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tools herself, works for an hour by the clock, you any harm to fill in a spare hour finding and then shows him that she has done out how to run the planing machine." what she called an hour's work for him. The fellow was a long, lean young She has assigned every task in her plant foreigner who had loafed, sulking, as we by this method; has tried it for herself; entered. Now he brightened with interest. and claims that a man's output of work The Iron Woman was passing on to other should meet hers. It brings them to discussions, but I stopped her. terms. Not a man will admit that a “How does it happen that you take a man woman's accomplishment is too heavy

heavy from the foundry and flip him over to the for him.

machine shop without warning?” I asked. Clark Fisher lived for five years, but She laughed. "It's the way I keep men he was never able to resume charge of the from becoming machines," she said. plant. It is now nine years since he died, "Monotony is one of the worst developnine years that his widow has been totally ments of modern industry. That man alone in the ownership of the plant, al- has been moody for a week. He loafs though her supervision of it dates back all the time. Over and over | cure disfourteen years. She has an output four content this way. It doesn't agree with times as great as he ever reached.

me to do the same thing all the time I saw her take a man from the molding- why should it agree with a workman? room one day and shift him over to the Mental indigestion results. Try a change. machine shop. “Dock'll give you a Maybe that man hasn't enough skill lesson," she said, lightly. "It won't do bottled up in him to work in the machine

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USING ONE OF HER OWN ANVILS MRS. ANDREW FIRST WON THE RESPECT OF HER EMPLOYEES BY LIFTING A 250-POUND ANVIL UNASSISTED AND

PUTTING IT ON A TRUCK

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MRS. ANDREW IN HER FARMYARD TO WHICH SHE GOES FOR RECREATION AFTER THE DAY'S WORK AT THE FOUNDRY

shop, but the men there will gladly try does not spill now. “What I knew about him out and give him a chance.'

making a kitchen fire burn taught me to Two weeks later I saw him again and run the cupola,” she says. “It is what his moodiness was cured. Moreover, he you have learned everywhere applied to had shown enough ability in the machine the matter in hand that makes success. shop to be given a place there some day. That's horse-sense."

But she has still a better way to stimu- It was this “horse-sense,” incidentally, late flagging interest. She makes every that prompted her to buy a farm, run man play a part in the game. She never her own dairy, raise her own poultry and reduces them to blind and dumb parts of vegetables. “I can come out here all used the mechanism. She “keeps something up with some fuss over freight rates or ahead of them," as she phrases it. The advertising, and it straightens me out in Government has ordered four hundred five minutes to milk a cow." anvils. “That is a great order for us," And combined with her favorite "horseshe cries, "let's all pitch in and fill it on sense” is her process of humanizing the time!" and immediately there is a new relation between employer and employee; enthusiasm and energy in their work. she enters into her men's interests, she

Standing on the scaffold of the cupola, draws them into hers. She and her she has overlooked the work of her foundry methods are worth studying because they for fourteen years and she has worked out are a success. That is why big conventions theories of her own — theories which have of manufacturers want her in their disturned out to be practical. She watched cussions. They know that she has won men carrying molten iron at a hit-or-miss out, and in a day when competition is pace, slopping it over and ending in the keen and labor is beset with complications. hospital. “When I went to a gymnasium She likes to tell you that in all the years in my girlhood we were taught to carry of the plant's existence it has never shut buckets of water while we chanted “left- down, never missed a pay day, never right, left-right,'” she said. She gave known a strike. A boss whose men stay the men a drill. You can hear that under- by her after a quarter-century of contone of "left-right, left-right" in the tented labor has something of interest molding room to-day, and the hot liquid to say to employers.

