining the should always be open to transact business ; subject, merely in compliment to the per- and, zdly, that no fees should be received fonal character of Lord Cornwallis. He for business transacted within the districts thought it did not become gentlemen on of those offices. He should propose that the other side of the houie to say, that they three justices be appointed to each office; were shaking the faith of our alliances, when one of those three should always be it had already been fufficiently shaken hy on the spot from nine in the morning until the declarations in the gazettes of the cow a late hour in the evening ; that two should ardice of the Nizam.

always be present in the principal part of Colonel Phipps, by the aid of his pro- the day, one of whom to be a magistrate of fessional knowledge, threw great light on the office, the other might be any gentleman our military operations in India. He con- in the commission for Middlesex. The cluded, by moving amendments to fome due fees to be accounted for into the receipt of the resolutions, and faid that he should of his majesty's exchequer, for the purpose negative the others.

of constituting a fund, out of which the The question having been put on color salaries of the justices, and the other exnel Phipp's amendment of the third reso- pences of the establishment, were to be delution, the house divided upon the fame, frayed. The consequence of thus renderAyes for the amendment

152 ing it impossible that a justice of the peace Noes

42 Mould be interested in levying a fine, or in

the amount of the fine, would be the plaMajority

cing him in a situation in which he could On Friday, March 16, Mr. Burton, have no interest but in the urright discharge pursuant to the notice he had given on a of his duty. To provide, however, åformer day, rose to make a motion for the gainit the pollibility of the fees not amount. more effectual administration of the duties ing to a fufficient sum to defray the exof justices of the peace in Middlesex. Gen- pences and filaries, it was his intention to tlemen, he said, froin their own observa- propose a clause for the payment of the retion, must be acquainted with the blessings mainder out of the consolidated fiind, which arose in the country, fiom the fair These were the outlines of his plan, in administration of the important office of a which, however, he had omitted the men. justice of peace : In Londen, however, the tion of another appointment, which night case was very different, and excepting the be found necessary, a treasurer, to receive office in Boveltieet, and the adminiftra- all fees for the receipt of the exchequer, tion of magistracy in the city, where the and to pay the expences of salaries and elts

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blishments. It had been proposed, he said, tleman's speech, in which he had Rated that for the purpose of removing all idea of pa- he had no intention to alter the law; but tronage, to leave the different appointments if such alteration was necessary, and if it that must take place to carry his plan into should be found expedient to clothe maexecution, to the lord chancellor, the two gistrates with more power than they now chief justices, the chief baron, and other did poffefs, such additional power, Mr. persons of that description ; but to this Dundas faid, he most certainly would reamode he had an objection, not thinking dily vote for. He here took notice of the that in a responsibility fo generally spread, alarming increase of pickpockets, and their trere could be equal security that proper per- increased impudence, which had arisen to sons should be appointed, 'as in a refponfi- fuch an height that no person could walk bility more confined. He thought, there. the streets in safety. If, in the progress of fore, that it would be the best for the ap- the bill, he could devise any clause to enapointment to rest in one person, where it ble magiftrates to take more effectual meanow rested, namely, in the king, and that sures than they now could, against such his majesty's adviser Mould be one known persons as he had described, he hoped the and responsible person, the head of the law. house would give it the most serious confiIn proposing the situation of the offices, he deration. It was the duty of ministers to faid they would be so placed, that no part look to every thing that might promote the of their districts would be at a greater dif- welfare of the state; if, therefore, it should tance than that of half a mile.-Two con- appear that the security of the people

, and fequences would arise from the establish the morals of any class, could be advanced ment of fuch a plan as he had stated, pub- by giving more effectual power to justices licity and competition; their publicly of the peace, such a measure could not be would enable all the world to judge whe adopted with more propriéty than in a bill ther the magistrates acted uprightly; and which went to the reform of magistracy. the competition arising from that publicity, Mr. Mainwaring was desirous of hearwould not be a competition for the gain of ing from the right hon. secretary, what that Jucre, which was the competition of the defect of the law was, with respect to the present interlopers into magistracy, but it punishment of pickpockets; he was of opiwould be a competition for skill, impartia- nion, that to remedy such defects, if de lity, and integrity.-His plan was not cal. fects there were, would be better proceeded cula:ed to benefit the rich, but to ferve the in by going into a committee on the laws poor, who would thereby have places of re- against pickpockets, than by the propofifort to obtain redress, and not, aš now was tion of a clause in the bill intended to be too frequently the case, in their applica- brought in. tions for redress and justice, find extortion Mr. fecretary Dundas faid, he had not and oppresfion. His propositions would proposed a committee, because fuch a pronot operate to a change of the present law, position might have tended to retard the but would leave it exactly as before, for no bill of the hon. gentleinan, which every magiftrates would be prevented from serv man must feel to be necessary, and wish to ing the public-fees alone would be relin- be expedited; for his own párt

