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No. 154.

No. 155.

PAGE 261.

Simon Honeycomb's visits to the Watering-Places are in an ascending scale of modishness from Astrop Wells near Oxford to Tunbridge and Bath. St. Edmunds-bury is the scene of Shadwell's Bury-Fair; and Epsom-Wells gives the title to another comedy by the same hand. PAGE 263. Great with Tully of late. Cf. vol. i. p. 327; also ii. P. 275.

In 'A' this paper is numbered 156,' and subsequent papers are incorrectly numbered. The error is rectified from 166' onwards. Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 451.

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No. 157,

No. 158.

No. 159,

No. 160.

PAGE 268.

Idol, ante, p. 25.

New Exchange, ante, p. 59 and note.
Your account of Beauties, ante, p. 225 etc.
Motto. Horace, Odes, II. viii. 5-7.

A common bite. See vol. i. p. 349.

PAGE 270. Affection. Either in the obsolete sense of affectation, as
used by Maria in The School for Scandal (I. i.), or a misprint for
that word, which is given in its usual form in vol. i. p. 26.

PAGE 271. Motto. Horace, Epist. II. ii. 187-9.
PAGE 273. Seneca says. Epist. 95 (about the middle).

PAGE 274.

20

That Infamy. Steele is at issue with public opinion, which found its most straightforward expression in the later utterances of Dr. Johnson (see Birkbeck Hill's Boswell's Johnson, i. v 46, ii. 407, v. 99). Steele returns to the "licensed Tyrants, the Schoolmasters" in No. 168.

PAGE 275. Motto. Martial, Epigr. XIII. ii. 8.

The Present State of Wit (1711) points out that Steele, instead of falling in with the customs of the day, like the other papers of the time, took the new course of attacking them.

Is the best Rule-'Is not the best Rule,' A.
Your Tully, ante, p. 263 and note.

PAGE 278. Give me but what, etc. Waller, 'On a Girdle,' ll. 11-12.
Motto. Virgil, Æn. ii. 604-6.

-Grand Cairo. See note, vol. i. p. 323.

-The Visions of Mirzah. Cf. Steele's Conscious Lovers, I. ii. 1. -"These Moral Writers practise Virtue after Death: This charming Vision of Mirza ! Such an Author consulted in a

Morning sets the Spirit for the Vicissitudes of the Day, better than t the Glass does a Man's Person."

PAGE 283. Motto. Horace, Sat. I. iv. 43-4.

PAGE 284. Bienséance. Cf. Boileau, L'Art Poétique, III. 122-3.
-Pindaricks. See vol. i. p. 353, and vol. ii. p. 236.

PAGE 285. Terence, Eunuchus, Î. i. 16-18.

-Camisars. The name given to the Calvinists of the Cevennes during the religious troubles following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. They are represented in the Waxwork of English Religions in the 257th Tatler. They were known as the French Prophets (vol. i. p. 320). See also Tatler, No. 11.

PAGE 286. Motto. Virgil, Georgics, ii. 527-534.

PAGE 287. Like Calia. As You Like It, I. ii. 190.

No. 161.

PAGE 290.

No. 162.

Dr. Kennet. Parochial Antiquities (1695), p. 610, etc. Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 126-7.

Character in Horace. Satires, I. iii. 3-19.

No. 162.

-Character.. by Mr. Dryden. The well-known description of
George, Duke of Buckingham, in Absalom and Achitophel (Pt. i.

PAGE 292.

11. 544-554).

PAGE 293. Motto. Cicero, De Senectute, i.

PAGE 295. Leonora. Ante, p. 42, note.

-Saint-Evremond. Ante, i. p. 341.

PAGE 297. Motto. Virgil, Georgics, iv. 494, 497-8.

PAGE 303. They were lovely, etc., 2 Samuel i. 23.

-Langhorne has a short poem entitled Theodosius to Constantia (1760), and two volumes of the Correspondence of Theodosius and Constantia (1764-5), which were suggested by this paper.

No. 163.

No. 164.

Motto. Horace, Ars Poet, 48, 50-1. The motto in A was No. 165, Semivirumque bovem, semibovemque virum (misquoted from Ovid, Ars Amat. ii. 24).

-Cf the attack on French Fopperies, ante, i. 197, etc.; also Dennis's Essay upon Public Spirit (1711), p. 13.

This paper

occasioned a pamphlet, The Spectator Inspected, or a Letter to the Spectator from an Officer in Flanders.

AGE 304. Virgil, Georgics, iii. 25. Addison printed "Atque intertexti tollant," etc. Dryden's translation, ll. 39-40.

-Great Modern Critick, Bentley. See Jebb's Bentley, p. 174.

