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9 And he said, Who art thou? and she||I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as Pthe answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: LORD liveth: lie down until the morning.
spread therefore thy skirt over thine 14 And she lay at his feet until the handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman.morning: and she rose up before one could
10 And he said, Blessed be thou of know another. And he said, a Let it not the LORD, my daughter; for thou hast be known that a woman came into the shewed more kindness in the latter end floor. than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou 15 Also he said, bring the veil that followedst not young men, whether poor thou hast upon thee, and hold it. And or rich.
when she held it,' he measured six meas11 And now, my daughter, fear not; 1|ures of barley, and laid it on her: and she will do to thee all that thou requirest: for went into the city. mall the city of my people doth know 16 And when she came to her motherthat thou art a virtuous woman.
in-law, she said, Who art thou, my daugh12 And now it is true that I am thy ter? And she told her all that the man near kinsman: howbeit, " there is a kins- | had done to her. man nearer than I.
17 And she said, These six measures 13 Tarry this night, and it shall be in of barley gave he me; for he said to the morning, that if he will perform unto me, Go not empty unto thy mother-inthee the part of a kinsman, well; let him law. do the kinsman's part: but if he will not 18 Then said she, . Sit still, my daughdo the part of a kinsman to thee, then will ter, until thou know how the matter will
fall: for the man will not be in rest, until
he have finished the thing this day. * Or, one that has right to re- D 4:1. Matt. 7:12. i Thes. 4:6. I p Judg. 8:19. Jer. 4:2. 2 Cor.
Or, sheet, or, apron. q Ec. 7:1. Rom. 12:17. 14:16.
b 2:10-13. 1 Sam. 25:41. Luke
14:11. i Ez. 16:8.
1 Thes. 5:22. 1 Pet. 2:12.
1:23. Heb 6:16.
deem. 12. 2:20. k 2:4,20. 1 Cor. 13:4,6.
02:20. 4:5. Deut. 25:59. Ma
1 Cor. 10 32.
2 Cor. 8:21.
rls. 32:8. Gal. 6:10.
merry;" but it may be translated, his heart was would. This he confirmed, for ber fuller satis'good;' and may be used to mark his cheerful-| faction, with a solemn oath; and in the morning ness, and thankfulness for the plenty which the he sent her away with a present to her motherLord had sent after the famine; and his subse. in-law (15). quent conduct shews that his feast was consis- V. 14. Let it not be known, &c.] We may tent with temperance and piety. In the mean consider these words as containing his reasons time Ruth concealed herself, till he was left for dismissing her so early; for he said within alone; and then lay down at his feet, waiting himself, “Let it not be known, that a woman her opportunity of speaking to him; and by came into the floor:” or as his caution to Ruth that very action she implicitly preferred a claim not to speak of it to any one. For it does not to be received by him into the marriage-rela- || appear that there was any servant privy to the tion.
interview. V. 9. Spread ... thy skirt.] This is supposed V. 15. This present was a tnken of the fato have been a customary ceremony in con- || vorable construction which Boaz put upon the tracting marriage, and implied the woman's transaction, and of his affectionate regard for being taken under the protection of her hus- | Ruth and Naomi.-It is not known of what band, and admitted to share all his comforts. I quantity these measures consisted. (Note, Ez. 16:6–8.) It was therefore a direct V. 16. Who art lhou?) Or, “What hast thou claim upon Boaz to marry her; which she done?” What has passed? For so the words may grounded on the law of God, and on his being | be interpreted. the nearest relation of her deceased husband.
