The Elements of Psychology: A Text-book
Sheldon, 1888 - Počet stran: 419
"The text-book now offered to teachers and students has grown up in the author's class-room during a period of nearly ten years, and has been gradually adapted to the practical needs of those who could devote to the study only a single term of about three months. Great stress has been laid upon the careful definition of words, a progressive analysis, and the emphasis of the central truths of the science. It is intended that the paragraphs printed in the larger type should be learned for topical recitation and that those printed in the smaller type should be read with care without close reproduction in the class-room. The leading paragraphs have been readily comprehended by all the students who have ever attempted to study them. The secondary paragraphs are intended to interest the more active minds in acquiring a wider knowledge of the subject by presenting comments, citations, and theories which may lead to reflection and reading. These paragraphs are not essential to the continuity of the text printed in the larger type. One object in adding them, is, to introduce to the notice of students the names of important thinkers and writers of whom they should have some knowledge. These will lead on to still others whose works are to be found only in foreign languages to which references have been very rarely made because they would be practically useless to the beginner. The dates of the birth and death, of the writers quoted or referred to have been enclosed in parenthetical marks after the first mention of the name, except in the case of contemporaries, when only the date of the birth is given. The book thus serves as an introduction to the history of philosophy as well as to philosophy itself"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).
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acquired act of Memory affirms agination amnesia Binocular vision brain called cause color concept connected consciousness constitution definite distinguish doctrine Education elements Emotions Empiricism English excitation existence experience explain external facts faculties Fancy feeling Figure German Hamilton ical ideal images imaginative activity impressions Inductive Reasoning intellectual Involuntary Memory J. G. Fichte John Ruskin John Stuart Mill Judgment knowledge known Laws of Association laws of thought learned learner lips method mind nature nerve nerve-fibre nervous organism ness Nominalists object observe optic nerve orange perceive perception Phantasy phenomena philosopher physical poet possess psychical Psychology qualities reality reasoning recollection reference regard Relation of Memory reproduce ideas retina says SECTION Self-consciousness sensations sense-impressions sense-organs Sense-perception simply smell sometimes soul space substance suppose taste teacher theory things thought tion truth universal vibrations vision Washington Irving word Young-Helmholtz theory
Strana 38 - I took the man and set him in the chair, where I saw him as distinctly as if he had been before me in his own proper person — I may almost say more vividly. I looked from time to time at the imaginary figure, then worked with my pencil, then referred to the countenance, and so on, just as I should have done had the sitter been there. When I looked at the chair I saw the man.
Strana 51 - The real, red, bright being of the lip is there in a moment. But it is all outside ; no expression yet, no mind. Let us go a step farther with Warner, of fair Rosamond struck by Eleanor. " With that she dashed her on the lips So dyed double red ; Hard was the heart that gave the blow, Soft were those lips that bled.
Strana 196 - If you throw a handful of marbles on the floor, you will find it difficult to view at once more than six, or seven at most, without confusion ; but if you group them into twos, or threes, or fives, you can comprehend as many groups as you can units ; because the mind considers these groups only as units — it views them as wholes, and throws their parts out of consideration.
Strana 17 - It was when laying down his book, and passing into this hall, through which the moon was beginning to shine, that the individual of whom I speak saw, right before him, and in a standing posture, the exact representation of his departed friend whose recollection had been so strongly brought to his imagination. He stopped for a single moment, so as to notice the wonderful accuracy with which fancy had impressed upon the bodily eye the peculiarities of dress and posture of the illustrious poet. Sensible,...
Strana 51 - Alas, poor Yorick ! I knew him, Horatio : a fellow of infinite jest, of most excellent fancy : he hath borne me on his back a thousand times ; and now how abhorred in my imagination it is ! my gorge rises at it. Here hung those lips that I have kissed I know not how oft.
Strana 35 - ... 1. Illumination. — Is the image dim or fairly clear? Is its brightness comparable to that of the actual scene? " '2. Definition. — Are all the objects pretty well defined at the same time, or is the place of sharpest definition at any one moment more contracted than it is in a real scene? " '3. Colouring. — Are the colours of the china, of the toast, bread-crust, mustard, meat, parsley, or whatever may have been on the table, quite distinct and natural?
Strana 35 - On the other hand, when I spoke to persons whom I met in general society, I found an entirely different disposition to prevail. Many men and a yet larger number of women, and many boys and girls, declared that they habitually saw mental imagery, and that it was perfectly distinct to them and full of colour.
Strana xxi - For my part when I enter most intimately into what I call myself, I always stumble on some particular perception or other, of heat or cold, light or shade, love or hatred, pain or pleasure. I never can catch myself at any time without a perception, and never can observe anything but the perception.
Strana 109 - But when one particular species of event has always, in all instances, been conjoined with another, we make no longer any scruple of foretelling one upon the appearance of the other, and of employing that reasoning, which can alone assure us of any matter of fact or existence. We then call the one object, CAUSE ; the other, EFFECT.