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MEASURE FOR MEASURE.

PERSONS REPRESENTED.

VINCENTIO, Duke of Vienna.

FROTH, a foolish Gentleman.
ANGELO, Lord Deputy in the Duke's absence. Clown, Servant to Mrs. Overdone.
Escalus, an ancient Lord, joined with Angelo in ABHORSON, an Executioner.
the deputation.

BARNARDINE, a dissolute Prisoner.
CLAUDIO, & young Gentleman.
Lucio, a Fantastic.

ISABELLA, Sister to Claudio.
Two other like Gentlemen.

Mariana, betrothed to Angelo. VARRIUS, a Gentleman, Servant to the Duke. JULIET, beloved by Claudio. Provost.

FRANCISCA, a Nun.

Mistress OVERDONE, a Bawd.
PETER
A Justice.

Lords, Gentlemen, Guards, Officers and other Elbow, a simple Constable.

attendants.

THOMAS, } Two Friars.

SCENE,Vienna.

SCENEI.-An Apartment in the Duke's Palace.
Enter Duke, Escalus, and Lords.

Duke.

Angelo

There is a kind of character in thy life,
Duke. Escalus,-

That, to th’ observer, doth thy history
Esc. My lord.
Duke. Of government the properties to unfold, Fully unfold :—Thyself

, and thy belongings, Would seem in me t'affect speech and discourse, are not thine own so proper, as to waste Since I am put to know, that your own science

Thyself upon thy virtues, them on thee.

Heaven doth with us, as we with torches do, Exceeds in that the lists of all advice My strength can give you: Then no more remains Not light them for themselves : for if our virtues Bút that to your sufficiency, as your worth is able, As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely touch'd

Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike And let them work. The nature of our people,

But to fine issues: nor nature never lends
Our city's institutions, and the terms

The smallest scruple of her excellence,
For common justice, y'are as pregnant in
As art and practice hath enriched any

But, like a thrifty goddess, she determines
That we remember: There is our commission,

Herself the glory of a creditor, From which we would not have you warp. Call Both thanks and use; but I do bend my speech hither,

To one that can my part in him advertise;

Hold, therefore, Angelo:
I say, bid come before us, Angelo.
What figure of us think you he will bear?

In our remove, be thou at full ourself;
For you must know, we have with special soul

Mortality and mercy in Vienna Elected him our absence to supply;

Live in thy tongue and heart: Old Escalus, Lent him our terror, drest him with our love,

Though first in question, is thy secondary.
And given bis deputations all the organs

Take thy commission.
Ang.

Now, good my lord, Of our own power: What think you of it?

Let there be some more test made of my mettle, Esc. If any in Vienna be of worth

Before a noble and so great a figure
To undergo such ample grace and honor,
It is lord Angelo.

Be stamp'd upon it.
Duke.

No more evasion :
Enter AngeLO.

We have with a leaven'd and prepared choice Duke.

Look, where he comes. Proceeded to you; therefore take your honors. Ang. Always obedient to your grace's will, Our haste from hence is of so quick condition, I come to know your pleasure.

That it prefers itself, and leaves unquestion'd

you all.

Matters of needful value. We shall write to you, | pild, as thou art pild, for a French velvet.' Do
As time and our concernings shall importune, I speak feelingly now?
How it goes with us, and do look to know

Lucio. I think thou dost; and, indeed, with most What doth befall you here. So fare you well : painful feeling of thy speech: I will, out of thine To th' hopeful execution do I leave you

own confession, learn to begin thy health; but Of your commissions.

whilst I live, forget to drink after thee. Ang.

Yet, give leave, my lord, 1 Gent. I think I have done myself wrong; have That we may bring you something on the way,

I not? Duke. My haste may not admit it:

2 Gent. Yes, that thou hast; whether thou art Nor need you, on mine honor, have to do tainted, or free. With any scruple: your scope is as mine own, Lucio. Behold, behold, where Madam Mitigation So to enforce or qualify the laws

comes! I have purchased as many diseases under As to your soul seems good :-give me your hand: her roof, as come to I'll privily away ; I love the people,

% Gent. To what, I pray? But do not like to stage me to their eyes :

1 Gent. Judge. Though it do well, I do not relish well

2 Gent. To three thousand dollars a year! Their loud applause, and aves vehement:

1 Gent. Ay, and more. Nor do I think the man of safe discretion

Lucio. A French crown' more.
That does affect it. Once more, fare you well.' i Gent. Thou art always figuring diseases in

Ang. The heavens give safety to your purposes ! me: but thou art full of error; I am sound.
Esc. Lead forth, and bring you back in happiness! Inicio. Nay, not as one would say, healthy, but
Duke. I thank you.

