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|| lehem, and said unto the reapers, 'The Ruth is led, without design, to glean in the beld of Boaz, 1–3. || LORD be with you. 6 And they answered
He comes to see his reapers, and piously salutes them, and is 1 saluted by them, 4. He shews kindness to Ruth; who bebaves respectfully towards him, 5 10. He states what he had beard of her, prays for her, and shews her further kindness, 11]
17. She returns to Naomi, and informs her of what had passed, 18.-23.
| 5 Then said Boaz unto his servant
damsel is this? AND Naomi had a a kinsman of her
nell 6 And the servant that was set over A husband's, a mighty man of wealth,llah
:| the reapers answered and said, It is the of the family of Elimelech; and his name Mochila
his name || Moabitish damsel that came back with was Boaz.
Naomi out of the country of Moab; 2 And Ruth the Moabitess said unto
7 And she said, 'I pray you, let me Naomi, Let me now go to the neld, and glean and gather after the reapers among oglean ears of corn after him, in whose ll the sheaves: so she came, and hath consight I shall find grace. And she said
tinued even from the morning until now, unto her, Go, my daughter.
that she tarried a little in the house. 3 And she went, and came, and glean
18 Then said Boaz unto Ruth, Hearest ed in the field after the reapers: and her
thou not, "my daughter? Go not to * hap was to light on a part of the field
glean in another field, neither go from belonging unto Boaz, who was of the kin
hence, but abide here fast by my maiddred of Elimelech.
ens. 4 And, behold, Boaz came from Beth
Ps. 118:26. 129:8. Luke 1:28. Ik 1:16,19,22.
Eph. 5:21. 1 Pet. 5:5,6.
15. Ps. 133:13. 1 Tim. 6:2. Rom. 12:11. Gal. 6:9.
ai Sam. 3:6,16. 2 Kings 5:13.
o Matt. 10:7–11. Phil. 4:8.
our souls; and therefore when fully tried, they shall often be more grieved for the sake of othdepart from him, though sorrowful and reluc- llers, than for ourselves; tbe consciousness of tant. (Note, Matt. 11:28-30. 19:16–22.) our sins will teach us to submit to our trials, V. 15-22.
without murmuring; and our mourning will be Nothing but a deep sense of the importance mingled with heavenly sweetness.-While we of eternal things, and a conviction of our guilt, | remark, with compassion, the sad changes and need of a Savior; nothing but that faith, ll which pumbers suffer, we should be reminded
h is inseparably connected with true re- || to prepare for changes ourselves, especially pentance and hatred of sin, and which works for our last great change; when the true be. by love of Christ, and his people, his truth, or- liever, will certainly find that all things have dinances, and precepts; will, in such a world as | worked together for his everlastiog good. this, carry a man through all possible tempta- || (Note, Rom. 8:28–31.) tions. And therefore the Lord proves those who profess themselves his disciples, by setting the
NOTES consequences before them in his word, and by Chap. II. V. 1. Marg. Ref.—Job 1:2,3. some experience of thern in his providence; by V. 2. When Naomi and Ruth were settled in which they, who have not faith, are discourag- || some homely lodging at Beth-lehem; the latter, ed, and go back to their own people and idols: expecting nothing in Canaan but a life of hard and this, though lamentable, is principally their labor and mean fare, proposed to go and glean own loss. We ought indeed greatly to desire in some field, where she might obtain permis. the increase of true Christians; yet we should sion, for her own subsistence, and that of her be cautious in our endeavors to multiply profes- || mother-in-law, who probably was unable to ensors, lest we engage those who will betray the dure the fatigue and heat of such an employ. cause, which they are expected to defend.ment. The