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The sad companion, dull-ey'd melancholy,
By me so us'd a guest is, not an hour,
In the day's glorious walk, or peaceful night
(The tomb where grief should sleep), can breed

me quiet! Here pleasures court mine eyes, and mine eyes

shun them, And danger, which I feared, is at Antioch, Whose arm seems far too short to hit me here: Yet neither pleasure's art can joy my spirits, Nor yet the other's distance comfort me. Then it is thus : the passions of the mind, That have their first conception by misdread, Have after-nourishment and life by care; And what was first but fear what might be done, Grows elder now, and cares it be not done. And so with me;-the great Antiochus ('Gainst whom I am too little to contend, Since he's so great, can make his will his act), Will think me speaking, though I swear to silence; Nor boots it me to say, I honour hima, If he suspect I may dishonour him: And what may make him blush in being known, He'll stop the course by which it might be known; With hostile forces he'll o'erspread the land, And with the ostent of war3 will look so huge, Amazement shall drive courage from the state; Our men be vanquish’d, ere they do resist, And subjects punish'd, that ne'er thonght offence: Which care of them, not pity of myself, (Who am4 no more but as the tops of trees, Which fence the roots they grow by, and defend

thoughts?' I think without necessity. Pericles, addressing the Lords, says, • Let none disturb us.' Then apostrophising himself, says, “Why should this change in our thoughts disturb us?'

Him was supplied by Rowe for the sake of the metre. 3 Old copies :

• And with the stent of war will look so huge.' The emendation, suggested by Mr. Tyrwhitt, confirmed by the following passage in Decker's Entertainment to King James I. 1604 :

• And why you bear alone th' ostent of warre.' Again in Chapman': translation of Homer's Batrachomuomachia :

• Both heralds bearing the vstents of war.' See vol. iii. p. 31 and 42.

them), Makes both my body pine, and soul to languish, And punish that before, that he would punish.

1 Lord. Joy and all comfort in your sacred breast !

2 Lord. And keep your mind, till you return to us, Peaceful and comfortable! Hel. Peace, peace, my lords, and give experience

tongue. They do abuse the king, that flatter him: For flattery is the bellows blows up sin; The thing the which is flatter'd, but a spark, To which that breath5 gives heat and stronger

glowing; Whereas reproof, obedient, and in order, Fits kings, as they are men, for they may err. When Signior Sooth6 here does proclaim a peace, He flatters you, makes war upon your

life: Prince, pardon me, or strike me, if you please; I cannot be much lower than my knees. Per. All leave us else; but let your cares

o'erlook What shipping, and what lading's in our haven, And then return to us. [Exeunt Lords.) Helicanus, thou Hast moved us : what seest thou in our looks ?

Hel. An angry brow, dread lord.

Per. If there be such a dart in princes' frowns, How durst thy tongue move anger to our face? Hel. How dare the plants look up to heaven,

from whence They have their nourishment?

4 The old copy reads, “Who once no more,' &c, The emendation is by Steevens. Malone reads, “Who wants no more, &c.

5 i. e. the breath of flattery. The word spark was here accidentally repeated by the compositor in the old copy.

6 A near kinsman of this gentleman is mentioned in The Winter's Tale :- And bis pond fished by his next neighbour, by Sir Smile.

Per.

Thou know'st I have power To take thy life.

Hel. [Kneeling.] I have ground the axe myself; Do you but strike the blow. Per.

Rise, pr'ythee rise; Sit down, sit down; thou art no flatterer: I thank thee for it; and high heaven forbid, That kings should let their ears hear their faults

hid?! Fit counsellor, and servant for a prince, Who by thy wisdom mak'st a prince thy servant, What would'st thou have me do? Hel.

With patience bear Such griefs as you do lay upon yourself.

