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BY CHARLES WILKES, V. S. N.,

IN THE CLERK'S OFFICE OF THE DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

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CLOTHING OF ITS INHABITANTS—THEIR SYMBOL OF PEACE-WOMAN AND CHIEF OF THE ISLAND-FOOD OF THE NATIVES-HARBOUR-VISIT FROM THE KING-THE NATIVES' KNOWLEDGE OF OTHER LANDS—THEIR RELIGION-SPEIDEN'S ISLANDHUDSON'S ISLAND–ST. AUGUSTINE - DRUMMOND'S ISLAND - ITS NATIVES – THEIR

HEAD-DRESS-THEIR LANGUAGE-THEIR WEAPONS - THEIR DEFENSIVE ARMOUR

THEIR ORNAMENTS-THEIR CANOES-A PARTY LANDS AT UTIROA-ITS RECEPTION -RUDENESS AND PILFERING OF THE NATIVES-DANCE-SECOND VISIT TO UTIROA -RECEPTION IN THE COUNCIL-HOUSE-INCREASED RUDENESS OF THE NATIVES ONE OF THE SEAMEN MISSING-MESSAGE SENT TO THE UTIROANS -TOWNS ON DRUMMOND'S ISLAND-DETERMINATION TO PUNISH UTTROA FOR THE MURDEREXPEDITION AGAINST THAT TOWN – PARLEY WITH ITS INHABITANTS - UTIROA BURNT - CONDUCT OF THE NATIVES OF ETA - CHARACTER OF THE PEOPLE OF DRUMMOND'S ISLAND – SUPPLIES FOR SHIPS – BISHOP'S ISLAND – HENDERVILLE ISLAND-HALL'S ISLAND-APAMAMA – JOIN KIRBY TAKEN ON BOARD-WOODLE'S ISLAND-DISGRACEFUL CONDUCT OF AN ENGLISH WHALER-ERRORS OF CHARTSTARAWA-APIA-IDOL-THE TENDER GROUNDS_DRIFT OF THE PEACOCK-THREATENED ATTACK ON THE TENDER-MATTHEW'S ISLAND - PITTS ISLAND – MAKINROBERT WOOD TAKEN ON BOARD-NATIVES OF PITT'S ISLAND-THEIR CANOESTHEIR TREATMENT OF FEMALES–KING TEKERE AND HIS RELATIVES-A NATIVE DESIRES TO BE TAKEN FROM THE ISLAND......

...................... 35—75

CHAPTER I I I.

SOURCES OF INFORMATION IN RELATION TO THE KINGSMILL GROUP--ISLANDS OF WHICH IT IS COMPOSED_THEIR GENERAL CHARACTER-THEIR SOIL-TARO-PONDSTRADITION OF THE ORIGIN OF THE PEOPLE-ANCIENT INTERCOURSE BETWEEN THE ISLANDS-PHYSIOGNOMY AND APPEARANCE OF TIE NATIVES-THEIR SOCIAL STATE-GOVERNMENT-DESCENT OF PROPERTY-RELIGIOUS BELIEF-PRIESTS-ORACLES-OMENS-PRETENDED COMMUNICATION WITH SPIRITS-BELIEF IN A FUTURE STATE-THEIR ELYSIUM-THEIR MODE OF LIFE-THEIR CHARACTER-THEIR TREAT. MENT OF CHILDREN, OF THE AGED, AND OF WOMEN-TITEIR WARS-CANNIBALISM NOT PRACTISED – THEIR WEAPONS — THEIR HOUSES AND CANOES-THEIR MINU. FACTURES – DRESS – ORNAMENTS—THEIR FOOD-THEIR MODE OF COOKING-THEIR AMUSEMENTS-THEIR MARRIAGES-MODE OF GIVING NAMES--PRACTICE OF ABORTION-TATTOOING-FUNERAL CEREMONIES - DISEASES-CLIMATE OF THE GROUPEARTHQUAKES – POPULATION - THEIR INTERCOURSE WITH STRANGERS – THEIR PRONENESS TO SUICIDE-THEIR IDEA OF AN ACCOMPLISHED PERSON-CONTRAST BETWEEN PITTS AND THE OTHER ISLANDERS-DEPARTURE OF THE PEACOCK AND FLYING-FISH FROM THE KINGSMILL GROUP-THEIR CREWS PUT ON SHORT ALLOW.

ANCE - PESCADORES – KORSAKOFF-OBJECTS REMAINING UNACCOMPLISHED--SEPARATION OF THE VESSELS-LARGE QUANTITIES OF MOLLUSCÆ_SHIP MAGNOLIAOAJIU-ARRIVAL AT AND DEPARTURE FROM HONOLULU-REACH COLUMBLA RIVER

77-110

CHAPTER IV.

