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communities get together, see what others Often fairs are visited, in circuits, by are doing, exchange ideas, are approached automobile racers. But a fair is not by agents from the outside world, and lay always necessary to attract this daredevil themselves open to demonstration, and, type of entertainer. Any town that can the whole time, consider that they are boast an "automobile club,” however enjoying the big pleasure time of their small and unpretentious, is likely to be year. It is small wonder that the fair, visited, any time in season, by automobile state or county, is a permanent institution. racers promising some hair-raising sport.
Though the various exhibits of stock, A fair profit is guaranteed to the perforpoultry, agriculture, machinery, etc., are mers. Automobile races on beaches and undoubtedly of first interest at fairs, the on circular tracks are very popular, despite people expect and see that they get, on the danger and the frequent casualties. such gala occasions, some entertainment of Indeed, it is undoubtedly the immia different order. Undesirable shows are nence and likelihood of disaster that have now rigidly excluded, and even the fat made this variety of sport so popular. lady and the midget do not find such No other sport has drawn spectators camping grounds longer profitable. Good from greater distances or in greater animal shows, acrobatic performances, multitudes than the big races such as moving pictures, panoramic views, model those for the Vanderbilt Cup, on Long cities, and clean carnival companies are Island, and those that are now held at among the attractions that find general Indianapolis and Savannah. approval as sources of entertainment, and Altogether, our amusements are a vast the eternally indispensable merry-go- and varied industry, employing millions round and newer model playgrounds for of capital and the time and skill of hunthe children always find a welcome.
dreds of thousands of people. As a busiIn connection with fairs, wealthy horse ness they are worthy of the respect that breeders often find a field of interest in their size and universal appeal have horse shows. For many years Whitelaw earned them. On other grounds, we may Reid and Orlando Harriman were exhibi- well be hopeful of them, for with few tors at the shows held in connection with exceptions they tend to be cleaner, more the fairs of their localities, and many other wholesome, more truly recreative, and equally prominent names might be cited. more genuinely representative of the Needless to say, these shows interest many natural a
appetite of a healthy-minded spectators not "in society.
people for innocent and helpful diversion
PART OF A “WILD WEST” SHOW HOLDING-UP THE STAGE,” ONE OF THE MOST POPULAR SPECTACLES IN THE TYPE OF PERFORMANCE IN WHICH
BUFFALO BILL" (COL. WILLIAM F. CODY) WAS THE PIONEER
NEW ENGLAND WAKING UP TO WHAT TRUE COÖPERATION WILL DO FOR BOTH PRODUCERS AND CONSUMERS — THE BASIC IDEA OF DEMOCRACY
APPLIED TO EVERYDAY LIFE
USINESS called me to Attle- distracted mind, I addressed myself to the boro, Mass. I descended the other. After fifteen minutes on the sidesteps of the railroad station into walk, in a keen March wind, I had the a town as
outlines of his life, new to me
the more impressive as was San Salvador
from the artless to Columbus. There
compression into was a half hour for
Genesis-like bareness Fate to fill — since I
of years of everyday learned | was but
struggle, success, twenty-five minutes
tragedy, more strugaway from an ap
gle, more permanent pointment an hour
and better success. later. I looked about. (TEXAAM
The son of workTwo men came out
ing people in a small of a shop just ahead,
scant which bore the un
schooling, he had at usual legend, “Co
eighteen taken a job operative Store."
in a Fall River resOne, in cap and
taurant with his parbutcher's apron, bent
ents' adjuration to down to chalk up on
"be a gentleman and a side-walk black
be honest"; after board the alluring
two weeks, the boss quotations for that
handed him the keys: day of veal and
"Herb, you run this legs of lamb. SAVING 10 PER CENT.