V. 10–13. The conduct of Boaz in this PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. transaction is worthy of the highest encomiums. It behoves aged persons to recollect their He neither attempted to take advantage of younger days, and not to exclude young perRuth's exposed situation, nor reproached her sons from those lawful satisfactions, of which with impropriety of conduct, nor disdained her themselves bave given up all thoughts. (1:12.) as a poor destitute stranger, nor suggested that Indeed we onght not to make our own conduct she was swayed hy interested motives in preferr- a standard for that of others, in any matter ing her claim. nn the contrary, instead of which the law of God leaves to our choice; but suspecting her of any ill intentions, be imputed should, without censure, allow them in many ber whole conduct to her affection to the family things which we deem inexpedient for our of Elimelech, and to Naomi; as if she had thus | selves. The word of God has pronounced shewn her greater kindness, than in coming “marriage honorable in all;" and therefore with her into the land of Israel: and he com- || those who from inclination, prudential regard mended her, for giving him, an elder man, the to the interests of their families, a pious desire preference to younger persons, whether rich of being more at leisure, and having more in or poor, Moabites or Israelites; and for her re- || their power for the service of God, and prepargard to the law of God. Perceiving her con-lation for the eternal world, choose to abide in fused, as it is probable, upon the recollection a single state, should not condemn those, who of her situation, he also obviated her fears, ap- may have as good reasons for preferring a marplauded her as a woman of known and approvedried life. If they are imprudent, they “will virtue, and made her a promise of marriage, have trouble in the flesh: 'but their brethren in case a still nearer kinsman who had a prior should spare them,” and not censure what the claim, would wave it, as it might be supposed hell divine law does not condemn. (Notes, 1 Cor.
thou wilt redeem it, redeem it; but if Boaz proposes to the kinsman of whom he had spoken to redeemthou wilt not redeem it, then tell me, that Elimelech's land, and to marry Ruth; which he declines
to || 1 may know: " for there is none to redeem 12. She bears Obed the grandfather of David, 13–17. The it beside thee; and I am after thee. And genealogy from Pharez to David, 18-22.
he said, I will redeem it. THEN went Boaz up a to gate, 5 Then said Boaz, What day hold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake thou must buy it also of Ruth the Mocame by; unto whom he said, Ho, such | abitess, the wife of the dead, to raise a one, turn aside, sit down here. And he up the name of the dead upon his inherturned aside, and sat down.
itance. 2 And he took ten men of the elders 6 And the kinsman said, I cannot reof the city, and said, Sit ye down here. || deem it for myself, lest I mar mine own And they sat down.
inheritance: redeem thou my right to 3 And • he said unto the kinsman, thyself; for I cannot redeem it. Naomi that is come again out of the coun- 7 Now this was the manner in former try of Moab, selleth a parcel of land time in Israel, concerning redeeming, and which was our brother Elimelech's:
concerning changing, for to confirm all 4 And I thought to advertise thee, things; * a man plucked off his shoe, and saying, 'Buy it before the inhabitants, I gave it to his neighbor: and this was a and before the elders of my people. If testimony in Israel.
8 Therefore the kinsman said unto * Heb. I said I will reveal in Boaz, Buy it for thee: so he drew off his
a Deut. 16:18. 17:5. 21:19. 26: Lam. 5:14. Acts 6:12.
thine ear. cls. 55:1. Zech. 2:6.
f Jer. 32:7-9. Rom. 12:17. 2 d Ex. 18:21,22, Deut. 29:10. 31: Cor. 8:21. Phil. 4:8. 28. 1 Kings 21:3. Prov. 31:23. 8 Gen. 23:18. Jer. 32:10-12.
h Lev. 25:25-29.
6. Matt. 22:24. Luke 20:28. i 3:13. Gen. 38:8. Deut. 25:5, k Deut. 25:7-10.
7:25-28. 1 Tim. 5:13—15.)—The married tice, and regard to the law of God, their wealth state, when properly entered into, is a rest, as may be pronounced blessed, and their use of it much as any thing on earth can be so called; honorable.-We must not, however, rest satisseeing it ought to fix the affections, and form fied even with a clear conscience in the sight a connexion for life; it therefore should be en- of God; but should endeavor to preserve a clear gaged in with great seriousness, and with earn- | character, and to avoid whatever may occasion est prayers for the direction and blessing of slander, or excite suspicion: (2 Cor. 8:20,21. 1 God upon it, and with an eye to his precept and Thes. 5:22.) and we ought to be as tender of the providence: and parents should carefully ad. || reputation of others as of our own.-In every vise their children in this inoportant concern, undertaking we should be diligent in using “that it may be well with them,” especially as proper means, and then calmly leave the whole to the interests of their souls. The more will- | to the Lord's decision.