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Committee of the House voted to include as favorable climate for their needs — in the new tariff bill a clause to prohibit than they are likely to find in a strange the importation of all plumes, skins, or community. feathers of wild birds, other than ostriches, The commission recommends also a for sale or for use in millinery. If this comprehensive and logical plan for takclause remains in the bill to its passage, ing care of California's own tubercular it will stop at once a large share of the patients. The first step in this plan is a destruction of the beautiful and rare birds chain of dispensaries so placed that there that are rapidly being exterminated. shall be one in every city of 10,000 or more
people, and traveling dispensaries to LOCAL CARE OF TUBERCULOSIS
provide one or two days' service a month
at convenient branch stations. These NCE in a while a letter comes to dispensaries are to furnish an early diag
this office telling of the pitiful nosis and expert advice to all sufferers
> plight of many hundred victims from tuberculosis and to obtain early of tuberculosis in Colorado, California, information of the existence of all cases and Arizona, people who have left their so that the spread of infection may be homes in other parts of the country and limited. journeyed west upon slender resources The second step of the plan proposes in search of health. Many of them .hope- two sanatoria for hopeful cases, five farm fully expect to get some light work to colonies for convalescents, and hospital support themselves during convalescence. beds for 1,500 probably incurable cases. The light and profitable work does not Bills before the present session of the state materialize and they become a serious legislature, with a fair chance of passage, problem to the community.
provide for carrying these recommendaTwo years ago the State Board of Health tions into effect. The estimated first of California appointed a Tuberculosis cost is $1,160,000, and the estimated yearly Commission to make a careful study of cost of maintenance is about $1,000,000, the tuberculosis conditions in that state. which is a reasonable sum to expend to
The commission points out that the save an annual loss of at least $8,000,000 people seeking cures have made the in lost wages and cost of care, and an situation there extreme. The following incalculable amount of suffering. suggestion of the secretary of the State A similar method of meeting the tuberBoard of Health should be scattered culosis problem is suggested by Dr. E. H. broadcast through the country:
Galloway, the executive officer of the 1. Tuberculosis patients who think of Mississippi State Board of Health. His migrating should first learn all that is plan is that every county shall take care of known about the climate, opportunities its own consumptives; or perhaps, where for making a livelihood, living conditions, counties are particularly free from the laws, attitude of the people toward disease, that two or three counties shall patients in their condition, and special combine. Open air camps under comaccommodations for their care in the place petent physicians would produce the to which they intend to go. Hundreds maximum of health to the patients with of patients — probably thousands — die the minimum cost of money and suffering. of homesickness in strange communities The patients would not be far removed who would have lived in their own homes from their families and friends, and this under proper care. Many patients lose should add to their chance of recovery. their vitality under the strain of the effort Dr. Galloway concludes his recommento find work that is suited to their training dation with these words, which are as and condition. And many patients, if applicable to most of the rest of the counthey only knew it, could find better con- try as they are to Mississippi: ditions for recovery in their own com- We now know that a large number of these munities - better food, better care, and cases can be cured which we formerly thought better mental environment, with almost were doomed. How much better this method
would be than to send them West, as we now thereafter to criticize what seemed his do, a great many of them without money and mistakes and hesitant temperament; and no means to support themselves, practically it opposed his reëlection last year. This outcasts, unable to work, and a care to the com
perfect freedom is the breath of life of this munity where they go, dying among strangers.