Fare you well. [Exit. so sound, as things that are hollow: thy bones are
Esc. I shall desire you, sir, to give me leave hollow; impiety has made a feast of thee.
To have free speech with you; and it concerns me

Enter Bawd.
To look into the bottom of my place:
A power I have, but of what strength and nature,

i Gent. How now? Which of your hips has I am not yet instructed.

the most profound sciatica ? Ang. "Tisso with me :- Let us withdraw together, and carried to prison, was worth five thousand of

Bawd. Well, well; there's one yonder, arrested, And we may soon our satisfaction have Touching that point. Esc.

I'll wait upon your honor. i Gent. Who's that, I pray thee?

[Exeunt. Bawd. Marry sir, that's Claudio, Signior Clau

dio. SCENE II.-A Street.

1 Gent. Claudio to prison ! 'tis not so.

Bawd. Nay, but I know 'tis so: I saw him arEnter Lucio, and two Gentlemen.

rested ; saw him carried away; and, which is Lucio. If the duke, with the other dukes, come

more, within these three days his head's to be not to composition with the king of Hungary, why chopped off. then all the dukes fall upon the king.

Lucio. But, after all this fooling, I would not 1st Gent. Heaven grant us its peace; but not have it so: art thou sure of this ? the king of Hungary's !

Bawd. I am too sure of it; and it is for getting 2d Gent. Amen.

Madam Julietta with child. Lucio. Thou concludest like the sanctimonious

Lucio. Believe me, this may be: he promised pirate, that went to sea with the ten command to meet me two hours since; and he was ever ments, but scraped one out of the table.

precise in promise-keeping. 2 Gent. Thou shalt not steal ?

2 Gent. Besides, you know, it draws something Lucio. Ay, that he razed.

near to the speech we had to such a purpose. 1 Gent. Why, 'twas a commandment to com

i Gent. But most of all, agreeing with the promand the captain and all the rest from their func

clamation. tions; they put forth to steal : there's not a soldier Lucio. Away ; let's go learn the truth of it. of us all, that, in the thanksgiving before meat,

[Exeunt Lucio and Gentlemen. doth relish the petition well that prays for peace.

Bawd. Thus, what with the war, what with the 2 Gent. I never heard any soldier dislike it.

sweat;" what with the gallows, and what with Lucio. I believe thee; for, I think, thou 'never poverty, I am custom-shrunk. How now! what's wast where grace was sąid.

the news with you? 2 Gent. No? a dozen times at least.

Enter Clown. 1 Gent. What? in metre?

Clown. Yonder man is carried to prison). Lucio. In any proportion,' or in any language. Bawd. Well; what has he done ? 1 Gent. I think, or in any religion.

Clown. A woman. Lucio. Ay! why not? Grace is grace, despite of Bawd. But what's his offence ! all controversy : as, for example, thou thyself art a Clown. Groping for trouts in a peculiar river. wicked villain, despite of all grace.

Bawd. What is there a maid with child by him i Gent. Well, there went but a pair of sheers Clown. No; but there's a woman with ma. between us."

by him: you have not heard of the proclamatior Lucio. I grant; as there may between the lists have you? and the velvet: thou art the list.

Bawd. What proclamation, man? 1 Gent. And thou the velvet : thou art good vel- Clown. All houses in the suburbs of Vient, vet; thou art a three-pil'd piece, I warrant thee: I must be pluck'd down. had as lief be a list of an English kersey, as be

: A jest on the loss of hair by the French disease. Measure, A cut of the same cloth.

Corona Veneris.

.The sweating sickness

Bawd. And what shall become of those in the city! Lucio. With child, perhaps ?

Clown. They shall stand for seed: they had Claud. Unhappily, even so. gone down too, but that a wise burgher put in for And the new deputy now for the duke, them.

Whether it be the fault and glimpse of newness : Bawd. But, shall all our houses of resort in the Or whether that the body public be suburbs be pulled down?

A horse whereon the governor doth ride, Clown. To the ground, mistress.

Who newly in the seat, that it may know Buwd. Why, here's a change indeed in the He can command, lets it straight feel the spur: commonwealth : what shall become of me? Whether the tyranny be in his place,

Clown. Come, fear not you; good counsellors Or in his eminence that fills it up, lack no clients. Though you change your place, I stagger in But this new governor you need not change your trade; r'i be your Awakes me all the unrolled penalties, tapster still. Courage; ihere will be pity taken on which have, like unscour d'armor, hung by the you: you that have worn your eyes almost out in wall thu service, you will he considered.

