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sense of duty toward her fellows. Such what an intelligent mother would want her a girl is the present purpose of the course daughter to know. Coöperation of women in civics. The women who volunteer to teachers builds up a course like that, not

Woow. Cooperation homme take these classes confer from time to time for information-giving but for use. The regarding the details. The first outline more such a course departs from the conshows that these classes will discuss the ventional toward the personal and the fundamental bonds of society — love, friend- valuable the more askance the conservaship, consideration, respect, patriotism – tive teacher looks at it; because long years




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and what they mean for everyone. Why of habit incline us to judge of school service is the family the unit of government? in terms not of personal value but of What holds the family together? What school usage. So when we added to the threatens it? What do you owe your exercises of school girls seven years ago mother? How would you assist a younger the dressing and undressing of babies, sister who was growing away from her school folks shook their heads. Every parents? What is the limit of parental change must always bring its head-shake. absorption of the lives of daughters? Dancing came into New York schools as All the course in civics is personal. It regular instruction through our classes is for use.

ten years ago. Official suspicion required The business girl, about to seek employ- its modification and concealment under ment in some sort of office, needs and should the head of “esthetics." have enlightenment and she should have it The forms of good breeding are admittedfrom business women who know what ly of such necessity to a woman and conoffices are. This is social service. This is fessedly so impossible of satisfactory acquisition at home, that they must find a civic crime. We have seen high school girls regular place in a course of study with a grow into old women in four years. We hand book and a teacher. Yet such is had rather help an adolescent girl to find the force of tradition that, although every encouragement for a robust motherhood man on a board of education believes this, and promise of a virile race. no one dares act accordingly and authorize We are trying to capitalize for their own in our school the study and practice of instruction the talents of all the girls inetiquette with full recognition of credits for stead of imposing upon them all the time promotion and graduation. We are trying our own conceptions. Every day the to maintain that the mother and father's girls assemble as a public forum. Every ideals for the daughter are a real and vital gathering has its own girl chairman, secpurpose and must be ours. The changed retary, and programme committee. They conditions of the city-bred girl demand change daily. Every girl gets some trainadaptive teachers and not defenders of a ing in courage, self-possession, and service form which never was designed for our for the common good. It is part of the girls and which never has been proved day's business to inform others what the good for any girl at all.

world is doing and discussing. The One irreconcilable difficulty of running World's Work is reproduced by girls a girl-centred school upon the study- who study it. All notices, announcements, centred organization arises from the matter and sermonizing which school men ordinarof health. The father and mother, 'whom ily furnish to assemblies of pupils are done theoretically we should stand for, want by girls. Part of it is spontaneous; much more than anything else a healthy, beau-, of it is at the suggestion of teachers. Steretiful, happy daughter. The typical high opticon exhibitions are chiefly in the hands school, on the other hand, does not put of girls. Addresses made by adult visitors health, beauty, or happiness first, nor even are at once summarized by girls called at second. The prime consideration which random from the audience. It delights general usage urges upon us is to cover a speaker mightily to hear himself reviewed the course of study. The main duty which by attentive listeners. The instincts of you remember as emphasized by your all normal young persons for fun are not high school teachers was not health, beauty, suppressed but fostered. nor happiness, but hard work. There English classics get themselves presented is so general a fear of departure from this in the school theatre, which has footlights, model that we have to keep ourselves from scenery, and an asbestos drop. The loading down growing girls with night girls write and give their own plays. tasks that whiten their cheeks, blear their The sentiment is clean and healthy. eyes, and taint their breath. Instinctively Every year the entire company of more than every teacher, following her mother heart, five thousand build a play together. First wants to keep, day by day, the radiant every girl writes as a composition exercise freshness of youth in her children. We her version of the coming play. It has no who are attempting to write this account central motive. It is unconnected atoms. have once and forever renounced the fallacy From the thousands of conceptions, comthat success or advantage to Society comes mittees select the newest and most suitable. from the kind of hard work which high A central committee strings them into line. schools glorify. That which moves the Assembly discussions engender a connected world forward is youth. We would send motive. This purpose of the play, once up women charged with it, not because voted on, makes the elaboration and arit is a sweet thing, a pretty conceit, but rangement of the parts inevitable. You because it is the only potency that can save have the Conflict of Work and Play appearthe world. It is a force, a physical fact, an ing in “Rip Van Winkle's Dream.” You essence of progress, really progress itself. have the Choice of Things Worth While When you lose it, at eighty or ninety, you growing into “The Vision of Youth.” are thereafter a dead weight. An institu- Class by class, the groups select their tion that destroys it at twenty commits a portions. There are no stars, no risk of failure from the absence of any one, be- her heart out with your high standards cause every development of the story is and solemn praise of drudgery. You can entrusted to thirty or sixty girls. Their drive her out of school, away from the rehearsal comes in school hours as a part of 'cleanest associations she has, and then music, or of declamation, or of practice God help her! No conscientious systemwith the teacher of calisthenics. The class- soaked teacher can. es in costume-design sketch the dresses; We are trying to put the brightest side the sewing classes make them. The man of every school subject forward, to subagement committee gets an armory and stitute artistry for drudgery, to eliminate invites Mrs. Roosevelt or Mrs. Hughes or the disagreeable, and to make work what Mrs. Dix or Mrs. Gaynor to be the guest of every expert authority who ever analyzed honor. All the teachers of the schools and wrote upon it says it ought to be: from which the girls came into high school sit the greatest joy in the world which always as guests in the capacious galleries. “Papa" blesses him who finds it. Mc Gowan, the school's chief sponsor in the For the accomplishment of our purpose we Board of Education, circulates among the have come into as beautiful and completely guests, insisting that what they shall see appointed a building as was ever furnished has taken not an instant from "regular" by any city for the training of its daughters. school work. And then the wonderful mass The Board of Education encouraged us of beautiful young girlhood, to the music of to plan it. Every teacher had a hand in it. the regimental band, shows you for two We studied schools all over America and hours how Right, in spite of Error and Europe. We drew the plans and specified Despair, always triumphs in the end. the equipment. The board's architect

