Obrázky stránek
PDF
ePub

affecting train movements shall be required or permitted to be or remain on duty for a longer period than nine hours in any twenty-four-hour period in all towers, offices, places, and stations continuously operated night and day, nor for a longer period than thirteen hours in all towers, offices, places, and stations operated only during the daytime, except in case of emergency, when the employees named in this proviso may be permitted to be and remain on duty for four additional hours in a twenty-four-hour period on not exceeding three days in any week: Provided further, The Interstate Commerce Commission may after full hearing in a particular case and for good cause shown extend the period within which a common carrier shall comply with the provisions of this proviso as to such case,

Sec. 3. That any such common carrier, or any officer or agent thereof, requiring or permitting any employee to go, be, or remain on duty in violation of the second section hereof, shall be liable to a penalty of not to exceed five hundred dollars for each and every violation, to be recovered in a suit or suits to be brought by the United States district attorney in the district court of the United States having jurisdiction in the locality where such violation shall have been committed; and it shall be the duty of such district attorney to bring such suits upon satisfactory information being lodged with him; but no such suit shall be brought after the expiration of one year from the date of such violation; and it shall also be the duty of the Interstate Commerce Commission to lodge with the proper district attorneys information of any such violations as may come to its knowledge. In all prosecutions under this act the common car. rier shall be deemed to have had knowledge of all acts of all its officers and agents: Provided, that the provisions of this act shall not apply in any case of casualty or unavoidable accident or the act of God; nor where the delay was the result of a cause not known to the carrier or its officer or agent in charge of such employee at the time said employee left a terminal, and which could not have been foreseen: Provided further, that the provisions of this act shall not apply to the crews of wrecking or relief trains.

Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of the Interstate Commerce Commission to execute and enforce the provisions of this act, and all powers granted to the Interstate Commerce Commission are hereby extended to it in the execution of this act.

Sec. 5. That this act shall take effect and to be in force one year after its passage.

Public, No. 274, approved March 4, 1907, 11.50 a. m.

7

ASH-PAN ACT.
AN ACT to promote the safety of employees on railroads.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That on and after the first day of January, nineteen hundred and ten, it shall be unlawful for any common carrier engaged in interstate or foreign commerce by railroad to use any locomotive in moving interstate or foreign traffic, not equipped with an ash pan, which can be dumped or emptied and cleaned without the necessity of any employee going under such locomotive.

Sec. 2. That on and after the first day of January, nineteen hundred and ten, it shall be unlawful for any common carrier by railroad in any territory of the United States or the District of Columbia to use any locomotive not equipped with an ash pan, which can be dumped or emptied and cleaned without the neces. sity of any employee going under such locomotive.

Sec. 3. That any such common carrier using any locomotive in violation of any of the provisions of this act shall be liable to a penalty of two hundred dollers for each and every such violation, to be recovered in a suit or suits to be brought by the United States district attorney in the district court of the United States having jurisdiction in the locality where such violation shall have been committed; and it shall be the duty of such district attorney to bring such suits upon duly verified information being lodged with him of such violation having occurred; and it shall also be the duty of the Interstate Commerce Commission to lodge with the proper district attorneys information of any such violations as may come to its knowledge.

Sec. That it shall be the duty of the Interstate Commerce Commission to enforce the provisions of this act, and all powers heretofore granted to said Commission are hereby extended to it for the purpose of the enforcement of this act.

Sec. 5. That the term "common carrier" as used in this Act shall include the receiver or receivers or other persons or corporations charged with the duty of the management and opera. tion of the business of a common carrier.

Sec. 6. That nothing in this act contained shall apply to any locomotive upon which, by reason of the use of oil, electricity, or other such agency, an ash pan is not necessary . Public, No. 165, approved May 30, 1908.

APPENDIX I.

TRANSPORTATION OF EXPLOSIVES Act.

AN ACT to promote the safe transportation in interstate commerce

of explosives and other dangerous articles, and to provide penal

ties for its violation. By an act entitled “An act to codify, revise, and amend the penal laws of the United States," approved March 4, 1909, to take effect and be in force on and after the first day of January, 1910, the act entitled "An act to promote the safe transportation in interstate commerce of explosives and other dangerous articles, and to provide penalties for its violation," approved May 30, 1908, is repealed, and the following sections of said Act to codify, revise, and amend the penal laws of the United States are substituted therefor:

Sec. 232. It shall be unlawful to transport, carry, or convey, any dynamite, gunpowder, or other explosives, between a place in a foreign country and a place within or subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, or between a place in any state, territory, or District of the United States, or place noncontiguous to but subject to the jurisdiction thereof, and a place in any other state, territory, or District of the United States, or place noncon tiguous to but subject to the jurisdiction thereof, on any vessel or vehicle of any description operated by a common carrier, which vessel or vehicle is carrying passengers for hire: Provided. That it shall be lawful to transport on any such vessel or vehicle small arms ammunition in any quantity, and such fuses, torpe. does, rockets, or other signal devices, as may be essential to promote safety in operation, and properly packed and marked sam. ples of explosives for laboratory examination, not exceeding a net weight of one-half pound each, and not exceeding twenty samples at one time in a single vessel or vehicle; but such samples shall not be carried in that part of a vessel or vehicle which is intended for the transportation of passengers for hire: Provided further, That nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the transportation of military or naval forces with their accompanying munitions of war on passenger equipment vessels or vehicles.

Sec. 233. The Interstate Commerce Commission shall formu. late regulations for the safe transportaion of explosives, which shall be binding upon all common carriers engaged in interstate or foreign commerce which transport explosives by land. Said Commission, of its own motion, or upon application made by any interested party, may make changes or modifications in such regu lations, made desirable by new information or altered conditions, Such regulations shall be in accord with the best known practicable means for securing safety in transit, covering the packing, marking, loading, handling while in transit, and the precautions necessary to determine whether the material when offered is in proper condition to transport. Such regulations, as well as all changes or modifications thereof, shall take effect ninety days after their formulation and publication by said Commission and shall be in effect until reversed, set aside, or modified.

Sec. 234. It shall be unlawful to transport, carry, or convey, liquid nitroglycerin, fulminate in bulk in dry condition, or other like explosives, between a place in a foreign country and a place within or subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, or be. tween a place in one state, territory, or District of the United States, or a place noncontiguous to but subject to the jurisdiction thereof, and a place in any other state, territory, or district of the United States, or place noncontiguous to but subject to the jurisdiction thereof, on any vessel or vehicle of any description operated by a common carrier in the transportation of passengers or articles of commerce by land or water.

Sec. 235. Every package containing explosives or other dangerous articles when presented to a common carrier for shipment shall have plainly marked on the outside thereof the contents thereof; and it shall be unlawful for any person to deliver, or cause to be delivered, to any common carrier engaged in interstate or foreign commerce by land or water, for interstate or foreign transportation, or to carry upon any vessel or vehicle en. gaged in interstate or foreign transportation, any explosives, or other dangerous articles, under any false or deceptive marking, description, in voice, shipping order, or other declaration, or without informing the agent of such carrier of the true character thereof, at or before the time such delivery or carriage is made. Whoever shall knowingly violate, or cause to be violated, any provision of this section, or of the three sections last preceding,

« PředchozíPokračovat »