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HEALTH

EXHIBITS

WONDERFUL MIN-
IATURE REPRODUC-
TIONS OF CITIES AND
FARMS THAT ILLUSTRATE
SANITARY AND INSANITARY
METHODS OF SEWAGE DISPOSAL
AND OTHER AIDS AND HINDRANCES
TO HEALTHFUL LIVING — A FLY “AS BIG
AS A CAT”— OTHER MARVELS OF THE EXHIBIT
IN

THE HALL OF HEALTH OF THE AMERICAN
MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY IN NEW YORK CITY

BY

JOHN WALKER HARRINGTON

S

AY, fellers, that's how those of a neighboring sewer directly into the floating baths give yer sore floating bath. The mimic scene is eneyes. Gee, I don't go there closed in a large square case, placed on a any more.”

low level, so that the visitors may look A visual lesson in sanitation down upon it. A placard drives home the this, instantly applied by a group of boys lesson that it is dangerous to frequent a standing before an exhibit in the newly bath near a sewer, as for example, the opened Hall of Health of the American bath at Corlears Hook, to which cases of Museum of Natural History, New York eye disease and of far worse maladies have City. This exhibit represented a river, the been traced. water portrayed by sheet glass. Buoyed The old way of instructing the public in as in the stream was a small model of one such matters was by a learned lecture upon of those wooden floating baths which the water-borne epidemics; the new way city bestowed at intervals along the water enables the sight to carry an evangel of front. Manikins in trunks were diving health direct to the brain. from spring boards; others splashed in the In this division of the museum, young and cool green water; the heels of one protruded old gaze at its ingenious installations and from the sparkle of the tide.

are entertained by its translation of the But the grim realism of the representa- abstractions of science into the vivid tion is in a current which, darker than the realities of everyday life. The Hall of surrounding water, flows from the mouth Health was formally opened last April and the occasion had a double interest and celluloid, wrought into being after because the municipal Department of nine months of patient toil by the sculptorHealth was then preparing for the first preparator, Mr. Ignaz Matausch. Here “Annual May Clean-up" of the city of rests, upon a highly magnified crumb of New York. Especially useful as a stimu- bread, a fly worthy of a swat. Forty

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“FLY ON A CRUMB OF BREAD" THE REMARKABLE MODEL IN THE HALL OF HEALTH OF THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY, IN NEW YORK CITY, SHOWING ON A GIGANTIC SCALE THE POSSIBILITIES OF HUMAN INFECTION WITH DISEASES THE GERMS OF WHICH ARE CARRIED FROM FILTH TO FOOD ON THE FEET OF THE FLY. THE SCULPTORPREPARATOR, MR. IGNAZ MATAUSCH (IN THE PICTURE), SPENT NINE MONTHS IN MAKING THIS MODEL

lus to this clean-up was the model of a times the length of the living fly, and house fly "as big as a cat." The public 64,000 times greater in bulk, he exposes may not read as many "Swat the Fly" the guilt of all his race on a gigantic scale. warnings as it should, but it has been A glance tells how disease germs are transwonderfully interested in this triumph of ferred from his padded feet to the little craftsmanship in blown glass, steel, wire, cavities in the sponge-like substance of the bread. Men, women, and children gather lured by military glory, stop to study two about the prodigious pest and read the companies of miniature soldiers, khaki scathing indictment of him as a carrier of clad. One company of lead warriors is typhoid and other mortal ills.

[graphic]

A “RAT PROOF” DWELLING AND OUT-BUILDINGS A MODEL THAT SHOWS HOW CONCRETE FOUNDATIONS AND BASEMENT FLOORS CLOSE THE FAVORITE ENTRANCE

OF THESE BEARERS OF DISEASE

winning the bubble reputation at the Then there is a clatter of heels on the cannon's mouth; the other, sick leave tesselated floor, and a crowd of boys, It appears from this demonstration that

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THIS MODEL SHOWS GRAPHICALLY THE RELATION THAT UNCOVERED GARBAGE, BROKEN PIPES, AND UNPROTECTED FOUNDATIONS BEAR TO THE PRESENCE OF RATS, WHICH ARE NOT ONLY DESTRUCTIVE BUT WHICH OFTEN CARRY GERMS OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND SOMETIMES THE FLEAS THAT SPREAD BUBONIC PLAGUE

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