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HENRY CABOT LODGE, Massachusetts, Chairman. PORTER J. MOCUMBER, North Dakota. GILBERT M. HITCHCOCK, Nebraska. WILLIAM E. BORAH, Idabo.
JOHN SHARP WILLIAMS, Mississippi. FRANK B. BRANDEGEE, Connecticut. CLAUDE A. SWANSON, Virginia. ALBERT B. FALL, New Mexico.
ATLEE POMERENE, Ohio. PHILANDER C. KNOX, Pennsylvania. MARCUS A. SMITH, Arizona. WARREN G. HARDING, Ohio.
KEY PITTMAN, Nevada.
JOHN K. SHIELDS, Tennessee.
O. F. REDMOND, Clerk.
MEMBERS OP SUBCOMMITTEE.
GEORGE H. MOSES, Nw Hampshire, Chairman. FRANK B. BRANDEGEE, Connecticut. ATLEE POMERENE, Ohio. WILLIAM E. BORAH, Idaho.
MONDAY, JANUARY 12, 1920.
UNITED STATES SENATE,
Washington, D. C. The subcommittee on Foreign Relations met in Room 422, Senate Office Building, at 11 o'clock a. m., Senator George H. Moses presiding.
Present: Senators Moses (chairman), Knox, and Pomerene.
Also present: Hon. Thomas W. Hardwick, of counsel for Ludwig C. A. K. Martens and Santeri Nuorteva, secretary to Ludwig C. A. K. Martens.
The subcommittee met pursuant to Senate resolution 263, which is as follows: Whereas one Ludwig C. A. K. Martens claims to be an ambassador to the United
States from the Russian soviet government; and Whereas according to newspaper reports he refuses to answer certain questions before
the Lusk investigating committee in the city of New York, a committee appointed to investigate propaganda against this Government, on the ground that he is such ambassador and entitled to diplomatic privileges; and Whereas said Martens has headquarters in the city of New York and is alleged to be
directing propaganda against this Government; and Whereas, according to his testimony before said Lusk committee, he came to this
country as a German citizen and is a member of the Communist Party, pledged to
overthrow capitalistic systems of government the world over; and Whereas said Martens, according to his said testimony, regards this Government as a
capitalistic government: Now, therefore, be it Resolved, That the Committee on Foreign Relations is hereby authorized and directed, through the full committee or through any subcommittee thereof, to investigate as speedily as possible the status of said Martens; what alleged government or power in Europe he represents; what, if any, recognition of any kind has been accorded him by this Government; whether or not he is an alien enemy; what propaganda, if any, he is carrying on for the overthrow of governments; and all facts and circumstances relating to his activities in this country and his alleged diplomatic representation, and all facts relative to the activities of any other party, parties, or organization bearing upon or relating to Russian propaganda in this country, and make report to the Senate of such findings.
The said committee is hereby empowered to sit and act at such time and place as it may deem necessary; to require, by subpoena or otherwise, the attendance of witnesses, the production of books, papers, and documents; to employ stenographers at a cost not exceeding $1 per printed page. The chairman of the committee, or any member thereof, may administer oaths to witnesses. Subpænas for witnesses shall be issued under the signature of the chairman of the committee or subcommittee thereof. Every person who, having been summoned as a witness by authority of said committee or any subcommittee thereof, willfully makes default, or who, having appeared, refuses to answer any question pertinent to the investigation heretofore authorized, shall be held to the penalties provided by section 107 of the Revised Statutes of the United States.
The expenses thereof shall be paid from the contingent fund of the Senate on vouchers ordered by said committee, signed by the chairman thereof, and approved by the Committee on Contingent Expenses.
Senator Moses. Gentlemen, these proceedings are held under a resolution of the Senate authorizing an investigation into certain alleged activities with reference to the spread of Russian propaganda of various sorts in this country; and under that authority committee subpænas have been issued and service accepted for Mr. Martens and his secretary, Mr. Nuorteva. The Chair understands from a representative of Mr. Martens that the absence of certain of his counsel, with whom he has not been able to get in touch, renders it desirable that the examination should not go forward this morning. In consequence, the committee will stand adjourned, subject to the call of the Chair.
I will ask counsel in the case to keep in touch with the chairman so that they may know at what time the committee will again meet.
Mr. HARDWICK. I shall be very glad to do that.
Senator POMERENE. I would like to ask how long will it take to have these necessary conferences ?
Mr. HARDWICK. I think it will only require a day or so, and, as far as I am concerned, I think we will be ready by Wednesday. Other counsel, from New England, are expected here right away.
Senator Moses. So far as any hearing this morning is concerned this committee now stands adjourned, subject to call of the Chair.
Mr. HARDWICK. We will try to be ready whenever the Chair calls a meeting for a hearing.
Senator Moses. The committee will now proceed to executive a session.
(After a short executive session the committee adjourned, subject to call of the chairman.)