Per. Thou speak’st like a physician, Helicanus; Who minister’st a potion unto me, That thou would'st tremble to receive thyself. Attend me then: I went to Antioch, Where, as thou know'st, against the face of death, I sought the purchase of a glorious beauty, From whence an issue I might propagate, Are arms to princes, and bring to subjects joys8. Her face was to mine eye beyond all wonder; The rest (hark in thine ear), as black as incest; Which by my knowledge found, the sinful father Seem'd not to strike, but smooth': but thou know'st

this, ”T'is time to fear, when tyrants seem to kiss. Which fear so grew in me, I hither fled,

7. Forbid it, heaven, that kings should suffer their ears to hear their failings palliated!'.

8. From whence I might propagate an issue that are arms, &c. Steevens reade :

· Bring arms to princes, and to subjects joys.' 9 To smooth is to sooth, coax, or flatter. Thus in King Richard 111.:

• Smile in men's faces, smooth, deceive, and cog.' So in Titus Andronicug:

Yield to his humour, smooth, and speak him fair.' The verb to smooth is frequently used in this sense by our elder writers; for instance by Stabbes in his Anatomie of Abuses, 1583 : If you will learn to deride, scoffe, mock, and flowt, to flatter and smooth,' &c.

Under the covering of a careful night,
Who seem'd my good protector; and being here,
Bethought me what was past, what might succeed.
I knew him tyrannous; and tyrants' fears
Decrease not, but grow faster than their years:
And should he doubt it10 (as no doubt he doth),
That I should open to the listening air,
How many worthy princes' bloods were shed,
To keep his bed of blackness unlaid ope,-
To lop that doubt, he'll fill this land with arms,
And make pretence of wrong that I have done him;
When all, for mine, if I may call't offence,
Must feel war's blow, who spares not innocence:
Which love to all of which thyself art one,
Who now reprov'st me for it) -
Hel.

Alas, sir!
Per. Drew sleep out of mine eyes, blood from

my cheeks,
Musings into my mind, a thousand doubts
How I might stop this tempest, ere it came;
And finding little comfort to relieve them,
I thought it princely charity to grieve them'l.
Hel. Well, my lord, since you have given me

leave to speak,
Freely I'll speak. Antiochus you fear,
And justly too, I think, you fear the tyrant,
Who, either by public war, or private treason,
Will take away your life.
Therefore, my lord, go travel for a while,
Till that his rage and anger be forgot,
Or Destinies do cut his thread of life.
Your rule direct to any; if to me,
Day serves not light more faithful than I'll be.

10 The quarto of 1609 reads, “And should he doot,' &c.; from which the reading of the text has been formed. “Should he be in doubt that I shall keep his secret (as there is no doubt but be i8 ), why, to lop that doubt,' i. e. to get rid of that painful uncer tainty, he will strive to make me appear the aggressor, by attacking me first as the author of some sopposed injury to himself'

11 That is, to lament their fate, The first quarto reads, 'to grieve for them.'

Per. I do not doubt thy faith;
But should he wrong my liberties in absence-

Hel. We'll mingle bloods together in the earth,
From whence we had our being and our birth.
Per. Tyre, I now look from thee then, and to

Tharsus Intend my travel, where I'll hear from thee; And by whose letters I'll dispose myself. The care I had and have of subjects' good, On thee I lay, whose wisdom's strength can bear it12, I'll take thy word for faith, not ask thine oath; Who shuns not to break one, will sure crack both: But in our orbs13 we'll live so round and safe, That time of both this truth shall ne'er convince14, Thou show'dst a subject's shine, I a true prince15.

[Exeunt.

SCENE III.

Tyre. An Ante-Chamber in the Palace.

Enter THALIARD. Thal. So, this is Tyre, and this is the court. Here must I kill king Pericles; and if I do not, 1 am sure to be hang'd at home: 'tis dangerous.Well, I perceive he was a wise fellow, and had good discretion, that being bid to ask what he would of the king, desired he might know none of his secrets. Now do I see he had some reason

12 This transfer of authority naturally brings the first scene of Measure for Measure to our mind 13 i. e, in our different spheres.

in seipso totius teres atque rotundus.' 14 Overcome.

15 This sentiment is not much unlike that of Falstaff :- I shall think the better of myself and thee during my life; I for a valiant lion, and thou for a true prince The same idea is more clearly expressed in King Henry VIII. Act iii. Sc. 2:

A loyal snbject is

Therein illustrated.' 1 Who this wise fellow was may be known from the following passage in Barnabie Riches Souldier's Wishe to Briton's Welfare,

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