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ENTER FD, ACCORDING TO THE ACT OF CONGRESS, IN THE YEAR 1644,

BY CHARLES WILKES, V. S. N.,

IN THE CLERK'S OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

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1

CLOTHING OF ITS INHABITANTS-THEIR SYMBOL OF PEACE-WOMAN AND CHIEF

OF THE ISLAND-FOOD OF THE NATIVES-HARBOUR-VISIT FROM THE KING-THE

NATIVES' KNOWLEDGE OF OTHER LANDS—THEIR RELIGION-SPEIDEN'S ISLAND

HUDSON'S ISLAND-ST. AUGUSTINE - DRUMMOND'S ISLAND - ITS NATIVES - THEIR

HEAD-DRESS-THEIR LANGUAGE-THEIR WEAPONS – THEIR DEFENSIVE ARMOUR-
THEIR ORNAMENTS-THEIR CANOES-A PARTY LANDS AT UTIROA-ITSRECEPTION

-RUDENESS AND PILFERING OF THE NATIVES-DANCE-SECOND VISIT TO UTIROA

-RECEPTION IN THE COUNCIL-HOUSE-INCREASED RUDENESS OF THE NATIVES

ONE OF THE SEAMEN MISSING-MESSAGE SENT TO THE UTIROANS-TOWNS ON

DRUMMOND'S ISLAND-DETERMINATION TO PUNISH UTJROA FOR THE MURDER-
EXPEDITION AGAINST THAT TOWN – PARLEY WITH ITS INHABITANTS – UTIROA

BURNT - CONDUCT OF THE NATIVES OF ETA - CHARACTER OF THE PEOPLE OF

DRUMMOND'S ISLAND

SUPPLIES FOR SHIPS

BISHOPS ISLAND

HENDERVILLE

ISLAND-HALL'S ISLAND-APAMAMA- JOUN KIRBY TAKEN ON BOARD_WOODLE'S

ISLAND-DISGRACEFUL CONDUCT OF AN ENGLISH WHALER-ERRORS OF CHARTS

TARAWA-APIA-IDOL-THE TENDER GROUNDS_DRIFT OF THE PEACOCK-THREAT

ENED ATTACK ON THE TENDER-MATTHEW'S ISLAND - PITTS ISLAND - MAKIN-
ROBERT WOOD TAKEN ON BOARD-NATIVES OF PITT'S ISLAND-THEIR CANOES-
THEIR TREATMENT OF FEMALES-KING TEKERE AND HIS RELATIVES-A NATIVE

DESIRES TO BE TAKEN FROM THE ISLAND...

35-75

CHAPTER II.

SOURCES OF

INFORMATION IN RELATION TO THE KINGSMILL GROUP--ISLANDS OF

WHICH IT IS COMPOSED-THEIR GENERAL CHARACTER-THEIR SOIL-TARO-PONDS

TRADITION OF THE ORIGIN OF THE PEOPLE-ANCIENT INTERCOURSE BETWEEN

THE ISLANDS-PHYSIOGNOMY AND APPEARANCE OF TIIE NATIVES-THEIR SOCIAL

STATE-GOVERNMENT-DESCENT OF PROPERTY-RELIGIOUS BELIEF-PRIESTS-ORA

CLES-OMENS-PRETENDED COMMUNICATION WITH SPIRITS-BELIEF IN A FUTURE

STATE-THEIR ELYSIUM-THEIR MODE OF LIFE-THEIR CHARACTER-THEIR TREAT

MENT OF CHILDREN, OF THE AGED, AND OF WOMEN-THEIR WARS-CANNIBALISM

NOT PRACTISED - THEIR WEAPONS - THEIR HOUSES AND CANOES-TIIEIR MINU.

FACTURES - DRESS - ORNAMENTS—THEIR FOOD-THEIR MODE OF COOKING-THEIR

AMUSEMENTS-THEIR MARRIAGES-MODE OF GIVING NAMES--PRACTICE OF ABOR-
TION-TATTOOING-FUNERAL CEREMONIES -- DISEASES-CLIMATE OF THE GROUP-

1

EARTHQUAKES - POPULATION

THEIR INTERCOURSE WITH STRANGERS

THEIR

PRONENESS TO SUICIDE-THEIR IDEA OF AN ACCOMPLISHED PERSON-CONTRAST

BETWEEN PITTS AND THE OTHER ISLANDERS--DEPARTURE OF THE PEACOCK AND

FLYING FISH FROM THE KINGSMILL GROUP-THEIR CREWS PUT ON SHORT ALLOW.

