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2 And he had e two wives; the name || LORD, so she provoked her: therefore she of the one was Hannah, and the name wept, and did not eat. of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah 8 Then said Elkanah her husband to had children, 'but Hannah had no chil- her, Hannah, Pwhy weepest thou! and dren.

why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart 3 And this man went up out of his city grieved? I am not I better to thee than * yearly 8 to worship, and to sacrifice unto ten sons? [Practical Observations.) the LORD of hosts in Shiloh: and the 9 1 So Hannah rose up after they

two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had the priests of the Lord, were there. drunk: (now Eli the priest sat upon a

4 And when the time was that Elka- seat by a post of the temple of the nah koffered, he gave to Peninnah his LORD:) wife, and to all her sons and her daugh- 10 And she was ll in bitterness of soul, ters, portions.

and prayed unto the LORD, and wept 5 But unto Hannah he gave a t worthy | sore. portion: for he loved Hannah: but the 11 And she u vowed a vow, and said, LORD had "shut up her womb.

O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed 6 And her adversary also provok- * look on the affliction of thine handmaid, ed her sore, for to make her fret, because and remember me, and not forget thine the Lord had shut up her womb. handmaid, but wilt give unto thine hand

7 And as he did so year by year,maid "a man-child, then I will give him $ when she went up to the house of the unto the LORD all the days of his life, e Gen. 4:19. 29:23—29. Judg.

p 2 Sam. 12:16,17. 2 Kings 8:1 Heb. 5:7.
12. Job 6:14. Joha 20:13,15. It Gen. 50:10. Judg. 21:2. 2 Sam.

13:36. 2 Kings 20:3. Jer. 13: Judg. 13:2. Luke 1:7.

Or, double. Gen. 43:34. 45:22. q Ruth 4:15. Ps. 43:4. Is. 64:1, * Heb. from year to year. Ex. 1 Gen. 29:30,31. Deut. 21:15.

-8. Judy. 11:30. Ec. 5:4. || Heb. bitter of soul. Ruth Gen. 29:32. Ex. 4:31. 2 Sam.

Heb. angered her. h Josh. 18:1. Judg. 18:31. Ps. o 2:19.

Is. 38:16. 54:6. y 19. Gen. 8:1. 30:22. Ps. 132: Or, from the time that she,fc. 19. 2:12—17,34. 3:13. 4:4,11,17, | Heb. from the going up.

s Ps. 50:15. 91:15. Luke 22:44. T Heb. seed of men.

8.30. Matt. 19:8. f Geo. 16:1,2, 25:21. 29:31.

18.
k Ley. 3:4,5. 7:15. Deut. 12:17,
18. 16:11.

Thes. 5:14.

17. 22:10. u Gen. 28:20. Num. 21:2. 30-3

6.
r 3:3,15. 2 Sam. 7:2.

23:14,17. 34:23. Deut. 16:16.
Luke 2:41.
Deut. 12:5—7,11-14.

m Gen. 20:18, 30:2.

Lev. 18:18. Job 6:14.

16:12. Ps. 25:18.

1:20. 2 Sam. 17:8. Job 7:11.
9:18. 10:1.
Lam. 3:15.

78:60. Jer. 7:12-14.

1,2,

it is supposed to have been divided into two tending on the ministry of those, who appear at parts, upon distinct bills. The word “Zophim” | least to be walking heaven-ward themselves, signifies watchmen, perhaps because some watch- as well as teaching others the true way thither, towers and watchmen were stationed there; for and not countenance either heretical teachers, “Ramah" signifies exaltation: or it might be so or ungodly men. (Notes, Prov. 19:27. 1 John called from Župb, Elkapah's ancestor.--Ephrath | 4:1—3. 2 John 7-11.) is the same as Beth-lehem; and probably Elka- V. 4-7. After the other appointed sacrifices nah, or his ancestor Zuph, was called an had been brought, the peace-offerings were Ephrathite, from being allied in the female line presented, on part of which the offerer feasted to a family of the tribe of Judah, whose inherit- with his family, having given to each a portion. ance lay there; or because he was born at On these occasions Elkanah shewed his pecul. Ephrath. (Gen. 48:7.)