Lord indeed intended other things (Notes, Deut. 20:5—9. Judg. 7:2—7.) Especial. | for Ruth: but he was pleased thus to prove her ly we onght to examine, whether we ourselves sincerity, humility, industry, and patience; and are thus stedfastly minded, and determined to her dutiful affection to Naomi for his sake. Or. cast in our lot with the people of God, however pah could not have stood this trial: but had she poor, despised, or persecuted; and that living been assured of a settlement in Israel, as desir. and dying, and for ever. We should inquire, able as that which Ruth at length obtained, she whether this be our aim and prayer; whether would have come also, and have made a hypo. the prospect of secular advantage have not critical profession of religion for the sake of some influence upon our minds; and whether, if secular advantage. (Note, Matt. 8:18–20.) that were withdrawn, or changed for the pros V. 3. Her hap.] This circumstance was with pect of poverty and suffering, we should not Ruth merely accidental, and not the result of be tempted to draw back. But if we are thus choice or contrivance; but it was the effect of decided in our judgment for the Lord and his the Lord's secret direction, in whose proviservice and salvation, he will assuredly acceptdence great events depend upon apparently and provide for us; he will make up all our trivial incidents. (Marg. Ref.-Notes, Ec. 9: losses, support us under all our trials, and com- || 11,12. Luke 10:30—37, conclusion.) municate unspeakable consolations; and while I V. 4. The LORD be with you.] Nole, Ps. many “draw back unto perdition, we shall be- || 129:6–8.- This emphatical expression occurs lieve onto the saving of our souls:” nay, we | here for the first time in Scripture.-(Marg. shall even grow more determined by their apos- || Ref.f.) The name of Boaz signifies, Strength is in tacy, and by our own difficulties and tempta- || him, (Note, 1 Kings 7:15–22.) and he was a tions. If reduced in our circumstances, well-mighty man of wealth;" yet be personally su
.. 9 Let thine eyes 'be on the field that|| mother, and the land of thy nativity, and
they do reap, and go thou after them: art come unto a people which thou knew-
thou art come to trust.
y 1 Sam. 24:19. Ps. 19:11. 58:11.) 10.15. 49:14. 1 Sam. 1:18. 2
Prov. 11:18. 23:18. Marg. Sam. 16:4.
Matt. 5:12. 6:1, 10:41.42. Luke It Heb. to the heart. Gen. 34:3.
6:35. 14:12–14. Col. 2:18. 2 Judg. 19:3. Marg.
Tim. 1:18, 4:8. Heb. 6:10. 11:a 1 Sam. 25:41. Prov. 15:33.
Iz 1:16. Ps. 17:8. 36:7. 57:1. 61: Ib Job 31:16--22. Proy. 11:24,
4.637. 91:4. Matt. 23:37. 25. Is. 39:8. 58:7,10,11. Luke
| * Or, I find favor. Gen. 33:8, 14:12-14.
25:35. Luke 7:6,7. 17:16—18.
perintended his own reapers. The pious and friends, to come to a people, with whom she
|| frights them. (Marg. Ref. Note, Matt. 23:37-
depend upon men's outward situation. Such as
reached her e parched corn, and a she did || she shewed her mother-in-law with whom eat, and was sufficed, and left.
| she had wrought, and said, The man's 15 And when she was risen up to glean,| name with whom I wrought to-day is Boaz commanded his young men, saying, * Boaz. Let her glean even among the sheaves, 20 And Naomi said unto her daughterand * reproach her not:
lin-law, 'Blessed be he of the LORD, who 16 And e let fall also some of the hand hath not left off his kindness to the living fuls of purpose for her, and leave them, and to the dead. And Naomi said unto that she may glean them, and rebuke her her, The man is near of kin unto us, + one not.
|| of our next kinsmen. 17 So 'she gleaned in the field until 21 And Ruth the Moabitess said, He even, and beat out that she had glean-said unto me also, " Thou shalt keep fast ed: and it was about an 8 ephah of bar-| by my young men, until they have ended ley.