ANCE – PESCADORES – KORSAKOFF--OBJECTS REMAINING UNACCOMPLISHED-SEPA

RATION OF THE VESSELS-LARGE QUANTITIES OF MOLLUSCÆ-SHIP MAGNOLIA-
OAHU-ARRIVAL AT AND DEPARTURE FROM HONOLULU-REACH COLUMBIA RIVER

77-110

CHAPTER IV.

REPARATIONS FOR THE SURVEY OF THE COLUMBIA-DIFFICULTIES AND DANGERS

BAKER'S BAY-LIEUTENANT DE HAVEN SENT TO MEET MR. ELD-RAMSEY AND

GEORGE, THE PILOTS-RETURN TO ASTORIA-PURCHASE OF A BRIG-MESSRS. HALE AND DANA GO WITH DR. M'LAUGHLIN-TRADE WITH THE INDIANS-SUPERSTITIONS

OF THE INDIANS-SURVEY RESUMED - TONGUE POINT - THE VESSELS GROUND

WAIKAIKUM-PREVALENCE OF FEVER AND AGUE-PILLAR ROCK-BOAT CAPSIZED -KATALAMET POINT-LIEUTENANT EMMONS ORDERED TO SAN FRANCISCO-FIRE ON MOUNT COFFIN-POR POISE GROUNDS AGAIN–WARRIOR'S POINT-VANCOUVERSIR GEORGE SIMPSON-DIVIDENDS OF THE HUDSON BAY COMPANY-FORMAL DINNER -CHANGED APPEARANCE OF VANCOUVER-OBSERVATIONS AT VANCOUVER-ARRI.

VAL OF MR. ELD'S PARTY-HIS EXPEDITION-HIS DEPARTURE FROM NISQUALLY

SQUAW CHIEF - PORTAGE TO THE SACHAL-LAKES-EMBARKATION AND DESCENT

OF THE SACHAL-COUNTRY ON THE CHICKEELES-CARVED PLANKS - MR. ELD

ENTERS GRAY'S HARBOUR-THE INDIANS REFUSE HIM AID-DIFFICULTIES ATTEND. ING THE SURVEY-MR. ELD'S PARTY IS RELIEVED BY LIEUTENANT DE HAVENSURVEY OF THE RIVER COMPLETED-CHARACTER OF GRAY'S HARBOUR-INDIANS OF THE NEIGHBOURHOOD-DEPARTURE FROM GRAY'S HARBOUR-PASSAGE ALONG THE COAST-ARRIVAL OF MR. ELD AT ASTORIA-ORGANIZATION OF THE EXPEDJ. TION TO CALIFORNIA-DEPARTURE FROM VANCOUVER-POSTS OF THE HUDSON BAY COMPANY-TRADE OF THE HUDSON BAY COMPANY-CLIMATE OF OREGON-WINDSFEVER AND AGUE-INDIAN POPULATION-PROGRESS DOWN THE RIVER - - LETTERS

FROM THE UNITED STATES - DEEP WATER-SURVEY OF THE COWLITZ - PUGET

ISLAND-PILLAR ROCK-CHANNEL AT TONGUE POINT-RETURN TO ASTORIA-PORPOISE ANCHORS AT ASTORIA-PRIMEVAL FOREST - - PREPARATIONS FOR PASSING THE BAR-DISPOSITION MADE OF THE PEACOCK'S LAUNCH-BAR PASSED-SURVEYS COMPLETED-ORNAMENTS, NORTHWEST COAST – WE SAIL FOR SAN FRANCISCO LETTER OF THANKS TO DR. M'LAUGHLIN-VOYAGE TO SAN FRANCISCO–ARRIVAL THERE-LAUNCH DESPATCHED TO MEET LIEUTENANT EMMONS..

..113-148

CHAPTER V.

ARRIVAL OF THE VINCENNES AT SAN FRANCISCO-PREPARATIONS FOR THE SURVEYS SAUSALITO-LONG DROUGHT PRESIDIO - ALCALDE OF YERBA BUENA

TOWN OF YERBA BUENA-UNSETTLED STATE OF CALIFORNIA-CLIMATE OF SAN FRANCISCO-SOIL-CLIMATE OF CALIFORNIA RIVERS-HARBOURS-TRADE-MANU. FACTURE OF WINE - INDUSTRY – MILLS - SHEEP-SWINE-MAGISTRATES AND AD MINISTRATION OF JUSTICE-REVOLUTIONS OF CALIFORNIA-OPINIONS IN RELATION TO THEM-RELATIONS WITH MEXICO-MODE OF RECRUITING FOR THE MISSIONS

PRESENT CONDITION OF THE INDIANS-CHANGE IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE
MISSIONS - ITS EFFECTS ON THE INDIANS – THEIR NUMBERS – NUMBERS OF THE

