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was carried on under the influence of fo- ings-to defend that country which thy reign arms. The nation ftill deplores Almighty Power has fo often protected, their fatal consequences, and speaks of and which even now thou haft rescued them only with horror. To guard the from the brink of destruction, by the spirit republic against fimilar violences, it is ne- of thy wisdom and councils. Á faithful cessary that the supreme authority should king and nation implore thy assistance, exist in this diet, which was freely assem- and will praise in hymns of gratitude thy bled, and whole falutary works received providence and mercy. a general approbation at the last dietines Wishing that this our address may the (acting with equal freedom) throughout sooner reach the public knowledge, we the country. Besides, the negotiations recommend to all Ordinal commissions of with his ferene highness the elector of the Palatinates and districts, to insert this Saxony, are not yet brought to a conclu- circular letter in all public records; fion. The final arrangement cannot be likewise to have it read from all the pul. determined, but by the supreme power of pits, and published in all the parishes and the diet. The moment will at last arrive churches, four following Sundays. when Heaven, merciful to our prayers,
Dated Warsaw, will restore us peace and tranquillity, and the 29th of May, 1792. the presence of a diet in its full power will be necessary. And as the Rullian decla A letter from Warsaw, dated June 2, ration insists upon a meeting of a new has the following intelligence : Yesterdiet, which being controuled by a foreign day, an express arrived from prince Joseph army, would only be subservient to the Poniatowski, with the following account, commands of Russia, so the preservation, dated at Winnica, the 27th of May: integrity, laws, liberty, and independence “ Lieutenant Goleiowski of the nation caof the republic, require that the same diet, valry, occupying an out-post with 300 a diet truly free, 'Thall continue its care men, perceived a body of 2000 Ruflians and deliberations.
approaching, who first began the attack, You see, citizens, what is your fitua- while Goleiowski having returned the fire, tion; you fee what measures your king and charged the enemy sword in hand with diet undertake for the common lafety. such impetuosity, that their line was comLet the defence of your country engage pletely broken. A general action then all your thoughts and attention ; let the began, which lasted two hours and half. ftriétest peace and union prevail among Notwithstanding fo great a superiority of you in such a critical moment as this. numbers, the field of battle remained to Follow your king, your father, your our troops ; 300 Russians were left on the commander; follow him whom you have spot; our loss confifts in 30 killed and 24 raised to the throne from among your- wounded. This body of the Russians felves, and who, in his advanced age, is was chosen from the nation called Czar. going with you to expose his life in the nomorce, bordering on the Black Sea, common defence of his country. Let us reckoned the bravelt : it is they who took encourage each other by words and exam. Berezina near Oczakow, and who led the ples, let us boldly encounter all dangers van in storming Ismailcw. Elate with in support of our laws and liberty. Let former successes, and trusting to their us conquer all difficulties and dangers by numbers, they marched down with seemour courage and fortitude. Let every ing contempt, and little expected luch man consider, that on the prevent fate of a warm reception from a handful of the republic, depends his own, that of Poles.” his children, and his latest progeny.
Our different divisions are marching Thou God of armies, God of our fore- to Lithuania and to Ukraine, with the fathers, who feeft the innocence and the greatest expedition and alacrity. They justice of our cause, who knowest the pu. had not a lingle deferter.-In Lithuania, rity of our intentions, infuse and main we see the greatest ardour for defending tain the spirit of union and concord in the their liberty and independence. Even Polish nation ; grant success to thole arms, their ladies strive to encourage the youth whose object is not to shed blood for the to noble actions ; instead of cries and fake of ambition, of mult spoil, or do- tears~-unworthy of free women, they minion over others, but folely to defend collected among themselves 1 foo ducats our National Laws and Liberty, which at Wilora, for the expences of the war.' even thou allewett to free and rational be.