-But without any im. ing any one is, for conscience' sake, to re- || propriety, we poor polluted sinners may apply nounce worldly interests, the greater care to Jesus Christ, our nearest Kinsman and should others employ in promoting his advan- | Brother, as dwelling in human nature, to tage.-But good intentions will not justify im- spread his skirt over us, and to espouse our proper means; and it is well for us, that we souls to himself; to take us under his almighty have to do with a God of mercy, who takes bet. care, and to admit us to share in all his ter care of our interest, purity, credit, and unsearchable riches. If we truly desire to peace, than we often do of our own and of each be his, though many defects and mistakes atother's.-Parents should be very cautious what tend our application to him, he will not reject injunctions they lay upon their children; lest us; we cannot do it unseasonably; he will confilial affection and deference should ensnare descend to encourage and assist us; and gratheir consciences, and lead them into tempta- ciously accept all our endeavors to serve him; tion: for the authority even of a parent will and most kindly notice our love to him, and not justify a sinful action.-Few men have such our desire of bis salvation. When we have apcommand of their passions, and candor of mind, plied to him, he will not rest till he has accomas to injure neither the virtue nor the reputa- || plished our desires; and in the mean time he tion of females, who indiscreetly put them- will communicate blessings to us and ours, in selves in their way: and yet to take advantage answer to our prayers: nor can we too earnof a woman's affection and confidence, for her estly desire and seek this same rest for our irreparable detriment, is much baser than de- children and friends, that it may be well with frauding those who implicitly trust in them also. (Note, Malt. 11:28–30.) They, however, who value either their chastity or their character, should fee from such situa
NOTES. tions; in which they can only be preserved by CHAP. IV. V. 1-8. Considerable difficulthe same power, that preserved the young men ties arise, in explaining this transaction conin the fiery furnace. All our plenty should be sistently with the laws before given; and in. shared with the poor and industrions; and all | deed it does not appear in whose possession the our feasting should be so moderated, that it may estate of Elimelech was at this time. It is howneither unit us for our ordinary employments, ever probable, that it had been sold till the nor for the exercises of devotion. When in year of jubilee: (Noles, Lev. 25:14—17,25—28.) such circumstances, men can retain the do- and as Elimelech had no male issue surviving, minion over their passions, and conduct them- ) and it could not be alienated from his family, selves with tenderness, prudence, piety, jus- ll the nearest relation would have a right to re.
9 And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto Judah,) of the seed which the unto all the people, "Ye ure witnesses | LORD shall give thee of this young wo this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech's, and all that was Chilion's 13 | So Boaz y took Ruth, and she and Mahlon's, of the hand of Naomi. was his wife: and when he went in unto
10 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the her, ? the Lord gave her conception, and wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to she bare a son. be my wife, to raise up the name of the 14 And a the women said unto Naomi, dead upon
his inheritance, that the Blessed be the LORD, which hath not name of the dead be not cut off from left thee this day without a skinsman, among his brethren, and from the gate that his name may be famous in Isof his place: oye are witnesses thisrael. day.
15 And he shall be unto thee a restor11 And all the people that were in the er of thy life, and il a nourisher of thine gate, and the elders, said, We are wit-old age: e for thy daughter-in-law, which
p The Lord make the woman loveth thee, which is better to thee than that is come into thine house like 9 Ra- seven sons, hath born him. chel and like Leah, which two did ' build 16 And Naomi took the child, and laid the house of Israel: and * do thou wor- it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it. thily in Ephratah, and + be famous in 17 And the women her neighbors Beth-lehem:
gave it a name, saying, There is a son 12 And let thy house be like the born to Naomi; and they called his name house of Pharez, (" whom Tamar bare
I Gen. 23:16-18. Jer. 32:10-14 Gen. 29:32–35. 30:1-24. 12.
35:16-20. 46:3—27. Num. 26: m Gen. 29:18,19,27. Prov. 18: r Deut. 25:9. Prov. 14:1. 22. 19:14. 31:10.11. Hos. 3:2. * Or, get thee riches, or, power: 12:12. Eph. 5:25.
$ 1:2. Gen. 35:19. Ps. 132:6. n Josh. 7:9. Ps. 34:16. 109:15. Mic. 5:2. Matt. 2:6. Is. 48:19. Zech. 13:2.
| Heb.proclaim thy name. ols. 8:2,3. Mal. 2:14. Heb. 13: i Gen. 46:12. Num: 26:20-22. 4.
u Gen. 38:29. 1 Chr. 2:4. Matt. p Gen. 24:60. Ps. 127:3-5. 1:3. 123:3-6.
x! Sam. 2:20.