iar attention to Hannah by the customary in V. 2. Hannah seems to have been the first dications; which probably excited the envy and wife of Elkanah: but as she was barren, he jealousy of Peninnah, as well as her proud probably took Peninnah, (as Abraham took Ha- contempt of Hannah's barrenness; and thus gar,) from an impatient desire of children: great uneasiness was occasioned. (Notes, Gen. (Nole, Gen. 16:1-3.) but the event shewed, || 16:4–6. 37:3.) For Hannah laid ii far more to that in deviating from the original law of mar. heart than she ought; and her perpetual sorriage, though in a manner then tolerated, he row distressed Elkanah, and greatly interruptlittle consulted his own peace and comfort. ed the comfort and benefit of their religious or

V. 3. The stated worship at Shiloh was ob- || dinances; and this might be one reason why served, but probably in an irregular manner;|| Hannah refused to partake of the sacrifices, lest otherwise Elkanah, a Levite, would have had the Lord should be displeased with her for eat. employment at the sanctuary. In those times ing them mourning. (Deut. 26:14. Hos. 9:4. of apostacy and idolatry, when "men abhor. Mal. 2:13. Notes, Neh. 8:9–12.) red the offering of the Lord,” through the V. 8. Elkanab seems to have endured Penina wickedness of Eli's sons, (2:17.) it was commend- | nah's angry and malevolent tempers and conable in Elkanah to go up, though but once a duct with great patience: and he most tenderly year, perhaps at the Passover, to worship the remonstrated with Hannah concerning ber imLord; the original words, however, may mean, moderate grief; and reminded her, that, though that he went up al slated times, probably at the she had no children, she possessed his affection, three great feasts. The Israelites were confin- which would conduce more to her real comfort ed to one place, one altar, and one priesthood; than ten sons would without it: and that there. and therefore Elkanah could not go elsewhere. fore her situation was more desirable than that But, thongh the wickedness of ministers does of Peninnah.—This gentle rebuke prevailed not deprive the pious Christian of the blessing, with her to repress her grief, and perhaps to nor furnish a sufficient excuse for neglecting partake of the sacrifice: but that did not com. the ordinances of God; yet we, not being under fort her heart, till she had poured it out in a similar limitation, should certainly prefer at-il prayer. (18. Note, 9-11.)

con

and - there shall no razor come upon his" went her way, and did eat, and her head.

countenance was no more sad. 12 And it came to pass, as she

(Practical Observations.) tinued praying before the Lord, that Eli 19 | And they rose up in the mornmarked her mouth.

ing early, and worshipped before the 13 Now Hannah, she spake in her Lord, and returned, and came to their heart; only her lips moved, but her voice house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew was not heard: therefore Eli thought she Hannah his wife; and the Lord rememhad been drunken.

bered her. 14 And Eli said unto her, o How long 20 Wherefore it came to pass, & when wilt thou be drunken? put away thy the time was come about after Hannah wine from thee.

had conceived, that she bare a son, and 15 And Hannah answered and said, called his name || Samuel, saying, P Bee No, my lord; I am a woman t of a sor-cause I have asked him of the LORD. rowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine 21 And the man Elkanah, and all his nor strong drink, but have 'poured out house, went up to offer unto the Lord the my soul before the LORD.

yearly sacrifice, and his vow. 16 Count not thine handmaid for 6 a 22 But Hannah went not up; for she daughter of Belial; for out of the abun-said unto her husband, I will not go up dance of my complaint and grief have 1 until the child be weaned,' and then I spoken hitherto.

will bring him, that he may appear be17 Then Eli answered and said, i Gofore the LORD, . and there abide · for in peace: and the God of Israel grantever. thee thy petition that thou hast asked of

