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will probably be found the most interesting portions of the volume. In making the quotations from this department, it has been the object to bring the greatest quantity of useful matter within the smallest space. Parts of letters, therefore, are usually introduced, rarely the whole of any one,--sufficient to give the full sense of the Writer on any required point, and avoiding all extraneous observations. The historical and biographical portions of the work have also been derived, in great part, from this pregnant source.
In some cases the very language of the Author has been adopted, without invariably noting it with the usual mark of credit. In all such cases, however, the style or the sentiment will be sufficiently distinguishable to place it where it belongs. Some parts of the narrative may appear overwrought with eulogy, to some minds--not so much because the subject does not deserve it, as because it was infinitely above the attempt. It is a difficult matter to commemorate the deeds of 80 distinguished a benefactor of the human race, without yielding in some degree to the influence of a passion which they are so justly calculated to inspire; and the writer does not scruple to admit, that he has less endeavored to restrain his own grateful feelings, than to infuse the same into the minds of his readers.
The character of THOMAS JEFFERSON should be held up to all succeeding generations of American people, as the model on which they should habitually fix their eyes, and fashion their own characters and principles. His unparalleled achievements and sacrifices for their benefit, with the pre-eminent success, and the blissful close of his life, should be continually spread before them, as incitements to run the same virtuous and glorious career of action. IIis Writings should enlighten the fireside of every citizen of this Republic, and form the text-book of the American statesman. His pure fame should be religiously cherished by his countrymen, as a most precious inheritance to them, and as meriting from man universally an everlasting remembrance. If the present volume shall bave been instrumental in promoting these objects, it will have fulfilled its destiny.
b: found the most interesting portions of the volume. e quotations from this depariment, it has been the
the greatest quantity of useful matter within the
Parts of letters, therefore, are usually introduced.2 of any one, --sufficient to give the full sense of the required point, and avoiding all extraneous observa
cal and biographical portions of the work have al3. in great part, from this pregnant source. In some Linguage of the Author has been adopted, without ni it with the usual mark of credit. In all such
the style or the sentiment will be sufficiently distince it where it belongs. Some parts of the narrative wrought with eulogy, to some minds-not so much pt does not deserve it, as because it was infinitely 1. It is a difficult matter to commemorate the deeds ed a benefactor of the human race, without yielde to the intluence of a passion which they are so to inspire; and the writer does not scruple to adand endeavored to restrain his own grateful feelings,
same into the minds of his readers. of Thomas JEFFERSON should be held up to all ions of American people, as the model on which ally fix their eyes, and fashion their own charac
His unparalleled achievements and sacrifices Eth the pre-eminent success, and the blissful close
e continually spread before them, as incitements tuous and glorious career of action. His Writen the fireside of every citizen of this Republic, pok of the American statesman. His pure fame i cherished by his countrymen, as a inost prethem, and as meriting from man universally an ance. If the present volume shall have been
CHAPTER 1. Nativity of Mr. Jefferson. Peculiarity in the concealment of his birth-dayCuriosity felt to ascertain it-Motives of his conduct in this particular-Reply to the city authorities of Washington-To Levi Lincoln, pp. 17:18. Genealogy of Mr. Jefferson Peculiarity by which it was marked -Prominency of the feature iri Thoinas. Anecdote related by Mr. Madison. Antiquity of his maternal pedigree. Character of his father-Extent of his patrimony. His early education--Critical position of hus boy-luod—llis juvenile mind and habits -Fondness for the classics-For what qualities distinguished in CollegeFassion for certain Sciences and Fine Arts, pp. 13:20. Circumstances which decided the particular direction of his life. His character of Dr. Small-Or George Wyihe. Commences the study of Law-Extent of his researches. His fervid description of the speech of Patrick Henry against the Stamp-actInfluence of that scene upon his subsequen'. career. Mottoes of his Seals, pp. 22:27. Enquiry into the relative birth of individual opinions on the question of American Independence-Remark of Mr. Jefferson upon this point. Notice of his claims to the distinction of giving direction and permanency to the moral power of the Revolution-flis sarcastic compliment to Massachusetts upon this point-The idea pursued in a letter to General Dearborn. Enters the Practice of the Law--Profissional celebrity. Qualifications as an Advocate--As a Popular Orator. Letter to Major John Cartwright of England, displaying the depth and precision of his legal preparation-Interest excited on the publication of this letter--Answer 10 Ě. Everett upon the subject, pp. 27:33.
