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Yet here she is allow'd her virgin crants?,
This is mere madness; Her maiden strewments, and the bringing home And thus a while the fit will work on him; Of beil and burial.
Anon, as patient as the female dove, Laer. Must there no more be done ?
When that her golden couplets are disclosid 6, 1 Priest.
No more be done! His silence will sit drooping. We should profane the service of the dead,
Hear you, sir, To sing a requiem S, and such rest to her
What is the reason that you use me thus ? As to peace-parted souls.
I lov'd you ever : But it is no matter; Laer.
Lay her i' the earth; Let Hercules himself do what he may, And from her fair and unpolluted flesh,
The cat will mew, and dog will have his day. [Erit. May violets spring! - I tell thee, churlish priest, King. I pray thee, good Horatio, wait upon A minist'ring angel shall my sister be,
[Erit Horatio. When thou liest howling.
Strengthen your patience in our last night's speech; Ham. What, the fair Ophelia !
(To LAERTES. Queen. Sweets to the sweet : Farewell!
We'll put the matter to the present push.
(Scattering Flowers. Good Gertrude, set some watch over your son. I hop'd, thou shouldst have been my Hamlet's wife; This grave shall have a living monument: I thought, thy bride-bed to have deck’d, sweet maid, An hour of quiet shortly shall we see; And not have strew'd thy grave.
Till then, in patience our proceeding be. (Exeunt. Laer.
O treble woe
SCENE II. - A Hall in the Castle.
Enter HAMLET and HORATIO.
Ham. So much for this, sir : now, shall you see Till I have caught her once more in mine arms:
the other ; (Leaps into the Grave. You do remember all the circumstance ? Now pile your dust upon the quick 4 and dead;
Hor. Remember it, my lord ! Till of this flat a mountain you have made
Ham. Sir, in my heart there was a kind of fighting, To o'ertop old Pelion, or the skyish head
That would not let me sleep: methought, I lay Of blue Olympus.
Worse than the mutines7 in the bilboes.8 Rashly, Ham. [Advancing.) What is he, whose grief
And prais'd be rashness for it, — Let us know, Bears such an emphasis? whose phrase of sorrow
Our indiscretion sometimes serves us well, Conjures the wand'ring stars, and makes them stand When our deep plots do pall ; and that should Like wonder-wounded hearers ? this is I, Hamlet the Dane.
(Leaps into the Grave. There's a divinity that shapes our ends,
Rough-hew them how we will.
That is most certain. Ham. Thou pray'st not well.
Ham. Up from my cabin, I prythee, take thy fingers from my throat ;
My sea-gown scarf'd about me, in the dark For, though I am not splenetive and rash,
Grop'd I to find out them : bad my desire ; Yet have I in me something dangerous,
Finger'd their packet : and, in fine, withdrew Which let thy wisdom fear: hold off thy hand.
To mine own room again : making so bold, King. Pluck them asunder.
My fears forgetting manners, to unseal Queen.
Hamlet, Hamlet !
Their grand commission; where I found, Horatio All. Gentlemen,
A royal knavery; an exact command, Hor.
Good my lord, be quiet. Larded with many several sorts of reasons, [The Attendants part them, and they come out Importing Denmark's health, and England's too, of the Grave.
With, ho! such bugs, and goblins in my life, Ham. Why, I will fight with him upon this theme, That, on the supervise, no leisure bated, Until my eyelids will no longer wag.
No, not to stay the grinding of the axe, Queen. O my son! what theme?
My head should be struck off. Ham. I lov'd Ophelia : forty thousand brothers
Is't possible? Could not, with all their quantity of love,
Ham. Here's the commission ; read it at more Make up my sum. What wilt thou do for her?
leisure. King. O, he is mad, Laertes.
But wilt thou hear now how I did proceed ? Queen. For love of God, forbear him.
Hor. Ay, 'beseech you. Ham. Show me what thou'lt do:
Ham. Being thus benetted round with villanies, Woul't weep? woul't fight? woul't fast? woul't tear Or? I could make a prologue to my brains, thyself?
