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with wondering eyes and put my foot on I felt a wave of emotion coming over the lowest rung of the ladder. And now me what man wouldn't to find himself here I was at the very top, with the highest suddenly lifted to such a height! And rung in my grasp.

then the personal regard I felt for Lom"What part do you intend to take in bard, and my pity for him, came near the business?" I inquired.

betraying my temporary weakness. I got "None!” he said, simply.

up and stood looking out of a window upon "You mean —” I began, but I lacked the spirited scenes of the Square below me. heart to finish.

Just at that moment a carriage drove "Yes,” he said, reading my thoughts. up that I knew very well indeed; it was “Broadhurst, it would be folly for me to my own. My wife stepped out of it, attempt to go on, even were I to regain leading by the hand my daughter, Marpart of my strength. It would take my

It would take my garet, two years old. whole strength - all my old-time vigor. You know how it is with soldiers in The task of recouping the fortunes of battle. They waver at times, and fain Lombard & Hapgood will be a stupendous would turn back when they face the one. I know few men in New York whom enemy's guns. But when the band strikes I should willingly ask to attempt it. up its music, they go forward at a quickYou are the one man I believe capable of step into the jaws of the cannon. taking the business and carrying it So the sight of my wife and child inthrough. See here, Broadhurst, I have spired me on the instant. Turning quickly stated the worst of the thing first. I have to Lombard, I answered him: said that the task of redeeming the busi- "I'll do it, and I'll make the business a ness of Lombard & Hapgood would be a monument to your memory!" stupendous one; now I say that the busi- A few minutes later there came a most ness, once redeemed, will put you on the terrific hammering on the door, as if a road to large wealth and great influence legion of enemies had come to attack us. in New York. It will be a task worthy of Lombard and I were getting into the your mettle. The great trouble, Broad- details of the proposed consolidation, and hurst, has been this: my business grew I saw him start up in alarm. faster than I did.

“It's only my girl," I said, smiling. “When my father established the firm, "It's Margaret - my little one! She is forty years ago, times were different, the only person who would dare to batter he went on, after resting. “There were on my door in that fashion.” no very large business houses then, and Then I opened the door and admitted the problem of developing an organization her, with some toy she had used to make was scarcely reckoned. For many years the commotion. Behind her came her my father was able to conduct the store mother, with apologies for the unseemly without much executive help, and after intrusion. I finished college he found in me all the “Mr. Lombard," said I, as he got to assistance he needed. After his death, I his feet, “I believe you have met Mrs. went along in the same way. Thus the Broadhurst before." store got beyond me, but still I kept on "No," he returned; "you are mistaken. running it alone. I was a good merchant I met her a number of times as Miss Starin most respects — you know that. But rington, but not since.” this question of building a business by "Well,” said I, laughing, "I want to building the men within it - well, it's tell you a little story. It was Miss Stara fascinating thing, Broadhurst. If only rington who unwittingly sent me back to I were young and well again! But I want New York from Europe - when I was the business saved - for the sake of the foreign manager for Langenbeck Brothers Lombard name. I'll fix it so you can - and thus made possible the business I acquire full financial ownership — by now own. I had called on her in Paris and degrees. Broadhurst, it is a great oppor- she said things, in a polite way, about men tunity for you! Will you take it?"

who give up the big opportunities in order to follow the easiest road. She knew I had sophy. I do not know any so-called tricks been planning a business. I resigned my of the trade by means of which men may place with Langenbeck at once, Mr. succeed. I aim, on the other hand, to Lombard, and began to climb the more eliminate from my store everything that difficult path. She was the inspiration - even savors of trickery. and she shall be the inspiration of the steep Business, I say, is a philosophy. I refer, and arduous ascent I am about to begin.” of course, to competitive business, and

not to monopolies. These latter concerns Lombard is gone. The years have do not trouble me greatly, however much rolled on. My markets have raised the they upset some people. I have found a Lombard-Broadhurst Corporation to the wide field outside them, and I believe crest of a wave that still sweeps along in other men in the generations to come will seemingly irresistible impulse. How much find opportunities everywhere -- if they bigger my store is to grow, I cannot pre- choose to look for them as I looked for my dict. New York has exceeded all esti- location at Junction Square. mates and the Nation is growing faster I should like, if I had the time, to tell than many of us have planned for.

