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THE INSPIRATION OF THE STATE AND COUNTY FAIRS FROM AN INTEREST THAT BEGAN IN AND THAT WAS FOSTERED BY THE PERFORMANCES OF FINE HORSES ON THE RACETRACKS, THESE FAIRS HAVE DEVELOPED INTO GREAT EXCHANGES OF VALUABLE AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION AND INTO CENTRES OF INNOCENT AMUSEMENT FOR BOTH COUNTRY FOLK AND CITY DWEILERS

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its way and rests on what appears to be a substantial, permanent foundation.

The amusement park is an American creation. Until very recently it was unknown in Europe, and has developed in this country only within the last twenty years.

No one can claim to have invented it, as it has grown up in various styles in various places from various causes bringing forth free parks, pay parks, street railway parks, beach resorts, excursion resorts,"zoos, concert gardens, and "white cities.' From 1904 to 1907 there was a hysteria of park promotion, followed by a

A PARACHUTE JUMP

ONE OF THE OLDEST AND MOST POPULAR PER

FORMANCES AT COUNTY FAIRS

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really extraordinary attractions besides their "novelties." Willow Grove Park, in Philadelphia, for example — and, by the way, this is generally considered the largest and most important park in the country presents regularly such free attractions as Theodore Thomas's orchestra, and Sousa's and Innes's bands. There the patrons can sit and listen to the country's best music and watch soft electric lights play over the lake to the left — that is, if you call visitors who are required to pay nothing “patrons. Willow Grove Park is not a great moneymaker, but it pays

AN OLD-FASHIONED COUNTY FAIR A CURIOUS MIXTURE OF AGRICULTURAL EXHIBITIONS, COMPETITIVE SPORTS, AND TRAVELING SHOWS THAT RETAINS ITS POPULARITY AND THAT IS GROWING IN SERIOUS WORTH AND IN THE QUALITY OF ITS DIVERSIONS

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A CIRCUS FAMILY THE MOTHER A BAREBACK RIDER AND THE FATHER A CLOWN, TWO OF THE MOST POPULAR TYPES OF PERFORMERS

IN PROBABLY THE MOST DISTINCTIVELY AMERICAN AMUSEMENT BUSINESS

certain

panic. Since then the business has been but just as evident are the things which gradually settling down, so that the parks give title to the name of park — trees, that weathered the storm are the ones that grass, lakes, playgrounds, athletic fields, have been accepted by amusement men as etc. The exceptions to the rule embodying the elements that make most metropolitan revel-places such as Coney for permanence and profit. And this has Island, and Revere Beach at Boston sounded the knell of the once triumphant hold because they rely on such huge crowds White City or Midway — such as Dream

such as Dream- that they can afford to keep on inventing land at Coney Island; for it has appeared "novelties" enough to attract the public, that “novelties" alone could not hold. regardless of expense. To-day the "novelties" are still present; Euclid Beach, in Cleveland, sells only

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OUTSIDE THE BIG SHOW CIRCUS DAY IS A NATIONAL INSTITUTION AND THE CIRCUS BUSINESS IS ONE OF THE MOST HIGHLY ORGANIZED,

AS WELL AS ONE OF THE VERY PROFITABLE, AMERICAN COMMERCIAL AMUSEMENT INDUSTRIES

one kind of ticket,

them from $30,000 which is good for all

to $50,000 in a season. attractions one

County fairs and five-cent ticket buy

state fairs are other ing either soda water,

phases of the amusea dance, popcorn, or

ment business that a circle-swing ride.

have become perThese tickets are

manent and powerful sold in booths all

because they are over the grounds,

based on educational and are said to make

and patriotic aims. patrons spend more

With the growth in money than any

national agricultural other arrangement

knowledge and outhas ever accomp

put has grown the lished. The Hum

agricultural fair. In phrey Brothers, who

1809 the first agriown Euclid Park,

cultural fair was THE "NIGGER-BABY” SIDESHOW started a few years

held at Georgetown, ago selling popcorn

D. C. To-day there from a street cart in

is, in a dozen fair Cleveland. They prospered enough to grounds, an average property valuation buy a popcorn concession in Euclid Park of a million dollars.

of a million dollars. Manufacturers of and did so well that, when the park ran various kinds of farming devices are glad down financially, they were asked to of the opportunity these fairs give to disundertake the management and rehabili- play and explain their contrivances pertate it. Their scheme was to own and sonally to the farmers of the country, operate personally all the attractions in especially of the West. Thus the fairs the park, a plan which succeeded with have become

have become a great commercial medium. them as it did with Thompson and Dundy President McKinley once said that fairs at Coney. The Humphreys have several mark progress; and they unquestionably coasters and rides in their park which earn direct progress. The people of vast

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A POPULAR TARGET AND A SOURCE OF INCOME TO A

WHOLE CLASS OF CIRCUS PERFORMERS

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LOADING PART OF THE MENAGERIE ON A TRAIN THE INVESTMENT IN ANIMALS ALONE IS ENOUGH TO MAKE THE CIRCUS ONE OF THE MOST CONSIDERABLE

PARTS OF THE AMUSEMENT BUSINESS

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AUDIENCE LEAVING THE METROPOLITAN OPERA HOUSE IN NEW YORK CITY. GRAND OPERA IS PROBABLY THE MOST COSTLY OF ALL DIVERSIONS IN PROPORTION TO THE

NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHO CAN POSSIBLY PATRONIZE IT

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SEATS FOR SIX THOUSAND A KARTIAL VIEW OF THE INTERIOR OF THE HIPPODROME, IN NEW YORK CITY, WHICH EXPLOITS A HIGHLY

SPECIALIZED TYPE OF SPECTACULAR PLAYS THAT ARE MOUNTED ON A SCALE OF EXTRAORDINARY SIZE

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