They had begun the play ; - I sat me down ; Woul't drink up Esil ? 5 eat a crocodile ?
Devis'd a new commission; wrote it fair: I'll do't. Dost thou come here to whine ?
I once did hold it, as our statists 3 do, To outface me with leaping in her grave?
A baseness to write fair, and labour'd much Be buried quick with her, and so will I:
How to forget that learning; but, sir, now And, if thou prate of mountains, let them throw
It did me yeoman's service : Wilt thou know Millions of acres on us; till our ground,
The effect of what I wrote ? Singeing his pate against the burning zone,
Ay, good my lord. Make Ossa like a wart! Nay, an thou'lt mouth,
Ham. An earnest conjuration from the king, I'll rant as well as thou.
As England was his faithful tributary; ? Garlands. 3 A mass for the dead.
7 Mutineers. 5 Eisel is vinegar; but Mr. Steevens conjectures the word & Fetters and handcuffs brought from Bilboa in Spain, should be Weisci, a river which falls into the Baltic ocean.
> Before. 3 Statesmen,
As love between them like the palm might flourish; Ham. But yet, methinks it is very sultry and
Osr. Exceedingly, my lord: it is very sultry And many such like as's of great charge, — as 'twere, - I cannot tell how.– My lord, his That, on the view and knowing of these contents, majesty bade me signify to you, that he has laid a Without debatement further, more, or less, great wager on your head : Sir, this is the matter, He should the bearers put to sudden death,
Ham. I beseech you, remember Not shriving 5 time allowed.
(HAMLET moves him to put on his Hat. Hor.
How was this seal'd ? Osr. Nay, good my lord ; for my ease, in good Ham. Why, even in that was heaven ordinant; faith.8 Sir, here is newly come to court, Laertes: I had my father's signet in my purse,
believe me, an absolute gentleman, full of most ex. Which was the model of that Danish seal:
cellent differences , of very soft society, and great Folded the writ up in form of the other ;
showing: Indeed, to speak feelingly of him, he is Subscrib'd it; gave't the impression ; plac'd it the card or calendar of gentry, for you shall find safely,
in him the continent of what part a gentleman The changeling never known: Now the next day
would see. Was our sea-fight; and what to this was sequent Ham. Sir, his definement suffers no perdition in Thou know'st already.
you ; — though, I know, to divide him inventorially, Hor. So Guildenstern and Rosencrantz go tot. would dizzy the arithmetick of memory; and yet Ham. Why man, they did make love to this em- but raw neither, in respect of his quick sail. But, ployment;
in the verity of extolment, I take him to be a soul They are not near my conscience; their defeat of great article; and his infusion of such dearth Does by they own insinuation grow :
and rareness, as, to make true diction of him, his 'Tis dangerous, when the baser nature comes semblable is his mirrour; and, who else would Between the pass and fell incensed points
trace him, his umbrage, nothing more.S Of mighty opposites.
Osr. Your lordship speaks most infallibly of him. Hor.
Why, what a king is this ! Ham. The concernancy, sir ? why do we wrap Ham. Does it not, think thee,stand me now upon ? the gentleman in our more rawer breath? He that hath kill'd my king, seduc'd my mother ; Osr. Sir? Popp'd in between the election and my hopes ; Hor. Is't not possible to understand in anotber Thrown out his angle for my proper life,
tongue? You will do't, sir, really. And with such cozenage; is't not perfect con- Ham. What imports the nomination of this genscience,
tleman? To quit him with this arm ? and not to let
Osr. Of Laertes ? This canker of our very nature come
Hor. His purse is empty already ; all his golden In further evil?
words are spent. Hor. It must be shortly known to him from Ham. Of him, sir. England,
Osr. I know, you are not ignorant What is the issue of the business there.
Ham. I would, you did, sir ; yet, in faith, if you Ham. It will be short: the interim is mine; did, it would not much approve i me; – Well, sir. And a man's life no more than to say, one.