23 And Elkanah her husband said him.

unto her, "Do what seemeth thee good: 18 And she said, 'Let thine handmaid tarry until thou have weaned him; only find grace in thy sight. So the woman - the LORD establish his word. So the z Num. 6:5. Judg. 13:6. + Heb. hard of spirit. woman abode, and gave her y son suck

Heb. multiplied to pray. f Ps. 42:4. 62:8. 142-2,3. 143:6, Luke 11:8--10. 18:1. Eph. 6:

until she weaned him. 1 Thes. 6:17.8 2:12. 10.27. 25:25. Deut. 13:

m Ec. 9:7. John 16:24. Rom. q 3. Gen. 18:19. Josh. 24:15. a Gen. 24:42-45. Neh. 2:4. h Job 6:2,3. 10:1,2. Matt. 12:

n 9:20. Ps. 5:3. 55:17. 119:147. r Deut. 16:16. Luke 2:22,41.42. b Zech. 9:15. Acts 2:13. 1 Cor. Or, meditation,

í 25:36. 29:7. Judg. 18:6. 2
Kings 5:19. Mark 5:34. Luke

Heb. in revolution of days.

|| That is, Asked of God. Eph.

-35. 30:6–21. 41:51,52. Ex. y Gen. 21:7,8. Ps. 22:9. Matt

Lam. 2:19.

18. Col. 4:2. Jam. 5:16.

13.

15:13. Phil. 4:6,7.

Ps. 101:2.

Ps. 25:1. Rom. 8:26.

94,35.

13.7. c Josh. 22:12-20. Job 8:2. Ps.

62:3. Prov. 6:9. Matt. 7:1-3. d Job 11:14. 22:23. Prov. 4:24.

25,31. e Prov. 15:1. 25:15.

Mark 1:35.

11,28. 2:10,18, 8:1. Ps. 28:6. o 11. Gen. 8:1. 21:1. Ps. 25:7. 27:4. 136:23. Luke 23:42.

t Ex. 21:6. Lev. 26:23. Josh.

4:7. Ps. 110:4. Is. 9:7.

u Num. 30:7-11. P

Gen. 4:25. 5:29. 16:11. 29:32 X 2 Sam. 7:25. Js. 44:26.

7:50. 8:48.
k 1 Chr. 4:10. Ps. 20:4,6.
I Gen. 32:6. 33:8,15. Ruth 2:13.

2:10,22. Matt. 1:21.

24:19. Luke 11:27.

V. 9–11. The tabernacle, now become sta- || she emphatically described the nature of fertionary, was sometimes called “the temple.” | vent prayer: "I have poured out my soul before (3:3. Ps. 27:4. 29:9.)—Hannah, with great the Lord.” (Marg. Ref. f.) For prayer does earnestness and importunity, entreated the not consist merely in using good words, but in Lord to grant her a son, and vowed that he opening before the Lord the inmost soul, and in should be a perpetual Nazarite; devoted to the unreserved confidence, pouring out before him service of God alone, all his days. ( Notes, Judg. | all our fears, sorrows, desires, and purposes; 13:4,5. 16:17—21.). Some learned men com- as a child would before a loving father, from pute that Samuel was born before Samson, whom alone he had expectations of relief, and whom God thus separated to himself, and for a who, he was satisfied, was able and disposed to special purpose, before bis birth; but others help him. think he was born about the same time, or a V. 17, 18. The character of Eli was very few years after him. The chronology of this defective; yet there are several traces in it of part of the history, however, is extremely ob- true piety, and this answer is one. He was scure, and the attempts of learned men to elu- open to conviction, and willing to acknowledge cidate it are peculiarly unsatisfactory, and himself mistaken, and by his commendation, often widely discordant from each other. blessing, and prayers, to make Hannah amends

V. 12–16. Probably Eli had many times for the injury which he had done her. (Marg. seen instances of such intemperance as he here | Ref:) charged upon Hannah; and perhaps he sat near V.' 19.-22. It is probable that Elkanab esthe tabernacle to repress these enormities, i tablished Hannah's vow, in a solemn act of though be did not adopt the only effectual worship, before he left Shiloh. (Note, Num. method.

