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LESS THAN CAR LOADS.
Commission formerly not inclined to compel differential between

carloads and less than carloads, 380.
Differential between and car load legal, 377-381, 452, 453.
Differential must be without discrimination, 380, 453.
Principle of such differential generally adopted, 453.
Rule as to when differential between carload and less-than-car-

load rates will be made, 453, 454.

LIMITATION OF ACTION.

In suits for damages under anti-trust law, 1305.
In suits for forfeitures for rebating, 1065, 1066.
In suits on orders for reparation, 1162-1164.
On claims for reparation or damages under act to regulate com-

merce, 548, 549, 1162-1164.
Under Employer's Liability Act, 1448.

LIQUOR LAWS.

Eighteenth Amendment, 1515, 1516
Federal laws, 269, 270.
National prohibition act, 1516-1544.
State laws, 267.
War prohibition valid, 270.

LONG AND SHORT HAUL CLAUSE.

Act 1920 changes, 1013.
Amended Act restricts power of the Commission, 452, 1013.
Amendment of 1910, 450, 451.
Authorities on, summed up, 517, 1013-1024.
Burden of proof on carrier to show reasons for not following,

450, 1023.
Carriers under old law could disregard when competitive condi-

tions justify without previous permission of the Commis

sion, 448, 449.
Circuitous routes, 573, 1022.
Clause copied and annotated, 1013-1025.
Commission alone authorized to permit relief from, 571, 573,

1024.
Congress has power to make rule of absolute, 572.
Constitutional, 284, 451.
Damages for violating allowed, 536, 537, 754, 1023.
Damages for violating state statutes permitted, 255-257.
Discrimination by violation of, 445-450.
Discussed, 255-257, 445-452, 536, 537, 571-573.

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LONG AND SHORT HAUL CLAUSE_Continued.

Enforced in Social Circle Case, 446.
History of, 381-389, 445-452.
In determining application for relief from, reasonableness of

intermediate rates involved, 389, 571, 572, 1013.
Market competition, 572.
Old law, 1014.
Potential competition, no ground for relief, 1024.
Procedure on application for relief from, 571, 616, 1024.
Provision of relating to water competition, 518-520, 573, 1024,

1025.
Relation of through rate to intermediate rates, 383, 386, 387,

452, 1013.
Relief from, form of application, 616.
Similar clause in English law, 415, 416, 1014.
State laws on subject, 255-257.

LOSS AND DAMAGE.

Full value of property recoverable, 876, 878, 1190, 1191.
Liability for to interstate shipments determined by laws of

Congress, 215, 216.
Limitation on, Cummins amendment, 1191.
Should be considered in determining whether or not a particular

rate is reasonable, 338, 339, 458.
State laws affecting, 215, 216.

LOTTERIES.

Regulation of, 270, 271.

M

MANDAMUS.
Courts may enforce act to regulate commerce by writ of, 308,

309, 884, 885, 1226.
Courts of United States may issue writ of, to prevent discrim-

ination, 1226.
May issue to prevent departure from published rate, 884, 885,

1226.
Remedy by, cumulative, 1226, 1227.

MEAT INSPECTION ACT.

Section of relating to transportation copied, 1277.

MEDALS OF HONOR.

Act providing for, 1432-1434,

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MERCHANT MARINE ACT.

Accommodations, special agreement relative to, 1471.
Accounts, 1465, 1475.
Admission of vessels to American registry, 1466.
Adjustment, 1470, 1475.
Advantage, giving of undue or unreasonable, unlawful, 1473,

