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could no more doubt that I who write this

consciousness (says that author) that I saw the ark and Noah's flood, as that I saw an overflowing of the Thames last winter; or as that I now write ; I

now, that saw the Thames overflow last winter, and that viewed the flood at the general deluge, was the fame. felf, place that felf in what fubstance you please, than that I who write this am the same myfelf now while I write' (whether I consist of all the same substance material or immaterial or no) that I was yesterday ; for as to this point of being the fame self, it matters not whether this present felf be made up of the same or other fubstances. : I was mightily pleased with a story in some meafure applicable to this piece of philosophy, which } read the other day in the Persian Tales, as they are lately very well translated by Mic, Philips; and witle an abridgement whereof ( fall here present my readers.

I fhall only promise that these stories are wrir after the eastern mainer, but somewhat inore çor: rect.

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. Fadlallah, a prince of great virtues, succeede! « his father Bin-Orto, in the kingdom of Moulel:

He reigned over his faithful subjects for fome 6. limė, and lived in great happiness with his beau

teous confort Queen Zemroude; when there ap* peared at his court a young Dervis of fo lively

and entertaining a turn of wit, as won upon the .: affections of every one he conversed with. His ' reputation grew fo fast every day, that it at laft

raised a curiosity in the prince himself to see and I talk with him. He did so, and far from finding " that common fame had flattered him, he was 1. soon convinced that every thing he had heard of 6 hinn fell short of the truth..

· Fadlallah immediately lost all manner of relish s. for the conversation of other ,men ; and as he


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was every day more and more fatisfied with the • abilities of this stranger, offered him the first * pofts in his kingdom. The young Dervis, after

having thanked him with a very fingular modesty, desired to be excused, as having made a

vow never to accept of any employment, and pre• ferring a free and independent state of life to all I other conditions.

• The king was infinitely charmed with fo great • an example of moderation; and though he could

not get him to engage in a life of business, made . him however his chief companion and first 'fa'vourite,

• As they were one day hunting together, and • happened to be fuparated from the rest of the

company, the Dervis entertained Fadlallah with an account of his travels and adventures. After

having related to him feveral curiofities which he • had seen in the Indies, It was in this place, fays • he, that I contracted an acquaintance with an old • Brachman, who was killed in the moft hidden

powers of nature : He died within my arms, and with his parting breath communicated to me one of the most valuable of his secrets, on condition I fbould

never reveal it to any man. The king inimedi

ately reflecting on his young favourite's having • refused the late offers of greatnefs he had made

him, told hiin he prefumed it was the power of making gold. No, Sir, says the Dervis, it is somewhat more wonderful than that; it is the power of reanimating a dead body, by Ainging my own jiul into it.

• While he was yet fpeaking a doe came bound. • ing by them, and the king, who had his bow • ready, shot her through the heart; telling the Dervis, that a fair opportunity now offered for « him to shew his art. The young man immedi.

ately left his own body breathless on the ground, while at the same inftant that of the doe was re

* animated;


• animated ; fhe came to the king, fawned upon him, and, after having played several wanton

tricks, fell again upon the grafs; at the same in• ftant the body of the Dervis recovered its life. • The king was infinitely pleased at fo uncommon • an operation, and conjured his friend by every

thing that was sacred, to communicate it to him. • The Dervis at first made fome scruple of violat

ing his promise to the dying Brachman; but told • him at last that he found he could conceal nothing from fo excellent a prince; after having obliged him therefore by an oath to secrecy, he taught him to repeat two cabalistic words, in pronouncing of which the whole secret consisted. • The king, impatient to try the experiment, immediately repeated them as he had been taught, ' and in an instant found himself in the body 6 of the doe. He had but little time to con

template himself in this new being ;- for the trea. cherous Dervis shooting his own soul into the

royal corpse, and bending the prince's own bow against him, had laid him dead on the spot, had

not the king, who perceived his intent, fled • swiftly to the woods.

The Dervis, now triumphant in his villany; 6 returned to Nloufel, and filled the throne and bed * of the unhappy Fadlallah.

The first thing he took care of, in order to fecure himself in the possession of his new-acquired kingdom, was to issue out a proclamation, order. *ing his subjects to destroy all the deer in the

realm. The king had perished among the reft, " had he not avoided his pursuers by reanimating the body of a nightingale which he saw lie dead

at the foot of a tree. In this new. Shape he wing(*ed his way in safety to the palace; where perch

ing on a tree which stood near the Queen's aparte ment; he filled the whole place with so many. melodious and melancholy notes as drew her to

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the window. He had the mortification to see

that, instead of being pitied, he only moved the • mirth of his princess, and of a young female « flave who was with her. He continued however " to serenade her every morning, until at last the

Queen, charmed with his harmony, fent for the

bird-catchers, and ordered them to employ their • utmost skill to put that little creature into her • poffeffion. The king, pleased with an opportunity of being once niore near his beloved confort, easily suffered himself to be taken ; and when he

was presented to her, though he shewed a fearfulness to be touched by any of the other ladies, «flew of his own accord, and hid himself in the • Queen's bofom. Zemroude was highly pleased at

the unexpected fondnes of her new favourite, • and ordered him to be kept in an open cage, in • her own apartment. He had there an opportu.

nity of making his court to her every morning,

by a thoufand little actions, which his shape al• lowed him. The Queen passed away whole hours

every day in hearing and playing with him. Fad. "lallah could even have thought himself happy in • this state of life, had he not frequently endured • the inexpreslible torment of seeing the Dervis en

ter the apartment, and caress the Queen even in « his presence.

• The ufurper, amidst his toying with the prin• cess, would often endeavour to ingratiate himself • with her nightingale; and while the enraged " Fadlallah pecked at him with his bill, beat his

wings, and fhewed all the marks of an impotent råge, it only afforded his rival and the Queen new matter for their diversion, · Zemroude was likewise fond of a little lap dog, which she kept in her apartment, and which one night happened to die.

• The king immediately found himself inclined " to quit the Thape of the nightingale, and enliven

© this new body. He did so, and the next morning • Zemroude saw her favourite bird lie dead in the

cage. It is impofsible to express her grief on this occasion, and when she called to mind all its little

actions, which even appeared to have fomewhat • in them like reason, she was inconsolable for her

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· Her women immediately fent for the Dervis to come and comfort her, who after having in vain represented to her the weakness of being grieved at such an accident, touched at last by her repeated complaints, Well Madam, says he, I will exert the utmost of my art to please you. Your

nightingale shall again revive every morning, and serenade you as before. The queen beheld him • with a look which easily shewed she did not be• lieve him ; when laying himself down on a sofa, • he fhot his foul into the nightingale, and Zemroude was amazed to see her bird revive.

· The king, who was a fpectator of all that pafr. ed, lying under the fhape of a lap-dog, in one

corner of the room, immediately recovered his • own body, and running to the cage with the ut' most indignation, twisted off the neck of the false • nightingale.

Zemroude was more than ever amazed and concerned at this fecond accident, until the king in

treating her to hear him, related to her his whole • adventure.

The body of the Dervis which was found dead in the wood, and his edict for killing all the deer, • left her no room to doubt of the truth of it : • But the story adds, that out of an extreme deli

cacy (peculiar to the oriental ladies) she was fo • highly afflicted at the innocent adultery in which • she had for fome time lived with the Dervis, that

no arguinents even from Fadlallah hinfelf could compose her mind. She shortly after died with grief, begging his pardon with her last breath for



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