(Note, 2:23—25.), Perceiving her 30:3—8.) Samuel's name would remind his great discomposure, and observing that her mother, 'every time it was mentioned, of the lips moved, he too hastily, attributed it to Lord's kindness in remembering her affliction, drunkenness. But Hannah' had now obtained and in answering ber prayer.—The women such inward consolation, that this severe re- || were not commanded to go up to the sanctuaflection neither distressed her, nor excited herry; and Hannah, after Samuel's birth, had a anger: so that she intimated her abhorrence of sufficient engagement at home. the crime with which she had been charged, V. 23. Establish his word.] As no promise and calınly and respectfully explained to him of God respecting Samuel is recorded, it is the real cause of her agitation.' In doing this, I thought that the clause may be rendered,

24 And when she had weaned him, || that stood by thce here, praying unto the * she took him up with her, with three LORD. bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a 27 d For this child I prayed; and the bottle of wine, and brought him unto the Lord hath given me my petition which I a house of the LORD in Shiloh: and the asked of him: child was young:

28 Therefore also I have * lent him to 25 And they slew a bullock, and the LORD; as long as he liveth the shall b brought the child to Eli.

be lent to the Lord. And 'he worship26 And she said, O my lord! as thy ped the Lord there. soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman 11–13. Matt. 7:7.

e Ps. 66:19. 116:1–6. 118:5. il t Or, he whom I have obtained 2 Num. 15:9,10. Deut. 12:5,6,

by petition shall be returned. Sam. 11:11. 14:19. 2 Kings 2: * Or, returned him, whom 11 Gen, 24 28,48. 2 Tim. 3:15.

have obtained by petition, to

the LORD.

c 17:55. 20:3. Gen. 42:15. 2

John 6:15.

11. 16:16. a 4:3,4. Josh. 18:1. b Luke 2.22. 18:15,16.

2,4,6. 4:30.

“Only the LORD complete his work;” namely, that resolute resistance and perseverance, with in accepting of the child given in answer to earnest cries to the Lord for his assistance, are prayer, as his devoted servant all his days. our only successful weapons and we should (Note, 9–11.)

not in the least degree "give place to the devV. 24, 25. 'One of these bullocks might be il.”—The human heart can neither bear prosintended for a burnt-offering; and the other perity without insolence, nor adversity without two for thank-offerings or peace-offerings, ou impatience. Instead of being contented and part of which, and of the flour and wine, Elka- || thankful in our appointed situation, and renah with his family and friends, and with the joicing in the bappiness of others, we are prone Levites, might feast before the Lord. (Notes, to murmur and to vex ourselves, because others Lev. 3: 7:12—18. Deut. 12:5—7.) After the are more favored or prospered, than we supburnt-offering bad been sacrificed, they seem pose ourselves to be: yet could we change conto have presented Samuel to Eli, before the ditions in every respect with them, we should other offerings were slain.-The original words generally increase our uneasiness; whereas rendered, “The child was young,” seem to im- impartial reflection upon our own situation in ply that he was exceedingly dear to his pa- life, compared with our unworthiness, and with rents; who exercised great self-denial, in leave the condition of others, would silence our coming him at the sanctuary at so early an age. plaints, or convert them into thankful praises. (Nole, 2:18,19.)-Some think he was about three |--All inordinate passions are irrational, as well years old; others that he was seven. (Note, Gen. as inimical to our comfort; and even pious 21:8–12.)

