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pose may subpæna witnesses, administer vaths, take testimony, and require the production of books, papers, orders, memoranda, exhibits, and other evidence, and shall be provided by said carriers with all reasonable facilities: Provided, That when such accident is investigated by a Commission of the state in which it occurred, the Interstate Commerce Commission shall, if convenient, make any investigation it may have previously determined upon, at the same time as, and in connection with, the state Commission investigation. Said Commission shall, when it deems it to the public interest, make reports of such investigations, stating the cause of accident, together with such recommendations as it deems proper. Such reports shall be made public in such manner as the Commission deems proper.
Sec. 4. That neither said report nor any report of said investigation nor any part thereof shall be admitted as evidence or used for any purpose in any suit or action for damages growing out of any matter mentioned in said report or investigation.
Sec. 5. That the Interstate Commerce Commission is author ized to prescribe for such common carriers a method and form for making the reports hereinbefore provided.
Sec. 6. That the act entitled “An act requiring common carriers engaged in interstate commerce to make full reports of all accidents to the Interstate Commerce Commission," approved March third, nineteen hundred and one, is hereby repealed.
Sec. 7. That the term “interstate commerce,” as used in this act, shall include transportation from any state or territory or the District of Columbia to any other state or territory or the District of Columbia, and the term “foreign commerce," as used in this act, shall include transportation from any state or territory or the District of Columbia to any foreign country and from any foreign country to any state or territory or the District of Columbia.
Sec. 8. That this act shall take effect sixty days after its pas. sage.
Public, No. 165, approved May 6, 1910.
MEDALS OF HONOR ACT.
AN ACT to promote the security of travel upon railroads engaged
in interstate commerce, and to encourage the saving of life. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to cause to be prepared bronze medals of honor, with suitable emblematic devices, which shall be bestowed upon any persons who shall hereafter, by extreme daring, endanger their own lives in saving, or endeavoring to save, lives from any wreck, disaster, or grave accident, or in preventing or endeavoring to prevent such wreck, disaster, or grave accident, upon any railroad within the United States engaged in intrstate commerce: Provided, That no award of said medal shall be made to any person until sufficient evidence of his deserving shall have been furnished and placed on file, under such regulations as may be prescribed by the President of the United States.
Sec. 2. That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to issue to any person to whom a medal of honor may be awarded under the provisions of this act a rosette or knot, to be worn in lieu of the medal, and a ribbon to be worn with the medal; said rosette or knot and ribbon to be each of a pattern to be prescribed by the President of the United States : Provided, That whenever a ribbon issued under the provisions of this act shall have been lost, destroyed, or rendered unfit for use without fault or neglect on the part of the person to whom it was issued, a new ribbon shall be issued to such person without charge therefor.
Sec. 3. That the appropriations for the enforcement and execution of the provisions of the acts to promote the safety of employees and travelers upon railroads are hereby made available for carrying out the provisions of this act. REGULATIONS Governing the award of life-saving medals under
the foregoing Act. Made by the Presidents of the United States on March 29, 1905.
1. Applications for medals under this act should be addressed to and filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission, at the city of Washington, D. C. Satisfactory evidence of the facts upon which the application is based must be filed in each case. This evidence should be in the form of affidavits made by eye. witnesses, of good repute and standing, testifying of their own knowledge. The opinion of witnesses that the person for whom an award is sought acted with extreme daring and endangered his life is not sufficient, but the affidavits must set forth the facts in detail and show clearly in what manner and to what extent life was endangered and extreme daring exhibited. The railroad upon which the incident occurred, the date, time of day, condiition of the weather, the names of all persons present when practicable, and other pertinent circumstances should be stated. The affidavit should be made before an officer duly authorized to administer oaths and be acompanied by the certificate of some United States official of the district in which the affiants reside, such as a judge or clerk of United States court, district attor. ney, or postmaster, to the effect that the affiants are reputable and creditable persons. If the affidavits are taken before an officer without an official seal his official character must be certified by the proper officer of a court of record under the seal thereof.
2. Applications for medals, together with all affidavits and other evidence received in connection therewith, shall be referred to a committee of five persons, consisting of the secretary of the Commission, the chief inspector of safety appliances, two inspectors of safety appliances designated by the Commission, and the clerk of the safety-appliance examining board, who shall act as clerk of the committee. This committee shall carefully consider each application presented and, after thoroughly weighing the evidence, shall prepare an abstract or brief covering the case and file the same, together with the committee's recommendation, with the Commission, which brief and recommendation shall be transmitted by the Commission to the President for his approval. The committee may, with the approval of the Commission, direct any inspector of safety appliances in the employ of the Commission to proceed to the locality where the service was performed for which a medal is claimed, and make a personal investigation and report upon the facts of the case, which report shall be filed and made a part of the evidence considered by the committee.
3. Upon final approval of the committee's recommendation by the President the Commission shall take such measures to carry the recommendation into effect as the President may direct.
4. The Commission shall cause designs to be prepared for the medal, rosette, and ribbon provided for by the act, which designs shall be submitted to the President for his approval.
HOURS OF SERVICE ACT.
An Act to promote the safety of employees and travelers upon railroads by limiting the hours of service of employees thereon. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the provisions of this act shall apply to any common carrier or carriers, their officers, agents, and employees, engaged in the transportation of passengers or property by railroad in the District of Columbia or any territory of the United States, or from one state or territory of the United States or the District of Columbia to any other state or territory of the United States or the District of Columbia, or from any place in the United States to an adjacent foreign country, or from any place in the United States through a foreign country to any other place in the United States. The term “railroad” as used in this act shall include all bridges and ferries used or operated in connection with any railroad, and also all the road in use by any common carrier operating a railroad, whether owned or operated under a contract, agreement, or lease; and the term "employees" as used in this act shall be held to mean persons actually engaged in or connected with the movement of any train.
Sec. 2. That it shall be unlawful for any common carrier, its officers or agents, subject to this act to require or permit any employee subject to this act to be or remain on duty for a longer period than sixteen consecutive hours, and whenever any such employee of such common carrier shall have been continuously on duty for sixteen hours he shall be relieved and not required or permitted again to go on duty until he has had at least ten consecutive hours off duty; and no such employee who hay been on duty sixteen hours in the aggregate in any twenty-fourhour period shall be required or permitted to continue or again go on duty without having had at least eight consecutive hours off duty: Provided, That no operator train dispatcher, or other employee who by the use of the telegraph or telephone dispatches, reports, transmits, receives, or delivers orders pertaining to or