AFFAIRS OF FRANCE,
Continued from page 39 and 392. ON the sith of May, the National Af- Valenciennes, and the third, which was fembly passed the following decree, with in the centre, came direct to the town. respect to the disobedient conduct of the • The enemy ranged their artillery, and troops under M. de Biron, (See page 388) fired; the town hung out a flag. This in the affair of Mons :
very small détachment had received orders 1. “The executive power is charged to from M. Rochambeau, only to act as a form a court martial in any town, which patrole round the walls of the town, and the general of the north shall appoint, to not to consider itself as a garrison by opo judge those guilty persons of the 5th and posing a vain resistance. The munici6th regiment of dragoons, who cried out, pality declare to us, that this detachment “ Treason,” and excited disaffection in Thut itself up in the town, fought with the affair of Mons.
courage, although contrary to their orders, The general shall summon the 5th which were to retreat, killed some men of and 6th regiments to declare, who of their the enemy, but having exposed themselves corps were the first guilty ; and if they by their obstinate resistance, were taken shall not make this declaration within a prisoners, period to be appointed, those regiments
A detachment of hussars, which were Thall be broke.
out as a party of observation, performed a 3. "If the regiments are broke, their dexterous manæuvre; they for a moment standards shall be torn and burned at the supported the attack, and retired quickly head of the army; and their numbers without loss by Quesnoy on Jalin, in good shall for ever remain vacant in the French crder. As soon as we were informed of army; (The assembly were at first sur- the attack, M. de Noailles received orders prised at the extent of the dishonour pro- to march an advanced guard, with three posed; but, at length,. expressed some squadrons of the third regiment of dralatisfaction.)
goons, three of the first, and two of the • The executive power shall give an fifth regiment of chaficurs, two companies account, every eight days, of the measures of grenadiers, and two pieces of cannon. taken for prosecuting spies and traitors, M. Luckner accompanied this advanced who have excited the soldiers to disobedi- +guard commanded by M. de Noailles. ence.'
M. Rochambeau then followed with a On the 16th of May, a letter was read body of troops and artillery. He had from the fifth regiment of dragoons, in given orders to the advanced guard to enwhich had been the soldiers who in the af ter Bavay, if the enemy were not there in fair of Mons took to flight, calling out great force; and in the contrary case to ! we are betrayed.' This letter, which inform the general of the resistance. Every was signed by the lieutenant-colonel, with thing was disposed for a vigorous attack 200 privates, thanked the assembly for the of the enemy in this place. decr which they had passed to prosecute *M. Luckner informed M. Rochamthose who should be found culpable, and beau, by M. Monpentfier, that the ada expressed a hope that the great body of the vanced guard had entered the town at regiment would be found pure.
eleven o'clock; two hours after the retreat On the 19th of May, the war minister of the enemy. The enemy had entered communicated to the national assembly the the town to the number of 2500 men ; following intelligence from the maríhals the soldiers had wished to pillage it ; thé Luckner and Rochambeau :
Austrian officers prevented them. They • The 17th of May, the post of 80 men retreated, carrying with them fix waggons of the regiment of Vintmilie, wlio occu- loaded with forage; they had got beyond pied the imall town of Bavay, returned the wood of Sarth, when the advanced from patrolling after sun-set, with intelli- guard presented itself before the place. gence, that the enemy were advancing. The generals highly commended the good A moment after, the eneniy appeared ad. order, the filence, and the ardour which prevancing in three columns, coming out of vailed in the advanced guard, and the body the wood of Sarth, which is beliind the of their finall army. General Rochambeau town: one of the three columns pursued brought back his troops to their post, after the route of Maubeuge, the other that of having left a detachment at Bavay.
On the 23d of May, the mayor of bruary ? You will readily perceive, getParis having been informed of a report tlemen, that this report is in the present which prevailed of the king's intention to çircumstances a new and horrid calumny, quit this capital, gave notice to the com- by means of which it is attempted to exmandant of the forces to be upon his cite the people, and alarm them refpecting guard. The king was offended that the the cause of the present disturbances. I mayor flould take this precaution, and am apprized of all the arts which are at wrote the iwo following letters to the two present employed, and still in agitation to administrative bodies, which at the request infame the minds of the people, and comof the procureur general Syndic, the di- pel me to leave my capital. But they Tectory canted to be potted up through the thall all be in vain. While France has city, the same morning.
enemies to encounter at home and abroad,
my place is in the capital. It is there I Letter of the King to the Directory of the trust to be able to difappoint the criminal
Department of Paris, May 23. expectation of the factious. • I send you, gentlemen, the
I place an unreserved confidence in the
copy better, which I have addressed to the niu.
citizens of Paris, in the national guard nicipality, respecting the letter which the always respectable, and the detachments mayor wrote to the commandant general of which employed on the frontiers have of the national guard. You will easily given new proofs of their excellent dispoperceive the malice of the
fitions. They will perceive, that their in the present critical situation. I doubt honour in the present moment requires not that the directory will redouble its them to redonble their zeal and vigilance. vigilance and care for the maintainance of Guarded by them, and confident of the she public tranquillity.
purity of my intentions, I will always be (Signed)
at ease whatever event may occur ; and
whatever attempts may be made, nothing Letter of the King to the Municipality of
solicitude and vigilance for Paris, May 23.
the welfare of the kingdom.
