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KING HENRY VIII.

PERSONS REPRESENTED.

KING HENRY THE EIGHTH.

GRIFFITH, Gentleman-usher to Queen Katharine. CARDINAL WOLSEY.

Three other Gentlemen.
CARDINAL CAMPEIUS.

Doctor Butts, Physician to the King.
Capucius, Ambassador from the Emperor Charles V. Garter King at Arms.
CRANMER, Archbishop of Canterbury.

Surveyor to the Duke of Buckingham.
Duke or NORFOLK.

BRANDON, and a Sergeant at Arms. DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM.

Door-keeper of the Council-chamber. DUKE OF SUFFOLK.

Porter and his Man. EARL OF SURREY.

Page to Gardiner. Lord Chamberlain.

A Crier. Lord Chancellor.

QUEEN KATHARINE, Wife 10 King Henry, afterGARDINER, Bishop of Winchester.

wards divorced. Bishop of Lincoln.

Anne Bullen, her Maid of Honour ; afterwards LORD ABERGAVENNY. Lord SANDS.

Queen. Sir HENRY GUILDFORD.

An olll Lady, Friend to Anne Bullen.

PATIENCE, Woman to Queen Katharine.
Sir Thomas Lovell.
SIR ANTHONY Denny.

Several Lords and Ladies in the dumb shows; SIR NICHOLAS VAUX.

Women attending upon the Queen; Spirits, which Secretaries to Wolsey.

appear to her; Scribes, Officers, Guards, and CROMWELL, Servant to Wolsey.

other Attendants.
SCENE, chiefly in London and Westuninster; once at Kimbolton.

PROLOGUE.

I come no more to make you laugh ; things now,
That bear a weighty and a serious brow,
Sad, high, and working, full of state and woe,
Such noble scenes as draw the eye to flow,
We now present. Those that can pity, here
May, if they think it well, let fall a tear ;
The subject will deserve it. Such as give
Their money out of hope they may believe,
May here find truth too. Those, that come to see
Only a show or two, and so agree,
The play may pass; if they be still and willing,
I'll undertake, may see away their shilling
Richly in two short hours. Only they,
That come to hear a merry, wanton play,
A noise of targets; or to see a fellow
In a long motley coat, guarded I with yellow,

I Laced.

Will be deceiv'd; for, gentle hearers, know,
To rank our chosen truth with such a show
As fool and fight is, beside forfeiting
Our own brains, and the opinion that we bring,
(To make that only true we now intend )
Will leave us never an understanding friend.
Therefore, for goodness' sake, and as you are known
The first and happiest hearers of the town,
Be sad, as we would make ye: Think, ye see
The very persons of our noble story,
As they were living; think you see them great,
And follow'd with the general throng, and sweat,
Of thousand friends: then, in a moment, see
How soon this mightiness meets misery!
And, if you can be merry then, I'll say,
A man may weep upon his wedding day.

• Pretend.

ACT I.

you done,

SCENE I. - London. An Ante-chamber in the Nor. One, certes 5 that promises no element 6 Palace.

In such a business. Enter the DUKE OF NORFOLK, at one Door; at the

Buck.

I pray you, who, my lord ? other the DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM, and the ORD Nor. All this was order'd by the good discretion ABERGAVENNY.

Of the right reverend cardir.al of York. Buck. Good morrow, and well met. How have Buck. The devil speed him! no man's pie is free'd

From his ambitious finger. What had he Since last we saw in France ?

To do in these fierce vanities? I wonder, Nor.

I thank your grace :

That such a keech 7 can with his very bulk Healthful; and ever since a fresh admirer

Take up the rays o'the beneficial sun,
Of what I saw there.

And keep it from the earth.
Buck.
An untimely ague

Nor.

Surely, sir, Stay'd me a prisoner in my chamber, when There's in him stuff that puts him to these ends : Those suns of glory, those two lights of men',

For, being not propp'd by ancestry, (whose grace Met in the vale of Arde.

Chalks successors their way,) nor call'd upon Nor.

'Twixt Guynes and Arde: For high feats done to the crown ; neither allied I was then present, saw them salute on horseback ; To eminent assistants, but, spider-like, Beheld them, when they lighted, how they clung Out of his self-drawing web, he gives us note, In their embracement, as they grew together;

The force of his own merit makes his way; Which had they, what four thron'd ones could have A gift that heaven gives for him, which buys weigh'd

A place next to the king. Such a compounded one ?

Aber.

I cannot tell Buck.

All the whole time What heaven hath given him, let some graver eye I was my chamber's prisoner.

