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And your great uncle Edward the black Prince,
Who on the French ground play'd a Tragedy,
Making defeat on the full pow'r of France,
While his most mighty Father, on a hill,
Ctood smiling, to behold his Lion's whelp
Forage in blood of French Nobility.
O nable English, that could entertain
With half their forces the full pow'r of France,
And let another half stand laughing by,
All out of work, and cold for action !

Ely. Awake remembrance of these valiant dead, s
And with your puissant arm renew their fears.
You are their heir, yoli sit upon their throne;
The blood, and courage, that renowned them,
Runs in your veins; and my thrice puissant Liege
Is in the very May-morn of his youth,
Ripe for exploits and mighty enterprises.

Exe. Your brother Kings and Monarchs of the earth Do all expect that you should rouze yourself, As did the former Lions of your blood. Weft. They know, your Grace hath cause; and means

and might So hath your Highness; never King of England Had Nobles richer, and more loyal Subjects; Whose hearts have left their bodies here in England, And lie pavilion d in the field of France.

Cant. 'o, let their bodies follow, my dear Liege,? With blood and sword, and fire, to win your right. In aid whereof, we of the Spiritualty

s These four speeches were meaning Edward III, and the adiled after the firit edition. Black Prince. WARBURTON.

They know your GRACE HATH I do not fee but the present

cavje, and means, and might, reading may stand as I have So hath your Highness ] pointed it. We ihould read,

7 These two lines Dr. Waryour RACE HAD carfe. - burton gives to Weftmorland, but which is carrying on the sense of with so little reason that I have the concluding words of Exeter. continued them to Canterbury. ds did the former Lions of your The credit of old copies, though bloed.

not great, is yet more than nothing.


Will raise your Highness such a mighty sum,
As never did the Clergy at one time
Bring in to any of your ancestors.

K. Henry. We must not only arm t'invade the French,
But lay down our proportions to defend
Against the Scot, who will make road upon us
With all advantages.

Cant. They of those Marches, gracious Sovereign, Shall be a wall sufficient to defend Our Inland from the pilfering borderers.

K. Henry. Wedonot mean the coursing snatchers only,
But fear the main intendment of the Scot,
Who hath been still a 8 giddy neighbour to us ;
For you shall read, that my great grandfather
Never went with his forces into France, 9
But that the Scot on his unfurnisht kingdom
Came pouring, like a ride into a breach,
With ample and brim fulness of his force,
Galling the gleaned land with hot assays,
Girding with grievous siege castles and towns,
That England, being empty of defence,
Hath Mook, and trembled, at th' ill neighbourhood.
Cant. She hath been then more fear'd than harm’d,

my Liege,
For hear her but exampled by herself,
When all her chivalry hath been in France,
And she a mourning widow of her Nobles,
She hath herself not only well defended,
But taken and impounded as a stray
The King of Scots, whom she did send to France,
To fill King Edward's fame with prisoner Kings ;
And make your chronicle as rich with praise,


- giddy neighbrur----] The following expressions of unThat is, incontant, changeable. furnish kingdom, gle n d lend, 9 Never went with his foies and empty of defence. thew this. into France. ] Shakespeare

WARBURTON. wrote the line thus,

There is no nced of alteration, Ne'er went with his FULL forces

"And make lis cbro:ic as yoiche into France.




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As is the ouzy bottom of the Sea
With sunken wreck and sumless treasuries.

Exet. But there's a saying very old and true.
If that you will France win, then with Scotland first begin.
For once the Eagle England being in prey,
To her unguarded nest the Weazel, Scot,
Comes sneaking, and so fucks her princely eggs;
Playing the Mouse in absence of the Cat,
To taint, and havock, more than she can eat. 4

Ely. It follows then, the Cat must stay at home,
Yet that is but a crush'd necessity;
Since we have locks to safeguard necessaries,

And with PRAISE,] He is speak- firn scene of this act. Besides, ing of King Edward's prisoners; the poet had here an eye to Hall

, so that it appears Shakespeare who gives this obfervation to the wrote,

Duke of Exeter. But the edias rich with PRIZE, tors have made Eli and Exeter 1. 2. captures, booty. Without change fides, and speak one anthis, there is neither beauty nor other's speeches; for this, which likeness in the fimilitude. WARB. is given to Ely, is Exeter's; and

The change of praije to prize, the following given to Exeter, I believe no body will approve; is Ely's.