I all my harvest. 18 And she took it up, and went into 22 And Naomi said unto Ruth her the city; and her mother-in-law saw what daughter-in-law, "It is good, my daughshe had gleaned: and she brought forth,ter, that thou go out with his maidens, that and gave to her that she had reserved. || they meet thee not in any other field. after she was sufficed.
| 23 So she P kept fast by the maidens 19 And her mother-in-law said unto of Boaz to glean unto the end of barleyher, Where hast thou gleaned to-day? and harvest and of wheat-harvest; and dwelt where wroughtest thou? i blessed be he with her mother-in-law. that did take knowledge of thee. And I kv
k 1 Kings 7:21.
| Deut. 25:5—7. Job 19:25. ci Sam. 17:17, 25:18. 2 Sam. Rom. 12:13. 2 Cor. 8:5-11. ||13:10. 2 Sam. 2:5. Job 29:12, n 7,8,22.
o Prov. 27:10. Cant. 1:8. d Deut. 8:10. 11:15. 2 Kings 4: 3:17,18
Il m 2 Sam. 9:1. Prov. 17:17. Phil. 1 Or, fall not upon thee. 43, 44. Matt. 14:20. f Prov. 31:27. 2 Thes. 3:10.
Or, one that hath a right to -3. e Deut. 24:19-21. Ps. 112:9. h 14. Jobo 6:12,13. 1 Tim. 5:4. Prov.
Il redeem. 3:9. 4:6. Lev. 25:25. 19.17. Matt. 25:40. | i 10. Ps. 41:1. 2 Cor. 9:13-15.
| Philem. 7. Heb. 6:10. 1 Jobn
| 13. 2 Tin. 116 18.
p Prov. 6:6-8. 13:1. Eph. 6:1
Heb. shame her not.
g Ex. 16:36. Ez. 45:11,12.
persecution. The more, however, men ven- | pared to do it permanently; before a favorable ture, renounce, or suffer for the Lord's sake, turn, as to her wholly unexpected, was given the clearer evidence they have, that their faith to her affairs. is genuine, and that they shall “receive a full reward.” The principle and the precept are in PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. all cases alike; but the application varies, ac
V. 1—10. cording as different trials are allotted in the || The distinctions which we are apt to form providence of God. (Notes, Heb. 11:8–10,24 | concerning the persons and affairs of men, do
not comport with the judgment of the Lord: and V. 14. (Marg. Ref.) «The Midrasch,' (an an the gleaning of a poor Moabitess, who trusted cient Jewish book,) 'makes these words, Come in him, was deemed more worthy of his condethou hither," to signify as much as Come to thy || scending notice, than the transactions of the kingdom; and the morsel dipt in vinegar, to greatest princes then living, which are now al'depote the reproaches and torments of the Messi- | most entirely consigned to oblivion! We ought 'ah. Which is an argument, that they expect- | not therefore to “mind high things, but to con'ed such a King as should be exposed to such descend to men of low estate.”—Honest indus'sufferings, as our blessed Savior endured; who | try, humble patience in poverty and hardship, "saith in the Psalmist, “They gave me vinegar and a willingness to labor for aged parents, re. to drink.”' Bp. Patrick. The interpretation lations, or benefactors, who are unable to prois indeed most absurd; yet it is remarkable as vide for themselves, if these spring from faith, tending to prove that point.
are both honorable and acceptable to God. V. 15–11. Marg. Ref.-Note, Lev. 19:9,10. True religion will teach men to behave with
V. 18, 19. (Marg. Ref.) The quantity of bar propriety in every circumstance and relation ley which Ruth had gleaned, and the residue of life: it will form kind masters, faithful serof her plentiful meal, which she brought to Na vants, and harmonious families: it will produce omi, shewed that she had met with uncommon mutual love among persons of different ranks; Jy kind usage.
and while it engages the rich to condescension, V. 20. Boaz had been kind to Elimelech's ll it will teach the poor to be humble and respectfamily, before his removal to the land of Moab: || ful in their behavior to their superiors and benand Naomi rejoiced that his care of her had re- || efactors: above all it will naturally express itvived after the death of her husband, when she self in prayer and praise. This return the poorso much needed his assistance; and she besoughtlest may render for favors bestowed; and for the the Lord to repay him with his blessing. (Notes, neglect of it, no liberality can excuse the affl 112 Sam. 9:1-3. Phil. 4:10–13.)