Pierce into that; but I can see his pride Nor.

Then you lost Peep through each part of him : Whence has be The view of earthly glory : Men might say,

that ? Till this time, pomp was single; but now married If not from hell, the devil is a niggard; To one above itself, Each following day

Or has given all before, and he begins Became the next day's master, till the last

A new hell in himself. Made former wonders it's: To-day, the French, Buck.

Why the devil, All clinquant?, all in gold, like heathen gods, Upon this French going-out, took he upon him, Shone down the English : and, to-morrow, they

Without the privity o'the king, to appoint Made Britain, India : every man that stood,

Who should attend on him ? He makes up the file Show'd like a mine. Their dwarfish pages were

Of all the gentry ; for the most part such As cherubin, all gilt: the madams too,

Too, whom as great a charge as little honour Not us'd to toil, did almost sweat to bear

He meant to lay upon : and his own letters, The pride upon them, that their very labour

The honourable board of council out, Was to them as a painting: now this mask

Must fetch him in the papers. Was cry'd incomparable; and the ensuing night Aber.

I do know
Made it a fool, and beggar. The two kings, Kinsmen of mine, three at the least, that have
Equal in lustre, were now best, now worst,

By this so sicken'd their estates, that never
As presence did present them ; him in eye, They shall abound as formerly.
Still him in praise : and, being present both,

Buck.

0, many 'Twas said, they saw but one; and no discerner Have broke their backs with laying manors on them Durst wag his tongue in censure.3 When these suns For this great journey. What did this vanity, (For so they phrase them,) by their heralds chal- But minister communication of leng'd

A most poor issue? The noble spirits to arms, they did perform

Nor.

Grievingly I think Beyond thought's compass; that former fabulous The peace between the French and us not values story,

The cost that did conclude it. Being now seen possible enough, got credit,

Buck.

Every man, That Bevis 4 was believ'd.

After the hideous storm that follow'd, was Buck. 0, you go far.

A thing inspir'd: and, not consulting, broke Nor. As I belong to worship, and affect Into a general prophecy, — That this tempest, In honour honesty, the tract of every thing Dashing the garment of this peace, aboded Would by a good discourser lose some life,

The sudden breach on't. Which action's self was tongue to. All was royal ;

Nor.

Which is budded out; To the disposing of it nought rebell'u,

For France hath flaw'd the league, and hath attach'd Order gave each thing view; the office did Our merchants' goods at Bourdeaux. Distinctly his full function.

Aber.

Is it therefore Buck.

Who did guide, The ambassador is silenc'd ? I mean, who set the body and the limbs

Nor. .

Marry, is't. Of this great sport together, as you guess ?

Aber. A proper title of a peace; and purchas'd I Henry VIIJ. and Francis I. king of France.

At a superfluous rate! 2 Glittering, shining. 3 In opinion, which was most noble.

5 Certainly.

6 Practice i Lump of far Sir Bevis, an old romance.

& Sets down in his letter without consulting the council

I advise you,

Buck.

Why, all this business If with the sap of reason you would quench, Our reverend cardinal carried. 9

Or but allay, the fire of passion.
Nor.

'Like it, your grace,
Buck.

Sir,
The state takes notice of the private difference I am thankful to you: and I'll go along
Betwixt you and the cardinal.

By your prescription : — but this top-proud fellow,
(And take it from a heart that wishes towards you (Whom from the flow of gall I name not, but
Honour and plenteous safety,) that you read From sincere motions,) by intelligence,
The cardinal's malice and his potency

And proofs as clear as founts in July, when
Together : to consider further, that

We see each grain of gravel, I do know
What his high hatred would effect, wants not To be corrupt and treasonous.
A minister in his power: You know his nature, Nor.

Say not, treasonous. That he's revengeful; and I know, his sword Buck. To the king I'll say't; and make my vouch Hath a sharp edge: it's long, and, it may be said,

as strong It reaches far; and where 'twill not extend,

As shore of rock. Attend. This holy fox, Thither he darts it. Bosom up my counsel, Or wolf, or both, (for he is equal ravenous, You'll find it wholesome. Lo, where comes that rock, As he is subtle; and as prone to mischief, That I advise your shunning.

As able to perform it: his mind and place

Infecting one another, yea, reciprocally,) Enter CardinAL WOLSEY, (the Purse borne before Only to show his pomp as well in France

him,) certain of the Guard, and two Secretaries As here at home, suggests 5 the king our master with Papers. The CARDINAL in his passage fireth To this last costly treaty, the interview, his eye on Buckingham, and BUCKINGHAM on him, That swallow'd so much treasure, and like a glass both full of disdain.

