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who advised Congress that it could pass the “I've had a very pleasant ride with you. Railroad Rate Bill, and he was the President's I hope we shall meet again.” constant adviser in the matter. The Postal The newspaper man took out a card and and Land Fraud cases were conducted under handed it to Mr. Moody, who in turn handed his direction. He has been the first Attorney- him one of his. But he did not wait to witness General to employ criminal law in the prose the correspondent's embarrassment. cution of violations against the anti-trust laws. How has he been able to accomplish this

MOODY THE MAN tremendous amount of work? Simply by What kind of man, then, is this energetic keeping at it all the time. No Government Attorney-General whose activities extend to official is more tireless in his labors. He nearly every branch of the Government ? Go drives to his office, and plans his day's cam to Haverhill, Mass., in the summer and you paign on the way. Mr. Moody has made it will probably meet him swinging down one of a point to know all the evidence that is gathered the elm-shaded streets or tramping across the in the big cases. Frequently there are visitors. pleasant Essex country-a stocky, sturdy, Out of some of these visits have come some broad-shouldered figure, with a face tanned by important cases. A Tennessee lawyer, for the sun. You will hear a neighbor greet him example, who represented a farmer, gave him as “Bill,” stop him, and ask him how he is the first facts that resulted in the prosecution getting along. For he is still their friend and of the Fertilizer Trust. A reporter for a New counsellor. They come to him with their York newspaper brought the first evidence of troubles: the local butcher who sells meat across alleged rebate-taking by the Sugar Trust. the line in New Hampshire and who doesn't

In the afternoon he generally takes a horse- quite understand the new inspection laws, or back ride, often with the President, for whom an old Gloucester sea-captain whose ship was he is frequently mistaken, and with Judge seized by the British twenty years ago, and who Taft. In Washington, this is his only exercise. has a claim for damages pending. His old At home he walks a great deal. When he is neighbors are very proud of him, too, and they preparing a case, he works at his bachelor will tell you that, "Bill Moody is a big man. apartment where he keeps house with General His home is a large yellow and white colonial Crozier, of the Ordnance Bureau, and Repre house. His favorite room is the long, lowsentative Gillette of Massachusetts.

ceiled library, with its solid rows of books, set On one of his horse-back rides about Wash in heavy mahogany shelves. It is a room in ington occured an incident which shows the which one would like to read. You will find Attorney-General's sense of humor. He was that the Attorney-General knows his Kipling, riding alone when a man galloped up along Stevenson, Balzac, and Thackeray as well as side and engaged him in conversation. He his law, and he can discuss history and biogproved to be a newspaper correspondent who raphy with the familiarity that comes of long had not been in the city very long, and who and close kinship. “I never buy a book until began to talk in a very light vein.

I have read it," he says. He smokes cigars “I suppose you meet most of the Govern constantly and walks up and down as he talks. ment officials," said Mr. Moody.

He talks as he works and lives--with snap, replied the correspondent. vigor, and directness. He not only bears a “ Take those* Cabinet officers for example. strong physical resemblance to President RooseThey are very ordinary people—like you and velt, but has very much the same strenuous me, only some of them are industrious. There's

manner. Postmaster-General Payne. He works from Over one of his book shelves hangs the blue early till late. Judge Taft is a worker, too." ensign of the Secretary of the Navy. It was

“How about Secretary Moody," asked his made by the enlisted men of the Dolphin and companion, falling in with the spirit of the presented to him on his retirement as Secretary conversation.

of the Navy. “I am very proud of that," he “He's a big man-but he is the laziest said. “It came from men in the ranks." fellow in the Cabinet.” By this time they This, then, is "the man who," in the words of reached a drug-store and stopped to have a his predecessor, “has more than any one else, drink of soda water. When they were about put into practice the theory that the law of the to separate, Mr. Moody said:

land is for the poor and rich alike.”

“Oh yes,

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A PUBLIC BUILDING WHICH REPRESENTS GOOD CRAFTSMANSHIP AND AN IDEAL
UNION OF THE ALLIED ARTS OF ARCHITECTURE, SCULPTURE, AND PAINTING

BY
CHARLES H. CAFFIN

THE new Capitol of Pennsylvania, which Then a delightful picture presents itself-the

was dedicated on October 4th, takes Susquehanna in the foreground; a middle

rank with the most monumental distance of leafy boulevard and piled-up roofs; buildings in the country. In size it is sur and then the Capitol, reared impressively passed by few; and while size itself is not a against the sky, its whiteness tinged, if you virtue it becomes, when allied with dignity of choose your time, with the soft flush of the sunwhole and beauty of parts, a very important set-a monumental mass, dominating not only ingredient of the monumental quality. the city but the whole hill-girt hollow of the

The building is attractively situated on landscape. Capitol Hill, a gentle eminence comprising The length of the Capitol is 520 feet, the some fifteen acres, studded with trees. The breadth through the centre line 254 feet, and latter, while allowing a number of beautiful through each of its side wings 212 feet. Its fragmentary views, interfere with a sight of the area is 86,178 square feet, an excess of a little façade as a whole, but one may find an ex more than 2,000 square feet over that of St. cellent view-point about half-way across the Paul's, London. Perhaps the significance of carriage-bridge over the Susquehanna River. these dimensions will be the better appreciated

when one learns that a man making a circuit by and for the people should be a monument of the walls would traverse half a mile. The of the natural union of the sister arts, sculpture height to the rail of the balustrade is 100 feet; and painting. Nor has he overlooked the other from the ground to the top of the statue it is essential of all monumental work, honest 272 feet. It is built of a species of granite craftsmanship. It is impossible to spend a from the quarries of Vermont; notwithstanding week in the building, as I did, exploring it in a bluish-grey speckle it is of remarkable every direction, without coming to the conwhiteness with charmingly subtle effects in the clusion that if the workmanship which is congraduations of the shadows.