ent.—The good examples of those placed in V. 22. If Ruth had gone into any other field | eminent stations, and who employ many in to glean, it would have seemed a slight put upon their service, are most extensively beneficial. the kindness shewn her, as well as an evidence 11 - With what gratitude to God and liberality to of an inconstant temper of mind, which might the poor, should the bounty of a kind Pros. have given Boaz and his family an unfavorable | idence be received by us unworthy sinners! opinion of her. (Note, Matt. 10:11—15.) Ruth and how inexcusable are those who abuse plenty persevered in her labor, and endeavored to in intem perance, or covetously neglect the inmaintain herself and Naomi, by her industry | digent, or allow themselves in wickedness, for a considerable time; and was evidently pre- ll when they are thus experiencing the goodness
11 4 And it shall be, when he lieth down, By Naomi's instruction Ruth lies down in the night at the feet of Boaz, 1-7, He acknowledges that he owes the duty of a || kinsman, but shews that another has a prior claim, 8–13. He sends her away in the morning with six measures of barley,
cover his feet, and lay thee down; and he and she confers with Naomi, 14-18. THEN Naomi her mother-in-law said
will tell thee what thou shalt do. 1 unto her, My daughter, a shall I not
15 And she said unto her, All that thou eek rest for thee, that it may be well with || sayest unto me I will do. whee?
6 And she went down unto the floor, 2 And now is not Boaz of our kindred, l: and
red l\' and did according to all that her motherwith whose maidens thou wast? behold,
blain-law bade her. he winnoweth barley to-night in the thresh
?ID 7 And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, ing-floor.
and & his heart was merry, he went to lie 3 Wash thyself therefore, and d anoint
down at the end of the heap of corn: and thee, and e put thy raiment upon thee, and
she came softly, and uncovered his feet. get thee down to the floor: but make not
and laid her down. thyself known unto the man, until he
8 And it came to pass at midnight, that shall have done eating and drinking.
the man was afraid, and t turned himself;
and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. a 1:9. 1 Cor. 7:36. 1 Tim. 5:8, 2:11-14.
* Or, lift up the clothes that| 9,22. 2 Sam. 13:28. Esth. 1: id 2 Sam. 14:2. Ps. 104:15. Matt.
are on his feet. 1 Thes. 5:22. 10. Ps. 104:15. Ec. 2:24. 3:12, b Gen. 40:14. Deut. 4:40. Ps. 6:17.
I Ex. 20:12. Prov. 1:9. Jobp 13. I Cor. 10:31. Eph. 6:18, 128:2. Jer. 22:15, 16. e Esth, 6:1. 1 Tim. 2:9,10.
2.6. 15:14. c 2:20-23. Deut. 25:5,6. Heb.
g Gen. 43:34. Judg. 16:25. 19:6, 7 Or, took hold on. of the Lord!-In shewing kindness to the des- led for every good work. Finally let us, in the titute, we ought ourselves to avoid, and try to kindness of Boaz to Ruth, contemplate the prevent in others, every thing that may appear kindness of Jesus to poor sinners; to whose like reproaching them: for a generous mind in meanness he most freely condescends; on whom, distress has very exquisite sensibilities. though most unworthy, he liberally confers bis V. 11-23.