Did break i' the rinsing. Wol. The duke of Buckingham's surveyor ? ha?

Nor.

'Faith, and so it did. Where's his examination ?

Buck. Pray, give me favour, sir. This cunning 1 Secr. Here, so please you.

cardinal Wol. Is he in person ready?

The articles o' the combination drew, 1 Sccr. Ay, please your grace.

As himself pleas’d; and they were ratified, Wol. Well, we shall then know more and Buck-As he cried, Thus let be: to as much end, ingham

As give a crutch to the dead: But our count-cardinal Shall lessen this big look.

Has done this, and 'tis well; for worthy Wolsey, (Exeunt WOLSEY, and Train. Who cannot err, he did it. Now this follows, Buck. This butcher's cur' is venom-mouth'd, (Which, as I take it, is a kind of puppy and I

To the old dam, treason,) - Charles the emperor, Have not the power to muzzle him : therefore best Under pretence to see the queen his aunt, Not wake him in his slumber. A beggar's book (For 'twas, indeed, his colour; but he came Out-worths a noble's blood,

To whisper Wolsey,) here makes visitation : North.

What, are you chafd? His fears were, that the interview, betwixt Ask heaven for temperance ; that's the appliance England and France, might, through their amity, only:

Breed him some prejudice ; for from this league Which your disease requires.

Peep'd arms that menac'd him: He privily Buck.

I read in his looks

Deals with our cardinal; and, as I trow,Matter against me; and his eye revil'd

Which I do well; for, I am sure, the emperor Me, as his abject object : at this instant

Paid ere he promis'd; whereby his suit was granted, He bores me with some trick: He's gone to the Ere it was ask'd; -- but when the way was made, king;

And pav'd with gold, the emperor thus desir'd; I'll follow, and out-stare him.

That he would please to alter the king's course Nor.

Stay, my lord,

And break the aforesaid peace. Let the king know, And let your reason with your choler question

(As soon he shall by me,) that thus the cardinal What 'tis you go about : To climb steep hills

Does buy and sell his honour as he pleases, Requires slow pace at first : Anger is like

And for his own advantage. A full-hot horse; who being allow'd his way,

Nor.

I am sorry Self-mettle tires him. Not a man in England

To hear this of him; and could wish, he were Can advise me like you; be to yourself

Something mistaken in't. As you would to your friend.

Buck.

No, not a syllable; Buck.

I'll to the king,

I do pronounce him in that very shape,
And froin a mouth of honour quite cry down

He shall appear in proof.
This Ipswich fellow's insolence; or proclaim,
There's difference in no persons.

Enter BRANDON ; a Sergeant at Arms before him, Nor.

Be advis'd :

and two or three of the Guard. Heat not a furnace for your foe so hot

Bran. Your office, sergeant; execute it. That it do singe yourself: We may out-run,

Serg.

Sir, By violent swiftness, that which we run at,

My lord the duke of Buckingham, and earl And lose by over-running, Know you not,

Of Hereford, Stafford, and Northampton, I
The fire, that mounts the liquor till it run o'er,

Arrest thee of high treason, in the name
In seeming to augment it, wastes it? Be advis'd : Of our most sovereign king.
I say again, there is no English soul

Buck.

Lo you, my lord, More stronger to direct you than yourself;

The net has fall’n upon me; I shall perish

Under device and practice. * 9 Conducted. | Wolsey was the son of a butcher, ? Stabs.

3 Es cites.

4 Unfair stratagem.

I am sorry

So, so;

some

Bran.

Are in great grievance: there hath been commissions To see you ta'en from liberty, to look on

Sent down among them, which hath flaw'd the heart The business present: 'Tis his highness' pleasure Of all their loyalties : – wherein, although, You shall to the Tower.

My good lord cardinal, they vent reproaches Buck.

It will help me nothing, Most bitterly on you, as putter-on To plead mine innocence ; for that dye is on me, Of these exactions, yet the king our master, Which makes my whitest part black. The will of (Whose honour heaven shield from soil !) even he heaven

escapes not Be done in this and all things! - I obey. — Language unmannerly, yea, such which breaks O my lord Aberga'ny, fare you well.

The sides of loyalty, and almost appears,
Bran. Nay, he must bear you company: – The In loud rebellion.
king
[ To ABERGAVENNY. Nor.

Not almost appears,
Is pleas’d, you shall to the Tower, till you know It doth appear ; for, upon these taxations,
How he determines further.

The clothiers all, not able to maintain
Aber.