you something about the men who have Of course, there are hard times even now, grown into my business or graduated out but I take the slumps and the setbacks of it. Ah, that is really the fascinating with the philosophy of Epictetus. I part of it! There is nothing that appeals know that so long as I follow the path to one like the intimate history of other I blazed years ago for the little business I men who are traveling on the same rugfounded at Junction Square, and keep ged path of life's journey. off the dangerous trail I traveled at Lost But I have finished. There is just one River, the Lombard-Broadhurst concern man whom I must mention as I close will go on until I step out — and then my old partner, Sanford Higgins. He is continue the journey just so long as the the European partner to-day of the Lommen who manage it remain wise, courage- bard-Broadhurst Corporation. I comous, and honest.

mend him to you as the type of business I think I have set down enough of my man to emulate. He was young when I history. I have told my story in suf- first introduced him to you; he is older and ficient detail so that men may read what- wiser to-day. In all the land I know of no ever secrets I have had. My secrets have

My secrets have brighter example of the truth that a man been those of management - of philo- can come up out of failure.

MAKING FOODS OF CHEMICALS

THE WORK OF PROF. EMIL ABDERHALDEN, WHO HAS MADE A LIFE-SUSTAINING PROTEIN FROM INORGANIC MATTER-THE FIRST PRACTICAL STEP TOWARD FREEING MANKIND FROM DEPENDENCE UPON VEGETABLE SOURCES

OF NUTRITION

BY
LEONARD KEENE HIRSHBERG, M. D.

HE search for a food com- ammonia, has at last reached fruition
pounded wholly of chemical in man's creation of proteins.
elements, begun about eighty Proteins compose the essential parts
years ago

ago by the chemist of all living animal tissues. They are

Wöhler in 1828, when he made complex substances made up of carbon, the first organic compound from the hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and often mineral carbonic acid and the alkali sulphur, phosphorus, and iron. Sir Wil

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of old age.

liam Ramsay, the noted English chemist, hydrogen sulphide, carbonic acid gas, has not yet verified the suspicion that indol, skatol, and even carbolic acid. neon and helium are also present, but it Prof. Elie Metchnikoff maintains that is not at all improbable that these new, these latter three poisonous products, ubiquitous elements are also bound up ever present in the intestines, are the within the protein molecule. Simple pro- cause of senility and tissue degeneration. teids are never absent from the living Professor Metchnikoff has isolated organism. The muscles, glands, blood germ from the intestines of dogs which, serum, lymph, nerves, and tissues gen- implanted in beef broth, grows a byerally, except the tears and perspiration, product that will neutralize the poisonous have proteins as their principal constitu- action of skatol, indol, and phenol (carents. Without proteins and enzymes,

bolic acid). This dog bacillus of Metchlife could not exist.

nikoff is now made into tablets and Enzymes, or "ferments”, as they are prescribed by the doctors as a preventive also called, are a special chemical constituent of the stomach, of the blood, of Now this much has been known for a the muscles of the intestines, in each case generation, namely, the degradation of a with a specific name, such as pepsin. complex mass of meat and milk to the They do harmlessly the work inside the lowly ammonia, carbonic acid, and water. tissues that heat, acids, or alkalies do in But just as it is easier to pull down step the test tube. Enzymes effect changes by step the Cathedral at Rheims and in the tissues without injury to the living recognize each gargoyle, capital, and cells. They are the products of the cells entablature; just as it is simpler to pick and yet they have an independent in- out the motives, rhythm, tempo, nuances, dividuality all their own. Without them- and movements of the "Symphony Pathetselves changing, increasing, or decreasing, ique” of Beethoven, than to build a they induce great changes in the material cathedral or compose a masterpiece, even acted upon. Thus a microscopic speck more difficult has it proved to be, until of pepsin can alter tons of meat without to-day, to devise a chemical method of undergoing any manifest metamorphosis. rounding out a perfect food molecule.