(Signed) LOUIS. “I have seen, gentlemen, a letter which the mayor wrote yesterday evening to the In the feffion of the 26th, a decree was commandant-generalof the national guard, issued refpecting the refractory non-juring in which he expresses alarm refpecting my priests, of which the following is the fubdeparture during the night ; founded, he stance: fiys, upon probable information.
Any priest or ecclesiastie, against whom this intelligence he adds, reports of com-* a complaint shall be made by twenty a&tive motions and disturbances, and gives cr- citizens, shall be provisionally arrested and ders to increase the patroles, and render confined. If guilty, he is to be ordered them more numerous. Why does the to quit the district within twenty-four mayor, in consequence of such reports, hours, the department within three days, give orders to the commandant-general, and the kingdom within a month ; and on and communicate nothing to nie, since it a non-compliance with this sentence, he is his duty by the constitution, to execute will be transported : the expepce of which under
direction the laws for the main- will be paid out of his pension (if he has tenance of the public tranquillity? Has he any) if he possesses none, out of the pubforgotten the letter which I wrote to the lic treasury. municipality during the month of Fe
[To be continued.)
Thall alter my
Brussels, May 25. This government AUSTRIA.
has received an account, that general Brussels, May 18.
Sztaray, who had been quartered at
Charleroy, to watch the movements of Ntelligence has been just received here, M. de la Fayette's army, having under
that the little town of Bavay, between food that a large detachment was posted Valenciennes and Maubeuge, was yeiter- at a place called Florenne, at no great disday taken by the Austrians, and 108 men, tance from Philipville, he refolved to atvith four oñicers, who were there poiled, tack it, though his force was much inude prisoneis, -- Lord. Gaz.
ferior; M. de Gouvion's numbers being
estimated at seven thousand, and those of tacked a French corps, commanded by
HISTORICAL CHRONICL E.
To which Address his Majesty returned
the following most gracious Answer : to his majesty :
• I receive with the greatest satisfaction
this mark of your attachment to me, and To the King's Most Excellent Majesty, to the government'and constitution of the The humble Address of the Lord-mayor, kingdom as by law established ; and my
Aldermen and Commons of the city of loyal city of London may always be al-
attention and regard.'
[Addrefes, on the same occasion, have We, your majesty's most dutiful and been presented, and are still presenting, loyal subjects, the lord-mayor, aldermen, from all parts of the kingdom.] and commons of the city of London, in
JUNE 2. common council assembled, most humbly On Thursday, at the conclusion of the befeech your majesty to accept our grate- session at the Old Bailey (at which no ful thanks for the wisdom and benevolence very remarkable trials occurrel) twentyevinced by your royal proclamation for eight capital convicts, whose execution fuppressing those feditious publications and had been respited during the king's pleacriminal correspondences, which may be sure, received his majesty's pardon, on productive of the most alarming and dan- condition of being transported, for their gerous consequences.
natural lives, to New South Wales. Two Your faithful citizens venerate the con convicts for felony received fentence of ftitution of this kingdom, as established transportation for fourteen years ; thirtyby the glorious revolution, and improved five for seven years; twenty-four to be on tubsequent occasions, because it con imprisoned in Newgate ; sixteen in Clerk, sects the honour of the sovereign with the enwell Bridewell: one to be privately, and liberty and happiness of the subjects and twenty-one publicly whipped.-- The seltheir attachment is increased from the lions were then adjourned until Wednes. consideration, that it contains the natural day, the 4th of July next. and regular means of advancing those oh
JUNE 4. jects with the change of times and im Being his majetty's birth-day, there was provement of circumstances.
a great court at St. James', when an ode, We trust that the rest of your majesty's written by Henry James Pye, esq. poetsubjects, enjoying with us the most abun. laureat, and set to music by Dr. Parlons, dant national happiness and prosperity un was performed. The court was very der your majesty's mild and anfpicious go- brilliant; and, in the evening, were illua vernment, will also with us duly estimate minations, and other public rejoicings, the value of those blessings, and unite in expressive of the heartfelt loyalty of a free the firmest support of your majesty's en- and happy people. deay ours to continue them, hy preserving
JUNE 6. our excellent constitution from the dangers At a court of common-council held of fpeculative and impracticable theory. lately at Guildhall, the resolution respectSigned by order of court, ing the drawing of the lottery (See page WILLIAM Rix. 355) was rescinded.