Christians, who are shocked at the thought of V. 26, 27. Hannah's heart was too full of yielding to other temptations, often rebelliousjov and gratitude upon this occasion, to noticely and ungratefully indulge excessive grief the injurious reflection Eli had cast upon her: against which they ought especially to watch but she well remembered her prayer and vow, and pray. But if our earthly comforts, when and the Lord's gracious answer.—The words duly estimated, being greater than our sorrows, rendered, "as thy soul liveth,” are supposed by should console is under our trials; surely the some to have been intended merely as an ex- | favor of God is better to his people, than all be. pression of good will; May thy soul live. (Marg. loved relations or outward satisfactions, and Ref.c.)

sufficient to compensate for the loss or the V. 28. The word rendered “lent," is nearly want of them all. -Every one should comfort similar to that translated asked; and refers to those who are in bitterness of soul: yet a mild the name of Samuel.-Hannah had asked himn of and tender rebuke is frequently the greatest God, and now she returned him to him. (Morg. || kindness, when we see our friends forgetting -Notes, Ex. 3:21,22. 11:2,3. 12:35,36.) It was their mercies, or their duty. her intention, that, as a Levite and a Nazarite,

V. 9-18. be should spend all his life in the immediate Nothing can give solid comfort to those who service of the sanctuary; but the Lord was are in anguish of spirit, but the assurance and pleased afterwards to employ him as a prophet, experience of the love of God in their hearts; and a judge in the public affairs of Israel.- nor will that cordial in general be communi. Some think that Elkanah is meant, when it is cated, till they have “poured out their souls" said, “He worshipped the Lord:” but others un- || repeatedly in earnest secret prayer. This must derstand it of Samuel, who thus gave some early bring down the blessings, which'flow from the ndications of piety.

atoping blood of Christ, and are vouchsafed

through his intercession; and it is necessary to PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. render public ordinances profitable and joyful: V. 148.

nor can a concurrence of all possible distresses Experience universally evinces the kind- and temptations render that man miserable, or vassas well as equity, of the original institu- long uncomfortable, who rightly improves the ior of marriage, and the divine law concern- | precious privilege of access to the mercy-seat ing it: for every deviation makes way for of a reconciled God in Christ Jesus.

Yet, fornestic contention, envy, malice, impatience, through Satan's temptations, and the evil of our ind every evil work, to the interruption of the hearts, we are often reluctant to begin, slight porship of God, and the ruin of family religion. in presenting, and hasty in concluding our pe-None of our troubles, however, should be al- titions! Hence it is that we go mourning all wwed to interfere with our attendance on the the day long, instead of “casting our burden ordinances of God: for if Satan can induce us upon the LORD:" and our miseries will increase o yield to discouragement in one respect, he upon us, till we take this course. (Notes, Phil. will attempt it in another, and never cease to 4:5—7. 1 Pet. 5:5—7.)- The more we experiharass us, when engaged in the duties of re. ence the sweet consolations which are commis igion, till he has driven us from every means nicated while the soul is poured out before the grace, and solemn act of holy worship: so || Lord, the more we shall determine “to call Vol. II. 3

[17

Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the fa-1 20 And Amminadab begat Nahshon, ther of David.

and Nahshon begat Salmon, 18 | Now these are the generations of 21 And Salmon begat Boaz, and Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron,

Boaz begat Obed, 19 And Hezron begat · Ram, and Ram 22 And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat Amminadab,

begat o David.

bi Chr. 4:1. Matt. 1:3. Luke 1 i 1 Chr. 2:9,10. Matt. 1.4. Luke 3:33. Phares. Esrom.

3:33. Aram. Aminadab.

k Num. 1:7. Matt. 1:4. Luke m 1 Chr. 2:12. Matt. 1:5, Luk 3:32. Vaasson.

3:32. Booz. * Or, Salmah.

ni Sam. 16:1. Is. 11:1. Ti Chr. 2:11. Salma. Matt. 1:5.0 1 Chr. 2:15. Matt. 1:6. Luke Luke 3:32.

3:31.

