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The President, the Postmaster-General, ucts that were imported into Georgia from and members of Congress have more im- other states: portant duties than appointments to
GROWN IN GEORGIA AND SOLD these small jobs; and it is a long step toward common sense to keep them under the
1,800,000 bales cotton at $60. . $108,000,000
900,000 tons cotton seed at $30. 27,000,000 civil service rules. Incidentally, they cannot again pack political conventions of
$135,000,000 either party.
GROWN ELSEWHERE AND SOLD IN GEORGIA
Corn purchased in 1912 ... $ 58,930,000 There's something so fascinating about
Hay purchased in 1912 . . 23,680,000 an office that men lose their common
Oats purchased in 1912 ... 39,336,000
2,550,000 sense in seeking it and their official friends Meat. dairy and poultri lose honesty in aiding them. This story ducts ......... 48,000,000 is told at Washington and is typical: Two Senators and an important Representative
$172,496,000 in Congress called on a Cabinet officer and These items of food for man and beast made most earnest pleas for the appoint- cost $37,496,000 more than the cotton ment of a man to an office that no one of brought. The point is that practically first-rate ability could afford to accept. every bushel of this corn and oats and The Secretary listened patiently to their every pound of hay and all this meat and several orations in praise of the applicant. poultry and dairy products could have Then, when silence came, he remarked: been produced in Georgia at a profit, in
"Of course, you gentlemen know that addition to the cotton. In fact, the cotton this office is in the classified service and no would have been the better for it. appointment can be made except under W hy wasn't it done? This buying of the civil service rules.”
corn and the rest, on its face, seems so One of the honorable callers asked the idiotic, that there must be an explanation. company out to have drinks; and, as they The explanation is this: were leaving the room, one with a sly smile The market for cotton is thoroughly put his head again in the door and said: organized. A farmer can take a bale of
"Well, Mr. Secretary, you'll bear witness cotton to any town or village and get cash that I've done my duty by him."
for it on any working day of the year. We pay Senators and Representatives The market for corn and hay and butter rather meagrely; but the most niggardly and meat is organized (so to speak) against salary is a shameful waste of money to the Georgia consumer. These products men who waste time and character in have been imported by jobbing houses this way. For at the bottom of this whole for many years, and they have the distribadvance on the Secretary, there was an uting machinery. A Georgian knows essential lie. They knew that the fellow where he can buy hay and corn and meat, was unworthy of the office, and they knew but he doesn't know where he could sell he couldn't get it, and they didn't wish them if he should raise them. That is him to have it. But they lacked the cour why he has grown only cotton. age of common decency to tell him the Of course, thorough-going business men plain truth about the case.
would have no difficulty in dealing with such a situation. But the scattered and
usually unorganized farmers are not thorAN IDIOTIC ECONOMIC SITUATION ough-going business men. Here are need
and chance for coöperative marketing. M ARH. G. HASTINGS, of Atlanta, Suppose, for instance, in a given neighbor
Ga., has published the following hood, every farmer belonged to a coöpera
somewhat startling statement of tive society which employed a secretary, the production of the money-crop in whose business it should be to keep a Georgia last year and of the farm prod- record of what every member had to sell
and needed to buy. He would find a tional highways are not primarily designed home or near-by market for all the hay for the farmer or the city delivery people and corn and oats and meat that every or for any such commercial uses. man could produce. Then, of course, More real business would be done on rotation in crops would follow.
roads built in radiating spokes leading to The silliness of this situation — well, every nook and corner of the surrounding in a world wherein everything has been county from the cities than will be done on done by organization for a generation or thousand-mile highways from one part of two, those regions and industries which the country to another. The proposers have not organized are precisely where of the multifarious Federal aid schemes they were in the old times of primitive (there were seventy bills on this subject commercial life. But the way out of this before the last Congress) come to the idiotic economic situation is, let us hope, Federal Treasury because they feel that imminent throughout the country.