, he would qui hed; those gentlemen who were defi- not attempt to introduce into it any debaterous to act would have an opportnnity of able matter; bit if any meafare struck acting serviceably in conjunction with the him in the progress of the bill, calculated magiftrates of the office, over whom their for the purpose he had before stated, he presence might operate as a check. He Tould submit it to the confideration of the would trouble the house no further, than house, and give his reasons in support

of by moving, • That leave he given to bring the measure. in a bill for the more effectual administra

The quettion was then put and unanition of the office of justice of peace in such mously agreed to, and Mr. Burton, Mr. ports of Middlesex, as lie in and about Mainwaring, Mr. Secretary Dundas, the the metropolis.'

attorney and folicitor general, Mr. ElMr. fecretary Dundas faid, it was with liott, Mr. H. Brown, and fir George great pleasure he role to fecond the motion Howard, were ordered to prepare and of the hon. and learned gentleman. He bring in the bill. gbserved upon that part of the hon. Sen.

[ To be continued. ]

AF

AFFAIRS OF FRANCE,

Continued from page 142: IN the national assembly, on Monday, you the reports which are spread about my February 6, an act of accusation was passed pretended leaving Paris ; I thought that against the emigrant princes, M. de Ca- what I mentioned of it would have been lonne, M. de Laqueuile the elder, and fufficient for discrediting these reports ; M. de Riquetti, late viscount de Mira- but as evil-minded people continue to probeau.

pagate them, in order to alarm the inha. On Saturday, February 11, the guard bitants of Paris, and to calumniate my placed at one of the doors of the gallery of intentions, I will explain myself clearly the national assembly, was insulted, and on my way of thinking. forced by the crowd, who contended, that "I know the duties which the conftitu. the constitution abolished privileges, and tion imposes upon me, I will always fulconsecrated equality, and that, therefore, fil them; but I also know the rights it they had an equal right to be there as any gives me, and I will never refuse myself persons for whom the seats had been de- the power of making use of them. Nofigned. The mob, after having dispersed thing keeps me at Paris but my will of the centinels, mounted the gallery, of being there, as I think my presence newhich they took poffeffion.

cessary, and I declare, that I will and A legislator was desirous that this act of shall remain there'; and whenever I Mall violence should be taken into consideration have reasons to leave it, I shall not disby the legislature; but the mob, far from guise them. testifying either fear or repentance, over I have to add, that if a person is not whelmed the speaker with hisses and quite deprived of the use of his fenses, or groans.

incurably perverse, he cannot entertain the M. Roullier then attempted to speak; least doubt of my inviolable attachment to but, notwithstanding his popularity, met the welfare of the nation, and the inhathe same fate as the former member. bitants of Paris. The president then spoke, but with as

(Signed) LOUIS. little success; his prohibitions to the mob The municipality ordered the letter to from disturbing the legislative body were be printed and posted up, and appointed a openly despised.

deputation to express to his majesty their On a proposal being made to drive the deep sensibility of this new assurance of his rioters from the tribunes, they became more attachment to the happiness of the nation. tumultuous and disrespectful than ever. Trial by jury is now established in

Fortunately, an extraordinary deputa- Paris, and will be so in the rest of the tion from the municipality of Avignon kingdom, as fast as the necessary arrangehaving been introduced to the bar, re ments can be made. quested to be heard. Hereupon, not only On Sunday, Feb. 12, the committee of the legislators, but the rioters, became cu- inspection informed the assembly, that to rious to hear what was to be said. Silence prevent such disorders as had taken place was of course restored.

on Saturday evening, the nation alguard of Before the municipal officers of Avig- Paris had offered to mount a guard of non were permitted to speak, the assembly, artillery at the entrance of the hall

, and .by a formal decree, enjoined the commit- that two pieces of cannon, with matches tee of inspection to present a plan on the lighted, were now planted there. means to prevent, in future, the guard M. Lambert observing, that a motion from being forced, and the representatives for granting the honours of the Pantheon of the people from being insulted, even to the illustrious author of the Spirit of - when assembled in their fanctuary, Laws, had been referred to the committee