Osr. You are not ignorant of what excellence But I am very sorry, good Horatio,
Laertes is That to Laertes I forgot myself;
Ham. I dare not confess that, lest I should comFor by the image of my cause, I see
pare with him in excellence; but, to know a man The portraiture of his : I'll count 6 his favours : well, were to know himself. But, sure, the bravery of his grief did put me Ost. I mean, sir, for his weapon; but in the imInto a towering passion.
putation laid on him by them, in his meed 5 he's Hor. Peace; who comes here ? unfellowed.
Ham. What's his weapon?
Osr. Rapier and dagger.
Osr. The king, sir, hath wagered with him sir Ham. I humbly thank you, sir. — Dost know Barbary horses against the which he has imthis waterfly?
pawnedo, as I take it, six French rapiers and Hor. No, my good lord.
poniards, with their assigns, as girdle, hangers i, Ham. Thy state is the more gracious; for 'tis a and so ; Three of the carriages, in faith, are very vice to know him : He hath much land, and fertile: dear tó fancy, very responsive to the hilts, most let a beast be lord of beasts, and his crib shall stand delicate carriages, and of very liberal conceit. at the king's mess : 'Tis a chough?; but, as I say, Ham. What call you the carriages? spacious in the possession of dirt.
Hor. I knew you must be edified by the marOsr. Sweet lord, if your lordship were at leisure, gent®, ere you had done. I should impart a thing to you from his majesty. Osr. The carriages, sir, are the hangers.
Ham. I will receive it, with all diligence of Ham. The phrase would be more german 9 to the spirit: Your bonnet to his right use; 'tis for the head. Ost. I thank your lordship, 'tis very hot.
The affected phrase of the time.
9 Distinguishing excellencies. I Compass or chart Ham. No, believe me, 'tis very cold; the wind
3 The country and pattern for imitation. is northerly.
3 This speech is a ridicule of the court jargon of that time. 4 Recommend.
* Praise. Osr. It is indifferent cold, my lord, indeed.
7 That part of the belt by which the sword was suspendeck • A note of connection. 5 Confessing
of a book which contains explanatory notes. • Make account of, value. 7 A bird like a jackdaw.
matter, if we could carry a cannon by our sides ; | be now; if it be not now, yet it will come: the I would, it might be hangers till then. But, on : readiness is all : Since no man, of aught he leaves, Six Barbary horses against six French swords, their knows, what is't to leave betimes ? Let be. assigns, and three liberal conceited carriages ; that's the French bet against the Danish : Why, 'is this Enter King, Queen, LAERTES, Lords, Osric, and impawned, as you call it ?
Attendants, with Foils, fc. Osr. The king, sir, hath laid, that in a dozen King. Come, Hamlet, come, and take this hand passes between yourself and him, he shall not ex
from me. ceed you three hits; he hath laid, on twelve for [The King puts the Hand of LAERTES into nine; and it would come to immediate trial, if your
that of HAMLET. lordship would vouchsafe the answer.
Ham. Give me your pardon, sir: I have done Ham. How, if I answer, no?
you wrong; Osr. I mean, my lord, the opposition of your But pardon it, as you are a gentleman. person in trial.
This presence 6 knows, and you must needs have Ham. Sir, I will walk here in the hall : If it
lieard, please his majesty, it is the breathing time of day How I am punish'd with a sore distraction. with me: let the foils be brought, the gentleman What I have done, willing, and the king hold his purpose, I will win That might your nature, honour, and exception, for him, if I can; if not, I will gain nothing but Roughly awake, I here proclaim was madness. my shame, and the odd hits.
Was't Hamlet wronged Laertes? Never, Hamlet: Osr. Shall I deliver you so ?
If Hamlet from himself, be ta'en away, Ham. To this effect, sir ; after what flourish your And, when he's not himself, does wrong Laertes, nature will.
Then Hamlet does it not, Hamlet denies it. Osr. I commend my duty to your lordship. [Erit. Who does it then? His madness: If 't be so,
Ham. Yours, yours. He does well to com- Hamlet is of the faction that is wrong'd; mend it himself; there are no tongues else for 's turn. His madness is poor Hamlet's enemy.
Hor. This lapwing 'runs away with the shell on Sir, in this audience, his head.