benefits; and whom he neither upbraids himself, All persons should be careful what connexions nor suffers others to upbraid, with their former they form, and what places they frequent; but transgressions. especially young women, both for conscience and credit's sake: and parents, and other supe
NOTES. rior relations should have a watchful eye over CHAP. III. V. 1-6. If the measure, here thein, and require an account, where, and with proposed by Naomi, had been of as ill appearwhom, they have spent their time.-In the path ance in those days, as it would be at present; of duty is safety; and we should keep close to it can bardly be supposed that she would have those employments and situations, in which the advised it, or that Ruth would have complied Lord has blessed us, without being desirous of with it.-The law, concerning a man's marrychange. He will not suffer those who trust in ing his brother's widow when he died childless, bim to want the necessaries of life, and will was by custom extended, as it seems, to the often far exceed their expectations; and another near relations, when there were no brethabundant recompense for every loss, and ofren: and it required the woman to do several every really good work, yea a full but gracious things, widely different from modern usages. reward shall surely be given to all those, “who ||(Note, Deut. 25:5-10.) This law gave Ruth, come to trust under the wings of the LORD our now prosely ted to the true religion, a legal God.”-A tender concern for each other's wel. || claim upon Boaz, as Naomi supposed; who either fare, affectionate and edifying conversation, I did not know of another nearer kinsman, or with true piety and conteniment, will render was aware that it would be in vain to apply to the lowest circumstances and the meanest fare him. (Note, 4:1-8.) It was customary for comfortable.-The Lord will prove those, who widows to assert this claim; and, considering enter upon a religious profession, whether they | Boaz's character and superiority of station, are sound hearted, and willing to stoop and suf- she supposed that this was best done in a privato fer for bis sake; and then he will stir up the manner. She deemed herself bond to prominds of his more experienced servants to speak | mote this desirable settlement for Ruth, and comfortably to them, and deal kindly with bad an entire confidence both in her and Boaz; them. This is a good work, which all Chris whose character in all respects appears to have tians should embrace every opportunity of per been very excellent, and who seems to have forming; especially to those who are cheerfully been advanced in life. And as Ruth supposed industrious, and willing to endure hardship for Naomi to be well acquainted with the laws and corscience' sake.-But to accommodate this customs of Israel, she implicitly followed her subject, onght not parents to ask their children counsel. Yet, when all allowances are made, what they have gleaned from the sermons which perhaps neither party can be entirely exculpa. they have heard, the books which they have ted. At least, though their plan was graciously read, and the conversation that they have rendered successful, it was not recorded for joined in? May we not also ask ourselves the limitation in the present state of society; nor same question?' He that would increase in wis- | must it be jndged of by modern customs and dom must be always thus gleaning, and call maxims. (Marg. Ref.) himself frequently to account respecting it; V. 7. When the work of the day was finished, determining if possible, to get some profitable it seems that Boaz feasted with his laborers; hint from every person and occurrence. And and, according to the simplicity and hardiness those, who thus daily collect knowledge from of the times, afterwards lay down to sleep on others, and keep close to the word and ordinan- | some couch prepared for him in the barn, or in ces of God, will become thoroughly furnish-llan adjoining tent. It is said "his heart was
1 Heb. gate.
9 And he said, Who art thou? and she||I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as Pthe answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: | LORD liveth: lie down until the morning. i spread therefore thy skirt over thinel 14 And she lay at his feet until the handmaid; for thou art * a near kinsman. | morning: and she rose up before one could
10 And he said, “Blessed be thou of know another. And he said, 9 Let it not the LORD, my daughter; for thou hast be known that a woman came into the shewed more kindness in the latter end floor. than 'at the beginning, inasmuch as thou|| 15 Also he said, bring the I veil that followedst not young men, whether poor thou hast upon thee, and hold it. And or rich.
when she held it, he measured six meas11 And now, my daughter, fear not; 1 |ures of barley, and laid it on her: and she will do to thee all that thou requirest: for went into the city. mall the t city of my people doth know 16 And when she came to her motherthat thou art a virtuous woman.
in-law, she said, Who art thou, my daugh12 And now it is true that I am thyter? And she told her all that the man near kinsman: how beit, there is a kins- | had done to her. man nearer than I.