V. 17. The women named the child, doubt. || entirely their own; as the Lord will raise up less by the approbation of all parties. “Obed” other friends for such as love and trust in him, signifies a servant, or serviceable; probably inti- and especially for those who have shewn themmating a confidence, that Obed would be very selves willing to bear hardship for his sake. useful to his family and people. From him Nay, such persons, however poor, are a blessing Christ descended: and thus peculiar blessings to all connected with them. Especially they and honor redounded to Boaz, who had not dis- are to be valued in the marriage-relation: “A dained the low estate of Ruth, but had paid due prudent wife is from the Lord," and the price honor to his deceased relations, and their de- of a virtuous woman is above rubies.” (Notes, cayed family; while the kinsman, who refused Prov. 19:14. 31:10.)—As marriage is honorable so to do, is not allowed a name in the book of in the sight of God, it ought to be publicly con. God, but is disgracefully consigned to obliv- tracted and recognised, that it may be distin. ion.

guished from those deeds of darkness which reV. 18–22. Pharez was born about 1714|| quire concealment: and it is likely to be comyears before Christ, and David was born about fortable when the law of God is regarded, and 630 years after, and ten generations seem ton his blessing supplicated. In this important few for such a length of time. But the difficol- concern, (as in all others,) pious people should ty is very greatly increased, when it is recol- pray for each other, that the parties may live lected, that Salmon married Rachab, (doubtless together in peace, be good examples, do worthe same as Rahab, Matt. 1:5.) about 1450 B. C. thily in the church and in the world, and train leaving 365 years or more, tó only four gener- l up families for future usefulness, when they ations! Some learned men have attempted to have served their generation, and are fallen shew, that possibly Salman, Boaz, Obed, and asleep.—The birth of children also calls for uniJesse, were remarkably long-lived; and that ted prayers, that they may be indeed a comfort Boaz, Obed, Jesse, and David were born in the to their parents, blessings to society, and bless. extreme old age of their respective fathers: buted themselves: for without the blessing of God, this at least is not probable, and it is certain none of these things can be expected; and the that Jesse lived till David arrived at full man- general disuse of this pious language and behav. hood. (Notes, 1 Sam. 17:12,13. 22:3,4.) It is ior, by professing Christians, too plainly evinces therefore much more natural to suppose, that that true religion is at a low ebb among us.-We some names are omitted in the genealogy; as should never promise ourselves much comfort we know the case to have been in the genealo- from any earthly object; for our heaviest trials gies given by the evangelists. (Note, Matt. 1: || often arise from those quarters whence we ex2–17.)

pected most satisfaction, and our greatest sol.

ace from those whence we expected none: in. PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. deed one truly Christian friend may be better Diligence in business, punctuality to engage- | to us, than all our children and relations.-Rut ments, integrity, and fair dealing in the affairs if these streams are so refreshing, what may we of common life, not only adorn a profession of not expect from the Fountain? Let us then godliness, but tend to prosperity in the ordina- look to Jesus, our Redeemer, who “though he ry course of Providence.-Men are generally was rich, for our sakes became poor,” and at ready to embrace opportunities of increasing the price of his sufferings both ransomed our intheir estates, but few know the valne of godli- heritance, and purchased us to be espoused unness: nor can it be expected, that those, who | to him in truth and righteousness; not induced supremely value carnal things, will make a due by our worthiness or excellence, but by his estimate of spiritual excellency in the charac- own unfathomable love to our polluted souls. ter of others. Such are frequently the wise To this union he invites the perishing sinner: men of this world; they do not attend to the this relation to the poor despised believer, he concerns of their souls, and they reject the sal- || avows and glories in. May we therefore joyvation of Christ, for fear of smarring their in- fully accept of his salvation, expect all our fe. heritance!” Indeed, selfishness not only oblit- || licity from him, and devote ourselves to his sererates all charity and justice, but extinguishes vice; and, being “bought with a price, let us natural affection; and causes men to treat with glorify him with our bodies and spirits, which disdain their nearest relatives, however excel. | are his;" obeying his commandments, imitating lent, if poor and in need of their assistance. his example, and recommending him and his But the loss, in the final event of things, will be ll salvation by word and deed to all around us!

[13 THE

FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL,

OTHERWISE CALLED

THE FIRST BOOK OF THE KINGS.