CHAPTER II. Mr. Jefferson comes of age. Elected to the Legislature. His first effort in that body for the Emancipation of Slaves-Overwhelming defeat of the measure --Reinarks on the singular merils of the proposition. Extract from his Notes on Virginia, on Slavery. Progress of the Revolution. System of Non-intercourse adopted by the Colonies--Agency of Mr. Jefferson in bringing Virginia into the measure-Its utility as an engine of coercion. Retaliatory resolutions of the British Parliament. Counter resolutions brought forward by Mr. Jeffer
Gerin of the American Union. Sudden dissolution of the Legislature. Jefferson and others rally a private meeting of the members at the Raleigli tavern—Its spirited doings. Influence of the revolutionary proceedings in Virginia, pp. 341:40. Apally of the ColonistsHow viewed by Mr. Jefferson He devises measures for arousing them to a sense of their situation. Meeringu of the bulder spirits, to set the machinery in motion --Influence of this conclave upon the course of the Revolution. Committees of Correspondence established --Agency of this measure in begetting a General Congress-Strong presenti ment of Mr. Jefferson of the result of theis deliberations. Interesting debut of Mr. Cart in the legislature--Mr. Jefferson's character of him. Legislature again dissolved, pp. 41:45. Parallel Committees of Correspondence appointed by the other Colonies--Moral agency of this institution in the Revolution. News of the Beston Port Bill. Pipular effervescence. Measures set in notion hy Mr. Jefferson. Holds another council with his former confederates Appointment of a general Fast in Virginia-Mr. Jefferson's account of his draft of ihe proclamation-Effect of his incasure ibroughout the Colonies. Legislature again dissolved. Spirited Associalion entered into by the members. Recommendation of a General Congress, pp. 46:53.
CHAPTER III. The other Colonies unite in the measure of a General Congress. First dernocratic Convention in Virginia, Mr. Jefferson elected a meinber. Instructions proposed by him for the Congressional Delegates--Published by the Convention under the lille of Summary View of the Rights of Britislı America'--Effect of this work in England---Re published by the Whigs in Parliament.--Bill of Attainder commenced against the author--Political doctrines of this work form the text of the Revolution ; insried at length remarks on the Political merits of the work. The Convention virlua.ly assuines the government of the colony,
noting these objects, it will have fulfilled its des
Commerce- Report of the committee, pp. 229 : 232. He submits a proposition
Accepts the appointment of Minister to Europe--Sails--Arrival in France.
Political elements of Washington's cabinet. Character of Hamilton, Adams,
Repost of the committee, pp. 229 : 232. He submits a proposition
3.('ommittee of the States,' to serve during the recesses of Con.
tent failure of the scheme; humorous anecdole of Doctor Frank-
*Advice to Washington, who takes measuies to abolish the order.
· stor Plenipotentiary, with Franklin and Adams, for negotiating
appointment of Minister to Europe-Sails--Arrival in France
Authorship of these instructions... His letter on the subject.
ah the French Minister. Final result of their propositions to
posals...Their reception, and failure, pp. 243: 250. His
Proposed abandonment of the navigation of the Vississippi
Causes of this struggle. as stated by Mr. Jefferson...
Character of the uggle between the federalists and republicans. Third Con-
Political character of Adams' cabinet. Jefferson's arrival as Vice President,
Inauguration of Jefferson. Description of the ceremony. Inaugural address,
Principle of reform. Reduction of the army and navy; abolition of superflu-
Washington's cabinet. Character of Hamilton, Adams,
Jefferson. His critical position, and observations.
on Coins, dc.---]ts outlines. Report on the Cod and
Critical situation of the U. Slates, as to their foreign
in favor of France. Intemperate characler of the
s retirement from the Cabinet, and its causes.-Efforts
which had conferred such distinguished excellence upon their country. He replied, in a style of Roman heroism, “ The only birthday which I recognize, is that of my country's liberties.” In August, 1803, he received a similar communication from Levi Lincoln, in behalf of a certain association in Boston, to which he replied : “Disapproving myself of transferring the honors and veneration for the great birth-day of our Republic, to any individual, or of dividing them with individuals, I have declined letting my own birthday be known, and have engaged my family not to communicate it. This has been the uniform answer to every application of the kind."
On the paternal side, Mr. Jefferson could number no titles to high or ancient lineage. His ancestors, however, as far back as they can be traced, were of solid respectability, and among the first settlers of Virginia. They emigrated to this country from Wales, and from near the mountain of Snowden, the highest in GreatBritain. His grand-father was the first of whom we have any particular information. He lived in Chesterfield county, at the place called Ozborne's, and owned the lands, afterwards the glebe of the parish. He had three sons; Thomas, who died young; Field, who resided on the waters of the Roanoke, and left numerous descendants; and Peter, the father of the subject of these Memoirs, who settled in Albemarle county, on the lands called Shadwell. He was the third or fourth settler in that region of the country. They were all gentlemen of property and influence in the Colony.
But the chief glory of Mr. Jefferson genealogy was the sturdy contempt of hereditary honors and distinctions, with which the whole race was imbued. At a period when birth wasthe principal circumstance which decided rank, such a raciness and unsophisticated tone of character, in an influential family, whose wealth alone was sufficient to identify them with the aristocracy, could not but be regarded as a novel and decisive peculiarity. It was a strong genealogical feature, pervading all the branches of the primitive stock, and forming a remarkable head and concentration in the individual who was destined to confer immortality upon the name. With him, indeed, if there was any one sentiment which predominated in early life, and which lost none of its rightful ascendency through a long career of enlightened and philanthropic effort, it was that of the natural equality of all men, in their rights and wants; and of the nothingness of those pretensions which "are gained without merit and