Let my disclaiming from a purpos' evil Ham. He did comply? with his dug, before he Free me so far in your most generous thoughts, sucked it. Thus has he (and many more of the That I have shot my arrow o'er the house, same breed, that, I know, the drossy s age dotes on,) | And hurt my brother. only got the tune of the time, and outward habit of Laer.
I am satisfied in nature, encounter; a kind of yesty collection, which carries Whose motive, in this case, should stir me most them through and through the most fond * and To my revenge: but in my terms of honour, winnowed opinions; and do but blow them to their I stand aloof; and will no reconcilement, trial, the bubbles are out.
Till by some elder masters of known honour,
I have a voice and precedent of peace,
To keep my name ungor'd 7: But till that time, Lord. My lord, his majesty commended him to I do receive your offer'd love like love, you by young Osric, who brings back to him, that and will not wrong it. you attend him in the hall: He sends to know, if Ham.
I embrace it freely; your pleasure hold to play with Laertes, or that you and will this brother's wager frankly play. — will take longer time.
Give us the foils; come on. Ham. I am constant to my purposes, they follow
Come, one for me. the king's pleasure : if his fitness speaks, mine is Ham. I'll be your foil, Laertes; in mine igready; now, or whensoever, provided I be so able
Your skill shall, like a star i' the darkest night, Lord. The king, and queen, and all are coming Stick fiery off indeed. down.
You mock me, sir. Ham. In happy time.
Ham. No, by this hand. Lord. The queen desires you, to use some gentle King. Give them the foils, young Osric. Couentertainment to Laertes, before you fall to play.
sin Hamlet, Ham. She well instructs me. (Exit Lord. You know the wager ? Hor. You will lose this wager, my lord.
Very well, my lord; Ham. I do not think so; since he went into Your grace hath laid the odds o'the weaker side. France, I have been in continual practice; I shall King. I do not fear it :- I have seen you both :win at the odds. But thou wouldst not think, how But since he's better'd, we have therefore odds. ill all's here about my heart: but it is no matter. Laer. This is too heavy, let me see another. Hor. Nay, good my lord,
Ham. This likes me well : These foils have all Ham. It is but foolery ; but it is such a kind of
a length ? [They prepare to play. gain-giving', as would, perhaps, trouble a woman. Osr. Ay, my good lord.
Hor. If your mind dislike any thing, obey it: I King. Set me the stoups 8 of wine upon that will forestal their repair hither, and say, you are
table : not fit.
If Hamlet give the first or second hit, Ham. Not a whit, we defy augury; there is a Or quit in answer of the third exchange, special providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it Let all the battlements their ordnance fire, be now, 'tis not to come ; if it be not to come, it will The king shall drink to Hamlet's better breath;
And in the cup an union 9 shall he throw, ! A bird which runs about immediately it is hacched. 3 Compliment.
; I'nwounded. * For fond read fann'd.
9 A precious pearl
Richer than that which four successive kings
Ham. The point In Denmark's crown have worn; Give me the cups; Envenom'd too!- Then, venom, to thy work. And let the kettle to the trumpet speak,
[Stabs the Kiss The trumpet to the cannoneer without,
Ost. of Lords. Treason! treason! The cannons to the heavens, the heaven to earth, King. O, yet defend me, friends, I am but burt. Vow the King drinks to Hamlet. — Come, begin; — Ham. Here thou incestuous, murd'rous, damned And you, the judges, bear a wary eye.
Drink off this potion :- Is thy union here?
(King des Ham.
He is justly serv'd;
No. It is a poison temper'd s by himself. — Ham.
Judgment. Exchange forgiveness with me, noble Hamlet : Osr. A hit, a very palpable hit.
Mine and my father's death come not upon thee; Laer. Well, - again. Nor thine on me!
[De King. Stay, give me drink : Hamlet, this pearl Ham. Heaven make thee free of it! I follow thee. is thine;
I am dead, Horatio: - Wretched queen, adieu ! Here's to thy health. Give him the cup.