The distinctive peculiarity of enzymes The importance of doing this can be is thus described by the London phar- the better realized when it is recalled that macologist, Prof. W. D. Halliburton. no animal is capable of making his own "We may roughly compare an enzyme," food. Vegetable life alone is fitted to he writes, “to an ill-disposed person who bring forth from nature's store a protein comes into a room full of good-natured ready made. people, and who succeeds in setting them Man must have his proteid food ready all by the ears. He has produced a made for him. Animals as well as thinkchange in them without undergoing any ing beings must eat herbs, meats, eggs, change himself, by his mere presence. berries, and fish. These are filled with He is, moreover, able to repeat the process the proteins that make us live, grow, and over and over again in fresh roomfuls multiply. But suppose some catastrophe, indefinitely."

some pandemic blight, should annihilate In the presence of water, many varieties all the plant life on earth! Imagine for of enzymes are decomposed, first into a moment the horrors of some animal proteids of lower molecular composition parasite, or vegetable disease, that would and weight, then into near-proteids called kill off all the plants of the universe! peptones and albumoses, again into acids, Such a conception or dream has been the and finally into compounds called chromo- nightmare of scientists for centuries, for gens, soaps, and salts.

it would mean starvation unto death for When proteids are broken up by the every living person on earth as well as for enzymes excreted from bacteria - par

par- very lower animal. ticularly the putrefying microbes — they The first forward step in creating form ammonium salts of fatty acids, laboratory foods was made by the great Louis Pasteur, discoverer of bacteria as Professor Abderhalden, who is still the cause of disease. He mixed certain a young man, has at last furnished positive simple substances, such as table salt, proof that man has it within his power saltpeter, and phosphates, and was startled to stand alone so far as food is concerned. to find that vegetable organisms would True enough, the extensive commercialgrow and multiply from these salty ization of only one variety of protein elements. Following his lead, the plant will not be much of a success, but it is physiologists of Europe and America plainly evident that if one specific protein were soon able by this method to build can be made it is a mere question of small amounts of vegetable proteins in technique to make others. their test tubes and flasks.

Professor Abderhalden's method was Twenty years ago, a French chemist, simple. First he fed laboratory animalsGrimaux by name, was impelled to seek rats, mice, prairie dogs, and cats — with a means of anticipating man's eternal organic acids (such as vinegar, asparagus dependence upon plant life. When his acid, and amido-acids), glycerine, olive oil, task was finished, the result was a syn- cotton oil, and butter fats. thetic combination of amido or ammonia- The animals contriv d to grow, wax fat, like acids, bodies that were links in the and have litters of young. This was the complex protein foods. Various other initial demonstration, the first on record, chemical Vulcans forged intervening links, that small animals could live and multiply one of the most important of which was without compound organic foods such beaten out by two German pharmacolo- as proteins. gists, Lilienfeld and Wolkowicz by name. The second step was to subtract from With the amido-acids of Grimaux they the animals' food first the olive, the cotton, made a soft, wax-like body that was and the butter oils, then the various acids, easily mistaken for gelatin. It remained,

It remained, and finally the glycerine. He soon dishowever, for one of the younger physio- covered that the animals could not live logical chemists of the twentieth century without the amido-acids, but could live to conclude the efforts to produce a pro- without any of the other food. tein by combining chemical elements. The third and last step in this marvel

No recent discovery has so excited the ous discovery was taken by Professor scientific and commercial world as that Abderhalden when he repeated the exof Prof. Emil Abderhalden, one of the periments in building up, from water, salt, greatest living physiological chemists. His ammonia, and acetic acid, those same laboratory at Halle is now the cynosure amido-acids that nourish and that inof the scientific world's eyes.

crease the weight of living beings.