So long, that nineteen zodiacs have gone round, Bawd. What's to do here? Thomas Tapster, And none of them been worn; and for a name, let's withdraw.

Now puts the drowsy and neglected act Clown. Here comes Signior Claudio, led by the Freshly on me :-'tis, surely, for a name. provost to prison: and there's Madam Juliet. Lucio. I warrant, it is : and thy head stands so

[Exeunt. tickle on thy shoulders, that a milk-maid, if she be

in love, may sigh it off. Send after the duke, and SCENF III.-The same.

appeal to him. Enter Provost, CLAUDIO, JULIET, and Officers.

Claud. I have done so, but he's not to be found.

I pr’ythee, Lucio, do me this kind service: Claud. Fellow, why dost thou show me thus to this day my sister should the cloister enter, the world. Bear me to prison, where I am com- And there receive her approbation : mitted.

Acquaint her with the danger of my state; Prov. I do it not in evil disposition,

Implore her, in my voice, that she makes friends But from lord Angelo by special charge.

To the strict deputy: bid herself assay him; Claud. Thus can the demi-god, Authority,

I have great hope in that: for in her youth Make us pay down for our offence by weight.

There is a prone and speechless dialect, The words of heaven; on whom it will, it will;

Such as moves men: beside, she hath prosperous art On whom it will not, so; yet still 'tis just. When she will play with reason and discourse, Enter Lucio.

And well she can persuade. Lucio. Why, how now, Claudio ? whence comes Lucio. I pray, she may; as well for the encouthis restraint ?

ragement of the like, which else would stand under Claud. From too much liberty, my Lucio, grievous imposition ; as for the enjoying of thy life, liberty :

who I would be sorry should be thus foolishly lost As surfeit is the father of much fast,

at a game of tick-tack. I'll to her. So every scope by the immoderate use

Claud. I thank you, good friend Lucio." Turns to restraint: Our natures do pursue

Lucio. Within two hours, (Like rats that ravin down their proper bane)

Claud. Come, officer, away.

[Ereunt A thirsty evil; and when we drink, we die.

SCENE IV-A Monastery.
Lució. If I could speak so wisely under an arrest,
I would send for certain of my creditors: And yet,

Enter Duke and Friar THOMAS. to say the truth, I had as lief have the foppery of Duke. No, holy father; throw away that thought freedom, as the morality of imprisonment.What's Believe not that the dribbling dart of love thy offence, Claudio ?

Can pierce a complete bosom: why I desire thee Claud. What, but to speak of would offend again. To give me secret harbor, hath a purpose Lucio. What is it ? murder ?

More grave and wrinkled than the aims and ends Claud. No.

Of burning youth. Lucio. Lechery?

Fri.

May your grace speak of it? Claud. Call it so.

Duke. My holy sir, none better knows than you Prov. Away, sir ; you must go.

How I have ever lov'd the life remov'd; Cloud. One word, good friend :-Lucio, a word And held in idle price 'to haunt assemblies,

[Takes him aside. Where youth and cost, and witless bravery keeps Lucio. A hundred, if they'll do you any good. I have deliver'd to lord Angelo Is lechery so look'd after ?

(A man of stricture and firm abstinence) Claud. Thus stands it with me :-Upon a true My absolute power and place here in Vienna. contráct,

And he supposes me travell’d to Poland;
I got possession of Julietta's bed;

For so I have st ew'd it in the common ear,
You know the lady; she is fast my wife, And so it is receiv'd: Now, pious sir,
Save that we do the denunciation lack

You will demand of me, why I do this ?
Of outward order: this we came not to

Fri, Gladly, my lord. Only for propagation of a dower

Duke. We have strict statutes, and most biting Remaining in the coffer of her friends;

laws, From whom we thought it meet to hide our love, (The needful bits and curbs for head-strong steeds) Till time had made them for us. But it chances, which for these fourteen years we have let sleep: The tealth of our most mutual intercourse, Even like an o'er-grown lion in a cave, With character too gross, is writ on Juliet. That goes not out to prey: Now, as fond fathers

with you.

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me.

· Having bound rp the threat'ning twigs of birch, Isab. Woe me! For what? Only to stick it in their children's sight,

Lucio. For that which if myself might be his For terror, not to use; in time the rod

judge, Becomes more mock'd than fear'd: so our decrees, He should receive his punishment in thanks: Dead to infliction, to themselves are dead; He hath got his friend with child. And liberty plucks justice by the nose;

Isab. Sir, make me not your story.' The baby beats the nurse, and quite athwart

Lucio.