REPARATIONS FOR THE SURVEY OF THE COLUMBIA-DIFFICULTIES AND DANGERS-
BAKER'S BAY-LIEUTENANT DE HAVEN SENT TO MEET MR. ELD-RAMSEY AND
GEORGE, THE PILOTS-RETURN TO ASTORIA-PURCHASE OF A BRIG-MESSRS. HALE
AND DANA GO WITH DR. M'LAUGHLIN-TRADE WITH THE INDIANS-SUPERSTITIONS
OF THE INDIANS-SURVEY RESUMED – TONGUE POINT - THE VESSELS GROUND-
WAIKAIKUM-PREVALENCE OF FEVER AND AGUE-PILLAR ROCK-BOAT CAPSIZED
-KATALAMET POINT-LIEUTENANT EMMONS ORDERED TO SAN FRANCISCO-FIRE
ON MOUNT COFFIN-PORPOISE GROUNDS AGAIN-WARRIOR'S POINT-VANCOUVER-
SIR GEORGE SIMPSON-DIVIDENDS OF THE HUDSON BAY COMPANY-FORMAL DINNER
-CHANGED APPEARANCE OF VANCOUVER-OBSERVATIONS AT VANCOUVER-ARRI.
VAL OF MR. ELD'S PARTY-HIS EXPEDITION-HIS DEPARTURE FROM NISQUALLY-
SQUAW CHIEF - PORTAGE TO THE SACHAL-LAKES-EMBARKATION AND DESCENT
OF THE SACHAL - COUNTRY ON THE CHICKEELES-CARVED PLANKS - MR, ELD
ENTERS GRAY'S HARBOUR-THE INDIANS REFUSE HIM AID-DIFFICULTIES ATTEND.
ING THE SURVEY-MR. ELD'S PARTY IS RELIEVED BY LIEUTENANT DE HAVEN-
SURVEY OF THE RIVER COMPLETED-CHARACTER OF GRAY'S HARBOUR-INDIANS
OF THE NEIGHBOURHOOD-DEPARTURE FROM GRAY'S HARBOUR-PASSAGE ALONG
THE COAST-ARRIVAL OF MR. ELD AT ASTORIA-ORGANIZATION OF THE EXPEDJ.
TION TO CALIFORNIA-DEPARTURE FROM VANCOUVER-POSTS OF THE HUDSON BAY
COMPANY-TRADE OF THE HUDSON BAY COMPANY-CLIMATE OF OREGON-WINDS-
FEVER AND AGUE-INDIAN POPULATION-PROGRESS DOWN THE RIVER - LETTERS
FROM THE UNITED STATES - DEEP WATER-SURVEY OF THE COWLITZ - PUGET
ISLAND-PILLAR ROCK-CHANNEL AT TONGUE POINT-RETURN TO ASTORIA-POR-
POISE ANCHORS AT ASTORIA-PRIMEVAL FOREST - PREPARATIONS FOR PASSING
THE BAR-DISPOSITION MADE OF THE PEACOCK'S LAUNCH-BAR PASSED-SURVEYS
COMPLETED - ORNAMENTS, NORTHWEST COAST - WE SAIL FOR SAN FRANCISCO-
LETTER OF THANKS TO DR. M'LAUGHLIN-VOYAGE TO SAN FRANCISCO-ARRIVAL
THERE-LAUNCH DESPATCHED TO MEET LIEUTENANT EMMONS.................113–148

CHAPTER V.

ARRIVAL OF THE VINCENNES AT SAN FRANCISCO-PREPARATIONS FOR THE SUR

VEYS - SAUSALITO-LONG DROUGHT - PRESIDIO - ALCALDE OF YERBA BUENA

TOWN OF YERBA BUENA-UNSETTLED STATE OF CALIFORNIA-CLIMATE OF SAN FRANCISCO-SOIL-CLIMATE OF CALIFORNIA - RIVERS-HARBOURS-TRADE-MANU. FACTURE OF WINE - INDUSTRY - MILLS – SHEEP-SWINE-MAGISTRATES AND AD MINISTRATION OF JUSTICE-REVOLUTIONS OF CALIFORNIA-OPINIONS IN RELATION TO THEM-RELATIONS WITH MEXICO-MODE OF RECRUITING FOR THE MISSIONS