a Government that wastes money on river
and harbor improvements and public NOTICE OF A NEW PORK BARREL
buildings can be induced to waste money
on public roads, particularly if the roads HE National Highways Association, are planned to traverse Congressional dis
believing in the building and per- tricts represented by men whose support
manent maintenance of 50,000 for a measure can be forced by the price miles of highways by the Federal Govern- of a piece of “pork”. But such districts ment, lately sent to the press a circular are, happily, fewer than they used to be, letter and five elaborate pamphlets, maps, and if the public once gets an insight into bulletins, etc., in support of its propaganda. the true inwardness of the colossal scheme
One of the pamphlets is devoted to of Federal appropriations which this naproof of the economic advantage of good tional aid to roads involves, there will be no roads, a proposition now generally ad- political glory to be had by championing it. mitted, and jumps from that to the We should and must have the good conclusion that because they are economi- roads, but we ought not to have them cally beneficial it is in the province of the until each community wants themearnestly National Treasury to pay for them. enought to pay for them. We should not
This illogical deduction is reached have them given to us willy-nilly from notwithstanding the very examples of the bountiful hand of a wasteful Governgood roads which were used to prove ment at the behest of an automobile and their economic advantages are state and road-machinery propaganda. The real county built roads.
good roads movement springing from the The obvious logical deduction is, if these needs and desires of the people throughout state and county roads are so beneficial, to the country will be retarded and blocked build more state and county roads. Be- if this new pork-barrel scheme spreads its fore good roads can be had all over the corrupting influence through the land. country in this manner, the people all over the country will have to come to THE CITIES AND THE FARM believe in roads earnestly enough to pay
MOVEMENT for them. When good roads do come in this manner they will serve their most HE INTERSTATE Agricultural useful purpose.
and Industrial Congress, which met But this solid, substantial way of doing T at St. Joseph, Mo., for three days things from the bottom up is too slow for in the second week of March, well illustrates the national aid propagandists, with their the new spirit in agriculture that is engagget-rich-quick kind of road building schemes ing the best thought of the Nation, both of to get good, long distance touring roads city dwellers and country folk. Several for automobiles through states and counties thousand farmers from Nebraska, lowa, which are not themselves ready to build Kansas, and Missouri joined the citizens and maintain them. The proposed na- of St. Joseph, at the invitation of the Commerce Club, to hear addresses by SCHOOLS THAT DISCOVERED A distinguished speakers from all parts of
CITY the United States and to discuss the improvement of farm management, of farm 0 EVERAL years ago Mr. J. W. living, and of the relations between town Sewell, supervisor of the grammar and country.
schools of Nashville, Tenn., led his Both the invitation and the congress schools to discover the city in which they were typical of the new movement. St. were and the city in turn to discover its Joseph is one of the oldest settlements of schools. The children are taught their the Middle West, and it has lived for the daily tasks in the terms of the life around last forty years in the memory, and in them. accordance with the traditions, of its first. In the English course, for example, at prosperity as a trading and outfitting post least one careful exercise must be written for the gold seekers of '49. The other day during every term on some such subject its citizens awoke to realize that St. Joseph as: “Points of Historic Interest Around was at the centre where the border lines Nashville;" "What Nashville Manufacof four of the richest agricultural states tures;” “The Value of the Cumberland converge and that it was losing its oppor- River to Nashville;" "How Our City is tunity to become agreat agricultural market Governed;" "Our City Schools." By the by clinging to its vanishing commercial time the pupil has passed through the ten glory. Upon that realization the Com- terms of the grammar school grades, his merce Club engaged a farm adviser under ten exercises have driven into him the a three-year contract to help develop the fact that he lives somewhere, that his resources of its farming neighborhood. city has a reason for being, and some Then the club, under the inspiration of relation to the rest of the world; and in Col. R. M. Bacheller, announced the doing this the child's mental training has agricultural congress.