It is true. Goes all decorum.

I would not—though 'tis my familiar sin
Fri.
It rested in your grace

With maids to seem the lapwing, and to jest,
To unloose this tied-up justice when you pleas'd: Tongue far from heart,-play with all virgins so :
And it in you more dreadful would have seem'd, I hold you as a thing ensky'd, and sainted;
Than in lord Angelo.

By your renouncement an immortal spirit; Duke.

I do fear, too dreadful: And to be talked with in sincerity, Sith 'twas my fault, to give the people scope,

As with a saint. "Twould be my tyranny to strike, and gall them Isab. You do blaspheme the good in mocking For what I bid them do: For we bid this be done, When evil deeds have their permissive pass, Lucio. Do not believe it. Fewness and truth, And not the punishment. Therefore, indeed, my 'tis thus : ' father,

Your brother and his lover have embraced : I have on Angelo imposed the office;

As those that feed grow full; as blossoming time Who may, in the ambush of my name, strike home, That from the seedness the bare fallow brings And yet my nature never in the sight,

To teeming foison 8 even so her plenteous womb To do it slander: And to behold his sway, Expresseth his full tilth' and husbandry. I will, as 'twere a brother of your order,

İsab. Some one with child by him ?-My couVisit both prince and people: therefore, I pr’ythee, sin Juliet? Supply me with the habit, and instruct me

Lucio. Is she your cousin! How I may formally in person bear me

Isab. Adoptedly: as school-maids change their Like a true friar. More reasons for this action,

names, At our more leisure shall I render you;

By vain though apt affection. Only, this one:-Lord Angelo is precise;.

Lucio

She it is.
Stands at a guard with envy; scarce confesses Isab. O, let him marry her!
That his blood flows, or that his appetite

Lucio.

This is the point Is more to bread than stone: Hence shall we see, The duke is very strangely gone from hence; If power change purpose, what our seemers be. Bore many gentlemen, myself being one,

[Exeunt. In hand, and hope of action : but we do learn

By those that know the very nerves of state, SCENE V.-A Nunnery.

His givings-out were of an infinite distance

From his true-meant design. Upon his place,
Enter ISABELLA and FRANCISCA.

And with full line of his authority,
Isab. And have you nuns no further privileges ? Governs lord Angelo; a man, whose blood
Fran. Are not these large enough?

Is very snow-broth; one who never feels
Isab. Yes, truly: I speak not as desiring more; The wanton stings and motions of the sense ;
But rather wishing a more strict restraint But doth rebate and blunt his natural edge
Upon the sisterhood, the votarists of saint Clare. With profits of the mind, study and fast.
Lucio. Ho! Peace be in this place! [Within. He (to give fear to use and liberty,
Isab.

Who's that which calls? Which have, for long, run by the hideous law, Fran. It is a man's voice: Gentle Isabella, As mice by lions) hath pick'd out an act, Turn you the key, and know his business of him; Under whose heavy sense your brother's life You may, I may not; you are yet unsworn: Falls into forfeit! he arrests him on it; When you have vowed, you must not speak with And follows close the rigor of the statute, men,

To make him an example: all hope is gone, But in the presence of the prioress :

Unless you have the grace by your fair prayer Then, if you speak, you must not show your face; To soften Angelo: And that's my pith Or if you show your face, you must not speak. Of business 'twixt you and your poor brother. He calls again; I pray. you answer him.

Isab. Doth he so seek his life? [Exit FRANCISCA. Lucio.

Has censur'at hin Isab. Peace and prosperity! Who is't that calls? Already; and, as I hear, the provost hath

A warrant for his execution.
Enter Lucio.

Isab. Alas! what poor ability's in me
Lucio. Hail, virgin, if you be; as those cheek-roses To do him good ?
Proclaim you are no less! Can you so stead me,

Luscio.

Assay the power you have. As bring me to the sight of Isabella,

Isab. My power! Alas! I doubt, A novice of this place, and the fair sister

Lucio.

Our doubts are traitors, To her unhappy brother Claudio ?

And make us lose the good we oft might win, Isab. Why her unhappy brother ? let me ask; By fearing to attempt : Go to lord Angelo, The rather, for I now must make you know And let him learn to know, when maidens sue, I am that. Isabella, and his sister.

Men give like gods; but when they weep and knech Lucio. Gentle and fair, your brother kindly greets

& Do not make a jest of me. you

• Breeding plenty. Not to he weary with you, he's in prison.

• Tilling.