PRESENT CONDITION OF THE INDIANS-CHANGE IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE
MISSIONS – ITS EFFECTS ON THE INDIANS – THEIR NUMBERS – NUMBERS OF THE
WHITES—THEIR HEALTH–THEIR CHARACTER-THEIR MORALS—THEIR HOSPITALITY
-THEIR CRUELTY-EXPEDITION UP THE SACRAMENTO-BAY OF SAN PABLO-DELTA
OF THE SACRAMENTO-CAPTAIN SUTER-NEW HELVETIA-CAPTAIN SUTER'S FARM
ING AND OTHER AVOCATIONS-INDIAN DANCE - DISEASES – ROUTE TO OREGON-
DEPARTURE FROM NEW HELVETIA-FEATHER RIVER-GAME-THE TULA-INDIANS
- BEARS - INTERVIEW WITH A CHIEF - MANNERS, ETC., OF THE INDIANS—THEIR
RANCHERIA-THEFT BY AN INDIAN - BUTE PRAIRIE-FISH-WEIR-KINKLA TRIBE-
HUNTING-RETURN TO NEW HELVETIA-AMERICAN SETTLERS-INDIAN VILLAGES-
OCCUPATIONS OF THE TWO SEXES-ARIDITY OF THE COUNTRY-CROPS-ANIMALS-
RETURN OF SURVEYING PARTY TO THE VINCENNES-VISITS OF THE INHABITANTS
TO THE SHIP-MARTINEZ FAMILY-AMUSEMENTS-CAPTAIN RICHARDSON-VALLEY
OF NAPPA-TOWN OF ZONOMA - GENERAL VALLEJO - MISSION OF SAN RAFAEL-
FETE IN HONOUR OF A SAINT-BEAR AND BULL FIGHT - EXCURSION TO SANTA
CLARA-EMBARCADERO-ESTANCIA OF PERALTOS–DON MIGUEL DE PEDRORENA-
MISSION OF SANTA CLARA—PADRE MERCADOR-CHURCH OF SANTA CLARA-GAR-
DEN-PUEBLO OF SAN JOSE – ITS ALCALDE – MODE OF CONDUCTING BUSINESS IN
CALIFORNIA – DIFFICULTY IN PROCURING HORSES – DEPARTURE FROM SANTA
CLARA – CALIFORNIAN HORSEMAN – RANCHEROS – LAS PULGAS - ESTANCIA OF
SEÑOR SANCHEZ-YERBA BUENA-RETURN TO THE SHIP.......... ...............149-214

CHAPTER V I.

EQUIPMENT OF LIEUTENANT EMMONS'S PARTY – MULTUNOMAH ISLAND – DIFFI. CULTIES - SICKNESS — INEFFICIENCY OF SOME OF THE MEN-SETTLERS ON THE WILLAMETTE - MISSIONARIES – THOMAS M'KAY, DEPARTURE FROM THE WILLA. METTE – ENCAMPMENT AT TURNER'S — UPPER VALLEY OF THE WILLAMETTE CREOLE AND IGNAS CREEKS – LAKE GUARDIPII – WOLVES – MALE CREEK – ELK MOUNTAINS – ELK RIVER – FORT UMPQUA-HOSTILE BEARING OF THE INDIANS – PREPARATIONS FOR DEFENCE-NEW SPECIES OF OAK-DISCONTENT OF THE TRAPPERS-FIRE IN THE PRAIRIES-BILLEY'S CREEK-FORD OF THE UMPQUA-ANIMALS -INDIAN SCOUTS-GRISLY BEARS-INDIAN FOUND IN THE CAMP-UMPQUA MOUN. TAINS – SHASTE COUNTRY-YOUNG'S CREEK-PINE SUGAR-ROGUES' RIVER-INASS SURPRISED BY INDIANS-SCENES OF FORMER CONFLICTS WITH INDIANS-FRIENDLY INDIANS - SUFFERINGS FROM THE AGUE - THREATENED ATTACK - ANTELOPES – RABBITS - BOUNDARY MOUNTAINS - EMMONS'S PEAK - MOUNT SHASTE – KLAMET RIVER-INTERVIEW WITH INDIANS-SHASTE INDIANS-THEIR SKILL IN ARCHERYSHASTE RANGE - LARGE PINES - CHALYBEATE SPRING - DESTRUCTION RIVER VALLEY OF THE SACRAMENTO-KINKLA INDIANS—THEIR VILLAGE-FAILURE TO OBTAIN CANOES-FORD OF THE SACRAMENTO-BUTES_FEATHER RIVER-CAPTAIN SUTER'S-RELICS OF AN EXTINCT TRIBE - THE PARTY DIVIDED-RIVER SAN JOA

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