1479.
Agreements, 1471.
Altering reports, records, memoranda, etc., 1475.
American registry, 1466.
American shipyards, 1465.
American vessels, 1477.
Anti-trust laws, 1472.
Appointment, 1464.
Appraisers, 1468.
Appropriation, 1470, 1480.
Approval of agreements, 1472.
Army transports, 1465, 1466.
Arrangements, 1472.
Assignees, 1464.
Associations, 1464.
Attorneys, 1465.
Auditing of accounts, 1465.
Auxiliaries, naval, 1465.
Baggage, 1474.
Bills of lading, 1474.
Billing, false, 1473.
Board, 1464.
Board to make rules and regulations, 1465.
Bonds, Panama Canal, 1470.
Building of ships, 1465.
Cancellation of agreements, 1472.
Cargo, 1471, 1480.
Cargo space accommodaitons, 1471, 1480.
Carrier, common, 1463, 1471, 1473, 1475, 1480.
Charges, 1471, 1473, 1474.
Chartering of vessels, 1466, 1468, 1469, 1470.
Citizen of United States, 1464.
Civil service, 1465.
Cearance, 1480.
Classifications, 1473, 1474.
Clerks to commissioners, 1465.
Coast guard, 1465.
Coastwise trade, 1467.
Combination, 1471.

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MERCHANT MARINE ACT—Continued.

Commandering of vessels, 1467, 1468.
Commissioners, 1464, 1465.
Common carrier by water, 1463, 1471, 1473, 1475, 1480.
Common carrier by water in foreign commerce, 1463.
Common carrier by water in interstate commerce, 1463.
Compensation, 1465, 1468.
Competition, 1471, 1472, 1474.
Complaints, 1471, 1476, 1477.
Conferences, 1472.
Congress, 1470, 1477.
Consignee, 1475.
Construction loan fund, 1490.
Construction of ships, 1465, 1468, 1469.
Contracts, 1471.
Corporations, 1463, 1464, 1465, 1468, 1469.
Costs, 1469, 1479.
Deferred rebate, 1471, 1493.
Definitions, 1463, 1464, 1471, 1472, 1500, 1501.
Delivering of property, 1473.
Destroying, 1476.
Detail, 1465.
Disadvantage, 1473, 1479.
Disclosure, 1475.
Discriminations, 1471, 1473, 1477.
Discriminatory, 1471.
Discriminating, 1471.
Dissolution, 1469.
District courts, 1478, 1479.
Dock facilities, furnishing of, 1463.
Emergency, 1467.
Enforcement, 1477, 1478, 1479.
E qual privileges, 1477.
Evidence, 1479.
Examiners, 1465.
Existing amendments, 1471.
Expenses, 1465, 1480.
Expenditures, 1470.
Experts, special, 1465.
False billing, classification, weighing, report of weight, 1473,

1479.
False report, rate, memoranda, etc., 1476.
Falsifying reports, records, memoranda, etc., 1476.
Fares, 1474.
Fees, 1478.

[References are to pages.]

MERCHANT MARINE ACT- Continued.

Fighting ship, 1471, 1493.
Findings of Board, 1479.
Foreign commerce, 1463, 1473, 1474, 1475, 1479.
Foreign governments, 1477.
Foreign mails, 1486.
Foreign registry, 1466.
Foreign vessels, 1466.
Forwarding, 1463.
Freight traffic, 1472.
Government agents, 1475.
Great Lakes, 1463.
Handling of property, 1473, 1474, 1476.
High seas, 1463.
Income tax exemptions, 1496.
Information, 1475.
Injunction, 1478.
Insurance, marine, 1469, 1473, 1479.
Interstate commerce, 1463, 1471, 1473, 1474, 1475, 1480.
Interstate Commerce Commission, 1479.
Intrastate commerce, 1479.
Investigations, 1469, 1470, 1476, 1477.
Island territories included, 1495.
Joinder of parties, 1479.
Judgment, 1479.
Jurisdiction of board, 1479.
Landing of freight, 1471.
Leasing of vessels, 1465, 1470.
Legal process, 1475.
Liability, 1470.
Loading of freight, 1471.
Mail to foreign countries, 1486.
Marine insurance, 1469, 1473.
Marking property for transportation, 1474.
Maximum rates, 1474.
Memoranda, 1475, 1476.
Merchant Marine Act 1920, title of Act, 1514.
Mileage, 1465, 1478.
Military officers, 1465.
Military purposes, 1467.
Minority stock ownership, 1468.
Modifications, 1477.
Mortgage loans, 1469, 1501.
Mortgage foreclosure, 1506, 1507,
Mutilating, 1476,

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