not been neglected. Such men as President W. C. Brown, of . In geography and history, the boys and the New York Central Railroad, President girls are required to touch over and over H. J. Waters, of the State Agricultural again upon Nashville's trade and indusCollege of Kansas, Dr. L. L. Lumsden, of tries, as well as the lives of Tennessee's the United States Public Health Service, eminent men. For example, in the sixth and other distinguished men, came to grade the students learn about the lumber, speak on the best methods to extend farm textile, and other industries of Nashville, credit, on coöperative marketing, on sani- something about river and railroad transtation on the farm, on diversification of portation, the territory covered by the crops, on soil renewal, and on other sub- domestic and foreign trade, etc. jects that are vital to the regeneration of Besides classroom work, the pupils, country living.
under the care of their teachers, have been One of the first results of the congress sent out in groups to study the work of was that one thousand farmers pledged a factories, foundries, warehouses, coffee dollar apiece for prizes for the best corn roasting plants, mills, etc., as well as at a corn show which they arranged to hold municipal institutions. After returning next year. The farmers who were present to school they spent one or two periods on also proposed another meeting of the another day in comparing notes, discussing congress, which they will help to manage, the industry, and clearing up more or less and which will be held probably next indistinct impressions. Later every child December or January.
wrote his own account of the visit, and one Here, again, as at Duluth and at other or two of the best papers were sent to the cities, the town and the country have factories that entertained them. united to further that agricultural advance Furthermore, in the study of current which is one of the most inspiring and topics, which is required in the sixth, most hopeful movements in the upward seventh, and eighth grades, all questions march of American life.
relating to the progress and welfare of the
ago. Butas made
handieen-year old even these the light of
city are readily seized upon by the pupils. such astonishing growth as this, for the They are keen to discern matters of more first commercial exhibition of motion than passing interest; and, in the light of pictures was made only seventeen years previous training, even these twelve- or ago. But even more noteworthy than fourteen-year old children are able to their financial importance is the educahandle such topics with profit and with tional influence of the pictures. They evident pleasure.
reveal new possibilities to teachers of By the kindness of the city merchants, history and science, and they put a new the schools obtained invoices, freight bills, weapon in the hands of social reformers and contracts of sale, and other like papers of sanitary engineers. Elsewhere in this trade and these, in part, take the place of magazine the educational service of the the time-honored books of arithmetic. pictures is described at length. Both The work is made as interesting as possible commercially and educationally they are a to the children; for they are doing problems remarkable and most useful addition to the of real life, and the names in the problems resources of modern civilization. are the names of firms and businesses that they hear and see every day.
ABOUT JOY IN ONE'S WORK : The public school children of Nashville are having their minds trained to work by N INCIDENTAL word was recently studying real life, and the people of Nash
published in these pages about the ville cannot help taking a keen and active T I enjoyment of life while a man's interest in schools which take such an work goes on. Should a man look upon interest in them. The schools are a part his bread-earning as an unwelcome task, of the life of the city, not, as is often the to be hurried and done with confusion and case with public schools, institutions apart at the risk of his health, with the hope from the life of the city.
of reaching an early period of retirement
when he may do what he will and "really THE MOTION PICTURE INDUSTRY enjoy life?” This has provoked inquiries
and experiences. CORE than twenty thousand mo- In the first place, the subject lacks a
tion picture theatres in the United wide interest, for few men can consider
States take every day the nickels it at all. Those who can ever voluntarily and dimes of probably five million patrons. retire before they must do not make a A recent estimate is that approximately large part of the working community, 200 million dollars are invested in the although they might wisely make a larger business and that it utilizes the labor of part than they now do. But suppose a about five hundred thousand people man can hope to retire at an early period directly or indirectly.