WARBURTON. the fimilitude between the chro

3. If that you will France win, nicle and fea consists only in this, &c.] Hall's Chronicle. Hen. V. that they are both full, and filled

year 2. fol. 7. p. 2. X. POPE. with something valuable. De

4 To tear and havoch more than fides, Dr. Warburton presupposes

fie can eat.] 'Tis not much a reading which exists in no an

the Quality of the Mouse to tear cicnt copy, for his chronicle as

the Food it comes at, but to run the later editions give it, the

over and dohle it. The old quarto has your, the folio tbeir. Quarto reads, Spile; and the chronicle.

two first folio's, tame : from Your and their written by con which laft corrupted Word, I traction y' are just alike, and her. think, I have retriev'd the Poet's in the old hands is not much un- genuine Reading, taint. THEOB. like y'. I believe wc should read 5 Yet that is but a curs'd Ne her chronicle.

ceflity :] So the old Quarto. 2 Ely. But there's a lasing, &c.] The folo's read cruhd: Neither This fpeech, which is diffuafive of the Words convey any toof the war with France, is ab- lerable Idea ; but give us a counsurdly given to one of the church- ter-reasoning, and not at all permen in confederacy to push the' tinent. - We should read, 'scusid King upon it, as appears by the necesity. "Tis Ely's businefs to



And pretty traps to catch the petty thieves.
While that the armed hand doth fight abroad,
Th' advised head defends itself at home;
For Government, though high, and low, and lower,
Put into parts, doth deep in one consent,
Congreeing in a full and natural close,
Like musick.

Cant. Therefore heaven doth divide
The state of man in divers functions,
Setting endeavour in continual motion,
To which is fixed, as an aim or butt,
Obedience. For so work the honey Bees;
Creatures, that by a rule in nature teach
The art of order to a peopled kingdom.
They have a King, and officers of fort ;
Where some, like magistrates, correct at home,
Others, like merchants, venture trade abroad, 7

Others, fhew, there is no real Neceflity rowd from Cicero de Republica, for staying at home : he must lib. 2. Sic ex summis, & me. therefore mean, that tho' there diis, & infimis interjectis Ordi. be a seeming Neceflily, yet it is nibus, ut fonis, moderatam ra. one that may be well excus'd and tione Civitatem, Consensu dissimiget over.

WARBURTON. liorum concinere; & qua HarNeither the old readings nos monia à Muficis dicitur in Cantu, the emendation seem very sa. eam effe in Civitate Concordiam. tisfactory. A cursed neceflity has

THEOBALD. no sense, a 'scus'd neceffity is so Setting endeavour in continual harin that one would not admit motion, it, if any thing else can be found. To which is fixed, as an aim or A crush'd necellary may mean, a

buit, mau celfity which is subdu'd and over. Obedience.] Neither the sense powered by contrary reasons. We nor the construction of this pas- might read a crude necessicy, a fage is very obvious. The conneceffrry not complete, or not well struction is, endeavour or as an considered and digested, but it aim or buti to which endeavour, is too harh.

obedience is fixed. The sense is, Sir T, Hanmer reads,

that all endeavour is to termic Yet that is not o'course a necesity. nate in obedience, to be subor• For Government, though dinate to the publick good and

high, and low, and lower,] general design of government. The Foundation and Expression 7 Orbers, like merchants, ven• of this Thought seems to be bor TU'RE trade abroed;] What Vol. IV.



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Others, like foldiers, armed in their stings,
Make boot upon the summer's velvet buds,
Which pillage they with merry march bring home
To the tent-royal of their Emperor,
Who, busy'd in his majesty, surveys
The singing mason building roofs of gold;
The civil citizens kneading up the honey;
The poor mechanick porters crowding in
Their heavy burciens at his narrow gate,
The sad-ey'd Jullice with his surly hum,
Delivering o’er to executors pale
The lazy yawning drone. I thus infer,
That many things, having full reference
To one confent, may work contrariously.
As many arrows, loosed several ways,
Come to one mark; as many ways meet in one town;
As many fresh streams meet in one falt fea;
As many lines close in the dial's center;
So may a thousand actions, once a-foot,



is the centuring trade? I am per- case. The honey being beaded fuaded we hould read and point up in separate and dillinet cells it thus,

by a thin membrane of wax Oily, like merchant ventur drawn over the mouth of each ers, trade abread,

of them, to hinder the liquid WARBURTON. matter from running out. If the whole diffico ty of this

WARBURTON. pallage const in the obicurity of To head the loney can hardly be the phiale to renture tace, it right; for though we head the may be cafly cleared. To win cilk, no man talks of beading tie trude is a phrase of the fame the commodities. To kread' gives import and fructure as to bacard an easy fense, though not phyfi

. Dutie. Nothing could have raised cally true. The bees do in tact an objection but the dcfire of knast the wax more than the being bofy.

honey, but that Shukijitare pere lle cizi citizens KNAD- haps did not know. ING ip the hour ;] This

9 So may a thruland afim, av poliitly be right; but I ra ONCE a.fiot,] The speaker ther think that Shuk.jpure white is endeavouring io dhew, that NEADINGthe b.nas; alluding the state is able to execuie many no the puiting up merchaidhte projecied allions at once, and in Cíks. sind this is in tuci the concurt them all to their com


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