1 Sentenced.

1 In few and true words,

All their petitions are as freely theirs

Notice of my affair. I humbly thank you : As they themselves would owe them.

Commend me to my brother : soon at night Isab. l'll see what I can do.

I'll send him certain word of my success. Lucio.

But speedily. Lucio. I take my leave of you. Isab. I will about it straight;

Isab.

Good sir, adier No longer staying but to give the mother

[Exeunt

ACT II.

SCENE I-A Hall in Angelo's House, people in a common weal,' that do nothing but use

their abuses in common houses, I know no law; Enter ANGELO, Escalus, Provost, Officers, and bring them away. other Attendants.

Ang. How now, sir ! what's your name and Ang. We must not make a scare-crow of the what's the matter? law,

Elb. If it please your honor, I am the poor Setting it up to fear the birds of prey,

duke's constable, and my name is Elbow; I do And let it keep one shape, till custom make it lean upon justice, sir, and do bring in here before Their perch and not their terror.

your good honor two notorious benefactors. Escal.

Ay, but yet

Ang. Benefactors? Well; what benefactors are Let us be keen, and rather cut a little,

they are they not malefactors ? Than fall, and bruise to death : Alas! this gentle- Elb. If it please your honor, I know not well man,

what they are: but precise villains they are, that Whom I would save, had a most noble father. I am sure of; and void of all profanation in the Let but your honor know,

world, that good Christians ought to have. (Whom I believe to be most straight in virtue,)

Escal. This comes off well;" here's a wise That, in the working of your own affections,

officer. Had time coher'd with place, or place with wishing, Ang. Go to; what quality are they of? Elbow Or that the resolute acting of your blood is your name? Why dost thou not speak, Elbow ? Could have attain'd the effect of your own purpose,

Clo. He cannot, sir; he's out at elbow. Whether you had not some time in your life

Eng. What are you, sir? Err’d in this point which now you censure him

Elb. He, sir ? a tapster, sir; parcel' bawd; one And pulld the law upon you,

that serves a bad woman; whose house, sir, was, Ang. 'Tis one thing to be tempted, Escalus, as they say, pluck'd down in the suburbs; and now Another thing to fall. I not deny,

she professes' a hot-house, which, I think, is a very The jury, passing on the prisoner's life,

ill house too. May, in the sworn twelve, have a thief or two

Escal. How know you that? Guiltier than him they try : What's open made to

Ell. My wife, sir, whom I detest before heaven justice,

and your honorThat justice siezes. What know the laws,

Escal. How! thy wife? That thieves do pa on thieves? 'Tis very pregnant,

Elb. Ay, sir; whom, I thank heaven, is an The jewel that we find, we stoop and take it,

honest woman, — Because we see it; but what we do not see,

Escal. Dost thou detest her therefore? We tread upon and never think of it.

Elb. I say, sir, I will detest myself also, as You may not so extenuate his offence,

well as she, that this house, if it be not a bawd's For I have had such faults ; but rather tell me,

house, it is pity of her life, for it is a naughty When I that censure him, do so offend,

house. Let mine own judgment pattern out my death,

Escal. How dost thou know that, constable ! And nothing come in partial. Sir, he must die. Elb. Marry, sir, by my wife ; who, if she had Escal. Be it as your wisdom will.

been a woman cardinally given, might have been Ang.

Where is the provost ? accused in fornication, adultery, and all uncleanliProv. Here, if it like your honor.

ness there. Ang..

See that Claudio Escal. By the woman's means? Bo executed by nine to-morrow morning:

Elb. Ay, sir, by mistress Overdone's means : Bring him his confessor, let him be prepared: but as she spit in his face, so she defied him. For that's the utmost of his pilgrimage.

Clo. Sir, if it please your honor, this is not so. [Exeunt ANGELO and Provost. Elb. Prove it before these varlets here, thou · Escal. Well, heaven forgive him; and forgive honorable man, prove it. us all!

Escal. Do you hear how he misplaces ? Some rise by sin, and some by virtue fall :

[TO ANGELO. Some run from brakes of vice, and answer none; Clo. Sir, she came in great with child; and longAnd some condemned for a fault alone.

ing (saving your honor's reverence) for stew'd

prunes : sir, we had but two in the house, which at Enter Elbow, Froth, Clown, Officers, &c.

that very distant time stood as it were, in a fruit. Elb. Come, bring them away: if these be good dish, a dish of some three-pence: your honors have

• Because.

Have.
• Thickets, thorny paths of vioo.

• Werlth.
• Keeps a bagnio.

•Well told.

* Paitly.
• For protest.

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