cealed be as good as that which meets the eye, The new structure replaces that destroyed by no building could be built more honestly. And fire in February, 1897.

when one has come under the spell of the The Commissioners entrusted with the

super architect's high ideals and found them revision of the work were Messrs. William A. flected in the enthusiasm not only of the several Stone, William P. Snyder, William H. Graham, bosses but of their employees, he may be sure

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was

Nathaniel C. Schaeffer, and Edward Bailey. that a consistent honesty penetrates also the
As the result of a competition in designs Mr. things not seen.
Joseph M. Huston, of Philadelphia,

The architect, in fact, strove to revive the selected as the architect. He so completely old relation between the master-builder and won the confidence of the Commission that he his co-workers, a relation which one may was allowed a free hand; and the Capitol, imagine to have existed in the golden days of as it stands to-day, is in a very personal mediæval craftsmanship—a comradeship in sense the product of his artistic and practical zeal and proud endeavor. This is a fact that judgment and of his high regard for the deserves to be mentioned—not with the sugresponsibilities of public service.

gestion that it is unique but because it is so In this, his first great public commission, commendable and should be so general, being Mr. Huston has put himself squarely on record in the finest sense democratic and bound to be as believing that every great building erected productive of the best that is in any man.

The eye is first attracted to the dome of the extending north and south, contain the Senate Capitol, which has practically no other func chamber and the hall of the House of Repretion than that of being beautiful; as such it is sentatives. At right angles to the extremity fitly the heart of the whole building. From of each wing is another, forming with it the it radiate four wings: the western, or front

the western, or front shape of the letter T. In the southern of these wing, presents the main entrance, over which are situated the Executive chambers. The are the rooms of the Lieutenant-Governor; basement and ground floor, and such parts of the eastern wing, which is longer, has on its the other floors as are not occupied in the mantop floor the Supreme Court; the other two, ner just described, are divided into offices.

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The design of the dome is modeled after essential features of the architect's original that of St. Peter's at Rome, and the whole scheme. structure follows the Renaissance use of the On the other hand, for the large groups Greek classic, the order of the columns that destined to flank the entrance a commission adorn the façade being Corinthian. They has been given to Mr. George Grey Barnard, lend the emphasis of their decoration to the and the work is within a measurable distance bel étage, which occupies the second and third of being completed. The conception to which floors. In the three projecting wings the he has undertaken to give ideal expression is columns are arranged in four pairs, supporting Life—the joy of life and the labor thereof. porticoes; in the connecting wings—where from photographs of portions of the work it they are disposed singly between each of the seems safe to predict that they will be at once windows and are attached to the walls by a the most complete and the most impressive quarter of their circumference—their use is creations of this sculptor, a product not only

of his profound knowledge of form but also of his high gift of poetic imagination.

The construction of the dome is of particular interest. Seen from the outside, it rises from a squared base which supports a circular foundation for the cylinder or drum. The drum is composed of sixteen pairs of Corinthian columns (some day to be topped with eagles), alternating with sixteen windows. These are crowned with a cornice, and it is up to the line of the egg-and-dart moulding in the latter that the granite masonry is carried; thence forward, as far as the gilded bronze ball and statue, the structure is of terra-cotta. The dome proper is composed of an inner and an outer shell of concrete, to the latter of which the terra-cotta is cemented. The skeleton consists of sixteen steel trusses anchored into the masonry of the drum and further secured by concentric circles of lateral trusses. The underbeams of all these trusses are imbedded in the inner shell of concrete, and the upper in the outer, leaving a space between by which every part of the dome may be reached. Here, too, is a ladder by which the adventurous visitor

may climb to the gallery that surrounds the Including a view of the bronze doors

cupola, gaining thence a panoramic view of the

Susquehanna and the adjacent hills that will purely decorative. The entablature is of the well repay him. simplest Greek design: an architrave of three Seen from within, the construction of the bands, an undecorated frieze, and a cornice. dome is that known as pendentive vaulting. In the connecting wings it is surmounted by a The continuous circle of the drum is drawn balustrade, which in those that project is re

down into four triangular supports, whose placed by an attic. This in the right and left surfaces curve inward until each of their spreadwings is faced with a pediment, whereas the ing edges meets that of its neighbor, forming central attic is left plain, the intention being four arches between the four pendentives. The that its panels shall eventually be embellished weight of the superstructure having thus been with inscriptions and the whole crowned with distributed among the latter, they in turn are a quadriga. For this, as for the sculpture that supported upon four huge piers. The total is to adorn the pediments and certain other weight of the whole structure is 26,000 tons. parts of the exterior, no appropriation has yet To withstand this enormous downward presbeen made. They exist, at present, only as sure, nature had provided a bed of slate rock,

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THE MAIN ENTRANCE

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