Reports having strongly prevailed in of public instruction, proposed that the the capital, that the king was meditating fame honours should be granted to the a second departure, his majesty, on the memory of Louis XII and Henry IV, as 27th of February, sent the following let- the only French kings who had truly ter to the mayor and municipality of thewn themselves the fathers of their peoParis.

ple; and that no monument fhould be

erected in honour of any man during his « Gentlemen,

life. This was referred to the fame com. ! I have already mentioned to some of mittee,

On

was very

On Wednesday, Feb. 29, the answer nation; but, instead of dismissing him of prince Kaunitz to the king's late re. as was expected, his majesty sent a letter presentations respecting the conduct of the to the assembly, announcing his having emperor, was communicated to the em- dismissed M. de Narbonne, the war miperor ; it is in substance as follows: nister. As this gentleman possessed the • Vienna, Feb. 17, 1792.

confidence of the assembly, the conduct « I answer, in the name of the emperor

of the cabinet at the Thuilleries (which my master, to the explanations required

was supposed to have acted under the by the court of France. The request

Austrian

party, yet unacquainted with the rested on two points; the first relative to death of the emperor) underwent some the orders issued to general Bender to

severe animadversions. In the midst of

prepare for war. This armament was merely

one of these discussions on the subject, the defensive; it had no other object but to following letter was announced from the protect the electorate of Treves from an king : invasion. The second point related to the Gentlemen, emperor's alliance with the king of Prussia and other powers. Though it be mis

"I have examined the observations which named a league, nothing can be more ji:ft, the zeal and solicitude of the national althan the treaty by which the kings de fembly have induced it to address to me clared, in the month of Jane 1791, that upon the conduct of the minister of the they would support the cause of his most marine. I shall always receive with pleaChristian majesty against his rebel oppref- fure those communications which it thinks fors. Nothing but the king's perfect state useful to make. The observations which of freedom could have disarmed his a

have been sent me from the assembly apvengers; but should rebellion break out pear to me absolutely to come within the anew, the confederacy of kings would number of those subjects upon which it had have its effect.' [When this lalt passage declared itself incompetent to deliberate. was read, a member exclaimed, that the I at that time gave an account of those emperor insolent; another called answers which M. Bertrand had presented for the order of the day ; a third vocife- against these various complaints, and my rated War! War! War! and M. Taille- judgment coincided with the assembly. fer said, in a very audible voice, " The Since that time, no well-founded complaint emperor is a cursed comical fellow.'] has been made relative to the different deAfter having threatened those who would partments of his administration, and all dare insult the king, queen, or any of the cominunications from the colonies, from royal family, he proceeded to the popular commercial bodies, and from the naval focieties, and said, “the violence and in- departments, present testimonies of his fluence of the republican party, condemned zeal and useful services. In a word, as by the principles of the constitution, are

he has been reproached with no breach of noticed with sorrow by all those who wish the law, I thould think myself unjust, well to France-the Jacobins are the in- were I to withdraw my confidence from stigators of that faction--[Here M. Tail- him. To conclude, ministers know well

, lefer interrupted—so, for the cloven-foot that the only way to obtain and preserve appears '--another gentleman called out my confidence, is to cause the laws to be for the author of the farce ; a third con

executed with energy and fidelity, tended, that Leopold was a member of

(Signed) LOUIS. the Feuillant club) - by their mancuvres

(Counterligned) M. L. DUPORT, they seek to undermine the government, to expose the monarch to contempt; and,

A long and animated debate followed, through their baneful influence, 'the law. in which it was infilted, that the executive givers issued the incompetent decree of power had been abused. In the interior it. the 25th of January, as if the king's rights was converted into an engine for aristosvere subordinate to the caprice of a na

cratical views, and on the frontiers it tional assembly.'

seemed to have been delegated on one hand This answer was referred to the diplo- and on the other to the king of Spain.

to the emperor and the king of Prussia, matic committee ; before whom it lay a Ministers, it was asserted, had been doing contiderable time.

every thing in their power to destroy the The national aññembly had intimated to commonwealih since the 21st of June; the king, that M. Bertrand, the marine that they had been guilty of tre:Son, and aniniitor, bad loft the confidence of the ought to pay the forfeit with their leads.

The

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