These obvious remarks it seems pardonA WORLD'S WORK ANNOUNCE able now to repeat because Mr. Walter H. MENT
Page, who has been the chief editor of the
World's Work, has accepted a post in T HE WORLD's Work, as its readers the diplomatic service. He has with
know, is under obligation to but drawn from the management of the maga
one class of persons, namely, its zine and its councils during the period of readers; and to them it is under a definite his Government service, leaving it wholly contract to publish the truth, as nearly as it free from any imaginary obligation to Mr. can ascertain the truth, and to remain Wilson's administration or to Mr. Page free — free to pass unbiased judgments on himself. The magazine will suffer no public policies and public men. For in- change, for the work of editing it has for stance, it thought it wise to approve most a long time and in an increasing degree of Mr. Roosevelt's policies during his Presi- been team-work. The editorial staff are dency; but it did not hesitate to oppose Mr. now old in its service. They work with Roosevelt last fall, when he was a candidate unity of aim and with the single purpose for a third term. It preferred Mr. Taft's of fairly and freely interpreting our manyelection in 1908; but it did not hesitate sided life to its generous readers.
INVESTMENT “CATS AND DOGS”
WOMAN, living out in a thriv- money at the bank, she determined, ing Nebraska town, came into reluctantly, as a last resort, to sell her possession, through the death stocks. She found, moreover, that the of her husband about a year local banker could not help in that trans
ago, of an estate which consis. action. So she sent to this magazine a ted of a small mercantile business, a credit list of her securities, and asked to be balance of a few hundred dollars at the advised how to proceed to market them, local bank, and some stock certificates of and how much cash she could reasonably the total face value of several thousand expect them to bring. dollars, representing "investments” that The list was made up entirely of a kind had been made by her husband from time of stocks about which there was a good to time in a half dozen or more companies. deal of inquiry a few years ago, but which
She assumed at once the responsibilities is rarely mentioned nowadays in this of the management of the business, hopeful magazine's investment correspondence. that, with the help of her two grown chil. The records showed that two of the comdren, she could continue to make it yield, panies represented had gone out of busias it had in the past, a comfortable living ness in 1906, apparently without sufficient for them all. But, to her dismay, she assets to have made any accounting worth made the discovery shortly afterward while. Two were found to have lost title that the business was burdened with debt, to their properties through failure to pay and that the creditors were not of the in- taxes, and were classed as "dead". And dulgent sort.
three were found to have been promotions Failing to obtain an extension of time of men who had been gathered into the in which to meet the creditors' claims, and net of the post-office authorities, and confinding that she could not borrow enough victed on charges of using the mails to
defraud. The stocks were all useless as are being noticed widely in the current a means of saving the woman's business. news, similar instances can be recalled
This story is typical of the kind most from the older records. Appraisers of the frequently heard about unwise investment. $66,000,000 estate of Russell Sage, who It has become a more or less common died in 1906, reported as worthless a habit to think of the surplus of the un- miscellaneous lot of stocks and bonds, wary country merchant, the mite of the amounting to about $1,000,000 par value. widow, the legacy of the orphan, the Among the securities in the $75,000,000 hard-earned savings of the parson, or the estate of Jay Gould, who died in 1892, spare dollars of the self-sacrificing school there were worthless issues of the face teacher, as the only funds that get ear- value of $2,000,000. marked for the promotion of precarious But, however striking these examples of enterprise. One reason for this notion is unwise investments made by men so able that the records of such cases are the most to command investment wisdom, there easily found. For instance, one may pick is little in them that should cause the up one's newspaper almost any day and investor of more limited resources to find an account of the financial misfortunes despair. From the lists of worthless of credulous investors of small means, who securities held by almost any wealthy have been called to bear witness against investor like a Harriman or an Astor, it is the promoters of "get-rich-quick” schemes. necessary to make a good many elimina
Though it is undoubtedly true that the tions to get at an estimate of the amount losses of investors of this class, lured into which measures actual error of judgment. mistakes by extravagant advertisements Many stocks and bonds of strange names in conscienceless newspapers or by cun- and characteristics find their way into ningly written circular letters, run into the possession of such investors, bringing many millions yearly, they are probably little, if any, expectation of return. The exceeded in amount by the losses that are percentage of their capital which such men made in securities of doubtful merit by put deliberately into ventures of the even the shrewdest and most successful essentially risky type is in most cases business men. Not infrequently, a case small indeed. The records show that, of the latter kind comes to light, where the after all, the "rich man's gamble," pure “victim” is found to have been some man and simple, is not as big by comparison of great prominence in the financial world. as it is frequently made to appear. By He may even have been one of those way of contrast, consider the difference commonly credited with some mysterious between the principles of distribution faculty for achieving success in the invest- observed by the man who, out of resources ment markets — perhaps, one of those of $70,000,000, stakes a million or so on whose successes are sometimes ascribed to enterprises of honest conception, which “inside information” and other like ad- turn out merely to have been misguided, vantages that are not possessed by the and the principles oberved by the invesaverage investor.