THE MARCH OF THE CITIES

ST. JOHN, NEW BRUNSWICK, AWAKENED AFTER 150 YEARS

F

IVE years ago St. John, New A few of its citizens, nevertheless, Brunswick, was probably the started a movement the success of which most conservative city in all has surprised even the most optimistic the British western posses- of their number, and stands as a lesson to

sions. When the suggestion other backward-looking cities. was made that St. John should join the To-day, St. John is one of the biggest procession of American cities that were little cities in the world. Immigrants, building for greater and more rapid prog- believing themselves bound for the inress, the reply was: “That will not do terior of Canada — Manitoba or the here. We are too conservative.” And Saskatchewan country — are almost literalmost all St. John believed that.

ally kidnapped from the ships that touci. at St. John. Convincing agents meet the home builders. The pressure for lands ships and prove to many of the visitors for dairying and grain growing is so great that the best place for them to make their that the Provincial Government has been homes is “right here in New Brunswick.” compelled to take steps to open 200 miles

Entire colonies of Danish dairymen are of rich fruit and agricultural country that being brought to New Brunswick to start until now has remained practically a an industry heretofore practically ne- wilderness. Nine million dollars has been glected. These colonists are under the appropriated by the Government, to be guidance of experts who have made dairy- paid under contract, for 200 miles of railing a business, a trade, and a profession. road to be completed by November, 1915.

For 150 years St. John had remained That the railroads may have an adecontent in its conservatism. Such growth quate supply of fuel and not remain deas it had came to it so slowly that it was pendent upon foreign coal, $1,500,000 has unnoticed. Real estate values were un- been appropriated for the opening of changed decade after decade. But with mines in the Minto coal fields. Still the new life all this has been changed. another $1,500,000 has been appropriated Suburbs are springing up, values are multi- for the development of electrical energy plying, and great fortunes are being spent on the Restigouche, the Nepisiguit, and in improvements and business enterprises. the Miramichi rivers for transmission to

In the eastern harbor of St. John St. John. At least $7,300,000 is now being $11,500,000 is being spent for the con- invested in factory buildings and plants. struction of piers and dry docks. This To care for transients who are visiting sum is to be doubled within the next five St. John in constantly increasing numyears, and at the end of that time St. bers, $1,000,000 is being invested in a new John will have one of the greatest and hotel, and $450,000 in a new drill hall, safest harbors in the western world. theatre, and bank building.

During the present year $3,500,000 will For the first time, steamships leaving be spent for dredging, wharf construction, St. John for the East are carrying great and terminal facilities in the western harbor cargoes of New Brunswick grown fruits of St. John. Another $2,500,000 is being and New Brunswick dairy products and spent for warehouses and railroad terminal poultry. This indicates that this new facilities.

growth is logical and is likely to be perAlmost as though it had been accom- manent. plished over night, St. John has added St. John still speaks of itself as the City 20,000 to its 40,000 population of five of Loyalists, but many who use that term years ago, and the increase is continuing couple it with the assertion that St. John at a more rapid rate every month. The to-day is the most thoroughly American country back of it is filling with prosperous of American cities.

FORWARD TO THE LAND

A WOMAN'S SUCCESS ON THE LAND

ERE is the story of a woman

half cash and the balance on time at 8 who gained $25,000 in profits per cent. The land, the houses, and from the soil in six years from the fences had suffered from the "absentee an investment of $5,000: landlord” policy of their former owners.

Early in 1905, Mrs. Ida E. Mrs. Mathis spent $1,200 in repairs. Mathis bought and took charge of 740 She planted 10,000 fruit trees on part acres of red clay land in Calhoun Countyof the cleared land, at a cost of $600; Alabama. The farm cost $8.50 an acre, and rented the rest of the tillable part of

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