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not obey your commands in letting you know my thoughts. so sincerely as I do at present. I know the creature for whom I resign so much of my character, is all that you said of her; but then the trifler has something in her so undesigning and harmless, that her guilt in one kind disappears by the comparison of her innocence in another. Will you, virtuous men, allow no alteration of offences? Must dear CHLOE be called by the hard name you pious, people give to common women? I keep the solemn promise I made you, in writing to you the state of my mind, after your kind admonition; and will endeavour to get the better of this fondness, which makes me so much her humble servant, that I am almost ashamed to subscribe myself your's,

T. D."

66 SIR,

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"THERE is no state of life so anxious as that of a man who does not live according to the dictates of his own reason. It will seem odd to you, when I assure you that my love of retirement first of all brought me to court; but this will be no riddle, when I acquaint you that I placed myself here with a design of getting so much money as might enable me to purchase a handsome retreat in the country. At present my circumstances enable me, and my duty prompts me, to pass away the remaining part of my life in such a retirement as I at first proposed to myself; but to my great misfortune I have entirely lost the relish of it, and should now return to the country with greater reluctance than I at first came to court. I am so unhappy as to know, that what I am fond of are trifles, and that what I neglect is of the greatest importance: in short, I find a contest in my own mind between reason and fashion. I remember you once told me, that I might live in the world, and out of it, at the same time. Let me beg of you to explain this paradox more at large to me, that I may conform my life, if possible, both to my duty and my inclination. I am,


Your most humble servant,

R. B."

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I SHALL here present my reader with a letter from a projector, concerning a new office which he thinks may very much contribute to the embellishment of the city, and to the driving, barbarity out of our streets. I consider it as a satire upon projectors in general, and a lively picture of the whole art of modern criticism.

"" SIR,

"OBSERVING that you have thoughts of creating certain officers under you, for the inspection of several petty enormities which you yourself cannot attend to; and finding daily absurdities hung out upon the signposts (a) of this city, to the great scandal of foreigners, as well of those of our own country, who are curious spectators of the same→ I do humbly propose that you would be pleased to make me your superintendant of all such figures and devices as are or shall be made use of on this occasion; with full powers to rectify or expunge whatever I shall find irregular or defective. For want of such an officer there is nothing like sound literature and good sense to be met with in those objects that are every where thrusting themselves out to the eye, and endeavouring to become visible. Our streets are filled with blue boars, black swans, and red lions; not to mention flying pigs, and hogs in armour, with many other creatures more extraordinary than any in the deserts of Africa. Strange! that one who has all the birds and beasts in nature to choose out of, should live at the sign, of an ens rationis!

"My first task therefore should be, like that of HERCULES, to clear the city from monsters. In the second place, I would forbid that creatures of jarring and incongruous natures should be joined together in the same sign; such as the bell and the neat's-tongue, the dog and the gridiron. The fox and goose may be supposed to have met; but what has the fox and the seven stars to do together? And when did the lamb and dolphin ever meet except upon a sign-post? As for the cat and fiddle, there is a conceit in it; and therefore I do not intend that any thing I have here said should affect it. I must however observe to you upon this subject, that it is usual for a young tradesman, at his first setting up, to add to his own sign that of the master whom he served, as the husband, after marriage, gives a place to his mistress's arms in his own coat. This I take to have given rise to many of those absurdities which are committed over our heads; and, as I am informed, first occasioned the three nuns and a hare, which we see so frequently joined together. I would therefore establish certain rules, for the determining how far one tradesman may give the sign of another, and in what cases he be allowed to quarter it with his own.


"In the third place, I would enjoin every shop to make use of a sign which bears some affinity to the wares in which it deals. What can be more inconsistent than to see a bawd at the sign of the angel, or a tailor at the lion? A cook should not live at the boot, nor a shoemaker at the roasted pig; and yet, for want of this regulation, I have seen a goat set up before the door of a perfumer, and the French king's head at a sword-cutler's.

"An ingenious foreigner observes, that several of those gentlemen who value themselves upon their families, and overlook such as are bred to trade, bear the tools of their forefathers in their coats of arms. I will not examine how true this is in fact: but though it may not be necessary for posterity thus to set up the sign of their forefathers, I think it highly proper for those who actually profess the trade, to show some such marks of it before their doors.

"When the name gives an occasion for an ingenious sign-post, I would likewise advise the owner to take

that opportunity of letting the world know who he is. It would have been ridiculous for the ingenious Mrs SALMON to have lived at the sign of the trout; for which reason she has erected before her house the figure of the fish that is her name-sake. Mr BELL has likewise distinguished himself by a device of the same nature. And here, Sir, I must beg leave to observe to you, that this particular figure of a bell has given occasion to several pieces of wit in this kind. A man of your reading must know, that ABEL DRUGGER gained great applause by it in the time of BEN JOHNSON. Our apocryphal heathen god (b) is also represented by this figure; which, in conjunction with the dragon, makes a very handsome picture in several of our streets. As for the Bell-Savage, which is the sign of a savage man standing by a bell, L was formerly very much puzzled upon the conceit of it, till I accidentally fell into the reading of an old romance translated out of the French; which gives an account. of a very beautiful woman who was found in a wilderness, and is called in the French la belle fauvage (see No. 66.), and is everywhere translated by our countrymen the Bell-Savage. This piece of philology will, L hope, convince you that I have made sign-posts my stu dy, and consequently qualified myself for the employment which I solicit at your hands. But before I conclude my letter, I must communicate to you another remark which I have made upon the subject with which I am now entertaining you; namely, that I can. give a shrewd guess at the humour of the inhabitant by the sign that hangs before his door. A surly choleric fellow generally makes choice of a bear; as men of milder dispositions frequently live at the lamb. Seeing a punch bowl painted upon a sign near Charing-Cross, and very curi ously garnished, with a couple of angels hovering over it, and squeezing a lemon into it, I had the curiosity to ask. after the master of the house, and found upon inquiry,. as I had guessed by the little agrémens upon his sign,.. that he was a Frenchman. I know, Sir, it is not re quisite for me to enlarge upon these hints to a gentle. man of your great abilities: so humbly recommending myself to your favour and patronage,

L remain, &c."

I shall add to the foregoing letter another, which came to me by the same penny post.

"From my own apartment near Charing Cross.


"HAVING heard that this nation is a great encoura ger of ingenuity, I have brought with me a rope-dancer that was caught in one of the woods belonging to the Great Mogul. He is by birth a monkey: but swings upon a rope, takes a pipe of tobacco, and drinks a glass of ale, like any reasonable creature. He gives great satisfaction to the quality; and if they will make a subscription for him, I will send for a brother of his out of Holland, that is a very good tumbler; and also for another of the same family, whom I design for my MerryAndrew, as being an excellent mimic, and the greatest droll in the country where he now is. I hope to have this entertainment in readiness for the next winter; and doubt not but it will please more than the opera or puppet show. I will not say that a monkey is a better man than those of the opera heroes; but certainly he is a better representative of a man than the most artificial com position of wood and wire. If you will be pleased to give me a good word in your paper, you shall be every night a spectator at my show for nothing.


Isam, &c.?

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Sermo lingua concinnus utraque

Suavior: ut Chio nota si commista Falerni est..

HOR. I SAT. X. 23.

Both tongues united sweeter sounds produce,
Like Chian mix'd with the Falernian juice.



HERE is nothing that has more startled our Eng lish audience, than the Italian recitativo at its first en trance upon the stage. People were wonderfully sure

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