and live thereafter without gainful work, Here are the sums invested in a few of is he justified in regarding whatever rethe old and basic industries of the United spectable occupation he has as a bore or States, as shown by the last census: copper, as merely a method of earning enough tin, and sheet iron products, 217 millions; money to retire on? And, if he so regards furniture, 227 millions; petroleum refining, it, is he likely to enjoy his retirement? 181 millions; anthracite coal mining, 246 He will make a very doubtful experimillions. The motion picture industry ment. Whatever a man do during his already ranks with these. Perhaps an active period, he ought to do with such even more striking comparison is with orderliness and thoroughness as to get from the printing and publishing business, which his daily and monthly and yearly labor is one of the oldest and most widely dis- the pleasure that comes from doing his tributed of all industries. Motion pictures task well and the additional pleasure of utilize more than a third as much capital so doing it that he performs a real service. as is used by that great business.
To do anything wholly for the money it Perhaps no industry except the manu- brings is not to do it well enough. And facture of automobiles has recently shown those men who contract the habit of
working wholly for money are likely there- 75 feet wide and 12 feet deep, connecting by to unfit themselves for the enjoyment of both Lake Erie and Lake Ontario with the a period of retirement. For the right- Hudson River to New York. Boats of 3,000 minded man makes agreeable companion- tons, capacity will be able to ply between ships in his daily work, he finds problems Buffalo or Oswego and New York, transthat call for all his brain and character — shipping goods from Duluth and Chicago for endurance, for fair judgment, for just and Detroit and Toronto. dealing, for doing as he would be done The total length of the canal will be by; and all these are the very warp and 434 miles. More than 130 million cubic woof of successful living. If he so "rush yards of excavation will be dug (Panama, things” that he sacrifices these enjoyments 242 millions), and the total cost will be 108 and this discipline and this human relation- million dollars (Panama, 375 millions). ship, he will discover that in his period Fifty million dollars' worth of the work is of ease the lack of this very experience now done, and the canal will probably be will make life seem barren. Few men are opened in 1915. And one state is paying better, or are likely to become better, the bill. . than they show themselves in their daily The hotly controverted questions, work.
whether it will ever be sufficiently used to The kind of man to retire from money- justify its cost, whether railroad developearning labor with the hope of really ment has made canal traffic obsolete, and enjoying life is the man who has really whether in any event the mere existence enjoyed life during his period of hardest of such a canal will operate to keep freight work. And you will deceive yourself if rates reasonable and thus justify itself, you imagine that in idleness you will time alone can answer. At least it is a develop virtues or a capacity for sensible monumental undertaking. enjoyment that you did not have during your working years.
THE SEA-LEVEL OF FINANCE "I have a library of books that I have collected which I wish to read with con
HE danger of a European war is tinuity of attention"- So writes one
passed – there is a new danger of gentleman; "and I've been ‘rushing things'
a European war. So the changing to get money enough to give years to this game goes on; and, while nobody regards enjoyment before I die." If he cannot a general conflict as imminent, almost find time to read before he reaches later every man who knows European politics middle life, is there any reason to hope fears that it will come. This expectation that he would read after that period, if already very seriously affects the finances leisure should come to him? It would be of the world. American securities that wise to "rush things” a little less, to get were held in Germany in particular have what joy he can from his present work been coming home in sufficient quantities and at least to begin his reading now. very seriously to lower their price. The Few of us change after we have passed fifty governments of Europe, especially the
German, have been having trouble in A CANAL HALF AS BIG AS marketing their own securities. PANAMA
All this means that the financial world is
perfectly aware of the necessity, as GerHE state of New York is building — many looks at it, of German expansion; and has more than half finished and, by some unhappy event, which no one
- the Barge Canal that will require can forsee, this may lead to a conflict. half as much excavation (though in a less Finance, of course, has its sea-level. concentrated area) as the Panama Canal, Whatever disturbs the markets or the and that will cost one third as much. credit or arouses the fears of any people
The Barge Canal will lift the old Erie has its immediate effect in the market places Canal from a tow-path route for little of all other nations. A slowly subscribed boats to a small river, nowhere less than loan of the German Government affects the