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End in one purpose, and be all well borne
Without defeat. Therefore to France, my Liege ;
Divide your happy England into four,
Whereof take you one quarter into france,
And you withal shall make all Gallia shake.
If we, with thrice such powers left at home,
Cannot defend our own doors from the dog,
Let us be worried; and our Nation lose
The name of hardiness and policy.
K. Henry. Call in the messengers, fent from the
Now are we well resolv'd; and by God's help
And yours, the noble sinews of our power,
France being ours, we'll bend it to our awe,
Or break it all to pieces. There we'll fit,
Ruling in large and ample empery,
O'er France, and all her almost kingly Dukedoms,
Or lay these bones in an unworthy urn,
Tombless, with no remembrance over them.
Either our History shall with full mouth
Speak freely of our acts; or else our grave,
Like Turkish mute, shall have a tongueless mouth;
Not worshipt with a waxen epitaph.
Enter Ambassadors of France.
Now are we well prepar'd to know the pleasure
Of our fair cousin Dauphin ; for we hear,
Your greeting is from him, not from the King.
imb. May't please your Majesty to give us leave Freely to render what we have in charge, Or shall we fparingly thew you far off
pletion, without impeding or together.
WARBURÇON. joitling one another in their Sir T. Hanner is more kind course. Shakespeare, therefore, to this emendation by reading must have wrote, actions is once als at once. The change is not a foot, ie, at once : or, on foot necessary, the old text may stand.
The Dauphin's meaning, and our embassy ?
K. Henry. We are no tyrant, but a Christian King, Unto whole grace our passion is as subject, As are our wretches fetter'd in our prisons ; Therefore, with frank and with uncurbed plainness, Tell us the Dauphin's mind.
Amb. Thus then, in few.
Your Highness, lately sending into France,
Did claim fome certain Dukedoms in the right
Of your great predecessor, Edward the third ;
In answer of which claim, the Prince our master
Says, that you favour too much of your youth,
And bids you be advis’d. There's nought in France,
That can be with a nimble galliard won;
You cannot revel into Dukedoms there.
He therefore sends you, meeter for your spirit,
This tun of treasure ; and in lieu of this,
Desires you, let the Dukedoms, that you claim,
Hear no more of you. This the Dauphin speaks.
K. Henry. What treasure, uncle ?
Exe. Tennis-balls, my Liege.
K. Henry. We're glad, the Dauphin is so pleasant
His present, and your pains, we thank you for.
When we have match'd our rackets to these balls,
We will in France, by God's grace, play a set,
Shall strike his father's Crown into the hazard.
Tell him, h’ath made a match with such a wrangler,
That all the Courts of France will be disturb'd
With * chaces. And we understand him well,
How he comes o'er us with our wilder days;
Not measuring, what use we made of them.
We never valu'd this poor feat of England,
And therefore, living hence,' did give ourself
* Chace is a term at tennis. valued England, and therefore And therefore, living hence, lived hence, i. e. as if absent from
-]. This expreilion has it. But the Oxfurd Editor alters strength and energy : He never bence to here. WARBURTON
To barb'rous licence; as 'tis ever common,
That men are merriest, when they are from home.
But tell the Dauphin, I will keep my State,
Be like a King, and shew my fail of Greatness
When I do rouze me in my throne of France.
* For that I have laid by my Majesty,
And plodded like a man for working days ;
But I will rise there with so full a glory,
That I will dazzle all the eyes of France,
Yea, strike the Dauphin blind to look on us.
And tell the pleasant Prince, this mock of his
Hath turn'd † his balls to gun-stones, and his soul
Shall stand fore charged for the wasteful vengeance,
That shall fly with them. Many thousand widows
Shall this his Mock mock out of their dear husbands,
Mock mothers from their fons, mock castles down;
And some are yet ungotten and unborn,
That shall have cause to curse the Dauphin's scorn.
But this lies all within the will of God,
To whom I do appeal; and in whose name,
Tell you the Dauphin, I am coming on
To 'venge me as I may; and to put forth
My rightful hand in a well-hallow'd cause.
So get you hence in peace; and tell the Dauphin,
His jest will savour but of shallow wit,
When thousands weep, more than did laugh at it.