You that look pale and tremble at this chance, [Trumpets sound; and Cannon shot off within. That are but mutes or audience to this act, Ham. I'll play this bout first, set it by a while. Had I but time, (as this fell sergeant 4, death, Come. - Another hit; What say you? (They play. Is strict in his arrest,) O, I could tell you, Laer. A touch, a touch, I do confess.
But let it be : - Horatio, I am dead; King. Our son shall win.
Thou liv'st; report me and my cause aright Queen.
He's fat, and scant of breath. To the unsatisfied.
Never believe it ;
Here's yet some liquor left.
As thou’rt a man,
If thou didst ever hold me in thy heart, Laer. My lord, I'll hit him now.
Absent thee from felicity awhile, King.
I do not think it. And in this harsh world draw thy breath in pain, Laer. And yet it is almost against my conscience. To tell my story.
[March afar off, and Shot within. Ham. Come, for the third, Laertes: You do but
What warlike noise is this? dally;
Osr. Young Fortinbras, with conquest come from I pray you, pass with your best violence;
To the ambassadors of England gives
0, I die, Horatio ; Laer. Have at you now.
The potent poison quite o'er-crows my spirit;
fling, they change Rapiers, and Hamlet But I do prophesy the election lights
On Fortinbras; he has my dying voice ;
Part them, they are incens'd. So tell him, with the occurrents 5, more or less, Ham. Nay, come again. (The Queen falls. Which have solicited, - the rest is silence. (Dies. Osr.
Look to the queen there, ho! Hor. Now cracks a noble heart; - Good night, Hor. They bleed on both sides :
- How is it, my
sweet prince; lord ?
And Alights of angels sing thee to thy rest! Osr. How is't, Laertes ?
Why does the drum come hither? (March within. Laer. Why, as a woodcock to my own springe, Osric;
Enter FORTINBRAS, the English Ambassadors, and I am justly kill'd with mine own treachery.
others. Ham. How does the queen ?
Fort. Where is this sight?
What is it you would see? Queen. No, no, the drink, the drink, O my If aught of woe, or wonder, cease your search. dear Hamlet!
Fort. This quarry7 cries on havock! 8 – O proud The drink, the drink;-I am poison'd! (Dies.
death! Ham. Ó villainy! — Ho! let the door be lock’d: What feast is toward in thine eternal cell, Treachery! seek it out.
(LAERTES falls. That thou so many princes, at a shot, Laer. It is here, Hamlet: Hamlet, thou art slain ; So bloodily hast struck ? No medicine in the world can do thee good,
The sight is dismal; In thee there is not half an hour's life;
And our affairs from England come too late : The treacherous instrument is in thy hand,
The ears are senseless, that should give us hearing, Unbated %, and envenom'd: the foul practice Hath turned itself on me; lo, here I lie,
A sergeant is a sheriff's officer.
5 Occurrences Never to rise again : Thy mother's poison'd;
7 Heap of dead game, I can no more; the king, the king's to blame. 8 A word of censure when more game was destroyed than 2 Not blunted, without a button.
To tell him, his commandment is fulfillid,
For me, with sorrow I embrace my fortune; That Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead : I have some rights of memory in this kingdom, Where should we have our thanks ?
Which now to claim my vantage doth invite me. Hor.
Not from his mouth, Hor. Of that I shall have also cause to speak, Had it the ability of life to thank you;
And from his mouth whose voice will draw on He never gave commandment for their death. But since, so jump 9 upon this bloody question, But let this same be presently perform’d, You from the Polack / wars, and you from England, Even while men's minds are wild ; lest more misAre here arriv'd; give order, that these bodies
chance, High on a stage be placed to the view;
On plots and errors, happen. And let me speak, to the yet unknowing world, Fort.
Let four captains How these things come about: So shall you hear Bear Hamlet, like a soldier, to the stage ; Of carnal, bloody, and unnatural acts;
For he was likely, had he been put on,
Speak loudly for him. -
Becomes the field, but here shows much amiss. Fort. Let us haste to hear it,
Go, bid the soldiers shoot. [ A dead March And call the noblest to the audience.
[Exeunt, bearing off the dead Bodies ; after So exactly at the time. 1 Polish.
which, a Peal of Ordnance is shot off