As the duke said, The many to them 'longing, have put off
The will of heaven be done, and the king's pleasure The spinsters, carders, fullers, weavers, who,
By me obey'd.

Unfit for other life, compellid by hunger
Bran. Here is a warrant from

And lack of other means, in desperate manner The king, to attach lord Montacute; and the bodies Daring the event to the teeth, are all in uproar, Of the duke's confessor, John de la Court,

And danger serves among them. One Gilbert Peck, his chancellor, –

K. Hen.

Taxation ! Buck.

Wherein ? and what taxation ? — My lord cardinal, These are the limbs of the plot: no more, I hope. You that are blam'd for it alike with us, Bran. A monk o' the Chartreux,

Know you of this taxation ? Buck. 0, Nicholas Hopkins ? Wol.

Please you, sir, Bran.

He. I know but of a single part, in aught Buck. My surveyor is false; the o'er-great cardinal Pertains to the state ; and front but in that file Hath show'd him gold: my life is spann'd already; Where others tell steps with me. 6 I am the shadow of poor Buckingham;

Q. Kath.

No, my lord, Whose figure even this instant cloud puts on, You know no more than others: but you frame By dark’ning my clear sun. - - My lord, farewell.

Things, that are known alike; which are not wbole

[Excunt. SCENE II.- The Council-chamber.

To those which would not know them, and yet must

Perforce be their acquaintance. These exactions, Cornets. Enter King Henry, CardinaL Wolsey, Whereof my sovereign would have note, they are

the Lords of the Council, Sir Thomas Lovell, Most pestilent to the hearing; and to bear them,
Officers, and Altendants. The King enters, lean- | The back is sacrifice to the load. They say,
ing on the Cardinal's Shoulder.

They are devis'd by you; or else you suffer
K. Hen. My life itself and the best heart of it, Too hard an exclamation.
Thanks you for this great care : I stood i' the level K. Hen.

Still exaction!
Of a full-charg'd confederacy, and give thanks The nature of it? In what kind, let's know
To you that chok'd it. — Let be callid before us Is this exaction?
That gentleman of Buckingham's: in person

Q. Kath. I am much too venturous
I'll hear him his confessions justify;

In tempting of your patience; but am bolden'd And point by point the treasons of his master Under your promis'd pardon. The subject's grief He shall again relate.

Comes through commissions, which compel from each The King takes his State,5 The Lords of the Council The sixth part of his substance, to be levied take their several Places. The Cardinal places him- Is nam'd, your wars in France : This makes bold

Without delay; and the pretence for this self under the King's Feet, on his right Side.

mouths : A Noise within, crying, Room for the Queen. Enter Tongues spit their duties out, and cold hearts freeze

the Queen, ushered by the DUKES OF Norfolk and Allegiance in them; their curses now, SUFFOLK : she kneels. The King riseth from his Live where their prayers did; and it's come to pass, State, takes her up, kisses, and placeth her by him. That tractable obedience is a slave Q. Kath. Nay, we must longer kneel; I am a To each incensed will. I would, your highness suitor.

Would give it quick consideration, for K. Hen. Arise, and take place by us: - - Half | There is no primer 7 business.

K. Hen.

By my life,
Never name to us; you have half our power : This is against our pleasure.
The other moiety, ere you ask, is given;

Wol.

And for me, Repeat your will, and take it.

I have no farther gone in this, than by
Q. Kath.

Thank your majesty. | A single voice; and that not pass'd me, but
That you would love yourself; and in that love, By learned approbation of the judges.
Not unconsider'd leave your honour, nor

If I am traduc'd by tongues, which neither know The dignity of your office, is the point

My faculties, nor person, yet will be Of my petition.

The chronicles of my doing, – let me say, K. Hen. Lady mine, proceed.

'Tis but the fate of place, and the rough brake 8 Q. Kath. I am solicited, not by a few,

That virtue must go through. We must not stist And those of true condition, that your subjects

6 I am only one among the other counsellors > Chair of state, throne.

7 More important.

& Thicket of thorns.

your suit

commons

Our necessary actions, in the fear

Lord Aberga'ny; to whom by oath he menac'd To cope 9 malicious censurers; which ever, Revenge upon the cardinal. As ravenous fishes, do a vessel follow

Wol.

Please your highness, note
That is new trimm’d; but benefit no further This dangerous conceptiou in this point.
Than vainly longing. What we oft do best, Not friended by his wish, to your high person
By sick interpreters, once I weak ones, is

His will is most malignant; and it stretches
Not ours, or not allow'd ?; what worst, as oft, Beyond you, to your friends.
Hitting a grosser quality, is cried up

Q. Kath.

My learn'd lord cardinal, For our best act. If we shall stand still,

Deliver all with charity.
In fear our motion will be mock'd or carp'd at, K. Hen.