# Heb. caused to cease unto
thee, z 12. Gen, 21:1-3. 25:21. 29: Or, redeemer. 31. 30:2,22,23. 33.5. 1 Sam. 1: 21,22. Gen. 12:2. Is. 11:1-4. 27. 2:5. Ps. 113:9. 127:3.
Matt. 1:5-10. a Luke 1:58. Rom. 12:15. 1 || Heb. to nourish thy grey hairs. Cor. 12:26.
Gen. 45:11. 47:12. Ps. 55.29. b Gen. 29:35. Ps. 34:1-3. 103: Is. 46:4. 1,2, 1 Thes. 5:18. 2 Thes. 1: e 1:10-18. 3.
fi Sam. 1:8. Prov. 18:24. c Gen. 24:27.
5 Luke 1:58–63.
deern it, by repaying the proportion of the the elders of his city, by legal process, gare up purchase-money; except as Ruth, Elimelech's his claim; Boaz, by marrying Ruth, possessed daughter-in-law, was entitled to his inherit the whole right of Elimelech. Yet according ance, according to the law given in the case of to the law of God, and the custom in Israel, the those who left daughters only. (Notes, Num. 27: eldest son of this marriage must be considered 1-11.)—To obviate therefore all doubt and as the heir of Elimelech, and of Mahlon the difficulty in this matter, Boaz proposed to this former husband of Ruth: so that the land would kinsman of Elimelech, that he should both re- || be called by the name of one of them, and not deem the estate and marry Ruth; in which case by that of Boaz, that the family might not be the estate would certainly belong to his eldest considered as extinct. son by her: but if he was unwilling to do it, he V. 11, 12. Gale.] (Marg. Ref. on v. 1, a.desired him to renounce his claim, and he Nole, Job 29:7–11.) The public recognition would marry her, and redeem the land for him- of Boaz's taking Ruth to wife, by the elders of self. The kinsman however was not willing to his city, accompanied by benedictions and marry the poor widow, lest he should injure his prayers, may be considered as the customary circumstances, or create himself disturbance; I method of distinguishing honorable marriage for perhaps he had at this time a wife and fam- | from illicit connexions. It is observable, that ily: he therefore resigned all claim to the estate only Rachel and Leah are mentioned, as havalso. This transaction respects all the several ing "built the house of Israel;” and that Bilbah laws above referred to; and doubtless the whole and Zilpah, Jacob's concubines, are not named. was settled in the most regular, legal, and cus- -The law, forbidding the admission of Moabtomary manner: and as the pulling off the shoeites into the congregation of Israel, seems not was not done by Ruth with the prescribed cere- || to have related to marriages with such as emmonies, but, as it appears, by the kinsman him- | braced the true religion; especially in such self; it seems not to refer 'merely to the law peculiar circumstances: for there is no intimaabout refusing to marry a brother's widow, but tion in Scripture that Boaz acted inproperly to have been the custom in transferring inher- on this occasion. (Note, Deut. 23:3--5.) itances. (Note, Deut. 25:5–10.) The manner V. 13--15. Naomi was congratulated on this in which Boaz brought forward this business, occasion, more than either Boaz or Ruth; as evinced a strict regard to openness, fairness, || she had the ruins of her family thus providenand equity; and also an affection for Ruth, tially repaired, and her old age solaced after whom it is evident he was desirous of marry- | the death of her husband and sons, through her ing, provided the kinsman was willing to re- daughter-in-law, who had loved her, and been linquish his prior claim.
a greater blessing to her than seven sons. The V. 9, 10. As Orpah had preferred her con- || piety of the language, and the conduct of all nexions in Moab to her prospects in Israel, she | parties on this occasion, should not pass unnowas not considered in this transaction; and || ticed.—The term kinsman, or redeemer, seems Naomi transferred all her claim to Ruth. Con- here applied to Naomi's grandson, as inheriting sequently, when the nearest kinsman, before the rights of the whole family. (14,15.,
Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the fa-|| 20 And Amminadab begat Nahshon, ther of David.
and Nahshon begat Salmon, 18 | Now these are the generations of 21 And Salmon begat Boaz, and Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron,
Boaz begat Obed, 19 And Hezron begat i Ram, and Ram 22 And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat Amminadab,
bi Chr. 4:1. Matt. 1:3. Luke 1 i 1 Chr. 2:9,10. Matt. 1-4. Luke 3:33. Phares. Esrom.