17 And she said, These six measures 13 Tarry this night, and it shall be in of barley gave he me; for he said to the morning, that ° if he will perform untome, Go not empty unto thy mother-inthee the part of a kinsman, well; let him law. do the kinsman's part: but if he will not | 18 Then said she, Sit still, my daughdo the part of a kinsman to thee, then will ter, until thou know how the matter will b 2:10—13. Sam. 25:41. Luke 111:8.
fall: for the man will not be in rest, until m Prov. 12:4. 31:10,29—31. he have finished the thing this day. i Ez. 16:8. * Or, one that has right to re-16 4:1. Matt. 7:12. 1 Thes. 4:6. Il p Judg. 8:19. Jer. 4:2. 2 Cor. | 1 Thes. 6:22. 1 Pet. 2:12. deem. 12. 2:20. 02:20. 4:5. Deut. 25:5-9. Matt. 11:23. Heb 6:16.
11 Or, sheet, or, apron. k 2:4,20. 1 Cor. 13:4,6. 22:24—27.
Ec. 7:1. Rom. 12:17. 14:16. rls. 32:8. Gal. 6:10.
1 Cor. 10 32. 2 Cor. 8-21. / s Ps. 37:3-5. Is. 28-18 30:7. merry;" but it may be translated, 'bis heart was would. This he confirmed, for ber fuller satis'good;' and may be used to mark his cheerful faction, with a solemn oath; and in the morning ness, and thankfulness for the plenty which the he sent her away with a present to her motherLord had sent after the famine; and his subse- | in-law (15). quent conduct shews that his feast was consis- || V. 19. 'Let it not be known, &c.] We may tent with temperance and piety. In the mean consider these words as containing his reasons time Ruth concealed herself, till he was left for dismissing her so early; for he said within alone; and then lay down at his feet, waiting himself, “Let it not be known, that a woman her opportunity of speaking to him; and by came into the floor:" or as his caution to Ruth that very action she implicitly preferred a claim not to speak of it to any one. For it does not to be received by him into the marriage-rela appear that there was any servant privy to the tion.
interview. V. 9. Spread ... thy skirt.) This is supposed || V. 15. This present was a tnken of the fato have been a customary ceremony in con- l vorable construction which Boaz put upon the tracting marriage, and implied the woman's transaction, and of his affectionate regard for being taken under the protection of her hus. Ruth and Naomi.-It is not known of what band, and admitted to share all his comforts. I quantity these measures consisted. (Note, Ez. 16:6—8.) It was therefore a direct v. 16. Who art thou?) Or, “What hast thou claim upon Boaz to marry her; which she done?” What has passed? For so the words may grounded on the law of God, and on his being ll be interpreted. the nearest relation of her deceased husband.
V. 10–13. The conduct of Boaz in this PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. transaction is worthy of the highest encomiums. It behoves aged persons to recollect their He neither attempted to take advantage of younger days, and not to exclude young perRuth's exposed situation, nor reproached her sons from those lawful satisfactions, of which with impropriety of conduct, nor disdained her themselves bare given up all thoughts. (1:12.) as a poor destitute stranger, nor suggested that Indeed we ought not to make our own conduct she was swayed by interested motives in preferr-la standard for that of others, in any matter ing her claim.on the contrary, instead of which the law of God leaves to our choice; but suspecting her of any ill intentions, be imputed should, without censure, allow them in many her whole conduct to her affection to the family things which we deem inexpedient for ourof Elimelech, and to Naomi; as if she had thus | selves. The word of God 'has pronounced shewn her greater kindness, than in coming “marriage honorable in all;" and therefore with her into the land of Israel: and he com- those who from inclination, prudential regard mended her, for giving him, an elder man, the to the interests of their families, a pious desire preference to younger persons, whether rich of being more at leisure, and having more in or poor, Moabites or Israelites; and for her re- || their power for the service of God, and prepargard to the law of God. Perceiving her con ation for the eternal world, choose to abide in fused, as it is probable, upon the recollection a single state, should not condemn those, who of her situation, he also obviated her fears, ap may have as good reasons for preferring a mar. plauded her as a woman of known and approved ried life. If they are imprudent, they “will virtue, and made her a promise of marriage, I have trouble in the flesh: but their brethren in case a still nearer kinsman who had a prior || should spare them,” and not censure what the claim, would wave it, as it might be supposed hell divine law does not condemn. (Notes, 1 Cor.