place.” For five On the principle ONE OF THE TWENTY-SEVEN COOPERATIVE STORES
years he ran it, and IN NEW ENGLAND THAT REDUCE THEIR CUSTOMERS' of selecting an un- LIVING COSTS ALTOGETHER BY $150,000 A YEAR
then his employer
PIONEERS OF THE COÖPERATIVE MOVEMENT IN NEW ENGLAND LEFT: DR. FRANCIS F. WHITTIER, OF BOSTON, FOUNDER OF THE INTERSTATE COÖPERATIVE UNION, WHO LEFT A DISTINGUISHED CAREER AS A MEDICAL SPECIALIST TO DEVOTE HIS TIME TO THE ALLEVIATION OF HUMAN MISERY THROUGH THE “APPLIED CHRISTIANITY” OF COÖPERATION. RIGHT: DR. JAMES FORD, AUTHOR OF “COÖPERATION IN NEW ENGLAND'
remarked: “Herb, you've made just with bright prospects of a substantial $15,000 for me” " but he never offered dividend the following year. to give me a red cent of those thousands: In spite, or possibly because, of his that wasn't his style."
unfortunate experience with human nature Then followed fifteen kaleidoscopic as employer and partner, he was a proyears: cook, motorman, clerk in a large found enthusiast on coöperation as the wholesale provision-house, worker in his neglected secret in America of eliminating brother's country butchery, partner, owner waste, reducing the cost of living, raising of his own business, a prosperous employer, the producers' profits, and increasing the worth some thousands of dollars, suddenly practical, everyday application of the a bankrupt, ruined by the treachery of brotherhood of the human race, which is the one nearest to him, beginning life the foundation of real democracy and again alone with a capital of five dollars true religion. as grocer's clerk, manager of the store, Thus, in an idle half hour, I suddenly partner again, selling out to incompetent came upon one of the most vital and associates, in charge of another store — significant movements of our time ruined by the dissipation of his generous movement of the utmost importance to backer, a brief partnership with “a snake," me personally, as farmer and consumer, and once more a fresh start.
but of whose existence I had been unaware. He was now manager of the coöperative Indeed, had anybody asked me about store from which I had seen him emerge, "Coöperation in New England," I should and which, with 160 stockholders and 200 have replied like the Irishman when he customers, had in a year's operation in- first saw a giraffe, “there ain't no sich creased its business from $25 a day to animal." I knew of the incredible things nearly $150, making a surplus of $300 being done abroad through this means: in this hardest first twelvemonth, and the nearly three million members of
coöperative associations in England (repre- of the most impressive "people's palaces" senting probably twelve million human of Belgium, with their free club-rooms, beings), owning $275,000,000 of goods, libraries, concerts, theatres, and parks, land, buildings, machinery, and invest- and the vast expenditures for free medical ments, doing an annual business of aid, old-age pensions, maternity subsidies, $500,000,000, and making $60,000,000 day nurseries, and sickness and death profits a year; of the equally amazing benefits — all representing the Socialist achievements in Scotland, where Mr. application of savings made by the memWilliam Maxwell, head of the Scottish bers of coöperative societies; of the rapid Wholesale Society, conducts a $50,000,000 extension of this idea in Russia, France, business on a salary of $38 a week, and Germany, Hungary, Bohemia, Spain, Bulwhere many members save enough on garia, Servia, India, Japan, South Africa, their living expenses to pay their rent and Argentina, Canada -till to-day 50,000,000
AN OUTPOST OF THE NEW DEMOCRACY OF COMMERCE
PRACTICAL SUCCESS, THE ECONOMIC ADVANTAGES OF A SIMPLIFIED MERCHANDISING SYSTEM
leave them a balance of cash every year; consumers all over the globe are repreof the practical regeneration of hope- sented at the International Cooperative less Ireland in twenty-two years through Congress — the most tremendous world the coöperative dairying and the joint association that the human race has yet buying of Sir Horace Plunkett's Agri- developed. cultural Organization Society; of the com- I knew, too, that in our own country plete transformation of Denmark in a the huge citrus fruit and apple industry century, from a waste of sand dunes and of the Pacific Coast had been made a strip of impoverished farms to the possible by coöperation; that the farmers wealthiest country of Europe in propor- of Wisconsin and Minnesota were fifty tion to its population — through the most years ahead of the East in joint planting, highly perfected system of coöperative harvesting, seed-purchasing, and the like; selling and buying the world has yet seen; and a number of sporadic efforts in other