If you frankly endeavor to show the made our suggestions workable. We have, educational significance of school enter- in one great company, girls pursuing every tainments, express the belief that the please kind of work they want to the extent that ure of them is sufficient in a girls' school, the Board of Education will permit. We you are sure to run athwart of fearful have kitchens, bed-rooms, laundries, nureducators who persuade themselves that series, and parlors for the training of every what is pleasant must be naughty. We girl in housewifery. We have banks, stores, are trying as foster-parents to avoid the offices, studios, dressmaking establishments, dreary mistake of those strict fathers who and telephones for the preparation of young have driven their daughters into evil because business women. We have book collections of the utter lack of merriment at home. for the training of library keepers. We For the last twenty years the amusements have the staples of culture: the languages, of New York have been growing more literature, sciences, and mathematics for the salacious, more immoral, more clever, more training of the minds, preparing for teachers' witty, more alluring. Almost every kind schools and colleges. We have the limitaof thing that is attractive to young folks: tions of strict courses and restrictive examinmusic, sociability, politeness, variety, beauty, tions to keep us within the bounds which an color, interest, noise, vivacity, and wit, organized system deems necessary. has been taken by the devil to lure girls What we are trying to do is to move and away from us. We are trying not to not to stagnate; to catch the best spirit of wince when dear old blunderers conclude the time and not to assume that we rewe must be slighting "regular" work when ceived it by bequest from some legal poswe encourage our children to gratify their sessor of it. We are trying to work toGod-given appetites for fun and happiness. gether instead of following a leader. We This is Nature's spring-time for a girl. are trying to conceive what the better generaHer little head is whirling with romance: tion is which the Fathers of this Republic her little heart is bursting with sympathy. expected from free public schools. In Soul-sunshine is as vital to her healthy so far as the limitation of system and our growth and to her moral strength in days own inexpertness permit, we are trying to to come as food and drink are to her body. help the intelligent parents of New York You can starve her sympathies and grind to furnish the girl part of that generation.








\HE concern of patriotic men is to put our Government

again on its right basis, by substituting the popular will for the rule of guardians, the processes of common counsel for those of private arrangement. In order to do this,

a first necessity is to open the doors and let in the light on all affairs which the people have a right to know about.

In the first place, it is necessary to open up all the processes of our politics. They have been too secret, too complicated, too roundabout; they have consisted too much of private conferences and secret understandings, of the control of legislation by men who were not legislators, but who stood outside and dictated, controlling oftentimes by very questionable means, which they would not have dreamed of allowing to become public. The whole process must be altered. We must take the selection of candidates for office, for example, out of the hands of small groups of men, of little coteries, out of the hands of machines working behind closed doors, and put it into the hands of the people themselves again by means of direct primaries and elections to which candidates of every sort and degree may have free access. We must substitute public for private machinery.

It is necessary, in the second place, to give society command of its own economic life again by denying to those who conduct the great modern operations of business the privacy that used to belong properly enough to men who used only their own capital and their

individual energy in business. The processes of capital must be as open as the processes of politics. Those who make use of the great modern accumulations of wealth, gathered together by the dragnet process of the sale of stocks and bonds, and piling up of reserves, must be treated as under a public obligation; they must be made responsible for their business methods to the great communities which are in fact their working partners, so that the hand which makes correction shall easily reach them and a new principle of responsibility be felt throughout their structure and operation.

What are the right methods of politics? Why, the right methods are those of public discussion: the methods of leadership open and above board, not closeted with “boards of guardians” or anybody else, but brought out under the sky, where honest eyes can look upon them and honest eyes can judge of them.

If there is nothing to conceal, then why conceal it? If it is a public game, why play it in private? If it is a public game, then why not come out into the open and play it in public? You have got to cure diseased politics as we nowadays cure tuberculosis, by making all the people who suffer from it live out of doors; not only spend their days out of doors and walk around, but sleep out of doors; always remain in the open, where they will be accessible to fresh, nourishing, and revivifying influences.

I, for one, have the conviction that government ought to be all outside and no inside. I, for my part, believe that there ought to be no place where anything can be done that everybody does not know about. It would be very inconvenient for some gentlemen, probably, if government were all outside, but we have consulted their susceptibilities too long already. It is barely possible that some of these gentlemen are unjustly suspected; in that case they owe it to themselves to come out and operate in the light. The very fact that so much in politics is done in the dark, behind closed doors, promotes suspicion. Everybody knows that corruption thrives in secret places, and avoids public places, and we believe it a fair presumption that secrecy means impropriety. So, our honest politicians and our honorable corporation heads owe it to their reputations to bring their activities out into the open.

At any rate, whether they like it or not, these affairs are going to be dragged into the open. We are more anxious about their reputations than they are themselves. We are too solicitoves for their morals, - if they are not, — to permit them longer to continue subject to the temptations of secrecy. You know there is temptation in loneliness

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