PAGE 306. Motto. Ovid, Metam. xv. 871-2.
AGE 308. This anecdote of the Freethinker is cousin-german to
that of "the Atheist" in the Tatler, No. III. Steele's further
attacks on the 'Minute Philosophers' in the Tatler, and in
No. 234 of the Spectator, have been supposed to be directed
against John (Janus Junius') Toland (1669-1722), author of the
Pantheisticon (1705), whom Pope satirized in the Dunciad (ii.
399, iii. 212).

AGE 310. Motto. Horace, Epist. II. ii. 128-140.

Unable to contain himself. See No. 136.

AGE 311. Almanzor-like. As that character in Dryden's Almanzor and Almahide, or, The Conquest of Granada. See Drawcansir, vol. i. p. 62 and note.

AGE 312. Vitruvius. The original of this nom-de-guerre is referred to on pp. 307 and 369.

PAGE 313. Motto. Horace, Epist. II. i. 128.

Licensed Tyrants the Schoolmasters, ante, No. 157.

- Quintilian. De Inst. Orat. I. iii.

The very great School is Eton. The master was Dr. Charles
Roderick, afterwards Provost of King's College, Cambridge.

AGE 314. The School at Richmond was under the charge of Dr.
Nicholas Brady, who, with Tate, versified the Psalms.
AGE 315. The Water-Works. This is "the famous Water Theatre
of the ingenious Mr. Winstanly," which is frequently advertised by
his widow in the original issue. It stood at the lower end of
Piccadilly, and was known "by the Wind-mill on the Top of it."

AGE 316. Motto. Terence, Andria, I. i. 35-39.
AGE 317. Xenophon. Cyropaedia VIII. vii. 25.
AGE 318. Sallust, Bellum Catilinarium, lvii.

No. 166.

No. 167,

No. 168.

No. 169.

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EVERYMAN'S LIBRARY

V

By ERNEST RHYS

ICTOR HUGO said a Library was "an act of faith,"

and some unknown essayist spoke of one so beautiful,

so perfect, so harmonious in all its parts, that he who ,made it was smitten with a passion. In that faith the promoters of Everyman's Library planned it out originally on a large scale; and their idea in so doing was to make it conform as far as possible to a perfect scheme. However, perfection is a thing to be aimed at and not to be achieved in this difficult world; and since the first volumes appeared some fifteen years ago, there have been many interruptions. A great war has come and gone; and even the City of Books has felt something like a world commotion. Only in recent years is the series getting back into its old stride and looking forward to complete its original scheme of a Thousand Volumes. One of the practical expedients in that original plan was to divide the volumes into sections, as Biography, Fiction, History, Belles Lettres, Poetry, Romance and so forth; with a compartment for young people, and last, and not least, one of Reference Books. Beside the dictionaries and encyclopædias to be expected in that section, there was a special set of literary and historical atlases. One of these atlases dealing with Europe, we may recall, was directly affected by the disturbance of frontiers during the war; and the maps have been completely revised in consequence, so as to chart

I

the New Europe which we hope will now preserve its

peace under a

the auspices of the League of Nations set up at Geneva.

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That is only one small item, however, in a library list which runs to over seven hundred and sixty volumes. The largest slice of this huge provision is, as a matter of course, given to the E tyrannous demands of fiction. But in carrying out the scheme, the directors and editors contrived to keep in mind that books, like men and women, have their elective affinities. The present volume, for instance, will be found to have its companion books, both in the same section and even more significantly in other sections. With that idea too, novels like Walter Scott's Ivanhoe and Fortunes of Nigel, Lytton's Harold, and Dickens's Tale of Two Cities have been used as pioneers of history and treated as a sort of holiday history books. History itself in our day is tending to grow more documentary and less literary; and "the historian who is a stylist," as one of our contributors, the late Thomas Seccombe, said, "will soon be regarded as a kind of Phoenix." But in the history department of Everyman's Library we have been eclectic enough to choose our history men from every school in turn. We have Grote, Gibbon, Finlay, Macaulay, Motley, Prescott; we have among earlier books the Venerable Bede and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, and we have just completed a Livy in six volumes in an admirable new translation by Canon Roberts.

"You only, O Books," said Richard de Bury," are liberal and independent; you give to all who ask." The delightful variety, the wisdom and the wit which are at the disposal of Everyman in his own library may well, at times, seem to him a little embarrassing. He may turn to Dick Steele in the Spectator and learn how Cleomira dances, when the elegance of her motion is unimaginable and "her eyes are chastised with the simplicity and innocence of her thoughts." He may turn to Plato's Phædrus

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