Tuis book and the following form but one in the Hebrew canon, and derive their name from Samuel

; though he could not write more than the former part (perhaps twerty-four chapters) of the first book. The remainder of them is, with great probability, ascribed to the prophets Nathan and Gad; for we read in Chronicles, “Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold they are written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of Nathan the prophe et, and in the book of Gad the seer.” (1 Chr. 29:29.). It is therefore very reasonable to conclude, that Samuel wrote the first acts of David; and Nathan and Gad, continuing the history after Samuel's death, wrote his last acts, or the records of his reign till near his death; and that the whole was formed into one book, which was ascribed to Samuel, as the more eminent person, and as the latter part formed a sort of appendix to the history wbich he had begun.-It may also be observed, that in the time of Samuel a new epoch commenced: the government by judges was changed for that of kings: and Samuel' anointed both those kings whose history is here given, and was himself a principal person in all these transactions. From the Vulgate Latin translation, these books are also called “The first and the second books of Kings;" and consequently the two following are «The third and fourth books of Kings."-When Eli was judge and high priest of Israel, Samuel was born: and while Eli's indulged sons were bringing destruction on themselves and their family, and almost on the nation; Samuel was growing up in wisdom and piety, to be an illustrious prophet, and the reformer, deliverer, and judge of Israel. Yet the people, at length ungratefully weary of his mild government, desired a king: and Saul having been placed over them, his family was soon set aside for his disobedience to God; and David was anointed as his successor. The rest of the book is taken up with an account of David's illustrious actions, and the harassing persecutions which he endured, till the death of Saul opened his way to mount the throne. It is not agreed, how many years elapsed during these events; some confining them within eighty years, and others extending them to a hundred and fifteen. It is evident that this book was extant, when the first book of Kings was written. (Compare 2:35,36. with 1 Kings 2:27.) Almost every subsequent part of Scripture refers to the events recorded in it, as of undoubted certainty: especially very many of the Psalms are poems made on occasion of one or other ot them.-Our Lord and his apostles quote it, as a part of the sacred Oracles. (Matt. 12:3,4. Acts 7:45,46. 13:21,22.)—The history of David, the son of Jesse, forms a sort of introduction to all the prophecies concerning his family; and especially concerning Christ, who sprang from the root of Jesse, was distinguished as the Son of David, and inherited the throne of David. (l's. 2: 72: 89:19–37. 18. 9:6,7. 11:1—10. Acts 2:25—31.). The narrative itself may in some sense be considered as prophetical, recording many typical events, which had their accomplishment in Christ. The book likewise contains several direct prophecies concerning the families of Eli and Saul, which were speedily fulfilled: and the song of Hannah concludes with a prophecy of our Lord, in which he is, for the first time, predicted expressly as the Messiah, the anointed of God. (2:10.)

N"Ramatha in-zophim, or mount

B. C. 1140.

B. C. 1140. CHAP. I.

W there was a certain man of Elkanah a Lerite has two wives, 1. 2. He goes yearly to wor

ship at Shiloh, 3. sulled by Peninnah on account of her barrenness, 4–8. Hans Ephraim, and his name was " Elkanah, the pah in zri-f prays for a son, and vows to devote him to God as a perpetual Nazarite, 9-11. Eli through mistake at first re

son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of bukes, hut afterwards blesses her, 12–18. She bears Samuel, Tohu, the son of Zuph, and Ephrathite: stays til! ne is weaned, and then presents him to God, according to her vow, 19—23.

a 19. Matt. 27.57. Arimathea. I cl Chr. 6:25-27,34.
b Judg. 17:1. 19:1.

1 2 17:12. Ruth 1:2.1 Kings 11:26.

NOTES.

-Notes, 1 Chr. 6:16–38.)—Ramathaim-zophim Chap. I. V. 1. Elkadah appears to have been was the place which is afterwards called Raa Levite of the family of Kobath. (Marg. Ref.)" mah; (19) and from the dual number here used,

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