-Convey them with safe conduct.–Fare
[Exeunt Ambasadors. Exe. This was a merry message. K. Henry. We hope to make the sender blush at it. Therefore, my Lords, omit no happy hour, That may give furth’rance to our expedition ; For we have now no thoughts in us but France, Save chose to God, that run before our business.
. For that I have laid by, &c.] + Histalls to gun-st-nos.] When To qualify myself for this under- ordnance was firit used, they diftaking, I have defcended from my charged balls not of iron but of ftation, and studied the arts of stone. life in a lower character. 8
Therefore, let our proportions for these wars
Be foon collected, and all things thought upon,
That may with reasonable swittness add
More feathers to our wings; for, God before,
We'll chide this Dauphin at his father's door.
There ore let every man now task his thought,
That this fair action may on foot be brought. (Exeunt.
Enter CHORUS. Chorus. TOW all the youth of England are on fire,
And 2 In this place, in all the edi- rus being contiguous to that tions hitherto, is inserted the cho- Change. On the contrary, the rus which I have poitponed. That very concluding Lines vouch abchorus manifeftly is intendca to folutely against it. advertise the spectators of the But, till the King come forth, change of the scene to Southamp- and not till then, ton, and therefore ought to be Unto Southampton do we foift placed just before that change, our S:ene. and not here, where the scene For how absurd is such a Notice, is still continued in Loudon. if the Scene is to change, so soon
Pope. as ever the Chorus quits the Now all the Touth of England] Stage? Besides, unless this ChoI have replaced this Chorus here, rus be prefixed to the Scene beby the Authority of the Old twixt Nimi, Bardolph, &c. We Folio's; and ended the firlt Act, shall draw the Poet into another as the Poet certainly intended. Abfurdity. Piftol, Nim, and BarMr. Pope remov'd it, because delph are in this Scene talking of (says he) This Chorus manifefty going to the Wars in France: is intended to adve'tise the Spec- but the King had but just, at his t tors of the Change of the Scene quitting the Stage, declar'd his to Southampton ; and therefore Resolutions of commencing this ouşht to be placed just before that War: And without the Interval Ctangs, and n't here. 'Tis true, of an Ait, beiwixt that Scene the Spectators are to be informed, and the Comic Characters enthai, when they next see the tring, how could they with any King, they are to suppose him at Probability be informed of this Southampion. But this does not intended Expedition ! imply any Neceflity of this Clio
And filken dalliance in the wardrobe lies ;
Now thrive the armourers, and honour's thought
Reigns solely in the breast of every man ;
They fell the pasture now, to buy the horse;
Following the mirror of all Christian Kings,
With winged heels, as English Mercuries.
3 For now fits expectation in the air,
And hides a sword from hilts unto the point
With Crowns imperial, Crowns, and Coronets
Promis'd to Harry and his followers.
The French, advis'd by good intelligence
Of this most dreadful preparation,
Shake in their fear; and with pale policy
Seek to divert the English purposes.
O England! model to thy inward greatness,
Like little body with a mighty heart ;
What might'st thou do, that honour would thee do,
Were all thy children kind and natural !
But see, thy fault France hath in thee found out;
A nest of hollow bofoms, which he fills
With treach’rous crowns; and three corrupted men,
One, Richard Earl of Cambridge, and the fecond,
Henry Lord Scroop of Maham, and the third,
Sir Thomas Grey Knight of Northumberland,
Have for the gilt of France (O guilt, indeed!)
Confirm’d conspiracy with fearful France,
I think Mr. Pope mistaken in And hides a sword from hilts tranfpofing this Chorus, and Mr.
unto the point Theobald in concludiug the act
With Crovins imperial, &c.] with it. The chorus evidently The imagery is wonderfuily fine, introduces that which follows, and the thought exquisite. Exnot comments on that which pre- peetation fitting in the a'r designs cedes, and therefore rather be the height of their ambition ; gins than ends the Act, and fo and the Sword hid from the hilt I have printed it. Dr. Warbure to the point with Crowns and Coton follows Mr. Pope.
ronets, that all sentiments of 3 For now fits Expectation in danger were lost in the thoughts