tor who, like the Nebraska lady, stakes For example, it was shown by the nearly everything on enterprises that are expert appraisal of the $70,000,000 estate as likely as not to be wilfully fraudulent. of the late Edward H. Harriman that that Just ordinary business prudence will great railroad genius and financier had usually tell any investor how to discrimiamong his holdings of securities worthless nate for himself between these two kinds stocks and bonds of the par value of more of enterprise, and how much, if any, rein than $4,000,000. Several millions of such he can properly give to his inclination to securities were reported by the experts who take a chance for large returns. Business completed in April last their appraisal of prudence will allow the small capitalist, the real and personal property of the in mighty few instances, to go far afield possessor of the great Astor fortune, who from the safest of standard investment lost his life in the Titanic disaster in the securities, and invariably it will prescribe for spring of 1912. And while these instances him the most competent banking counsel.
THE MELLOWED VETERAN OF MANY POLITICAL CAMPAIGNS AS HE APPEARS TO-
CHIEF CHARACTERISTIC IS SIMPLICITY OF HEART AND MIND
HE relations between the Pres- it assumes to pledge the candidate to "the ident and his Secretary of principle” of a single term. There were State afford Washington and those who believed that if Mr. Bryan were the political world in general invited to join the Cabinet, he would ask
their most precious subject Mr. Wilson whether they were in agreeof gossip. Few politicians believed that ment on that plank. We may assume Mr. Bryan would be in Mr. Wilson's with entire confidence that that question Cabinet. Many doubted that he would was never asked — for, of course, Mr. be asked; more believed he would Wilson could not have permitted himself decline. When they learned that he to answer it. both had been asked and had accepted. The truth is, the subject is peculiarly there was a pretty general falling back on and entirely one which can be dealt with the dark prediction that the relationship wisely, from every point of view, in just of President and Premier would endure one way — and that way is, by letting it only a few months. Two men so ambi- alone. It would be an exhibition of very tious, it was argued, could not possibly be poor taste for Mr. Wilson to refuse a secexpected to pursue a common course. ond term before any one had suggested Two temperaments so imperious could not offering him one. It would be impolitic get along together. Mutual suspicions, for him to do so, for it would weaken his if not mutual antagonisms, were certain influence. It would be as idle for him to to arise. The aim of one would be to do so as it was for one of his predecessors make his administration so great a suc- to refuse, four years in advance, a third cess that he would be acclaimed for a term. If, as the campaign of 1916 draws second term; the other would hardly have on, Mr. Wilson's administration has been that as an aim, especially in view of the a failure, it will not be necessary to appeal Baltimore platform declaration in favor to the Baltimore plank to prevent his of a single term.