3:33. Aram. Aminadab.
k Num. 1:7. Matt. 1:4. Lukem 1 Chr. 2:12. Matt. 1:5. Luk 3:32. Yaasson.
3:32. Booz. * Or, Salmah.
n I Sam. 16:1. Is. 11:1. 11 Chr. 2:11. Salma. Matt. 1:5. ol Chr. 2:15. Matt. 1:6. Luke Luke 3:32.
V. 17. The women named the child, doubt- entirely their own; as the Lord will raise up less by the approbation of all parties. “Obed" || other friends for such as love and trust in him, signifies a servant, or serviceable; probably inti- | and especially for those who have shewn themmating a confidence, that Obed would be very | selves willing to bear hardship for his sake. useful to his family and people. From him Nay, such persons, however poor, are a blessing Christ descended: and thus peculiar blessings to all connected with them. Especially they and honor redounded to Boaz, who had not dis- | are to be valued in the marriage-relation: “A dained the low estate of Ruth, but had paid due prudent wife is from the LORD," and the price honor to his deceased relations, and their de- of a virtuous woman is above rubies.” (Notes, cayed family; while the kinsman, who refused Prov. 19:14. 31:10.)-As marriage is honorable so to do, is not allowed a name in the book of in the sight of God, it ought to be publicly con. God, but is disgracefully consigned to obliv- | tracted and recognised, that it may be distinion.
guished from those deeds of darkness which reV. 18-22. Pharez was born about 1714quire concealment: and it is likely to be comyears before Christ, and David was born about fortable when the law of God is regarded, and 630 years after, and ten generations seem too his blessing supplicated. In this important few for such a length of time. But the difficol-concern, (as in all others,) pious people should ty is very greatly increased, when it is recol-l pray for each other, that the parties may live lected, that Salmon married Rachab, (doubtless together in peace, be good examples, do worthe same as Rahab, Matt. 1:5.) about 1450 B. C. thily in the church and in the world, and train leaving 365 years or more, tó only four gener- up families for future usefulness, when they ations! Some learned men have attempted to have served their generation, and are fallen shew, that possibly Salman, Boaz, Obed, and asleep.-The birth of children also calls for uniJesse, were remarkably long-lived; and that ted prayers, that they may be indeed a comfort Boaz, Obed, Jesse, and David were born in the | to their parents, blessings to society, and bless. extreme old age of their respective fathers: buted themselves: for without the blessing of God, this at least is not probable, and it is certain none of these things can be expected; and the that Jesse lived till David arrived at full man- general disuse of this pious language and behav. hood. (Notes, 1 Sam. 17:12,13. 22:3,4.) It is ior, by professing Christians, too plainly evinces therefore much more natural to suppose, that that true religion is at a low ebb among us.-We some names are omitted in the genealogy; as should never promise ourselves much comfort we know the case to have been in the genealo- | from any earthly object; for our heaviest trials gies given by the evangelists. (Nole, Matt. 1: often arise from those quarters whence we ex2–17.)
pected most satisfaction, and our greatest sol.
ace from those whence we expected none: in. PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. deed one truly Christian friend may be better Diligence in business, punctuality to engage- || to us, than all our children and relations.-Rut ments, integrity, and fair dealing in the affairs if these streams are so refreshing, what may we of common life, not only adorn a profession of not expect from the Fountain? Let us then godliness, but tend to prosperity in the ordina- look to Jesus, our Redeemer, who “though he ry course of Providence.--Men are generally was rich, for our sakes became poor,” and at ready to embrace opportunities of increasing the price of his sufferings both ransomed our in. their estates, but few know the valne of godli-heritance, and purchased us to be espoused unness: nor can it be expected, that those, who to him in truth and righteousness; not induced supremely value carnal things, will make a due by our wortbiness or excellence, but by his estimate of spiritual excellency in the charac- own unfathomable love to our polluted souls. ter of others. Such are frequently the wise To this union he invites the perishing sinner: men of this world; they do not attend to the this relation to the poor despised believer, he concerns of their souls, and they reject the sal- | avows and glories in. May we therefore joyvation of Christ, for fear of “marring their in- || fully accept of his salvation, expect all our fe. heritance!”. Indeed, selfishness not only oblit- || licity from him, and devote ourselves to his sererates all charity and justice, but extinguishes | vice; and, being “bought with a price, let us natural affection; and causes men to treat with glorify him with our bodies and spirits, which disdain their nearest relatives, however excel- | are his;" obeying his commandments, imitating lent, if poor and in need of their assistance. || his example, and recommending him and his But the loss, in the final event of things, will be ll salvation by word and deed to all around us!
FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL,
THE FIRST BOOK OF THE KINGS.
Tuis book and the following form but one in the Hebrew canon, and derive their name from Samuel; though he could not write more than the former part (perhaps twenty-four chapters) of the first book. The remainder of them is, with great probability, ascribed to the prophets Nathan and Gad: for we read in Chronicles, "Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold they are written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of Nathan the proplaet, and in the book of Gad the seer.” (1 Chr. 29:29.). It is therefore very reasonable to conclude, that Samuel wrote the first acts of David; and Nathan and Gad, continuing the history after Samuel's death, wrote his last acts, or the records of his reign till near his death; and that the whole was formed into one book, which was ascribed to Samuel, as the more eminent person, and as the latter part formed a sort of appendix to the history which he had begun.-It may also be observed, that in the time of Samuel a new epoch commenced: the government by judges was changed for that of kings: and Samuel anointed both those kings whose history is here given, and was himself a principal person in all these transactions. From the Vulgate Latin translation, these books are also called “The first and the second books of Kings;" and consequently the two following are «The third and fourth books of Kings.”_When Eli was judge and high priest of Israel, Samuel was born: and while Eli's indulged sons were bringing destruction on themselves and their family, and almost on the nation; Samuel was growing up in wisdom and piety, to be an illustrious prophet, and the reformer, deliverer, and judge of Israel. Yet the people, at length ungratefully weary of his mild government, desired a king: and Saul having been placed over them, his family was soon set aside for his disobedience to God; and David was anointed as his successor. The rest of the book is taken up with an account of David's illustrious actions, and the harassing persecutions which he endured, till the death of Saul opened his way to mount the throne. It is not agreed, how many years elapsed during these events; some confining them within eighty years, and others extending them to a hundred and fifteen. It is evident that this book was extant, when the first book of Kings was written. (Compare 2:35,36. with 1 Kings 2:27.), Al. most every subsequent part of Scripture refers to the events recorded in it, as of undoubted certainty: especially very many of the Psalms are poems made on occasion of one or other of them.-Our Lord and his apostles quote it, as a part of the sacred Oracles. (Matt. 12:3,4. Acts 7:45,46. 13:21,22.)—The history of David, the son of Jesse, forms a sort of introduction to all the prophecies concerning his family; and especially concerning Christ, who sprang from the root of Jesse, was distinguished as the Son of David, and inherited the throne of David. (P's. 2: 72: 83:19–37. Is. 9:6,7. 11:1–10. Acts 2:25—31.). The narrative itself may in some sense be considered as prophetical, recording many typical events, which bad their accomplishment in Christ. The book likewise contains several direct prophecies concerning the families of Eli and Saul, which were speedily fulfilled; and the song of Hannah concludes with a prophecy of our Lord, in which he is, for the first time, predicted expressly as the Messiah, the anointed of God. (2:10.)
B. C. 1140.
B. C. 1140. CHAP. I.
COW there was a certain man of Elkanah a Lerite has two wives, 1, 2, He goes yearly to wor
Ramathaim-zophim, of mount ship at Shiloh, 3. He favors and comforts Hannah, when insulted by Peninnah on account of her barrenness, 4–8. Han Ephraim, and his name was · Elkanah, the nah in zrief prays for a son, and vows to devote him to God as a perpetual Nazarite, 9-11. Eli through mistake at first re
son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of bukes, but asterwards blesses her, 12-18. She bears Samuel, Tohu, the son of Zuph, and Ephrathite: stays til! ne is weaned, and then presents him to God, accord
a 19. Matt. 27.57. Arimathea. 1 c 1 Chr. 6:25-27,34. ing to her vow, 19–28.
b Judg. 17:1. 19:1.
1 2 17:12. Ruth 1:2.1 Kings 11:26.
-Notes, 1 Chr. 6:16—38.)-Ramathaim-zophim Chap. I. V. 1. Elkanah appears to have been was the place which is afterwards called Raa Levite of the family of Kohath. (Marg. Ref.) mah; (19) and from the dual number here used.