WHITES-THEIR HEALTH-THEIR CHARACTER-THEIR MORALS—THEIR HOSPITALITY
-THEIR CRUELTY-EXPEDITION UP THE SACRAMENTO-BAY OF SAN PABLO-DELTA

OF THE SACRAMENTO-CAPTAIN SUTER-NEW HELVETIA-CAPTAIN SUTER'S FARM
ING AND OTHER AVOCATIONS-INDIAN DANCE - DISEASES — ROUTE TO OREGON-
DEPARTURE FROM NEW HELVETIA-FEATHER RIVER-GAME-THE TULA-INDIANS

- BEARS - INTERVIEW WITH A CHIEF – MANNERS, ETC., OF THE INDIANS—THEIR
RANCHERIA-THEFT BY AN INDIAN- BUTE PRAIRIE-FISH-WEIR-KINKLA TRIBE-

HUNTING-RETURN TO NEW HELVETIA-AMERICAN SETTLERS-INDIAN VILLAGES-
OCCUPATIONS OF THE TWO SEXES-ARIDITY OF THE COUNTRY-CROPS—ANIMALS-
RETURN OF SURVEYING PARTY TO THE VINCENNES-VISITS OF THE INHABITANTS

TO THE SHIP-MARTINEZ FAMILY-AMUSEMENTS-CAPTAIN RICHARDSON-VALLEY

OF NAPPA-TOWN OF ZONOMA - GENERAL VALLEJO - MISSION OF SAN RAFAEL-
FETE IN HONOUR OF A SAINT-BEAR AND BULL FIGHT - EXCURSION TO SANTA
CLARA-EMBARCADERO-ESTANCIA OF PERALTOS-DON MIGUEL DE PEDRORENA-
MISSION OF SANTA CLARA-PADRE MERCADOR-CHURCH OF SANTA CLARA-GAR-
DEN-PUEBLO OF SAN JOSE - ITS ALCALDE – MODE OF CONDUCTING BUSINESS IN
CALIFORNIA DIFFICULTY IN PROCURING HORSES DEPARTURE FROM SANTA
CLARA - CALIFORNIAN HORSEMAN — RANCHEROS LAS PULGAS ESTANCIA OF
SEÑOR SANCHEZ-YERBA BUENA-RETURN TO THE SHIP........

.....149—214

CHAPTER V I.

EQUIPMENT OF LIEUTENANT EMMONS'S PARTY - MULTUNOMAH ISLAND - DIFFI.

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CULTIES

SICKNESS – INEFFICIENCY OF SOME OF THE MEN-SETTLERS ON THE

WILLAMETTE- MISSIONARIES – THOMAS M'KAY- DEPARTURE FROM THE WILLA.

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METTE - ENCAMPMENT AT TURNER'S - UPPER VALLEY OF THE WILLAMETTE

CREOLE AND IGNAS CREEKS - LAKE GUARDIPII – WOLVES — MALE CREEK – ELK
MOUNTAINS – ELK RIVER – FORT UMPQUA-HOSTILE BEARING OF THE INDIANS –

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PREPARATIONS FOR DEFENCE-NEW SPECIES OF OAK-DISCONTENT OF THE TRAP.

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PERS-FIRE IN THE PRAIRIES-BILLEY'S CREEK-FORD OF THE UMPQUA-ANIMALS
-INDIAN SCOUTS-GRISLY BEARS-INDIAN FOUND IN THE CAMP-UMPQUA MOUN-
TAINS - SHASTE COUNTRY-YOUNG'S CREEK-PINE SUGAR-ROGUES' RIVER-INASS
SURPRISED BY INDIANS-SCENES OF FORMER CONFLICTS WITH INDIANS-FRIENDLY
INDIANS - SUFFERINGS FROM THE AGUE - THREATENED ATTACK – ANTELOPES –
RABBITS - BOUNDARY MOUNTAINS - EMMONS'S PEAK - MOUNT SHASTE - KLAMET
RIVER-INTERVIEW WITH INDIANS-SHASTE INDIANS-THEIR SKILL IN ARCHERY-
SHASTE RANGE - LARGE PINES - CHALYBEATE SPRING DESTRUCTION RIVER -

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VALLEY OF THE SACRAMENTO-KINKLA INDIANS-THEIR VILLAGE-FAILURE TO

OBTAIN CANOES-FORD OF THE SACRAMENTO-BUTES_FEATHER RIVER-CAPTAIN

SUTER'S-RELICS OF AN EXTINCT TRIBE- THE PARTY DIVIDED-RIVER SAN JOA

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