re-nomination. If it has been the success With regard to the single term, that is his friends believe it will be, the Baltimore a matter which undeniably lies unsettled, plank will be forgotten; no pledge could undiscussed, unreferred to, between the have been invented so solemn that its recoltwo men. But that is precisely where it lection could stop his re-nomination. The ought to lie. There often arise questions single term question will settle itself. which no discussion and no announce- Now, Mr. Bryan knows this. He is not ment of intentions can settle; which so unpractised in practical politics as to must be left to settle themselves. Mr. believe that an ambiguous platform plank Bryan undoubtedly believes that the Bal- is going to have any consideration in 1916. timore plank pledges Mr. Wilson to a sin- Yet to deny that the defeated hero of gle term. Probably Mr. Wilson has no three campaigns would like to be President such idea. He has never declared his would take hardihood indeed. My conacceptance of the Baltimore platform, and clusion is that Mr. Bryan, so far as he is the single term plank is highly ambiguous- actuated by any ambitious anticipations, expects nothing else than to succeed Mr. ing within the memory of this generation Wilson in 1921. He will then be only matches the abominating horror the sixty-one years old, and he will be as shrieks of which greeted the nomination of mellowed and widely beloved a man as the “cross of gold” orator. ever sat in the chair of Washington and To hear him execrated as a fellow of Jefferson and Lincoln. Not a vestige Aaron Burr, Benedict Arnold, and Judas then will remain of the hate that villified Iscariot was common a dozen years ago. him. His career will round itself out “Mouthing demagogue,” “anarchist," completely, in the light which it is already “renegade,” “puppet in the blood-imbued assuming, as one of the most remarkable hands of Altgeld” — such were the ordiillustrations of the reversal of a people's nary epithets by which he was described. judgment.
I have seen men cleanse their mouths The only other tenable theory is that after having spoken the name of Bryan. Mr. Bryan hopes to wreck the Adminis- For years, half of the people of the United tration. Some light on this hypothesis States piously believed that William may be thrown by a passage of words that Jennings Bryan was a depraved, vicious took place last winter; my account may man; an enemy of law and of Society. be taken as authentic. A political friend Almost as many more, it is true, hailed was suggesting to Mr. Bryan that it would him as a Savior; thousands would have be a mistake for him to commit his for- laid down their lives for him. But the tunes to the Wilson Administration. astonishing fact is that the virulence of “Stay out of it,” he urged. “Suppose it the hate which, on his appearance, broke is a failure. You will be involved, and out and raged like a pestilence or a mania, be discredited yourself. The nomination has disappeared. He has not changed; in 1916 wouldn't come to you, and if it he has not recanted. He has just lived. did, it wouldn't be worth while for a “What is truth?” said jesting Pilate, member of the Cabinet to run.”
and would not stay for an answer. “What "Have you reflected, my friend," was is success?” is a query on which the mediMr. Bryan's reply, “that if the Wilson tative might reflect with possible profit. Administration is a failure, it won't be To go down in battle three times; to be worth while for any Democrat to run in still denied, in 1912, what seemed almost 1916?”
within reach in 1896; after sixteen years Mr. Bryan is in the Cabinet in good of unprofitable fighting to hand over the faith. It is impossible that he should not leadership at the dawn of a new and probe conscious of the irony which, in the pitious day to a new captain unheard of hour of Democratic victory, ignoring him in the earlier battles — this would not comwho chiefly bore the burden and heat of monly be said to describe “success.” But the day, gave the reward to another. can you say that that man is a defeated Mr. Bryan is hardly a philosopher, but he man who now sees his principles prevail is believer in Providence, habituated to and the party that he fought to save from a pious submission to the inscrutable de- itself finally committed to all he stood and crees of the God whom he loyally serves. stands for and finally triumphant in the
Nation that so long rejected it? There is
nothing so vulgar as “success.” Anybody The time has come when a new estimate can “succeed.” It takes the great to of the character of this remarkable man is "fail.” Mr. Bryan belongs to one arismaking its way into the consciousness of tocracy — the aristocracy of men who the Nation. It would be untrue to say might "succeed,” but who magnificently that no man in our political history has decline to do so; who set their hearts been so vilified, for the language in which on a great end but scorn to stipulate for Jefferson was held up by his opponents the personal rewards which in the eyes of to contempt and abhorrence has now the vulgar are the proof and perquisites passed out of the speaking and writing of triumph. vocabulary of civilized society. But noth- At the nominating convention held in