3 N 2
the suspending and flogging except him On Tuesdaỳ and yesterday very dan- felf, Stephen Devereaux the mate, and gerous riots prevailed in Mount-street, two boys he had mentioned in his eviGrofver.or-square, in which the watch- dence. This he explained by stating, that house there, a well-constructed and hand- the awning on the deck, when this was some building, has been nearly demolished. done, was barricadoed so as to obftruet The whole originated from the affumbling the fight of those on the other part of the of about forty servants of fome neighbour- deck. ---He denied he had ever said, he ing people of falhion, at a public-house, to would be the ruin of captain Kimber.' join in a dance on Monday evening, in The evidence of Devereaux was similar honour of his majesty's birth-day.-This, to that of Dowling. But he swore, that to certain over-zealous officers of justice, he did not know he had ever been accused appeared an infringement of the peace, of mutiny on board a former fhip in which which they took upon them to put an end he had served, and in consequence of which to by proceeding to the house, taking the captain Kimber took him out of hu. whole company into custody, and con- manity. fining them all night in the watch-house. Three witnesses contradicted the eviNext day, however, they were all dif- dence of Dowling, as to his never having charged ; but a few of the unfortunate said that he would ruin captain Kimber, people, who had been active in a rictous positively swearing that he had made use attempt at their liberation, supplied their of these expressions frequently. place, and by the exertion of the military Three witnetles also contradicted Deáll is now quiet, not without some perso- vereaux on the point of his not knowing nal injury to a few who suffered from re- that he was charged with mutiny. They peated firings, which were deemed necef- politively twearing that he was charged sary to quell the tumult. No life is loft. with mutiny on board the Wasp ; that JUNE 8.
he knew it, was told of it; and confessed Yesterday, the session for the juris, he was guilty of it; and that on his di&tion of the High Court of Admiralty of change from the Wasp, captain Kimber England commenced at the Old Bailey, took him on board the Discovery at Cawhen John Kinber was tried upon a labar, out of humanity. charge of having murdered a negro girl. Several witnesses were called, who gave
Thomis Dowling, surgeon of the ship, the capiain a good character for humanity. lwore very minutely to the cruel treat The jury laid they were all fatisfied, ment of the girl, as stated by Mr. Wil- and the prisoner was pronounced, Not berforce, in the house of commons. (See guilty. page 291) But, on his cross-examina Mr. justice Ashhurst asked, if any untion, he admitted, that he did not disclose dertaking would be given that the two this circunstance in the West Indies afier witneiles, Dowling and Devereaux, should their arrival-nor at Bristol after their re- be prosecuted for perjury if the court turn, except to a few of his private ac- should commit them. Mr. Sylvester an. quaintance; but that he was sent in Lon- swered in the affirmative. don to give evidence before the committee The folicitor-general observed, that for the abolition of the Nave trade; to give though these two witnefies had been maan account of the firing from on board terially contradicted in certain points, yet ilave ships on the town of Calabar; and there was not one witness called on the that he mentioned this murder to Mr. part of the defendant to deny the tying, Wilberforce the day before be made his suspending, and the flogging, which was speech for the abolition of the slave trade, the material charge against captain KimHe admited too, that in the return he ber. Mr. Sylvester suggested that it was made according to act of parliament to a probable fuch evidence would be brought public office, there was no mention made forward at the trials of these persons for of this inurder; that that return was re- perjury, quired by that act to be upon oath, but Mr. Dowling said, very coolly, that thit he had not really taken that oath; notwithstanding what the court had heard that he had not kissed the book, but that agzinit him, he had spoken nothing but after it was presented to him, lie returned the truth upon this subject. Stephen it to the clerk, and the entry was then Devereaux, the mate, said, that what had made as if every thing was regular. ' In been sworn in contradiction to his evitruth, the return was not his, but captain dence, was as faife as God was true. Kimber's; that no man, he believed, saw Mr. justice Alhhurst laid to them both, ?