Speak on:
We should take root here where we sit, or sit How grounded he his title to the crown,
State statues only.

Upon our fail ? to this point hast thou heard him
K. Hen.
Things done well,

At any time speak aught ? And with a care, exempt themselves from fear ; Suru.

He was brought to this Things done without example, in their issue By a vain prophecy of Nicholas Hopkins. Are to be fear’d. Have you a precedent

K. Hen. What was that Hopkins ? Of this commission ? I believe, not any.

Surv.

Sir, a Chartreux friar, We must not rend our subjects from our laws, His confessor, who fed him every minute And stick them in our will. Sixth part of each ? With words of sovereignty. A trembling contribution! Why, we take,

K. Hen.

How know'st thou this? From every tree, lop, bark, and part o' the timber; Surv. Not long before your highnesssped to France, And though we leave it with a root, thus hack'd, The duke being at the Rose 3, within the parish The air will drink the sap. To every county, Saint Lawrence Poultney, did of me demand Where this is question’d, send our letters, with What was the speech amongst the Londoners Free pardon to each man that has denied

Concerning the French journey: I replied, The force of this commission: Pray, look to't ; Men fear'd, the French would prove perfidious, I put it to your care.

To the king's danger. Presently the duke Wol. A word with you. [To the Secretary. Said, 'Twas the fear, indeed ; and that he doubted, Let there be letters writ to every shire,

"Twould prove the verity of certain words Of the king's grace and pardon. The griev'd Spoke by a holy monk; That oft, says he,

Hath sent to me, wishing me to permit Hardly conceive of me; let it be nois'd,

John de la Court, my chaplain, a choice hour
That through our intercession, this revokement To hear from him a matter of some moment:
And pardon comes : I shall anon advise you l'hom after under the confession's seal
Further in the proceeding. [Erit Secretary. He solemnly had sworn, that what he spoke,

My chaplain to no creature living, but
Enter Surveyor.

To me, should utler, with demure confidence
Q. Kath. I am sorry that the duke of Buckingham This pausingly ensu’d, Neither the king, nor his heirs,
Is run in your displeasure.

(Tell you the duke) shall prosper : bid him strive K. Hen.

It grieves many:

To gain the love of the commonalty ; lhe duke
The gentleman is learn'd, and a most rare speaker, Shall govern England.
To nature none more bound; his training such, Q. Kath.

If I know you well,
That he may furnish and instruct great teachers, You were the duke's surveyor, and lost your office
And never seek for aid out of himself.

On the complaint o'the tenants : Take good heed, Yet see

You charge not in your spleen a noble person, When these so noble benefits shall prove

And spoil your nobler soul! I say, take heed; Not well dispos’d, the mind growing once corrupt, | Yes, heartily beseech you. They turn to vicious forms, ten times more ugly K. Hen.

Let him on :Than ever they were fair. This man so complete, Go forward. Who was enrolld ’mongst wonders, and when we, Surv. On my soul, I'll speak but truth. Almost with ravish'd listening, could not find I told my lord the duke, by the devil's illusions His hour of speech a minute ; he, my lady, The monk might be deceiv’d; and that'twas dang'rous Hath into monstrous habits put the graces

for him, That once were his, and is become as black

To ruminate on this so far, until As if besmear'd in hell. Sit by us : you shall hear It forg'd him some design, which, being believ'd, (This was his gentleman in trust,) of him

It was much like to do: He answer'd, Tush! Things to strike honour sad. - Bid him recount It can do me no damage : adding further, The fore-recited practices; whereof

That, had the king in his last sickness fail'd, We cannot feel too little, hear too much.

The cardinal's and sir Thomas Lovell's heads Wol. Stand forth; and with bold spirit relate what Should have gone off. you,

K. Hen.

Ha! what, so rank? Ah, ha! Most like a careful subject, have collected

There's mischief in this man :

Canst thou say Out of the duke of Buckingham.

further ? K. Hen.

Speak freely. Surv. I can, my liege. Surv. First, it was usual with him, every day K. Hen.

Proceed. It would infect his speech, That if the king

Surv.

Being at Greenwich, Should without issue die, he'd carry it so

After your highness had reprov'd the duke
To make the scepter his : These very words About sir William Blomer, —
I have heard him utter to his son-in-law,

K. Hen.

I remember, 9 Encounter. 1 Sometime. 2 Approved.

Now Merchant Taylors' School.

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